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much due to me as will pay for it. I don't feel the slightest inconvenience from this privation; and though it looks a little awkward to sit at table while others are taking their glass, yet my fellow-prisoners cannot but esteem me the more for the motive; indeed I feel a good deal pinched about the usual expenses of mending, washing, paper, quills, &c. &c., not having, at present, a crown in the world. But then I do not owe a far. thing to any person, and I have learned to make a little go very far. If my liberation were once accomplished, I am not at all afraid of being soon out of these difficulties, provided my health conti. nues. Whenever I turn my eyes to this subject, my feelings are all for you, not for myself."

of the public executioner. That his family were spared the ignominy of such an end, may, in the painful predicament to which he was reduced, have been felt as the lesser of two evils. His aunt, Lady Louisa Conolly, had an interview of some hours with him, during which she and the unhappy nobleman were alone, on the evening previous to his death. Of this interview Mr. Madden thus writes, on the authority, he says, of a person of rank and consideration :

The arrest of Lord Edward Fitzgerald was a blow at the heart of the Union, which it never recovered. For that, traitors of every grade have never ceased to execrate the memory of the late Major Sirr; as he it was, to whose vigilance and intrepidity the government were indebted for that service. Mr. Madden, of course, is unsparing in his vituperation of him. But, it is very remarkable, that by no one of the state prisoners, with many of whom he was almost constantly in contact, is any complaint made, which would lead to the supposition that he was the monster which he is described. On the contrary, they all acknowledge, that, as prisoners, they were treated with lenity and consideration. Mr. Madden takes the speech of counsel in the case of “ Hevey versus Sirr,” as damning evidence of the major's delinquency. This is sufficiently absurd ; but he does not state, perhaps he did not know that Hevey subsequently acknowledged the major as his benefactor ; and that he was a pensioner upon his bounty at the very time when Lord Brougham, in the House of Commons, was repeating all Curran's exaggerated statements to his prejudice, in the debate on the sheriff of Dublin inquiry. The poor man died, we believe, about a week after.

With respect to Lord Edward Fitzgerald's death, many rumours abroad, to some of which it would be very painful for us to allude. One thing is certain, viz., that he did not die of his wounds. Another thing may be considered almost certain, viz., that had he not died when he did, he must very soon have fallen by the hand

Vol. XXII.-No. 132.

“When Lady Louisa Conolly received the intelligence that her nephew, Lord Edward Fitzgerald, was dying, she applied to Lord Camden for leave to see him; Lord Camden displayed the most callous indifference to her misery, while, on a similar application to Lord Clare, he showed great warmth of feeling, and delicacy of character. Lord Camden was a man with the fibres of feeling as insensible as the fibres of intellect, to external objects; but truth is truth, and Lord Clare behaved like a man of feeling and generosity on that occasion.

“ Lady Louisa Conolly, having her niece, Miss Emily Napier, with her, went to Lord Camden, and prayed him long and earnestly, in vain, to let her visit Lord Edward Fitzgerald in his prison. When she came back to her carriage, she said, with a violence of feeling the more remarkable from its contrast with the sedate and tranquil dignity which belonged to her character, ‘I, who never before kneeled to aught but my God, grovelled at that man's feet in vain ! From the Castle she drove to Lord Clare's house. He was at dinner ; it was a sort of a cabinet dinner, but he came out instantly to her carriage, have ing his napkin in his hand. She asked him for an order to see Lord Edward. He said he could not give her one, it had been so settled,' but seeing the strong emotion excited by this answer, he added abruptly, but I can go with you, and let you into the jail ;' then jumping into the carriage, having his napkin still in his hand, he drove to the jail, introduced her, and, after some time, came out to Miss Napier, and said •Lady Louisa will be a long time, it is not fitting you should remain here; I will stop with her ;' and then, placing a police officer behind the carriage to protect it, he sent Miss Napier home, retired to the outer room of Lord Edward's prison, and remained for three or four hours, waiting Lady Louisa's time of departure.”

