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Every body knows that Englijh Cloth is much apJ proved of, for the Goodness of the Materials, and imported into all the Kingdoms and Provinces in Europe.
We were shewn at the House of Leonard Smith, a Taylor, a most perfect Looking-glass, ornamented with Gold, Pearl, Silver and Velvet, so richly as to be estimated at five hundred ecus dusoleiL We saw at the same Place the Hippocamp and Eagle Stone, both very curious and rare.
And thus much of L o N D o Ni
iJpon taking the Air down the River, the first Thing that struck us, was the Ship of that noble Pirate, Sir Francis Drake, in which he is said to have surrounded this Globe of Earth. On the left Hand lies Ratclifse, a considerable Suburb: On the opposite Shore is fixed a. long Pole with Rams-horns upon it, the Intention of which was vulgarly said to be, a Reflexion upon wilful and contented Cuckolds.
We arrived next at the Royal Palace of Greenwich^ reported to have been originally build by Humphrey Duke of Gloucejhr, and to have received very magnificent Additions f:om Henry VII. It was here Elizabeth, rhe present Queen, was born, and here she generally resides; particularly in Summer, lor the Delightfulness of its Situation. We were admitted by au Order Mr. Rogers had procured from the Lord Chamberlain, into the Presence-Chamber, hung with rich Tapestry, and the Floor after the Englijb Fashion, strewed with * Hay, through which the Queen commonly passes in her way to Chapel: At the Door stood a Gentleman dressed in Velvet, with a Gold Chain, whose Office was to introduce to the Queen any Person of Distinction, that came to wait on her: It was Sunday, when there is usually the greatest Attendance of Nobility. In the same Hall were the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bistiop of London, a great Number of Counsellors of State, Officers of the Crown, and Gentlemen, who waited the Queen's coming out; which she did from her own Apartment, when it was Time to go to Prayers, attended in the following manner:
First went Gentlemen, Barons, Earls, Knights of the Garter, all richly dressed and bare-headed; next came the Chancellor, bearing the Seals in a red-silk Purse, between Two: One of which carried the Royal Scepter, the other the Sword of State, in a red Scabbard, studded with golden Fleurs de Lis, the Point upwards : Next came the Queen, in the Sixty-fifth Year of her Age, as we were told, very Majestic; her Face oblong, fair, but wrinkled; her Eyes small, yet black and pleasant s her Nose a little hooked; her Lips narrow, and her Teeth black; (a Defect the Englijh seem subject to, from their too great Use of Sugar) she had in her Ears two Pearls, with very rich Drops; she wore false Hair, and that red ; upon her Head she had a small Crown, reported to be made of some of the Gold of the celebrated
* He probably means Rusties.
Vol. II. T Lunciourg Lunebourg Table +: Her Bosom was uncovered, is all the Englijh Ladies have it, till they marry j and she had on a Necklace of exceeding fine Jewels; her Hands were small, her Fingers long, arid her Stature neither tall nor low; her Air was stately,' her Manner of speaking mild and obliging. That Day she was dressed in white Silk, bordered with Pearls of the Size of Beans, and over it a Mantle of black Silk, shot with Silver Threads; her Train was very long, the End of it borne by a Marchioness; instead of a Chain, she had an oblong Collar of Gold and Jewels. As she went along in all this State and Magnificence, she spoke very gracioufly, first to one$ then to another, whether foreign Ministers, or those who attended for different Reasons, in English, French and Italian 5 for, besides being well skilled in Greeks Latin, and the Languages I have mentioned, she is Mistress of Spanijh, Scotch, and Dutch; Whoever speaks to her, it is kneeling; now and then she raise* sjme with her Hand. While we were there, TVt Slawata, a Bohemian Baron, had Letters to present to her; and she, after pulling off her Glove, gave him her right Hand to kiss, sparkling with Rings and Jewels, a Mark of particular Favour: Whereever she turned her Face, as she was going along, every body fell down on % their Knees. The Ladies
f At this Distance of Time, it is difficult to fay what this was.
J Her Father had been treated with the fame Deference. It >• mentioned by Fox in his Acts and Monuments, that when the Lord Chancellor went to apprehend Queen Catherine Parr, he spoke to the King on hit Knees.
King Jamet I. suffered bis Courtiers to omit it.
Bacon's Papers, Vol. II. p. 516bf the Court followed next to her, very handsome and well-shaped, and for the most Part dressed in white; she was guarded on each Side by the Gentlemen Pensioners, fifty in Number, with gilt Battleaxes. In the Antichapel next the Hall where we were, Petitions were presented to her, and she received them most gracioufly, which occasioned the'Acclamation of, Long Live Queen ELIZABETH! She answered it with, I Thank, You My Good PEOPLE. In the Chapel was excellent Music; as soon as it and the Service was over, which scarce exceeded half an Hour, the Queen returned in thq same State and Order, and prepared to go to Dinner. But while she was still at Prayers, we saw her Table set out with the following Solemnity.
A Gentleman entered the Room bearing a Rod, and along with him another who had a Table-cloth, which after they had both kneeled three Times, with the utmost Veneration, he spread upon the Table, and after kneeling again, they both retired. Then came two others, one with the Rod again, the other with a Salt-seller, a Plate and Bread; when they had kneeled, as the others had done, and placed what was brought upon the Table, they too retired with the fame Ceremonies performed by the first. .At last came an unmarried Lady, (we were told st>e was a Countess) and along with her a married one, bearing a Tasting-knife; the former was dressed in white Silk, who, when she had prostrated herself threeTimes, in the most graceful Manner, approached the Table, and rubbed the Plates with Bread and Salt, T 2 with with as much Awe, as if the Queen had been (iresent: When they had waited there a little while, the Yeomen of the Guard entered, bare-headed, cloathed in Scarlet, with a golden Rose upon their Backs, bringing in at each Turn a Course of twentyfour Dishes, served in Plate most of it Gilt; these Dishes were received by a Gentleman in the some Order they were brought, and placed upon the Table, while the Lady-taster gave to each of the Guard a mouthful to eat, of the particular Dish he had brought, for Fear of any Poison. During the Time that this Guard, which consists of the tallest and stoutest Men that can be found in all England, being carefully sclectfor this Service, were bringing Dinner, twelve Trumpets, and two Kettle-drums made the Hall ting for half an Hour together. At the End of this Ceremonial a Number of unmarried Ladies appeared, who, with particular Solemnity, lifted the Meat off the Table, and conveyed it into the Queen's inner and more private Chamber, where, after stie had chosen for herself, the rest goes to the Ladies of the Court.
The Queen dines and sups alone with very few Attendance; and it is very seldom that any body, Foreigner or Native, is admitted at that Time, and then only at the Intercession of somebody in Power.
Near this Palace is the Queen's Park stocked with Deer: Such Parks are common throughout England, belonging to those who are distinguished either for their Rank or Riches. In the Middle of this is an