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self (he being also an old and frail for the execution arrived, she was conwizened body) might have been, in her ducted, amid an innumerable concourse place ; whereupon she was desired, of people, and made to ascend the towards men of worship, to use more pile erected for her in the middle. She reverence in her speech, and not to had on a fair pelisse of fur, which permit herself a supposition, as though she was bid lay aside, that it should his judge's lordship might peradven- not be consumed with her body; but ture have been in her place, who was of this she seemed to make little acbut a base midwife. Unto which she count, and would by no means conform made rejoinder, that she did not use to that which was desired of her, the supposition that he had been in saying that the hangman's knaves her place as a midwife, but in her should bind her to the stake, clothed place as one that walked on the street, as she was ; in which humour finally adding further, that she had herself she was indulged, and so it was done. seen the judge's worship so walk, by The pile was lighted, and burned this token that he also had at that same up at all the four corners, when it time, hand in hand with “ the squire,” was observed that the stranger stood (so she named the stranger) flown or among the crowd, and, towering giganleaped into the air, if not wholly so tic over all around, glared on the high as she was accused of doing, yet witch with motionless blazing eyes. in any wisę higher than it was custo- The thickening volumes of smoke went mary in Berlin to do; and yet had whirling up, the flames rushed from nobody, for this, fallen on the un- every side towards the old woman as worthy suspicion that his worship was if they had been living things, leaping, a witch. And upon this being asked, and crackling, and streaming up with how the judge's worship could be a savage roar, until they had caught witch, seeing none were such but old the garment in which she had wrapped women, she

made reply, evasively, and herself, ravening like wolves for the altogether from the purpose, that pro- quick flesh within ; but at this she fessionally she esteemed such to be old shrieked, in a voice that made the women, who were past bearing.

blood of all that heard it run curdling As nothing could be got out of her to their hearts, “ Ha! Satan! Satan! by oral questioning, it was determined keepest thou thus the league thou at length to have recourse to the struckest with me? Help, Satan! application of the mechanic powers, help! my time is not yet out i" and to administer to her the question All eyes followed the direction of (emphatically so called), in its extrem- those of the hag, which were bent with est urgency. And now, not being able a frenzied gaze on the spot where the to endure the pain, she relaxed from stranger had stood. But he stood her obstinacy, and confessed all that there no more : nobody had seen him was required of her ; namely, that go, yet he was gone vanished - as being of a long time in league with if that portly form, the observed of the accursed fiend, she had wrought, all observers, the cynosure of Berlin, and up to that day did work, all man. had been an optical illusion of the ner of Aagitious deeds of sorcery; Fata Morgana sort. Some there were that it was true she had bewitched who said, afterwards, that they had Dame Lütkins, and by her incanta- seen him disappear, and that he did tions had conjured into the place of not wane off by little and little, into the true Christian infant that abomi. grey mist and thin air, tapering gra. nable mis-born imp; and that, more. dually into dimness and invisibility, over, in concert with two witches of like a ghost at the approach of dayBlumberg, whose necks the “squire" light, but vanished at once, became (being tired of) had some time since extinct, non-extant, negative, in a mowrung, she had slaughtered and cooked ment; went out, in short, like a candle many christened children, in order to when you blow it out. And as the cause dearth in the country.

candle leaves a smoke, so did he ; for Her guilt being thus by her own there was seen to hang for a moment confession fully established, this exe- over the place where he had stood, a crable woman was adjudged, as a witch, thin dark vapour, which, as the people to be burnt alive in the new market gazed upon it, seemed to condense place. Hither, when the day appointed and take the form of a monstrous bat.

More and more palpable became the the oldest familiar face that greeted unclean shape to all eyes ; it shot first him in his daily walks, was not a mere whirring up to a great height into the specious mask, behind which some air, then, stooping like a falcon on the guileful demon chuckled over his appile, it laid hold on the pelisse of the proaching destruction ? For it was but old woman, and bore her aloft and too manifest that the civil stranger away therein, soaring higher and whom they had made so much of, was no farther till it was lost to the eye, while other than the devil himself, who must on the ear still came a doubtful sound certainly have had some shrewd misfrom above, as of far off, eldritch chief hatching against the good souls in laughter.

