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“ De lane." - Pill-lane, called so par excellence, as the great centre and mart of piscatory dealing.
« Doused all dere sieves.”_Laid them down at their uncles, the pawnbrokers.
• Riz half a crown."- The neuter verb, “rise,” is classically used here for the active verb, “ raised," a common license with our poets.
“ Flea park."- This appellation of Bill's bed was, no doubt, borrowed from the account the Emperor Julian, gives of his beard, “ I perinit little beasts," said he, "to run about it, like animals in a park.” The word he uses is pluges, pediculi ; so that Durham's “ flea park," was evidently sanctioned by the emperor's " - park." The Abbe de la Bletterie, who translated Julian's work, complains that he was accused for not suppressing the image presented by Julian ; but adds very properly, la delicatesse Francaise va-t-elle jus'qu au falsifier les auteurs ? So we say of our author.
notice and offer of the viceroy; and in sullen resentment he absolutely refused to embark in any other profession his friends designed for him. He continued, therefore, for several years among the dissipated idlers of the metropolis, having no laudable pur. suit to occupy his time, and led into all the outrages and excesses which then disgraced Dublin.
One night in patrolling the city with his drunken associates, they attacked and killed a watchman, who, with others, had attempted to quell a riot they had excited. He was, therefore, compelled to fly from Dublin. He made his way to Cork, where he lay concealed for some time, and from thence escaped to the plantations in North America. When the war broke out between France and England, he entered as a volunteer in one of the provincial regiments, and distinguished himself in several engagements with the Indians in the interest of the French, during which he seems to have learned those fierce and cruel qualities by which those tribes are distinguished.
He was now particularly noticed by his officers for the intrepidity and spirit he displayed, and was high in favour with Colonel Massy, his commander ; but an accident occurred of so humiliating and degrading a nature, as to extinguish at once all his hopes of advancement. An officer of Massy's regiment was possessed of a very valuable fowling-piece which he highly prized. He missed it from his tent and made diligent inquiry after it, but it was no where to be found. It was, however, reported that it was seen in the possession of Roche, and an order was made to examine his baggage. On searching among it the lost article was found. Roche declared tbat he had bought it from one Bourke, a countryman of his own, and a corporal in his regiment. Bourke was sent for and examined. He solemnly declared on oath that the statement of Roche was altogether false, and that he himself knew nothing at all of the transaction. Roche was now brought to a court-martial, and little appearing in his favour, he was convicted of the theft, and, as a lenient punishment, ordered to quit the service with every mark of disgrace and ignominy. Irritated with this treat.
We conclude these miscellaneous sketches with a short account of one of those characters distinguished for unbridled indulgence and fierce passions, who were, unfortunately, too frequently to be met with at the period in which he flourished, whose name attained so much celebrity as to become a proverb. “ Tiger Roche," as he was called, was à native of Dublin, where he was born in the year 1729. He received the best education the metropolis could afford, and was instructed in all the accomplishments then deemed essential to the rank and character of a gentleman. So expert was he in the various acquirements of polite life, that at the age of sixteen he recommended himself to Lord Chesterfield, then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, who offered him, gratuitously, a commission in the army; but his friends having other views for him they declined it. This seems to have been a serious misfortune to the young man,whose disposition and education strongly inclined him to a military life. His hopes were raised and his vanity flattered by the
ment, Roche immediately challenged on board a vessel bound for England, the officer who had prosecuted him. He where he arrived shortly after. He refused, however, to meet him, on the reserved part of his supply of money pretext that he was a degraded man, for the purchase of a commission, and and no longer entitled to the rank and hoped once more to ascend to that consideration of a gentleman. Stung rank from which he had been, as he now to madness, and no longer master thought, unjustly degraded; but just of himself, he rushed to the parade, as the purchase was about to be cominsulted the officer in the grossest pleted, a report of his theft in Ameterms, and then flew to the picquet. rica reached the regiment, and the guard, where he attacked the corporal officers refused to serve with him. with his naked sword, declaring his With great perseverance and deterintention to kill him on the spot. The mined resolution, he traced the proman with difficulty defended his life gress of the report to a Captain till his companions sprung upon Roche Campbell, then residing at the British and disarmed him. Though deprived coffee-house, in Charing-cross. He of his weapon, he did not desist from met him in the public room, taxed his intention ; crouching down like an him with what he called a gross and Indian foe, he suddenly sprung, like false calumny, which the other reRoderick Dhu, at his antagonist, and torted with great spirit. A duel imfastened on his throat with his teeth, mediately ensued in which both parand before he could be disengaged, ties were desperately wounded. nearly strangled him, dragging away He now declared in all public places, a mouthful of flesh, which, in the and caused it to be every where known, true Indian spirit, he afterwards said that as he could not obtain justice on was “the sweetest morzel he had ever the miscreant who had traduced his tasted.” From the fierce and savage character in America, he would percharacter he displayed on this occa- sonally chastise every man in England sion, he obtained the appellation of who presumed to propagate the re“ Tiger,” an affix which was ever after port. With this determination, he joined to his name.
