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a work which I had with me, the account of the defence of Mergui, under the French, in 1689, by a party of 54 soldiers against 12,000 Siamese, for upwards of six weeks.

On the 14th I prepared two copies of my revised proclamation, calling upon the inhabitants of Tavoy to return to their duty, and pointing out to them the folly of trusting to the representations of such a notorious traitor as Moungda, and what little chance they possessed of coping with a power, which the King of Ava and his whole empire had been unable to resist. A sepoy of the 19th Madras Regt. volunteered for a reward of 100 rupees, which I offered, to go under cover of our guns and plant this proclamation closé to the gate of the town. When I saw the paper taken into the town, I recommended Captain Cuxton to batter the town with two 6-pounders, and let the insurgents see that we did not intend to be idle. On the 15th the Chinese reported to me, that during the night they had seen from their junks a vast number of the inhabitants flying to the southward out of the town." In the same morning Captain Cuxton agreed to make a sortie from our breast-work, and endeavour to reconnoitre the inside of the town, and destroy the defences which the insurgents had prepared on the walls in front of the wharf. I arranged that two large parties of Chinese who had volunteered to join us in the sortie should make a demonstration on the extreme right and left of the wall, in order not only to distract the attention of the insurgents, but give us timely notice, should any force of their's attempt to interpose itself between the storming party and the breast-work. This attack on the wall was most successful ; and Che Esing's party of Chinese converted their false attack into a real one, having taken possession of the dead gate. It was my wish to have advanced into the town the moment I saw that the gallant fellows who served the 6-pounder, had burst open the gate, but the men appeared to be fatigued, and fearing we night be drawn into an ambuscade, whilst they were in this condition, I recommended Captain Cuxton, to return to our breast-work, making the Malays and Chinese who were with us, convey to the wharf the jinjals and guns of which we took possession. The Chinese appeared much distressed at my not having advanced into the town and secured the families of some of them, who had been seized by Moungda, and who were said to be in confinement in our jail; but who, the Chinese believed, would be massacred now that they had given such an unequivocal proof of their attachment to us, and hostility to Moungda.

When our party had recruited its strength, I recommended Captain Cuxton to try a second attack, selecting for it those sepoys principally who had before remained to protect our breast-work. I arranged, that a strong party of Chinese and Malays should assist the store-lascars to drag the 6-pounder. This attack was also most successful. Moungda was little prepared for our assaulting him a second time on that day, and the moment our gun again nobly served, had enabled us to enter the town, the insurgents fled in every direction before us, and happily, with them escaped all who were in confinement. I made the Chinese carry off to the rear, the whole of the jinjals which the insurgents had mounted inside of the town, and thus deprived them of every means of offence and defence. It was fortunate that we attacked the insurgents so soon again, as they had begun to throw up some works around the Court House. On the morning of the 16th, hearing that the insurgents had dispersed in every direction, I recommended Captain Cuxton to re-occupy the town, leaving a strong guard in charge of the breast-work at the wharf, should circumstances oblige us to retire there again.

The moment I entered the town the inhabitants began to return and re-join me. The position which Captain Cuxton had sojudiciously taken up at the wharf, was excellent as far as ourselves were concerned, but it was unfortunate for the peaceable and well-disposed part of the Burmese inhabitants, who had, in the first instance, fled from the town, believing that our little party of sepoys must be overpowered, and who afterwards, upon seeing us retire to the wharf and Moungda in actual occupation of the town, were satisfied

* One of the prisoners afterwards declared on his trial, that the intelligence of Major Burney's arrival had upset the town, and determined the inhabitants to desert Moungda as soon as possible.

that his party was victorious, and that their mostsafe and prudent course was {. submit to him. But as soon as they saw us re-occupy the town, they flocked

ack to it, and an extraordinary re-action took place in our favour. The villagers came in and offered to seize Moungda and his principal adherents, and when one of them brought me information of the place where Moungda was secreted, about an hour's journey from the town, I pressed Captain Cuxton to allow a native in my employ (a havildar's guard) to go and apprehend him, immediately and whilst Moungda was supposing that we should rest contented that day with the re-occupation of the town. I had before offered a reward of 5,000 rupees to any one who would bring Moungda to me. The havildar's guard came suddenly to the spot where Moungda and his brother with their families and principal adherents were lying concealed, and apprehended the whole of them and brought them into the town. I immediately held a special Deputy Commissioner's Court and tried Moungda and six of his principal adherents, and having found them guilty of revolt and taking up arms against the British Government, I sentenced them to death. Under ordinary circumstances the sentences passed by me, are not carried into execution until confirmed by the Civil Commissioner, but acting as I am at present for that officer, who is absent from this coast, and fearing that some attempt at rescuing the prisoners might be made, I conceived the public peace and safety required my exercising the power vested in him, and I therefore directed my sentence to be immediately carried into execution.

Moungda, has brother and five other persons, were hung on the night of the 16th, and on the following day, I tried, and having sentenced to death five more persons, who had been most active in the rebellion, I had them also executed. I beg to enclose a copy of my proceedings at these trials.

