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twise killed of them. And so when they could do nothing else unto him, yet least they should say nothing, they ceased not to object unto him his falshood and dissimulation.

Unto which accusation he answered : “ Ah my masters," quoth he, “doe not you take it so. Alwaies since I lived hitherto, I have beene a hater of falshood', and a lover of simplicitie, and never before this time have I dissembled ;” and in saying this, all the teares that remained in his body, appeared in his eies. And when he began to speak more of the sacrament and of the papacie, some of them began to crie out, yalpe, and baule, and specially Cole cried out upon him ; “stop the heretickes mouth, and take him away.”

And then Cranmer being pulled downe from the stage, was led to the fire, accompanied with those friers, vexing, troubling, and threatening him most cruelly. “ What madnesse,” say they, “ hath brought thee againe into this errour, by which thou wilt drawe innumerable soules with thee into hell ?” To whome he answered nothing, but directed all his talke to the people, saving that to one troubling him in the way he spake, and exhorted him to get him home to his study, and apply his booke diligently, saying if he did diligently call upon God, by reading more, he should get knowledge.

But the other Spanish barker raging and foaming, was almost out of his wits, alwaies having this in his mouth, “ Non fecisti ? Did thou it not ?”

But when he came to the place, where the holy bishops and martyrs of God, Hugh Latimer and Ridley, were burnt before him, for the confessing of the truth, kneeling downe hee prayed to God, and not long tarrying in his prayers, putting off his gar

A hater of falshood.] “And here being admonished of his recantation and dissembling, he said, “ Alas, my lord' (the lord Williams) • I have been a man that all my life loved plainness, and never dissembled till now against the truth; which I am most sorry for. He added hereunto, that for the sacrament, he believed as he had taught in his book against the bishop of Winchester. And here he was suffered to speak no more." Letter of an eye-witness, Strype, p. 388.

" His friends sorrowed for love ; his enemies for pity : strangers for a common kind of humanity, whereby we are bound one to another. Thus I have enforced myself, for your sake, to discourse this heavy narration, contrary to my mind : and being more than half weary, I make a short end; the 23d of March, yours, J. A.” Strype, p. 389.

ments to his shirt, he prepared himself to death. His shirt was made long down to his feete. His feete were bare. Likewise his head, when both his caps were off, was so bare that one hair could not be seene upon it. His beard was long and thick, covering his face with marvellous gravity. Such a countenance of gravitie moved the hearts both of his friends and of his enemies.

Then the Spanish friars, John and Richard, of whom mention was made before, began to exhort him, and play their parts with him afresh, but with vaine and loste labour : Cranmer with steadfast purpose abiding in the profession of his doctrine, gave his hand to certaine old men, and other that stoode by, bidding them farewell.

And when he had thought to have done so likewise to Ely, the said Ely drew back his hand, and refused, saying, it was not lawful to salute heretikes, and specially such a one as falsly returned unto the opinions that he had forsworne. And if he had knowne before that he would have done so, he would never have used his company so familiarly; and chid those sergeants and citizens, which had not refused to give him their hands. This Ely was a priest lately made, and student in divinity, being then one of the fellowes of Brazen Nose.

Then was an iron chaine tied about Cranmer, whom when they perceived to be more steadfast, then that he could be moved from his sentence, they commanded the fire to be set unto him.

And when the wood was kindled, and the fire began to burn neere him, stretching out his arme, he put his right hand into the flame, which he held so steadfast and immoveable (saving that once with the same hand he wiped his face) that all men might see his hand burned before his body was touched. His body did so abide the burning of the flame, with such constancie and stedfastnesse, that standing alwaies in one place, without moving his body, he seemed to move no more than the stake to which he was bound : his eyes were lifted up unto heaven, and often times he repeated his “ unworthy right hand,” so long as his voyce would suffer him : and using often the wordes of Steven, Lord Jesus receive my spirit; in the greatness of the flame he gave up the ghost.

This fortitude of minde, which perchance is rare and not found among the Spaniards, when frier John saw, thinking it came not of fortitude, but of desperation, although such manner of exam

ples which are of the like constancie, have been common here in England, ran to the Lord Williams of Tame, crying that the archbishop was vexed in minde, and died in great desperation. But he, which was not ignorant of the archbishops constancie, being unknowne to the Spaniards, smiled only (and as it were) by silence rebuked the friars folly.

And this was the end of this learned archbishop, whom lest by evil subscribing he should have perished, by well recanting God preserved ; and lest hee should have lived longer with shame and reproofe, it pleased God rather to take him away, to the glory of his name, and profit of his church. So good was the Lord both to his church, in fortifying the same with the testimony and blood of such a martyr; and so good also to the man, with this crosse of tribulation, to purge his offences in this world, not only of his recantation, but also of his standing against John Lambert, and doctor Allen, or if there were any other with whose burning and blood his handes had beene before any thing polluted. But especially he had to rejoice, that dying in such a cause, he was to be numbered among Christ's martyrs, much more worthy the name of saint Thomas of Canterbury, than he whom the pope falsly before did canonize.



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