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quite sufficient to stamp upon it the unexecuted patriots who have survived value to which it is entitled. Can any these disastrous times ; but they, themgentleman, for one moment, believe selves, are living evidences of the clethat Lord Camden could have acted in mency of that abused executive which the manner described ? If there be they attempt to disparage by their casuch a one, he must be one who would lumnious misrepresentations. himself so act under such circum- When Arthur O'Connor visited stances. The plain facts were these :- this country, which he was permitted The lord lieutenant told Lady Louisa to do in 1834, for the purpose of arthat the privy council had come to a ranging his affairs, he was present resolution which rendered it impossible at some of O'Connell's gatherings. for hiin to comply with her request. Dining with a friend on the day of This he conveyed with every feeling of one of these meetings, he admitted sympathy, and in language the gentlest the great improvement which had and the most respectful; and he then taken place in the country during his referred her to Lord Clare. We be. absence. “ You have," he said, “ better lieve the writer is perfectly correct in houses, the people are better clothed his statement of what subsequently oc- and fed; in all the material of proscurred, when the latter nobleman was perity you are greatly in advance of applied to. The afflicted lady did not what you were ;-but, my dear sir, affect to think th her nephew was the mind of the country,—how sadly dying ; she desired, she said, chiefly, to is that deteriorated! Where is now confer with him respecting his defence. the spirit, and the energy, and the inWhat the precise import of the commu- telligence, which marked the public nicutions were, which passed between proceedings in my day? Where? them during their long and private inter- Any where and every where rather view, has not transpired; and it were, than in The Repeal Association." It perhaps, better for all parties that they certainly was not to be found there. should be buried in a charitable obli. The mind of the country has now vion.

better employment. If the expatriOf Lord Clare we will not permit ated rebel would find it, he should ourselves to say much at present, as we have looked for it at the bar, in the hope, in a subsequent number, to do church, in the medical profession, justice to his character, when he comes amongst the race of quiet and unobto take his place, as shortly, we trust, trusive country gentlemen and merhe will do, in the gallery of illustrious chants, who bless God for the enjoyIrishmen. But this much it is our ment of that equal constitutional li. bounden duty to declare, that to his berty, under the protection of which firmness and determination, at this pe- they can prosecute their lawful indusriod, the loyal party in this country try, or enjoy their honourable indewere indebted for the timely and effec- pendence. We would have supposed tual suppression of the late rebellion. that Arthur O'Connor's By the prompt arrest and the summary sense would have taught him the difdisposal of the few leaders who were ference between agitators of the precapitally convicted, he struck terror into sent day, and those who flourished the hearts of the dişaffected, by which when he was an active political chathe right arm of treason became para- racter in Ireland. Then, men of lysed. The penetrating vigour of his education and intellect were to be intellect enabled him to see with an found struggling for the attainment almost intuitive sagacity into their de- of those visionary objects which expesigns ; and the manly and intelligible rience has proved to be impracticable course of action upon which he resolv. and vain. Now all such pursuits are ed, avoiding alike the extremes of a abandoned to a few designing knaves maudlin sentimentalism and a ruthless and the ignoble vulgar. The distemseverity, was just that which was calcu

per is now passing off at the extremi. lated to meet the crisis, and the only one ties, which formerly attacked the more by which the machinations of the Uni- noble members. O'Connell repreted Irishmen could have been defeated senis, in his own person, a forty-horse without shedding an ocean of blood. power of fraud and cunning, out of This, we know, is not the opinion of which five hundred village attorneys Mr. Madden, and of a vast number of might be furnished. He is favoured

common

by the co-operation of the Romish readers the fact, that most of O'Conpriests, who have, indeed, entered with nell's repealing friends who appeared a degree of heartiness and zeal into here in public wore tattered garments. the designs of the agitator, greater

The next morning, however, I read in than his mercenary purposes require;

the public newspapers, that 'the repeal and by whom he has been frequently

meeting of yesterday was very re

spectably attended.' alarmed lest they should inake the caldron, which he only requires to be Such is a sample of the canaille kept up to the boiling point, boil over. gatherings by which, with the aid of á There is such a thing as fishing pro- very powerful press, O'Connell has fitably in troubled waters; but well hitherto been able to do so much misthe old deceiver knows, that when chief. All the rank, all the property, they are agitated by hurricane vio

all the respectability of the country, lence there can be little pastime, while with exceptions so inconsiderable as there is much danger. But let us

only to establish the rule, are on the present our readers with a brief and

other side. In one respect, indeed, graphic sketch, by a recent German

the present movement differs from visitor, of the liberal school, of one that of 1798. The Romish priestof those assemblies in which poor hood did not, at the latter period, Arthur O'Connor saw nothing but a make themselves conspicuous as discontrast to those with which, in the turbers. Where they did appear conmore stirring period preceding 1798, spicuously, they rather appeared to he had been acquainted. Thus writes discountenance than to encourage M. Kohl :

those who were labouring to mislead

the people. Now they are, heart and “It was one of the common repeal soul, identified with the cause of remeetings, which O'Connell frequently calls together in order to keep up the

peal. They are, of all classes, those

who have thrown themselves most fire of agitation among the people, and took place in a room of the Corn Ex

prominently forward ; and made it change in Dublin. Although I arrived

clearly manifest that every power, at the appointed hour, I found the room every faculty, and every particle of full to suffocation. The assembly con- influence which they possess, will be sisted, to judge by their exterior, al- devoted to the attainment of an obmost entirely of Kerry men, and Clareject, compared with which all other and Kildare men, such as I had observed

objects are, in their regards, but mean in the interior of the country, dressed in

and worthless; an object which, if their peculiar garb of rags. To my surprise, I saw but few whole coats,

once attained, all other objects which and but few such people as we should

they could desire must be easily call respectable and substantial citizens.

