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First Printed in the Year 1758.

i T O

The Right Honourable

LORD * * * *

My Lord,

IVENTURE into the Ocean of Antiqui-> ties in Confidence of your Lordship's Humanity and great Judgment; relying on the former to hold me up, if you fee me sinking; and on the latter to distinguish me from the many Logs, and drowned Puppies, bobbing up and down upon the fame Element; and upon both for Your Excuse of this Presumption.

Your Lordstiip very well knows, that Studies of this Kind are apt, in their own Nature, to introduce'Familiarities, not nicely regardful of Distinctions ; because it is oftentimes necessary to be free with Kings, and great Men; by making them older, or -younger, better or worse, as it best suits the Purpose of the Antiquary: There is also something levelling in these Enquiries ; where we find Rottenness and Corruption, Dust and Alhes, to be equally

the the Fate of the Emperor, and the meanest of his Vassals.


But not to found my Apology wholly upon such mortifying Reflexions •, Permit me, my Lord, to plead Your general Civility to Strangers, and Your indulgent Partialities to all Men embarked in the fame Studies with Your Lordship: Permit me likewise to plead the Merit of a Performance, which retrieves the proper Name of a most important Village, and delivers dov/n to Posterity the Antiquities of a Place unnoticed by former Writers. To these Considerations let me add the infinite Labour, as well as Usefulness of such Discoveries.

I cannot conclude this Address without joining my hearty Wishes, that, for Your Lordship's Amusement, some Hill may open itself, and pour forth Treasures and Curiosities, not inferior to those of Herculamum; and that Your Lordship may live to be Yourself a most venerable Piece of Antiquity.

I am, My Lord,
Your Lordship's
Most devoted
Humble Servant.




IT is a customary Respect generally paid to the Reader to give him, by way of Preface, some Account of the Book he has been at the Expenee of purchasing, and purposes to be at the Trouble of Reading: I call it Respeft, in concert with my Fellow-writers; but I do not, in the least, desire him to entertain a more favourable Opinion, either of my Manners, or of my Regard for him from this Circumstance; for I can assure him, we durst not hazard our Works into the World, absolutely upon their own Bottom, but are obliged previously to point out the Beauties, &c. lest they should not strike the Reader so forcibly as, perhaps, they have us, the Authors, or Editors.

As this is one Reason, and generally the principal one, for Prefaces, so there js anoVol. II. G ther,

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