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the unity of God, the excellency of Mohammed the deformity of vice, and the beauty of virtue.

Many other poetical works in Persian, might be added here, but those already enumerated are the most excellent: for others, see Sir Wm. Jones's works, vol. vi. p. 453; the Bibliotheque Orientale of D'Herbelot, passim ; Major Ousley's Oriental Colleetions; and Asseman's Bibliothecæ Medicæ Catalogus fol. Flor. 1742. As the worth of this book is not generally known, it is often to be had for a trifle. It frequently gives a complete analysis of the contents of a manuscript. See also Bibliothecæ Bodleianæ Codicum MSS. Orientalium Catalogus, by Uri, fol. Oxon. 1787, p. 269, &c. He who has got a complete copy of the Shah Nameh of Ferdozee ; one of the Mesnavi of Gelaleddeen Roomee; one of the Khaleeat, or complete works of Saadee, and one of the Deewan of Hafiz, the Kaleeat of Jamee, and the Khuleeat of Nizamee, has got enough of Persian poetry to satisfy a reasonable desire for a long time. These should be the first sought as being the most excellent and instructive.




Al Kafeeah. A grammar of the Arabic language, by Ibn ul Hajeeb. This work Dr. Baillie has printed at Calcutta for the use of the students of Fort William College.

For the Meeut Amel, Shurhu Meent Amel, Mesbah, Fedayut-von-Nuhve, and the Kafecah; sce before, in the account of printed Arabic books, in p. 269, and in p. 392.

Al Khulaset. Another work on Arabic gram


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Besides these general and standard works on Arabic gramınar, there are many distinet treatises to be met with in MS, both in Persian and Arabic, viz. Meezen, the balance, containing seven treatises on Arabic Grammar and Prosody. Also treatises on the rules for the changes of the infirm letters. On the Teshdeed and Tenwen. On the fourteen comected masculine and feminine Prefixes, &c. &c. from each of which the Arabic and Persian student may derive considerable assistance.

For Arabic MS. lexicons in general, see Uri's Catalogue of the Bodleian Oriental MS. p. 227, and for those in Persian, see the same work, p. 287.

The inost valuable MS. lexicons for the Persian is the Ferhung Jehangeeree, completed from forty-four of the most respectable works of this kind, at the desire of the Emperor Jehângeer, by Gemaleddeen Huseen Aujoo. It exhibits all the words used by the ancient and modern Persian writers, with quotations from the best poets for illustration of the words explained, how they should be pointed, and their different acceptations. It has a Prolegomena of 12 sections, on grammar, orthography,&c. and an appendix of Pehlevi and Zend words. In some copies both the Prolegomena and Appendix are wanting, of which the purchaser should be aware.

The Kushf-ool Loghất, contains Persian words in common use, and such Arabic words as are most frequently found in the Persian language. Both these are written in Persian.

The Surâh is an Arabic lexicon, in which he roots are given with their proper vowel points, and conjugations, the meaning in Persian. The' peculiar particles are also introduced, and generally an Arabic sentence to shew their use and application. Then follow in due succession, the increased conjugations, in which the peculiar radical may be used with propriety, and the different significations it assumes in those conjugations; and then the nouns which are derived from the root. This is a most excellent work and highly useful.

The Kamoos is nearly upon the same plan with the Surâh, but as it is written entirely in Arabic, it cannot be advantageously used but by very great proficients. See the work of Giggeus, among the printed lexicons,

To the above may be added the Kâtaa Berhân, the Muntukhyb Alloghất, the Ferhung Reseedy, and the Ferhung huzret Deewani Hafiz, all of considerable value and utility, especially the latter, which is a sinali vocabulary containing an explanation of all the difficult words in the odes of Hafiz.


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A dictlonary of the Arabic language after the manner of Kamoos, is preparing for the press at Fort-William College, Calcutta.

An Arabic dictionary with a Persian translation, is also announced, completed from the Kamoos, the Surah, and other lexicons of equal authority, by learned Natives under the direction of Fort-William College. The following works have been printed at Fort

William College, in Calcutta. The Meeut Amel, or Meat Amil. A treatise on the government of nouns and verbs, in Arabic construction. 4to.

The Shurhu Meeut Amel. A commentary on the former. 4to.

The Hedayut-oon-Nuhve, or Nekoo. A guide to the Arabic syntax. 4to.

The Kafeea of Ebn Hajeb, with an appendix containing a selection of historical, biographical, and other anecdotes; and a few extracts from the most celebrated Arabian authors in prose, as a praxis for the students of Arabic. A A translation of this work into English may be shortly expected from the press of Fort-William College, Calcutta.

The Mesbah, or Lamp of Grainmatical knowledge. "A treatise on the syntax of the Arabic language. These have been cursorily noticed in some of the preceding pages.

The Shurhu Moola. A commentary on the Kafeea in Arabic, by Mooluvee Jamee. 4to.

The Persian Guide, exhibiting the Arabic derivatives. 4to.

Examination Exercises, in the Persian, Arabic, Hindostanee, and Bengalee languages. 4to.

A Treatise on Persian writing, illustrated by copper-plates; intended to facilitate the art of writing the Nustaaleek character with elegance and correctness. 4to.

A grammar of the Persian language, comprising a portion of the Arabic inflection, &c. by Matt. Lumsden, Esq. Assistant Professor of the Persian and Arabic languages in Fort-William College.

It is said that several editions of the Persian poets have been lately published from the Turkish press at Scutari : what they are, I have not been able to learn.

On Persian Literature in general much information may be derived from OUSELEY's Oriental Collections. And to facilitate the reading of oriental MSS, his work entitled PERSIAN MISCELLANIES, 4to. Lond. 1795, is an excellent help.

On Indian Antiquities, SONNERAT's Voyage aur Indes Orientales, 4to. P r. 1782, is an excellent and accurate work. The different volumes of the Asiatic Researches, will be found highly serviceable; as well as the following works by the Rev. T. Maurice : Indian Antiquities, Ancient History of Hindostan, and Modern History

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