Berlin, when for such a length of time The multitude stood with blanched he conducted himself in such a Chrischeeks, and hearts faint and sick with tian-like and neighbourly way, beguildread; the glad sunshiny world around ing with his hellish craft Master Walthem seemed converted into a huge ther Lütkins, and many other wise men devil's phantasmagory, where were and judicious women. gibbering spectres and wily fiends, in So great is the power of the devil, wait for their simple souls. Who against whose craft the good powers could be sure, from henceforth, that keep us all in graoe.



And thou art come again, sweet spring!

Clothing with verdure every field. The flower
From winter free'd rejoices in thy hour,
That breathes new life on every sleeping thing.
Flits fairy-like the insect's gossamer wing

Along the rippling stream, or breathed bower ;
Unnumbered songsters lays of gladness pour,
Thee, season of love, and melody, welcoming.
All nature wakes, and winter's wide domain

Is now from vale to bill resigned to thee :
So death, though o'er the mind it comes with pain,

And binds with icy chain—the bond—the free,
Shall vanish, never to recur again,

Before the spring of immortality.


A state paper of much importance evidenced in our country, that the has recently

emanated from the court thinkers who concern themselves with of Rome. It is the address of Cardi- principle abide among the people, nal Pacca, pronounced “at the solemn that those upon whom the responsia opening of the academy of the Catholic bility of governing is laid, bow down religion”—an address which derives before the ascendancy of facts. If it authority from the circumstances under were not so, the warning and the mewhich it was spoken, but far higher nace of the Parisian journalist would authority from its contents, and from have been uncalled for, and would be the well-known character of the speaker. especially out of place in the lands “ It is to be regarded,” observes the where it is now most seasonable editor of the Journal des Debats, “as England and France. an exposé of the ideas of the court of « Rome has renounced no one of Rome on the subject of Catholicism in her pretensions !" “ It is good that the different states of Europe, and as governments should be warned” of this a resumé of its views and expectations. truth. It is not a little surprising that Under other forms of language, politics governments should have become reconstitute its substance. Indepen- gardless of it. We confidently affirm dently of the interest due to the sub- that, since the erection of modern ject, the address derives high conse- Romanism into a power, it has never quence from the exalted position, the been guilty of an act which could justly age, the abilities, of Cardinal Pacca- be said to imply an abandonment of its from the part he has played in the high pretensions. Governments, in their great affairs of Europe, and from his embarrassments, may have thought it consummate experience.

« We do not convenient to put away the rememexpect,” continues the journal, “that brance of them ; statesmen may have the dean of the sacred college should found it for their interest to concealbe less than ultramontane ; but it is or in their indifference, may not have good that governments should know understood, the principles and the purthat Rome has renounced no one of its poses of the court of Rome—they may pretensions. Let them reflect that have accepted also evidence, which, in they are warned."

other cases, they would have refused, Let the states of Europe consider that those dangerous principles and themselves warned ! The memento ambitious purposes were foregone and no one will think uncalled for, who changed—but, in behalf of Romanism, reflects upon the indifference of go- we contend, that it never made itself vernments to the progress of political responsible for the erroneous concepschemes, which cover themselves with tions of sovereigns or states-that, in the name of religion, and concern the warfare of diplomacy, it never themselves only with the inculcation stooped to the employment of a strataand development of principles. Our gem which it could not justify by its times, if not "out of joint,” exhibit acknowledged code of morals—that it some aspects of which the characteris- never deceived a political party, whetics are very uncommon. There are ther government or people, which many thinkers to be found in the peo- ought not to charge on its own precipiple of every country. England, tancy, wilfulness, or culpable ignoalthough not having her fair propor- rance, the guilt of its betrayal. So tion of them, is not altogether desti- much has been of late years written tute. Principles have honour paid to and spoken against the duplicity of them in every civilized region. But Rome, that we feel bound to make this it is a very remarkable peculiarity of acknowledgment in her favour. our age, &c., a peculiarity strikingly To return to our subject-there is

