« PreviousContinue »
Q. 93. Which are the facraments of the New Testament? A. The facraments of the New Testament are, Baptism y, and the Lord's fupper z.
J. 24. What is baptifm?
Baptifm is a facrament, wherein the washing with water, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost a, doth fignify and feal our ingrafting into Chrift, and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and our engagement to be the Lord's b.
Q. 95. To whom is baptifm to be adminiftred?
A. Baptifm is not to be adminiftred to any that are out of the visible church, till they profess their faith in Chrift, and obedience to him c; but the infants of fuch as are members of the vifible church are to be baptized d.
2. 96. What is the Lord's jupper ?
A. The Lord's fupper is a facrament, wherein, by giving death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even fo we alfo fhould. walk in newness of life. Gal iii. 27. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Chrift
95. c Acts viii. 36. And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water: and the eunuch faid, See, here is water; what doth hinder me to be baptized? v. 37. And Philip faid, If thou believeft with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he anfwered and faid, I believe that Jefus Chrift is the Son of God. Acts ii. 38. Then Peter faid unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jefus Chrift, for the remiffion of fins, and ye fhall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
d Acts ii. 38. See before. v. 39. For the promife is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God fhall call. Gen. xvii. 10. See in letter x. Compared with Col. ii. 11. In whom alfo ye are circumcifed with the circumcifion made without
Exod. xii, throughout. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which alfo I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jefus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread. v. 26 For as often as ye eat this bread and drink this cup, ye do fhew the Lord's death till he
93. y Matth. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, bap tizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.
z Matth. xxvi. 26. And as they were eating, Jefus took bread and bleffed it, and brake it, and gave it to the difciples, and faid, Take, eat; this is my body. v. 27. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, faying, Drink ye all of it: v. 28. For this is my blood of the New Teftament which is fhed for many for the remiffion of fins.
94. a Matth. xxviii. 19. See in letter y.
b Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are buried with him by baptifm into
ving and receiving bread and wine, according to Chrift's appointment, his death is fhewed forth; and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporal and carnal manner, but by faith, made partakers of his body and blood, with all his benefits, to their fpiritual nourishment, and growth in grace e.
Q. 97. What is required to the worthy receiving of the Lord's Supper?
A. It is required of them that would worthily partake of the Lord's fupper, that they examine themselves of their knowledge to difcern the Lord's bodyf, of their faith to feed upon him g, of their repentance b, love i, and new o bedience k
without hands, in putting off the body of the fins of the flesh, by the circumcifion of Christ: v. 12. Buried with him in baptifm: wherein alfo you are rifen with him, through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead. 1 Cor. vii. 14. For the unbelieving hufband is fanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is fanctified by the husband; elfe were your children unclean, but now are they holy.
96. e 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jefus the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread: v 24. And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and faid, Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you this do in remembrance of me. v. 25. After the fame manner alfo he took the cup, when he had fupped, faying, This cup is the new teftament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. v. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do fhew the Lord's death, till he come. 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of bleffing which we blefs, is it not the communion of the blood of Chrift? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ.
bedience, left coming unworthily, they eat and drink judgment to themselves /.
Q. 98. What is prayer?
A.Prayer is an offering up of our defires unto God m, for things agreeable to his will n, in the name of Chrifto, with confeffion of our fins p, and thankful acknowledgment of his mercies q.
Q. 99. What rule bath God given for our direction in prayer? A. The whole word of God is of ufe to direct us in prayerr; but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which Chrift taught his difciples, commonly called, The Lord's prayer f
Q.100. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us? A. The preface of the Lord's prayer (which is, Our Father which art in heaven t),teacheth us to draw near to God with all holy reverence and confidence, as children to a Father, able and ready to help usv; and that we should pray with, and for others w. Q. 101. that love him, and to them that keep
II Cor. i. 28. 29. See in letter f. 98. m Pfal. Ixii. 8. Trust in him at all times; ye people, pour out your heart before him: God is a refuge for us. Selah.
n 1 John v. 14. And this is the confidence that we have in him, that if we afk any thing according to his will, he heareth us.
• John xvi. 23. And in that day, ye fhall afk me nothing: Verily verily I fay unto you, Whatsoever ye fhall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you.
p Pfal. xxxii. 5. I acknowledged my fin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid: I said, I will confess my tranfgreffions unto the Lord: and thou forgaveft the iniquity of my fin. Selah. v. 6. For this fhall every one that is godly pray unto thee, in a time when thou mayeft be found; furely in the floods of great waters, they shall not come nigh unto him. Dan. ix. 4. And I prayed unto the Lord my God, and made my confeffion, and faid, O Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant, and mercy to them 3 G
Phil. iv. 6. Be careful for nothing: but in every thing by prayer and fupplication with thankfgiving, let your requests be made known unto God.
99. r I John v. 14. And this is the confidence that we have in him, that if we afk any thing according to his will, he heareth us.
Matth. vi. 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. After this manner therefore pray ye, Our Father, &c. Compared with Luke xi. 2, 3, 4. And he said unto them, when ye pray, say, Our Father, &6.