brought within their reach. In 1798 They all stood and sat on benches,

Maynooth had been too short a time ranged like an amphitheatre, round the

established to produce its proper At the table, in the middle, sat

fruits-a vulgar, bigoted, agitating some writers and reporters.

A gal

clergy. Thanks to the munificent li. lery, which was raised above the heads berality of the government, that is of the rest, was filled with women, boys, not now the case. Instead of leaving and girls. I perceived that there was the Romish system to crumble away some room at the centre table, and endeavoured to make my way to it. In

under those influences which, in a stantly a number of arms were ready

country like ours, must have ensured with their kind assistance, and at last I

its gradual decay, by means of a state was lifted and handed over the heads

endowment it has been buckramed, as of the people, and over the railing which it were, into an unnatural erectness surrounded the table, from which I sase- and vigour ; and we see, accordingly, ly descended. Rags and tatters hung a race of demagogue priests, who are over the railings on every side, for torn well qualified to second O'Connell in clothes were almost the universal uni

all his designs, and by whom the people form of the emerald legion. I do not

will be drilled into a subordination to wish to say any thing insulting or offensive, nor would I speak with any

his views and purposes, which may enhard-heartedness or want of compas

able him to inflict upon his country sion of the poor fellows who could pro

incalculable evils. cure no better uniform than rags for The government have at length the solemn assembly of the repealers ;

aroused themselves. By one bold act but I wish only to impress upon my of vigour, the career of the mendicant

room.

6 The go

incendiary has been arrested. Will then ? Fine and imprisonment? But this be followed up? Have the go- the fine will be paid out of “ the Rent!" vernment, “screwed their courage to and O'Connell has already a certificate the sticking place ?" These are the of health in his pocket, which would questions which are anxiously asked by render it impossible for any legal trievery man of worth and respectability, bunal to inflict upon him a long conwhose indignation was moved, that so finement. No matter. A conviction great a license has been hitherto given will still tell heavily against his cause ; to the public disturber.

and we have no desire to precipitate vernment will not persevere; they the dissolution of the poor old incen. dare not! We are eight millions ! diary himself, if we could once see an We defy them! Remember the con- end to repeal agitation. But, suppose cessions in 1829_remember the physi. there should be no conviction, every cal-force demonstrations which extorted thing leads us to suppose that that the reform bill from the House of case has been fully provided for ; and Lords !" Such is the answer which as surely as the authorities exhibit a the question receives from O'Connell's vigour and a resolution equal to the partizans, who seem filled with confi. crisis, so surely will the difficulties dence, that even still the prosecutions vanish which have hitherto caused them will be abandoned. We possess far to regard, as an almost hopeless task, too little of the confidence of any of the safe and the constitutional governthe great parties in the state, to ven- ment of Ireland. Coquet with the ture upon the solution of a difficulty, disturbers, and you but provoke ; respecting which the minds of men are grapple with them, and you put them so much divided. But while we may not down. Use the honied accents of consay, what will, we venture to suggest, ciliation towards them, and they are what ought, to be the conduct of the met by a scorpful and derisive smile; government, at the present very appal. speak in a voice of thunder, which will ling crisis.

make itself be heard, and presently We think, then, that they are right their empty vapourings are made mani. in trying whether the agitation with fest, and they become as contemptible which they have at length resolved to as they would have been dangerous, if grapple, can be put down by the ordi

neglected. In truth, the whole philonary operation of the law. We see

sophy of the policy, which should be no reason to doubt that, in the coming

at present pursued, is contained in the trials, they will succeed.

Their case

following lines, which we commend to is, or ought to be, a good one; and we the attention of our statesmen :-have no fears that a jury may not be found in Dublin, who will return a “Gently stroke the angry nettle, true verdict according to the evidence.

And it stirgs you for your pains;

Grasp it like a man of mettle, But, supposing a conviction-what,

And unhurt your hand remains."