* Views and Anticipations of Romanism. Address of Cardinal Pacca, and of the Belgian Archbishop and Bishops, Les Jésuites. Par MM. Michelet et Quinet.

something of commanding interest in the office assumed by Cardinal Pacca, or rather by the church of which he appears in this instance the organthat of influencing national interests in every part of the Christian or civi. lised world. It is, truly, a phenomenon little less than marvellous, to see a state such as that of Rome, not only attempting, but succeeding in the attempt, to exert an influence over foreign countries. It is (one would say) feeble and disorganised — the people without love or respect for their rulers—the rulers altogether incapable of quelling or controlling the factions which threaten their overthrow-helpless in themselves_existing by a precarious dependance on a power, which, if exerted against them, they are unable to resist—and which, even by withholding its protection and support, could seal their destruction. In such adverse circumstances the court of Rome maintains a haughty port, cherishes ambitious purposes, and instead of thinking to prolong a precarious existence by concentrating its energies within the narrow limits of its more especial jurisdiction, seems to dilate in a consciousness of universal dominion, and meditates or conducts great enterprizes within, or against, all countries upon the face of the earth, while it knows well, that even within its

“ States of the Church," its authority is ill-assured and feeble.

And thus it has been ever. The policy of papal Rome "and that of pagan have strongly resembled each other. Both have been aggressive. To distract and defeat their enemies abroad, rather than contend against them upon the Italian soil, is found to be as prudent a device in modern times as it was when, under the generalship of Africanus, it had a successful issue in the destruction of Carthage. It is not to be wondered at that Rome should persist in a tactique through which many a triumph has been attained, but it is scarce less than wonderful to find the nations against which it has been employed, persevering in the policy or the impolicy which has conspired to its success. Romanism is vulnerable in its creed-in its creed only; and while it is contriving the disturbance and dismemberment of states, through agencies so subtle while they are weak, so peremptory when

strong, that it is thought no more than clemency to connive at them, or prudence to take them into alliance, the central principle of the false creed is suffered to remain in the obscurity with which it is artfully covered the « veiled prophet" is permitted to prosecute his ambitious enterprises, and to gather around his banner multitudes who would abhor and renounce their merciless leader, if it were given them to look upon his deformity.

It is a confirmation of these views that, where Romanism has been at liberty to embody her principles in act, her authority is prostrate or declining, - that where she is so held in check, that she can be cruel only in speculation, she is rising into power. In Spain and Portugal her wand is broken-her strength is gone. In Italy her dominion is maintained by foreign aid. In Belgium, in France, in England, she seems preparing—such are the flat. tering signs of the times—to resume her ancient ascendancy.

In speaking of the state of Spain and Portugal, Cardinal Pacca places no restraint upon the eloquence of his sorrow and indignation. He had many years since feared that calamity was to come upon these once favoured countries—that the relative condition of Spain and Africa was to be reversed; the latter restored to the faith for which it had been once illustrious, and Spain re-plunged into barbarism and infidelity. He wished that such thoughts had been dreams, not visions_had belonged rather to poetry than prophecy :


“But, alas," he continues, "the me. lancholy state of religious affairs in Portugal and Spain recalled to me these sad presentiments, and I feared that the fatal day was come, when the faith would abandon these realms, once so catholic and faithful. I have seen on the coasts of Africa valiant France setting up again in triumph the standard of the cross, re-erecting altars, converting profane mosques into temples dedicated to the Lord, and constructing new churches ; whilst on the opposite shore they despoil in Spain holy altars, tear down or deliver to the flames edifices set apart for divine worship. I have seen, in Africa, a holy and venerable pastor surrounded by zealous priests, not only received with acclamations and enthu. siasm by catholics, but respected, vene. rated, by infidels, by Bedouins, and Arabs; whilst in unhappy Spain they

were cited before the tribunals of laymen, tion of their native country has struck. faithful pastors constrained to undergo It is easily seen that I am adverting to unjust judgments, cast into prison, or England. These facts are most console banished from their sees, and in the ing. Yet, we must not flatter ourselves very house of the Lord august ministers as some persons already do, that the sect of the sanctuary cruelly slain at the denominated Anglican is already on the foot of the holy altars, in hatred of the point of expiring. It is quite true that catholic religion.

