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che non, &c. as will be shewn fully in the RULES: The Superlative Degree of Adjectives, in English most, is formed by changing the last Vowel of the Positive into issimo, as from grande great, grandisimo most great; santo holy, Jantissimo most holy: The most is il più, la più ; as, il più bello Masc. la più bella Fem. the Fairest, or most Fair.

Observ. 1. The following Adjectives are Exceptions to these general Rules of Comparison. Buono good, megliore better, ottimo or buonissimo best. Cattivo bad, peggiore worse, pedimo or cattivilimo

most bad, or worst. Grande great, maggiore greater, masimo or gran.

dissimo moft great, or greatest. Piccolo little, minore less, minimo or piccolissimo most

little, or least. Obferv. 2. The Superlative Degree of Adjectives is often expressed by a Repetition of the Positive; as,

Your House is most fine

La vostra casa è bella bella. Observ. 3. The Comparison of Adverbs, of like Sense with the Adjectives above mentioned, is in this wise : Bene good, meglio better, benisimo or ottimamente

best. Male bad, peggio worse, malisimo or pelimament:

most bad, or worst. Poco little, meno or manco less, pochisimo least.

Note. By changing the last Letter of Nouns Adjectives into illimamente, is formed Adverbs of the Superlative Degree ; as, of dotto learned, is dottilli


muncito da me.

mamente most learned ; ricco rich, ricchisimamente most rich; but this is not frequently admitted of, and rather than make use of so long Words, it is better to express yourself by the Substantive and Adjective in this manner :

The Preacher has preached most eloquently,
Il Predicatore predicato con moltissima eloquenza,
You govern yourself most imprudently,
Vi governate con pochissima prudenza, or con gran-

dissima imprudenza.


T being the principal Business of the following


Tongue; and as these chiefly are found to be in the Pronouns, the Learner will find them fully explained in the several Rules of this Book, and in ihe Table of Pronouns. I shall however here let down the Declension of the Personal Pronouns, as it will be of Service to the Learner to be thoroughly acquainted with them.

First Person.


di me.

[blocks in formation]

à me, or mi.
me, or mi.


[blocks in formation]

Third Person. For the Masculine. Sing. Nom.


egli, or eso.
Gen. of him, di lui.
Dat. to him,

à lui, or gli.
Acc. him,

lui, or lo. Abl. from him, da lui. Plur. Nom.

they, eglino, or eli. Gen. of them,

di loro.
Dat. to them, à loro.
Acc. them, loro, or li.
Abl. from them, da loro.

[blocks in formation]

Third Person. Feminine. Sing. Nom.


eila, ejja, lei. Gen. of her,

di lei. Dat. to her,

à lei. le Acc. her,

lei, or la.
Abl. from her, da lei.
Plur. Nom. they, elleno, or ele.

of them, di loro.
Dat. to them, à loro, or lore.
Acc. them, loro, or le.
Abl. . from them, da loro.

Pronouns Conjunctive have great resemblance with the Pronouns Personal: The Pronouns Per

fonal are,

1, Thou, He, We, Te, They. The Prcnours Conjunctive are, to me or me, to thee or thee, to himself or himjelf, to herself or herfelf, to him or him, to us or us, to you or ye, to them or them.

They are expressed in Italian by mi, ti, si, gli or le, Sing. ci, vi, loro, Plur.

It is easy to remember, that the Pronouns Conjunctive, me, thee, one's self or himself, to him, them or to them, &c. are always expressed in Italian by mi, ti, si, gli, or le, loro : Example ;

That pleases me, questo mi piace.
God sees thee, Dio ti vede.
The Sun rises, il Sole si leva.
I will tell him, io gli dirò, or io le dirò.
I promise them, prometto loro; Masc. and Fem.


But these Pronouns will be fully explained in the following Rules, notwithstanding which it may be proper to observe here, that one of the greatest Difficulties they who study the Italian Language labour under, is to express the Pronouns Conjunctive joined to the Particles lo, la, li, le cr ne; as, milo, mila, mili, mile, mine, &c. when the the Letter i of the Pronoun Conjunctive is changed into e; as, to say me of it, instead of mine, you muft speak and write mene, pronouncing the two Syllables short; the fame is to be observed in all the following Pronouns Conjunctive; as for milo, write melo, &c. Me, mi; me to me it,

melo, Masc. of it, to me it,

mela, Fem. mene, to me them, meli, mele, M. & Fem. Thee, ti ; to thee it,

telo, Mar. thee of to thee it, tela, Fem. to thee them,

teli, tele, M. & Fem. Himself, se; to himself it,

fel, Mar. himself of to himself it, fela, Fem. it, sene, to himself them, feli, fele, M. & Fem. To him, gli ; to

to him it, glielo, Mar.

to him it, gliela, Fem. gliene, to him them,

glieli, gliele, M. &F. Us, ci; us to us it,

celo, Mas. of it, to us it,

cela, Fem. to us them, celi, cele, M. & F. You, vi; to you it, velo, Mar. you of it, to you it,

vela, Fem. vene,

to you them, veli, vele, M. & F. To them, loro, to them of it, ne loro ; putting loro always after the Verb. Note, loro is sometimes put before the Verb; as, It seems good to them, cio loro pare buono.


it, tene,

him of it,


D 3

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