met one day in the Green Park his A few days after, the English army former colonel, Massy, and another advanced to force the lines of Ticon- officer, who had just returned home. deraga. Unfortunate Roche was left He addressed them, and anxiously redesolate and alone in the wilderness, an quested they would, as they might, outcast from society, apparently aban- remove the stain from his character. doned by all the world. His resolu- They treated his appeal with contempt, tion and fidelity to his cause, however, when he fiercely attacked them both. did not desert him. He pursued his They immediately drew their swords way through the woods till he fell and disarmed him. A crowd of specin with a party of friendly Indians, tators assembled round, and being and by extraordinary exertions and two to one, they inflicted severe chasforced marches, arrived at the fortress tisement on Roche. Foiled in his with his Indians to join in the attack. attempt, he immediately determined He gave distinguished proofs of his to seek another occasion, and finding courage and military abilities during that one of them had departed for that unfortunate affair, and received Chester, he set out after him with the four dangerous wounds. He attracted indefatigable perseverance and pursuit the notice of General Abercrombie, of a bloodhound. Here he again sought the leader of the expedition, but the him, and meeting him in the streets, stain of robbery was upon him, and no again attacked him. He was, howservices, however brilliant, could ob- ever, again defeated, and received a literate it.
severe wound in the sword-arm, which From hence he made his way to long disabled him. New York, after suffering incredible But that redress to his character now afflictions from pain, poverty, and came accidentally and unexpectedly, sickness. One man alone, Governor which all his activity and perseverance Rogers, pitied his case, and was not could not obtain. Bourke, the corsatisfied of his guilt. In the year poral, was mortally wounded by a 1785 he received from his friends in scalping party of Indians, and on his Ireland, a reluctant supply of money, death-bed made a solemn confession which enabled him to obtain a passage
that he himself had actually stolen the fowling-piece, and sold it to Roche, lution to follow his example. He without informing him by what means formed a body, consisting of ctñcers he had procured it; and that Roche and others of his acquaintance, to pa. had really purchased it without any trol the dangerous streets of Dublin suspicion of the theft. This declaration at night, and so gave that protection of the dying man was properly attested, to the citizens, that the miserable and and universally received, and restored decrepid watch were not able to the injured Roche at once to character afford. and confidence. His former calum- But he was not fated long to preniators now vied with each other in serve the high character he had acfriendly offers to serve him ; and as a quired. His physical temperament remuneration for the injustice and in- impossible to manage, and his moral jury he had suffered, a lieutenancy in a perceptions hard to regulate, were the new-raised regiment was conferred sport of every contingency and ricisgratuitously upon him. He soon re- situde of fortune. The peace, conturned to Dublin with considerable cluded in 1763, reduced the army, eclat-the reputation of the injuries and he retired, in indigent circumhe had sustained, the gallant part he stances, to London, where he soon had acted, and the romantic adven- lived beyond his income. In order to tures he had encountered among the repair it he paid his addresses to a Indians, in the woods of America, Miss Pitt, who had a fortune of 40001. were the subject of every conversa- On the anticipation of this, he engaged tion. Convivial parties were every in a career of extravagance that soon where made for him. Wherever he accumulated debts to a greater amount, appeared he was the lion of the night. and the marriage portion was insuffiA handsome person, made still more cient to satisfy his creditors. He was attractive by the wounds he had re- arrested and cast into the prison of ceived, a graceful form in the dance, the King's Bench, where various dein which he excelled, and the narra- tainers were laid upon him, and he tive of "his hair-breadth 'scapes,” was doomed to a confinement of hope. with which he was never too diffident less termination. Here his mind apto indulge the company, made him at pears to have been completely broken this time « the observed of all ob- down, and the intrepid and daring servers" in the metropolis of Ireland. courage which had sustained him in
But a service he now rendered the so remarkable a manner through all public in Dublin, deservedly placed the vicissitudes of his former life, him very high in their esteem and good seemed to be totally exhausted. He will. It was at this time infested with submitted to insults and indignities those iniscreants whom we have men- with a dastardly patience, and seemned tioned in the former part of this arti- deprived not only of the capability of cle, as "sweaters” or “ pinkindindies,” resenting, but of the sensibility of and every night some outrage was per- feeling them. On one occasion he petrated on the peaceable and un- had a trifling dispute with a fellow offending inhabitants.