100. Matth. vi. 9. v Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not received the fpirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. Luke xi. 13. If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the holy Spirit to them that afk him?,
w Acts xii. 5. Peter therefore was
101. What do we pray for in the first petition? In the first petition (which is, Hallowed be thy namex), we pray, That God would enable us and others to glorify him in all that whereby he maketh himfelf known y; and that he would difpofe all things to his own glory
Q. 102. What do we pray for in the fecond petition? A. In the fecond petition (which is, Thy kingdom come a), we pray, That Satan's kingdom may be deftroyed b; and that the kingdom of grace may be advanced c, ourselves and others brought into it, and kept in it d; and that the kingdom of glory may be haftened e.
Q. 103. What do we pray for in the third petition? A. In the third petition (which is, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven f), we pray, That God, by his grace, would make us able and willing to know, obey, and fubmit to his will in all things g, as the angels do in heaven b. Q. 104.
power of his Chrift: for the accufer of our brethren is caft down, which accufed them before our God day and night. v. 11. And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.
d2 Theff. ii. 1. Finally, brethren, pray for us, that the word of the Lord may have free course, and be glorified even as it is with you. Rom. x. 1. Brethren, my heart's defire and prayer to God for Ifrael is, that they might be faved. John xvii. 9. I pray for them: I pray not for the world, but for them which thou haft given me, for they are thine. v. 20. Neither pray I for thefe alone, but for them alfo which fhall believe on me through their word.
kept in prifon; but prayer was made without ceafing, of the church unto God for him. 1 Tim. ii. 1 I exhort therefore, that first of all fup. plications. prayers, interceffions, and giving of thanks be made for all v. 2. For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godlinefs and honesty.
01. x Matth. vi. 9.
Y Pfal. lxvii. 2. That thy way may be known upon earth, thy faving health among all nations. v. 3. Let the people praife thee, O God; let all the people praise thee.
z Pfal. lxxxiii. Throughout. 102. a Matth. vi. 10.
b Pfal. lxviii. 1. Let God arife, let his enemies be fcattered: let them alfo that hate him, flee before him. v. 18. Thou haft afcended on high, thou haft led captivity captive: thou haft received gifts for men: yea, for the rebellious alfo, that the Lord God might dwell among them.
c. Rev. xii. 10. And I heard a loud voice faying in heaven, Now is come falvation and ftrength, and the kingdom of our God, and the
e Rev. xxii. 20. He which testifieth these things, faith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even fo, come, Lord Jefus.
103. ƒ Matth. vi. 10.
g Pfal. lxvii. throughout. Pfal. cxix. 36. Incline my heart unto thy testimonies
Q. 104. What do we pray for in the fourth petition? A. In the fourth petition (which is, Give us this day our daily bread i), we pray That of God's free gift, we may receive a competent portion of the good things of this life, and enjoy his bleffing with them k.
Q. 105. What do we pray for in the fifth petition? A. In the fifth petition (which is, And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors 1), we pray, That God for Christ's fake, would freely pardon all our fins m; which we are the rather encouraged to afk, because, by his grace, God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on. 1 Tim iv. 4. For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving: v. 5. For it is fanctified by the word of God and prayer.
105. / Matth. vi. 12.
teftimonies, and not to covetouf nefs. Matth. xxvi. 39. And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, faying, O my Father, if it be poffible, let this cup pafs from me nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt. 2 Sam. xv. 25. And the king faid untó Zadok, Carry back the ark of God into the city: if I fhall find faYour in the eyes of the Lord, he will bring me again, and fhew me both it, and his habitation. Job i. 21. And (Job) faid, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked fhall I return thither, the Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away; bleffed be the name of the Lord.
h Pfal. ciii. 20. Blefs the Lord, ye his angels, that excel in ftrength, that do his commandments, hearkning unto the voice of his word. V. 21. Blefs ye the Lord, all ye his hofts, ye minifters of his that do his pleasure.
104. Matth. vi. 11.
k Prov. xxx. 8. Remove far from me vanity and lies; give me neither poverty, nor riches, feed me with food convenient for me: v. 9. Left f be full, and deny thee, and fay, Who is the Lord? or left I be poor, and fteal, and take the name of my God in vain. Gen. xxviii. 20. And Jacob vowed a vow, faying, If
m Pfal. li. 1. Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy loving kindnefs: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my tranfgreffions. V. 2. Wafh me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my fin. v. 7. Purge me with hyffop, and I fhall be clean: wash me, and I fhall be whiter than fnow. v. 9. Hide thy face from my fins; and blot out all mine iniquities. Dan. ix. 17. Now therefore, O our God, hear thou the prayer of thy fervant, and his fupplications, and caule thy face to fhine upon thy fanctuary that is defolate, for the Lord's fake. v. 18. O my God, incline thine ear, and hear; open thine eyes, and behold our defolations, and the city which is called by thy name: for we do not prefent our fupplications before thee for our righteoufnefs, but for thy great mercies. V. 19. O Lord hear, O Lord, forgive, O Lord, hearken and do, defer not, for