Page images
PDF
EPUB

4.

I

am-areerò, erái, crà, erémo, eréte, eránno I am-are
2 credere erò, érai, erà, erémo, créte, eránno
fent-ire irò, irai, irà, irémo, iréte, iránno

2 cred-ere

3

3 fent-ire

IMPERATIVE MOOD. Let.

I am-are

2 cred-ere
る fent-ire

5.

a, i, iámo, áte, ino

i, a, iámo, éte, ano, & ino

i, a, iámo, íte, ano & ino.

I am-are
2 cred-ere
3 fent-ire

diftinguish more readily between the Grave
Grave is ufed on particular Words and Verbs

that Reafon, to avoid Trouble, not comi

9.

ando

endo
endo

PARTICIPLE PASSIVE, or COM

ΜΟΝ,

IO.

Sing. &to M áta F úto M úta F

ito Mita F

Note, The Terminations of the Verbs in this Table are accented, that the Learner may
and Acute Accent; but it is to be poted that the

ia

Plur. áti Máte F
úti M úte F
íti Mite F

[ocr errors]

2

Concerning the ITALIAN VERBS.

FTER that the Learner has made himself

perfect in the Auxiliary Verbs Havere to have, and Effere to be, before fet down Page 36, he ought to begin to conjugate the Verbs Regular, which he will find eafy to be performed by the annexed Table of Verbs: It may however be neceffary to make a few Remarks here, that may be affifting to him in the Formation of the Moods and Tenfes.

I. The Verbs of the Italian Tongue may be said to confift only of three Conjugations, tho' Grammarians do frequently diftinguish between ére long, and ĕre fhort, as in the Latin; but as this Diftinction forms no Variation of Tenfes, it is needlefs to introduce it into Practice, and the Verbs may be distinguished by the three Terminations, as in the annexed Table.

II. The firft Perfon of all Tenfes is formed from the Infinitive Mood of Verbs, by dropping the Termination re, and changing the penultimate or laft Syllable but one, according to the different Tenfe of the Verb.

III. The Prefent Tenfe of the Italian Verbs always ends in O, as of amare, temere, fentire, are formed amo, temo, fento; In like manner, the first Perfon of the Plural Number of this Tenfe, in general ends in iámo.

IV. The Imperfect Tenfe of all Verbs ends in vo, first Person Singular, and in vamo first Person R 2 1;

Plural

Plural; as ama-vo, teme-vo, fenti-vo, Singular; amavamo, crede-vamo, fenti-vamo, Plural.

V. The Definite Tenfe is formed of the Infinitive by changing re into ; as of ama-re, teme-re, fenti-re, are formed, ama-i, teme-i, fenti-i: Note, the fecond Perfon fingular of Verbs of this Tenfe, both Regular and Irregular end in fti, and the Plural in fte; as amafti, credefti, fentifti, Singular, amate, credefte, fentifte Plural, and that the third Perfon Singular is always accented, as amò, temè, fentil. The like Formation of the Tenfes of Verbs will be found throughout the different Moods, by obferving the Termination of the Infinitive Mood of each Verb Regular, and bringing that to the ending of each Tense fet down in the Table of Verbs annexed.

It may be here obferved of Verbs, that in general they be pronounced with the Accent on the Penultima, or laft Syllable fave one, except in the Future Tenfe, which has always a grave Accent on the Laft Syllable of the firft and third Perfon Singular; as, amerò I will love, amerà he will love; the like Accent is alfo placed on the third Perfon Singular of the Definite Tenfe, as is above obferved; as, amò he loved, &. Let it alfo be remembered that the Verbs in Italian, are most frequently declined, and wrote without the Pronouns Nominative, for which reason they are here not fet down, except in the Optative Mood.

A PRAXIS of Verbs Regular, according to the TABLE, in the feveral CONJUGATIONS.

First CONJUGATION in are.

Amare, to love.

INDICATIVE MOOD.
Prefent Tenfe. Do.

Sing. amo
ami

ama

[ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors][merged small]

Sing. amai

we love

ye love they love.

we did love

amavate ye did love
amavano they did love.

amafti

amè

Definite, or Præterit Tenfe. Had.

I had loved
thou hadst loved
he had loved
R 3

[ocr errors]

Plus.

« PreviousContinue »