prisoner, who kicked him and struck late, an old gentleman, with his son him a blow in the face. There was a and daughter, were returning home time when his fiery spirit would not have from a friend's house, when they were been satisfied but with the blood of the attacked on Ormond-quay by a party offender. He now only turned aside of them. Roche, who was accidently and cried like a child. It happened going the same way at the same time, that his countryman, Buck English, heard the shrieks of a woman crying for whom we have before noticed, was assistance, and instantly rushed to the confined at the same time in the bench, place. Here he did not hesitate singly with him also he had some dispute, to meet the whole party. He first and English, seizing a stick, fogged rescued the young woman from the him in a savage manner. Roche made ruffian who held her, and then attack- no attempt to retaliate or resist, but ing the band he desperately wounde 1 crouched under the punishment like a some, and put the rest to flight. His beaten hound. But while he shrunk spirited conduct on this occasion thus under the chastisement of men, gained him a high and deserved repu- he turned upon his wife, whom he tation, and inspired others with reso- treated with such tyranny and cruelty,
that she was compelled to separate to his apartments at Chelsea, he was from him and abandon him to his fate. attacked by two ruffians, who pre
At length, however, an act of grace sented pistols to his breast. He liberated him from a confinement un. sprang back, and drew his sword, der which all his powers were fast when one of them fired at him, and sinking; and a small legacy, left him the ball grazed his temple. He then by a relation, enabled him once more attacked them both, pinned one to the to appear in the gay world. With his wall, and the other fied. Roche sechange of fortune a change of dispo- cured his prisoner, and the other was sition came over him; and in pro- apprehended next day. They were portion as he had shown an abject tried at the Old Bailey, and capitally spirit in confinement, he now convicted, but at the humane and hibited even a still more arrogant and carnest intercession of Roche, their irritable temper than he had ever dis. punishment was mitigated to transplayed. He was a constant frequenter
portation. of billiard-tables, where he indulged All the Auctuations of this strange an insufferable assumption, with some- man's character seemed at length to times a shrewd and keen remark. He settle into one unhappy state-no was one day driving the balls about mixture of good, but a uniformity of with the cue, and on some one expos
evil. He met with a young person, tulating with him that he was not walking with her mother in St. James's playing himself, but bindering other Park, and was struck with her appeargentlemen from their amusement ;
He insinuated himself into *Gentlemen,” said Roche: "why, sir, their acquaintance, and the young except you and I, and one or two lady formed for him a strong and unmore, there is not a gentleman in the controllable attachment. room." His friend afterwards re- sessed a considerable fortune, of which marked that he had grossly offended a Roche became the manager. His large company, and wondered some of daily profusion and dissipation soon them had not resented the affront. exhausted her property, and the mo6 Oh!" said Roche, “there is no fear ther and daughter were compelled to of that. There was not a thief in leave London, and retire to indigence the room that did not consider himself and distress, in consequence of the one of the two or three gentlemen I debts in which he had involved them. excepted."
He was soon after appointed captain Again his fortune seemed in the of a company of foot in the East ascendant, and the miserable, spirit- India service, and embarked in the less, flogged, and degraded prisoner Vansittart, for India, in May, 1773. of the King's Bench was called on to He had not been many days on board, stand as candidate to represent Mid- when, such was his impracticable temdlesex in parliament. So high an per, that he fell out with all the pasopinion was entertained of his daring sengers, and among the rest with a spirit, that it was thought by some of Captain Ferguson, whom he used so the popular party he might be of use ill, that he was obliged to call him out in intimidating Colonel Luttrel, who as soon as they arrived at Madeira. was the declared opponent of Wilkes Roche was again seized with a sud. at that election. In April, 1769, he den and unaccountable fit of ter. was put into nomination at Brentford ror, and made an abject submission. by Mr. Jones, and seconded by Mr. The arrogance and cowardice he disMartin, two highly popular electors. played revolted the whole body of He, however, disappointed his friends, the passengers, and they unanimously and declined the poll, induced, it was made a point, that the captain should said, by promises of Luttrel's friends expel him from the table. He was to provide for him. On this occasion driven, therefore, to the society of the he fought another duel with a Captain common sailors and soldiers on board Flood, who had offended him in a the ship. With them he endeavoured coffee-house. He showed no deficiency to ingratiate himself, by mixing freely of courage, but on the contrary even with them, and denouncing vengeance a larger proportion of spirit and gene- against every gentleman and officer on rosity than had distinguished him at board the ship; but his threats were former periods.
