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i Joiner, a Swede, 65

Master Boat-builder, a Æ»/r, 260

Master Sail-maker, a. R tiss, 260

Master Sawyer, a Dutch-man, •. 390

Twenty Men, • '- 219

All the Czar's Anchors are made at Dobrove, about an hundred Engli/h Miles from Veronirz, nearer

Pounds Ster.

Master Anchor-smith, R. Halley, , .150

Under Master, Robert Davies, _;^ So Lock-smith, Thomas Daniel, IOO Smiths and P/entices under them.

Purveyors in the Woods. !*"

Kirtjr Rubles.

A Dutchman, *H ■ -r •■P. 260

AGreek, who has been in England, chuses 1

good Timber, J • . .<

[graphic]

The Labourers are Peasants, obliged to work in the Woods for Nothing, which Hardship- hax made several Hundreds desert the Country.

Yearly Ribles.

Dock-builder, Anniset MiketQWtck, a Pole, . 70.O Assistant, * Ruffian, '""26b

Two hundred Carpenters, - \ ' ■ 3^5°

Q_ 2 Several

Several hundred Labourers, which the neighbour* ing Provinces are obliged to fend in by Turns, and furniih them with Bread and Subsistance for so many Months.

■ AOLONITZ, in the Ladoga-Sea.

Yeary Salary. Pounds Ster. Rubles. Master Builder, Rich. Brent, aoo 150

Assistant, Edward Hilly IOO 120

Two hundred and fifty Carpenters 1 > " ,

and Labourers, ■

At L ADINOPLE.

Master Builder, Breton, 150 100

Two hundred and fifty Carpenters 1 6206

and Labourers, 1"

Master Boat-builder, Hunt, <X$0 100

Master Joiner, Evans, -, *8o ''

Master Carver, Mallard, Ho

-The Communications which the Czar has ordered , .between several Rivers, with a ProfCm£tmt*tb?' fpect of advancing hit Trade iand Shippiimni }R,iga. .ping» a,re between the Don and

. This Pa^age was first endeavoured to he, cut by , for the better Tranfpor

-vv.>: ';: •>. nationof Jiis Army to Aftracan and the Caspian sea against the Persians, in 156a, but, bis Design was defeated by the continual Irruptions of the Cojjach and Ruffes. This Enterprise lay dead till about 1693, when the Czar employed an Engineer, Colonel Breciel, to work on the Communication, but being very ill used by Prince Berts dlexewitz GalUexyn, Governor of the Province, who openly opposed the Work, and who would neither furnish Men or Materials in Pursuance of the Czar's Orders, the Engineer, to avoid his Persecution, fled away to Persia. In 1699, another Engineer, Captain Perry, was employed in this Service, but met with the fame Discouragement from Prince Galliczyn as his Predecessor j notwithstanding which, the Work was carried on with pretty good Success till the End of December 1710, when the Czar ordered it to be laid aside till after the War, since he could not so well spare the Number of Men required in the present Juncture. The digging Work is about half finished; twelve thousand Men and about five Years Time, would serve to perfect the Whole? the Channel was to be large and deep enough for Ships of eighty Guns to pass; it is to be dug through' near three Englijb Miles, in which Space there is a large Mountain, between the Rivers Lavala and CamiJhinka 5 the first falls into the Den about one bundreed and thirty Englijb Miles from the Canal, ana the last into the Wolg*y about nine English Miles from the Canal; fix Sluices are begun but none finished, and six more are to be made in the Cami~ fkinka; In all from the Lavala to the Place where the Camijhinka falls into the TFclga, are sixty-two thousand three hundred English Feet.

Q.3 ThT. The second Communication is by a Canal near the Ivan Ozero, between a Branch of Von an cea. ^ River Don and-the Tula, which falls into the Occa; this Work is above eight English Mile9 long, and has several Stone Sluices,, though not quite brought to Perfection, and is «nh/ designed for a Passage for large Boats.

The third Communication is between the Wdga and the Wokhova, a River which runs 'lud'rie Novagrid and falls into the LodigaSea: This Canal is cut near WifiuiWt* Taczti, I think not above an Englijh Mile long, and quite finished; a Mathematician was sent down this Spring to take an exact Survey of it and the upper Parts of the two Rivers; and another Engineer' was at the fame Time dispatched to view the Rivers about the Biel Ozora, and other Lakes, to see whether he cannot find a more convenient Passage into the Ladoga-sea; the River Welchovj below Nevegred having two or three dangerous Falls. This Communication seems to be more for Curiosity than Uie» for the Frigates now bringing from Casari, have been, three Years in their Passage; they are frozen up the six Winter Months; during the Spring Floods for five or six Weeks it is scarce possible set them to mount the Wolga against the Current,; towards the Autumn the Waters are very low, and they are often forced to warp round the Points of Land and Sand Banks: This last yVinter a Carpenter was

sent to cut down Oak for six Fifty-gun Ships at Casan, the Timbers were to be rough hewn there, and transported in flat bottom Boats to PeUrJbvrgh j by the Time these will be on the Road, it will be certainly known whether this Communication can be of any Use to Commerce.

These Observations on the State of Ruffia are all that occur to me as necessary, till the Influence of this Nation in the present' War, and its Share in the general Affairs of Europet makes this Country better known to Strangers.

A JOUR

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