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POCKET CYCLOPÆDIA,

OR,

MISCELLANY OF USEFUL KNOWLEDGE,

FROM THE BEST AUTHORITIES :

DESIGNED FOR

SENIOR SCHOLARS IN SCHOOLS,

and

FOR YOUNG PERSONS IN GENERAL:

"containing
MUCH USEFUL INFORMATION

ON VARIOUS SUBJECTS,

NECESSARY TO BE KNOWN BY ALL PERSONS, YET NOT
TO BE FOUND IN BOOKS OF GENERAL USE

IN SCHOOLS.

By JOSEPH GUY,
PROFESSOR OF GEOGRAPHY, &c. GREAT MARLOW ; AUTHOR ON
THE NEW BRITISH SPELLING BOOK, SCHOOL GEOGRAPHY,

CHART OF GENERAL HISTORY, BRITISH READER, &c.

In company, to discover gross ignorance of things becoming one's station
in life to know, is insupportably mortifying and degrading. Anon.

FIFTH EDITION,

CONSIDERABLY AUGMENTED AND IMPROVED

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR C. CRADOCK AND W. JOY,

32, Paternoster Row;
DARTON, AARVEY, AND CO. GRACECHURCH-STREET; AND

J. BOOTH, DUKE-STREET, PORTLAND PLACE.

[Entered at Stationers' Hatt.

The following: approbation of this work is given in the Rev.

J. Evans's Essay on Education."

“ The best book of this (miscellaneous information) kind, lately came into my hands, is entitled • Pocket Cyclopædia, or Miscellaneous Selections of the Rudiments of Useful Knowledge, from the best Authorities: designed for the senior Scholars in Schools, and for

young Persons in general;. containing useful Information on a Variety of Subjects, not to be found in any Books of general Use in Schools, and yet by all Persons necessary to be known. By Jo. seph Guy, Professor of Geography, Great Marlow.'

“ I have transcribed the title-page at length, since it may induce some persons to procure it. It is a valuable compendium, and refects credit on the compiler."

C. Stower, Printer, Paternoster Row, London.

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USEFUL KNOWLEDGE, ON SUBJECTS OF WHICH NONE SHOULD REMAIN

IGNORANT,

IS DEDICATED, WITH THE SINCEREST SENTIMENTS OF ESTEEN,

ÁND BEST WISHES FOR

THEIR TRUEST HAPPINESS,

BY THE

COMPILER.

written by the same author, and published by

C. CRADOCK & W. JOY,

32, PATERNOSTER ROW.

1. GUY'S SCHOOL GEOGRAPHY, on a new and easy Plan; comprising not only a complete general Description, but much Topographical Information, in a well digested Osa der; exhibiting three distinct Parts, and yet forming one connected Whole. Expressly adapted to every Age and Capacity, and to every Class of Learners, both in Ladies' and Gentlemen's Schools. In royal 18mo. illustrated with Maps, drawn by the author putposely for this work, price 3s. bound in red.

2. GUY'S, NEW BRITISH SPELLING BOOK, on a Plan dictated by long Experience. Second Edition, with cuts; price is. 6d. sheep (with a liberal allowance to Schools.)

In this book the reading lessons are more numerous, the subjects more choice, the order is more pleasing, and the gradation from the most easy to the more difficult far better preserved, than in other spelling or reading books : there is also a new and most convenient division and arrangement of the spelling tables; and the outlines of geography, grammar, &c. exhibit the very ideas which children should first commit to memory. In short, Teachers will find in it, throughout, all that a spelling book should possess. It has been pronounced, by able instructors who have seen the book, to be greatly superior for all the purposes of teaching, to any thing of the kind yet published.

3. GUY'S CHART OF UNIVERSAL HISTORY, exhibiting the more prominent Features of each Country, both Ancient and Modern. A Chart of this kind will greatly facilitate the Student's Progress, and give him clearer Ideas of the Rise, Dux ration, &c. of each Kingdom and Empire, than the bare perusal of many volumes. On a large sheet of columbier drawing paper, price 75. coloured, or on canvass and rollers, Ios. 64.

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ADDRESS

то

YOUNG PERSONS.

YOU boast of having received a liberal education, and perhaps can tell the names of things in Latin, Greek, or French: But you must not stop here. From the knowledge of names you 'must proceed to the knowledge of things. A horse. (says a lady, who has written excellently for young persons), without this, will be but a horse to you, though you can tell me the appellation in every tongue past or present.

Among all the manufactures and arts, invented by man. for the convenience and benefit of society, what know you of any of them besides their names? With the various natural objects which present themselves hourly for our use and inspection, what acquaintance have you, except that of their form and common appearance? Know you the curious process by which the wool of sheep is wrought up into a firm texture for our clothing? Or how, and by what operations, the slender tissue of a worm can be converted into silks, so rich and beautiful? How the flax and the cotton, the prorluction of the earth, can receive forms so pliant, and be fabricated into vests, so useful and ornamental ? How, by the loom, materials can be made to assume the resemblance of figures so just, so various, and so beautiful?

Do you conceive how a mass of sand, and salt, or black Aint stone, can be converted into a beautiful transparent body, such as glass, and be made to minister so excellently to our use and enjoyment? Or how the rough iron ore is wrested from the bowels of the earth, and made to flow like a liquid, and again, hardened like an adamant; how, from its high polish, it is made to emulate the mirror; and wrought up into instruments equally various and useful?

Upon what principle, or from whence can a small portion of charcoal, sulphur, and salt-petre, derive a power to shake mountains, reud rocks, or dispatch ponderous instruments of instant death to hundreds, or to thousands?

Know you any thing about the parts of your own body

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