particularly directed against Ferguson, Returning at this time one night whom he considered the origin of the disgrace he suffered. On the arrival tention to what we were and to what of the ship at the Cape, after all the we are, and are likely to become, if passengers were disembarked, Roche the race of improvement be not arcame ashore in the dusk of the even- rested. At the time we speak of, ining, and was seen loitering about the tercourse with England was limited door of the house where he had learned and unfrequent; few of our neighthat Ferguson lodged. When it was bours yisited us, and we visited few of quite dark, he caused a message to be our neighbours. There is no need to conveyed to him, that his friend Cap- be an old man to remember the time tain Martin, wished to see him at his when a voyage to Liverpool occupied lodgings. The unsuspecting Fergu- sometimes ten days, and was considered son immediately went to see his friend, a matter of some difficulty and dangerwhen, as he turned the corner of a even of boast and exultation to the enterstreet, he was attacked by some one who prising traveller who accomplished it. stood there with his sword ready Now, intercourse across the sea, be. drawn for the purpose. Such was tween the two countries, is as free and the malignant and implacable passion frequent as between two neighbouring that prompted the assassin, that Fer- towns in our own. As we mingle to guson was found weltering in his gether, the rough prominences which blood, with nine deep wounds, all on marked us are rubbing off. Fights in his left side, and it was supposed they our streets, robbing in dark entries, must have been there inflicted, because gambling over felons' coffins, bucks, it was the unprotected side, and when bull . baiting, duelling, abduction, the man was off his guard.
drunkenness, and a thousand other de. Roche escaped during the night, grading peculiarities, which marked and took refuge among the Caffres. the higher as well as the lower Here he disappeared, and all certain classes, have disappeared, and the or. and authentic account of his strange der, decency, and decorum which have and eventful life terminates. The long been the boast of our English Cape was at that time a colony of the neighbours, have begun to mark our Dutch, who, vigilant and suspicious of national character. It is, therefore, strangers, suffered none to enter there, with deep concern that every lover of but merely to touch for provisions, Ireland must see the pains which have and pass on. The proceedings, there- been taken to arrest the progress of fore, of their colonial government are improvement, and excite the bitter. shut up in mystery. It is reported, est prejudices and animosities against however, that he was demanded and those, to our friendly intercourse with given up to the authorities of the whom we owe so much, and have rea. Cape, who caused him to be broken son to look for so much more. It is true, alive upon the wheel, according to the that the attainment of the repeal of then Dutch criminal law of the Cape, the union is not merely to be deplored which inflicted that punishment on the if it were practicable, but is clearly more atrocious murderers.
absurd and visionary, even if it were A writer of the last century, in desirable. But the agitation to obspeaking of the Irish character, con. tain it alone is marked strongly with cludes with the remark :-“ In short, the evil features to which we allude. if they are good, you will scarcely Its only tendency is, to check the meet a better: if bad, you will seldom friendly intercourse from which both find a worse.
These extremes were countries derive such vast mutual be. frequently mixed in the same person. nefits-not merely pecuniary and mer. Roche, at different periods, displayed cantile, but moral and political ; and them. At one time an admirable instead of allowing the amelioration spirit, great humanity, and unbounded of our own to advance English generosity; at another, abject cow- knowledge to enlighten us, English ardice, ferocity, treachery, and sordid capital to enrich us, and English ex. selfishness.
ample to steady us-tends directly to
excite our worst passions and prejuIn thus displaying the traits of cha- dices, revive our bitterest animosities, racter which distinguished our coun- and draw us back to the brutal mantrymen 60 years ago, we trust we have ners, violence, barbarism, and beggary had a higher motive than merely from which we have emerged. amusing details. We would call at