The moment I had thus executed Moungda and the principal rebels, the inhahitants recovered their confidence in us, and all began to return to the former state of peace and tranquillity. The inhabitants became most anxious to remove the very unfavorable impression which their defection in the first instance had excited in our minds, and they have been most active in seizing and bringing in all who had rendered themselves conspicuous in their attachment to Moungda. I have between thirty and to ty prisoners whom I propose to reserve for the Civil Commissioner to try, as I am anxious that Government should have an opportunity of possessing, through a strict and impartial investigation to be made by that officer, a corroboration of my report of the nature and causes, and objects of the present insurrection. It will be seen by the enclosed proceedings of the trial of Moungda, that the cause which he declared to have excited the revolt, was generally our revenne arrangements; but the principal rebels paid little or no revenue to Government : they were men of notoriously seditious characters, having most of thern planned a similar revolt on two former occasions, before the present revenue arrangements had even existence ; and it is an undoubted fact, that Moungda during his short rule of seven days, collected more revenue by arbitrary exactions than what was ever done by me in hr e months. The chance which the weak garrison held out to a set of turbulent and set tions characters to recover the power and influence which they had exercised under the Burmese Government, appears to me to have been the leading motive to this revolt.

The native history of Tavoy is replete with such instances of treason, and the character of the Tavoyers for treachery is proverbial throughout Burmah. Moungda was the very person, Government may be aware, who betrayed Tavoy to our force in 1824. It will be seen from the trials and from the accompanying copies of two letters addressed to the Court of Ava and to the Chief Oojenah, that the conspirators looked to those sources for encouragement, and aid in their projects.

I had recommended a detachment of three companies of sepoys and a detail of European artillery for the garrison of Tavoy. Superior authorities having determined, that two companies should be tried, the Civil Commissioner and I acquiesced, although I know both he and I always deprecated the removal of the European artillery from Tavoy. Our experience of these small outposts to the eastward taught us to consider the junction with sepoys of a few European

artillery-men as most indispensable. But, it was objected, that the discipline of the Europeans would be deteriorated at such an out-post, an objection which might have been easily obviated, by taking care that the tetail at 'i'avoy was relieved once a quarter or half year. I am bound to say, that if there had been at Tavoy a detail of European artillery-men, the present insurrection would never have succeeded so far as it did, and, in truth, it has been now quelled, in my opinion, mainly by the assistance of the few Europeans who volunteered to man our guns.

It is no more than gratitude then in me to submit to the most favorable consideration of the Governor General in Council, the admirable conduct of SubConductor Corley, Staff Serjeant Richardson, and Sub-assistant Surgeon Bedford, throughout the operations, which 1 witnessed. The cool intrepidity and animated and zealous exertions with which they served the 6-pounder, delighted all who saw them on our side, and gave the sepoys the strongest encouragement. I am anxious also to bring to the especial notice of Government the conduct of Mr. Lindguist, the commander of the Hon'ble Company's steam vessel Diana, who was not only our Superintendent of Marine, but Engineer and Pioneer, and who, on every occasion, displayed such energy, ardour, gallantry, and resources, as won general respect and admiration. I beg leave to enclose a copy, with which he has kindly favored me, of Captain Cuxton's official report of the military operations. 1 trust Government will appreciate duly the difficult and novels tuation in which that officer was suddenly thrown, labouring under sickness which appeared every hour to be about to terminate his existence, and the energetic and gallant manner in which he extricated himself out of it, assisted by his two very promising young oilicers Lieutenant Kennedy and Ensign Young. The sepoys conducted themselves during both attacks with admirable steadiness, preserving their ranks and order, and obeying their officers in the most praiseworthy manner; and I am also bound to state, that after we re-occupied the town, the sepoys attended implicitly to our injunctions against plundering any of the houses or inhabitants. The conduct of the small guard of sepoys at the magazine must attract the highest approbation of Government." Mr. Dromgoole, an European settler at Tavoy, joined Captain Cuxton on the first day, and afforded us very, valuable assistance; I hope the Governor-General in Council will also allow me to bring to his favorable notice the conduct of my Chinese friends. Before my arrival, some of them had been treated rather harshly, in consequence of our officer's not knowing them sufficiently ; but they bore this treatment with great forbearance, and upon my joining them, they afforded me the most zealous and cheerful and efficient aid, although some of their wives and children had been seized by Moungda as hostages for their neutrality. I hope some token of the approbation of Government may be granted to the principal men of these Chinese, to Ghomok, Che F sing, Che Tao, and Che Seong.

On the morning of the 19th instant, through the able and zealous exertions of Mr. Corbyn, the Diana steam vessel returned to Tavoy with the re-inforcement of 100 Europeans, which Brigadier Vigoureux forwarded under the command of Colonel Kelly. Before its arrival every thing had been restored to the former state of tranquillity ; and requesting Colonel Kelly therefore to superintend the civil details, I deemed it judicious to return to Moulmein for two or three days, in order to communicate with Brigadier Vigoureux, and enable all parties in this quarter, particularly the Burmese in Oojenah's Camp, to receive garly intellegence that the insurrection at Tavoy had been completely quelled. I have recommended Brigadier Vigoureux to relieve the European force which he has sent to Tavoy by another company of sepoys, and to place as the future garrison of Tavoy the force which I had before suggested, viz. three companies of sepoys and a detail of European artillery.