it is daily losing some ground, abandoned “I have seen on the coasts of Africa, as it is by innumerable sectarians, who in Algiers, received as angels from have already fallen into complete incre. heaven the daughters of Saint Vincent dulity-and by many others, who, ende Paul, the venerable sisters of charity lightened by the divine grace, are who, armed only in their gentleness, returning to the bosom of their mother, their modesty, their tender solicitude for the Catholic church, which has not the afflicted, awakened admiration and ceased to love them with tenderness. enthusiasm in the hearts of infidels, and Nevertheless, that Anglican church is disposed them to accept the light of the an edifice, which, however impaired gospel, and embrace a religion which in and tottering as it seems to be, rests spires and cultivates so many virtues. on two firm props, the power of the And on the opposite shore, in Spain, aristocracy and the opulence of the the virgins dedicated to God were driven clergy. forth from their sacred asylums, and de- “ So long as the great lords of that prived of all resources necessary for the country shall be permitted to distribute sustenance of life.

to their brethren, children, and nephews, “Would not all this seem to announce, the opulent revenues of the episcopal as I have said, and to cause fear for manses, and of the rich benefices, Spain, that the fearful moment is at amounting annually to £6,000,000, or hand when God, in his justice, wills to 32,800,000 Roman scudi, it is vain convey elsewhere the light of the faith to flatter ourselves that that sect will and to fill up the fatal menace, which disappear. But if the Lord continues the Saviour made to the Jews, in the to bless the zeal and labours of our words cited by St. Matthew — 'The clergy in England, the Protestant pas. kingdom of heaven shall be taken, to be tors

will soon be abandoned by the larger given to another people, to bring forth portion of their flock. It is not long fruits thereof.'"

ago, that the Protestant rector of a

parish in Ireland had no other parish. Such is the state of Spain - the

ioners but his wife, children, and maid.

servant. At all events, that which the country to which Rome committed

Anglicans call defection, and which we especially the defence of her church.

call conversion, will force the governThe cardinal, who laments over it,

ment to reflect seriously. In other times consoles and encourages himself by the it might have been feared, that it would more cheering prospect presented by but serve to render persecution more the condition of England.

violent-but in the present state of

Europe, none but results favourable to “ I cannot behold without sorrow this

the cause of the Catholics can be ex. situation of the Catholic Church in those pected from it. two kingdoms (Spain and Portugal)- England, therefore, yields us conwhere it was formerly so flourishing;

solation amidst the sorrows of the It is with very different feelings that I

church." shall now consider what is passing in another country, where for several cen

We are not disposed to envy to turies, it had been groaning under the his eminence this transitory consola. most rigorous and tyrannical persecu- tion. The condition of the church in tion. There the unfortunate Catholics England is certainly not that which were denied even the consolation of a free

we could wish—but our reliance upon exercise of their worship; not only was

truth and on the English character is that worship not tolerated, but it was even proscribed under the severest and

such that we can read the predictions most cruel penalties. At present, through

and menaces of foreign and domestic a marvellous change, new temples and

enemies without dismay. It is true magnificent cathedrals are to be seen that the public mind is much disturbed rising in those very same regions, in

and alarmed on subjects of surpassing honour of God-convents and monaste- interest—true, also, that elements in ries are being built for the religious of the Church of England which had both sexes

and a beneficent and gene- been held in combination now show rous hospitality is tendered to the priests themselves distinct and separated—but of foreign nations, whom the persecu

we are persuaded that this state of

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