The following very forcible writing appeared in the “ Warder" of the 11th of November. It describes the appearance of O'Connell, when called upon to plead in the Queen's Bench, to the indictment, charging him and others with a conspiracy, &c. :

“ There stood Daniel O'Connell! At last hunted down !_grimly confronted with his ancient, long evaded foe-THE LAW. There stood the breathing impersonation of the dark, wild spirit, which has for ages lain in the bosom of Ireland, a living curse and agony! There stood the representative of four-million power of human force! Tremendous prodigy! Snared in the subtile tackle of the law. There stood, in visible presence as it were, by necromantic compulsion evoked and revealed, the evil genius--the terrible, inexplicable night-mare of England! Was there one man in that crowded court, who did not feel, that when O'Connell presented himself there, it was a moment full of awe, and pregnant with the most tremendous consequences ? Was there one man there who did not know, that in the scene before him he was beholding history? We speak not of the lesser fry that followed in the wake of the stranded Leviathan ; but, lest the sublime should want its grain of the ridiculous—lest the monkey should be even for a moment altogether lost to the tiger, we have poor Tom Steele, without counsel, conducting his own defence, with much enthusiasm and courageous craziness. A strange, incongruous burlesque, which however, cannot essentially disturb the solemnity of the occasion, (for it is real,) and which serves only, by contrast, to deepen and darken the grander and grimmer characters of the scene.'

THE FEUILLETOXISTS OF FRANCE.

BALZAC-ZUGEXB SUB-ALEX. DUMA--PREDBRIC SOULIE-MADAMB EMILE DE GIRARDIR

PHILARETE-CHASLES-JULES JANIN, ETC.

WE

'E say it thankfully, we have as yet foot always in motion has not advanced no feuilleton in England. We do not when night comes—it is only weary. draw a line across our newspaper co

But the clever writer is seldom paslumns; the upper portion devoted to sive: if not useful he is dangerous, and the serious news, the grave discussions, the pages, dangerous beneath the cover the important events of Europe--the of their octavo volume, are far more so lower yielded up to a hasty criticism consigned to the morning papers in or scandalous story, making of the choice morsels, which lie within the journal a very mermaid, with a fair grasp of the uneducated, discontented, head and foul termination. The feuil.

and very poor: leton has not invaded our literature, It is difficult to believe that the wri. to inspire dread of its decline; it does ter who takes for his theme the worst not stare us in the face, like a malady phases of humanity, can imagine that, under its several forms; either as the having accustomed his readers' minds weakness which breaks down a sane to vice and crime, through a work constitution, or a vile disease, showing which seems composed to educate a its blots and stains in the glare of mid- malefactor, he administers the antiday, so that the same page, divided for dote, by noting their punishment in the purpose, may minister to the pa- the closing chapters. Supposing his rent's studies, and darken the mind of sincerity, his method resembles that of his young daughter. It is only of late a surgeon, who would urge his pupil years, that the feuilleton has attained over a precipice, in order that, when its increased vogue, even through its he lay at the bottom, with broken defects ; less obtrusive, and more im. bones, he might explain, scientifically, portant formerly, it was the medium of how the fracture happened. sounder criticism-it did not admit This sort of literature has not eren nine volumes of a novel to “ drag their the merit of originality; the vain and slow length along," eked out with bio- cynical Restif de la Bretonne, who graphies of thieves and prostitutes. died in 1806, having lived and written Treating this kind of literature as through the old revolution, was perwhat it is, a trade, and looking on its haps the responsible parent of this nusale as on that of ribbons and artificial

merous progeny. We do not mean to flowers, which are worn a day and say that his productions appeared at thrown by, and never expected to be the foot of a daily paper, though it is valuable or natural, it would require possible the Dames Nationalesmay no further notice than do these, pro- have been brought out as they were vided it were harmless; we might dated, day by day, each having its own merely say that the supply exceeded tale, and, for heroine, a female of the demand, (a common inconvenience Paris, or the provinces. Every anecwith machines,) as there will always dote of vice-every revolting crime exist the keen eye and true ear, which noted down by Restif de la Bretonne, distinguish the page amid the heap- served to swell these volumes. He the low voice amid the noise—which was in the habit of stopping in the should be pondered on and obeyed. street any poor girl he met, and payTo do the great majority of these ing her to tell him her story; and was writers justice, they are incapable of indeed so little scrupulous, that the inflicting injury—the thousand small shameless conduct of his wife supplied tales which float over our breakfast bim with a tale, as did his own with a tables, will leave no memory for good drama. Devoid of talent as of eduor for evil, when they fall from our cation—though he affirmed he had outhands; those who put them forth are done Newton, and called Buffon a on the tread-mill of authorship; the mole-he compiled, in this manner,

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