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in England are only such of the Law, and not of the Fact) to convey the condemned to Execution, and to determine in lesser Causes j for the greater are tried by the Judges, formerly called travelling Judges, now Judges of Assize ; these go their Circuits through the Counties twice every Year to hear Causes, and pronounce Sentence upon Prisoners.
As to Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, after the Popes had assigned a Church and a Parish to every Priest, Honorius Archbishop of Canterbury, about the Year ,636, began to divide England in the fame Manner into Parishes: As it has two Provinces, so it has two Archbishops, the one of Canterbury\ Primate and Metropolitan of all England, the other of York; sub • jeBf'to these are 25 Bishops, viz. 22 to Canterbury t the remaining three to York. ■oil} ni i".^,; •i)>.,i:j H( v«-.. •••«: «.,
The Soil is fruitful, and abounds with Cattle, whi^ri'inclines the Inhabitants rather to feeding than ploughing, so that near a third Part of the Land is left uncultivated for grazing. The Climate is most temperate at all Times, and the Air never heavy, consequently Maladies are scarcer, and less Physic is used there than any where else. There are but few Rivers: Though the Soil is productive it bears no Wine, but that Want is supplied from Abroad by the best Kinds, as of Orleans, Gascon, Rhenijh and Spanijh. The general Drink is Beer, which is prepared from Barley, and is excellently well tasted, but strong, and what soon fuddles. There are many ^Eiills without one Tree, or any Spring, which produce