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AGE 10, Line 16, read with a Vowel or the.

p. 11, 1. 23, read to me it. p. 13, 1. 3. read he loved.
p. 18. 1.6. read li podesii, p. 24, 1. 30, read thar. p. 25.
1. 1, read learnedly. 1. 2, richly. p. 29, 1. 24, read to her
it. p. 39, 1.7, for Active, read Passive. p. 91, 1. 22, for
fiasco read fiasco. p. 218, dele the Verb Giungere to join,
and decline it like to diffinguere, p. 214.

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A be ce de e ef ge anh i el em en O pe qu er es te


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Of these, Five are Vowels.

A. E. I. O. U.

The Others are Consonants.. Note. K. X. Y. are not Letters of the Italian Tongue ; except the Letter X in Xantho, a Man's Name, to distinguish it from Santo, holy. Also the Letters J and V Confonant; though sometimes used, are not reckoned in the Italian Alphabet.

Of the Pronunciation of the VOWELS. I. A, is founded broad like aw in English, as,

Panc, Bread, say, Pawne. II. E, is pronounced like the English e, when by

itself. III. 1, is pronounced like ee in English, as,

minimo the least, say, meínimo. IV. O, has two different cunds.

1. The Letter O sounds open, that is, strong and clear, as in the English words dore, store; and this is the most general use of this Letter, except in words that corresp.nd with the following Rules, when O is pronounced close, more soft, or like U

in turret, ftumle. 2. O is close, that is, sounded more soft when accented, in words ending in ore, ora, ore, oro, 0,f?; as, oratióne prayer, qual-hóra sometimes, Signore Sir, csdói o those, amoróo amorous.

that is,

O is pronounced close before 1, m, n, r; as, cólmo topfull, pronounce culma; pónta a point, say punta ; Róma Reme, say Ruma : Also, before gn the o is close ; as, Bologna Bologne, fay Bolunnia. 0, after i and u, sounds open or strong ; as, chioma a head of hair, cuóre a heart, say cháma, córe. Except from this last Rule duo, tuo, suo, virtuofo ; in which words the u is pronounced as double 00, by reason the u and o make two syllables, du-o, tu-o, &c.

V. U, Vowel, is pronounced like On in English;

as, Lúna the moon, read Lóona : Note that, u before another Vowel, beginning a word, becomes a Consonant, and is pronounced as in Englis; as, vostro yours, vitio vice, &c. Uu, between Vowels, is pronounced as a single Ul; as, auvenire to happen, say avenire.


'HE Consonants that differ most from the

English Pronunciation, are C. G. Z. to thcfe may be added H. S.T.

C. C, before the Vowels a, o, u, is pronounced like

K in English ; as, casa a house, say kafa ; collo a neck, fay kollo ; cura care, say kura.


B 2

Also, C, when double, or before the letter b,

is pronounced strong ; as, vacca a cow, say

vakka ; Spéechi looking-glasses, say spekky. C, before e and i, founds like che, chi, as in

the Englis words, Cherry, Children; as, céna a fupper, fay chéna ; Cesare Cesar, say Chefare ;

città a citty, fay chittà. Cr, before e and i, the first is pronounced like

unto T softly; as, accento an accent, fay atchento; bracchio an arm, fay bratchio.

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G. G, before the Vowels a, o, u, is pronounced as

in English. G, before the Vowelse or i, is pronounced

like the English Consonant j ; as, género a fonin-law, fay jenero ; gelo frost, fay jelo. If comes between either of these Vowels, it is pronounced as if d was before it; as, vigilante

watchful, fay vidgilánte. Gg, before e or i, the first g is pronounced as d, and the latter as g; as, oggeto an object,

say adgetto ; hoggi to-day, say odgi. G, before l, sounds also like t; as, figlio a lon,

fay fillio : Except in these words, Inglese, negligenza, negletto, globo, conglutinare, in which

words g sounds like as in English G, before n, is founded like another n, and the

sound of the letter i follows after the last n; as, agnallo a lamb, say anniello ; regno a kingdom, say rennia.


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