• Some invidious attempt was afterwards made to deprive the sepoys of this magazine-guard of all credit, but that they did resist the sudden attack of two or three hundred men in a proper manner may surely be inferred from these facts. One of the sepoys was killed at his post. The leader of the rebels, Taingda, a bold and desperate charater, was wounded in the groin by a musketball and rendered hors de combat, and none of the guns or powder could be carried off before the re-inforcements arrived.

I propose to return immediately to Tavoy in the Diana, the services of which vessel, during the present important juncture, have proved most valuable indeed.

I am happy to say, that none of the houses in the town have been burnt, and that Moungda's rule was not sanguinary, as he appears to have put only two Chinese to death.

As might have been expected, however, from the number of prisoners who escaped from the jail, the houses of the European officers and all who joined us, were plundered and rifled in the most barbarous manner. They have lost much property, but I am happy to say Government has lost little. For myself, I have to regret the total destruction of my valuable library, a great portion of my manuscripts, and furniture and wearing apparel. Yet it is some consolation to me to know that the insurgents never shewed or expressed any feelings of personal dislike or vengeance against me, and I am too much absorbed in gratitude for my family (whom I had left at Tavoy,) being saved to think of any other loss. I am under most important obligations to the Reverend Mr. Boardman,” an American Missionary, resident at Tavoy, who censented to remain with me and afford me the valuable aid of his knowledge of the Burmese language and other mental acquirements, in the conduct of the difficult and responsible duty which fell upon me, of investigating and discrimina ing the extent and nature of the insurrection, and the guilt of the different persons whom we apprehended. The native, Mahomed Suffie, t to whom Government lately granted a donation of 5,000 rupees for his services during the Burmese war, attached himself to us, and rendered himself eminently useful to me, by his acuteness and intelligence, and particularly, by his intimate acquaintance with the characters of the principal rebels, and of the Tavovers in general. It was he who accompanied the guard which apprehended Moungda and his party. My return to Moulmein has been productive of considerable advantage in checking the insolent behaviour of the Burmese at Martaban, who had before, upon hearing of the revolt at Tavoy, openly expressed great satisfaction, and shown a disposition to give trouble, and alarm our native population. I have just received intelligence that the arrangement which I had made at Tavoy for intercepting Moungda and the messengers who were proceeding from Moungda towards Ava and Oojenah's Camp, has been attended with success. They we e apprehended near Ye, and are now on their way back to Tavoy. I may therefore congratulate myself upon having secured the person of every individual who took a distinguished part in the late revolt at Tavoy.

I have, &c.
(Signed) H. BURNEY,
Deputy Commissioner in the Tenasserim Provinces.

Major Burney, afterwards, in a letter to the secretary to Government, under date 13th March, 1830, gave the following reasons for having returned to Moulmein immediately after queling the revolt at Tavoy, instead of proceeding to Mergui, and ascertaining that all was quiet there. Had he, however, gone to Mergui, he would have arrived there just in time to meet in the mouth of the harbour, and tow back the boats containing the unfortunate officers and garrison who had quitted Mergul town on the night of the 21st August.

13. The Commissioner, upon leaving this coast for Calcutta, had brought me up to Moulmein as my proper post during his absence. In the beginning of July, a large force and fleet of boats came down from Oojina's camp (at Bileng) to Martaban, and passed close to our cantonments in so insulting a manner, as to induce me to send Lieut. Leslie over to the Chief at Martaban. I knew that a very small portion of the population of Mergui consisted of regular Burmese, and that this portion had not the means or spirit to rise against our garrison, supported, as it would be, by the larger number of the native Christian, Chinese,

* This good Christian and most worthy man died at Tavoy in 1830.
+ Now the Tsitke or head native officer at Tavoy.

Mahometan and Malay inhabitants, Capt. himself represents that he had no apprehension of any thing which the people of Mergui of themselves could have done ; and he had reason for despising them, as he knew, judging from some answers which he was writing about this very time to certain queries put by the Commissioner to his different assistants, that “the whole province of Mergui could not muster above two dozen muskets.” 14. When therefore the Hon’ble Company's steam vessel Diana came in to Tavoy with the reinforcements on the 19th of August, recollecting the large force which had been before brought down to Martaban, and hearing that a strong sensation had been manifested there upon the first intelligence of the revolt at Tavoy, and learning also, that expresses had been sent via Rangoon to Calcutta, conveying the first exaggerated accounts of the state of affairs at Tavoy, I very naturally felt anxious to be, at what I conceived the more important post, Moulmein, and to communicate to Brigadier Vigoureux, as well as to transmit to Calcutta early intelligence of the real state of affairs. I had, of course, no apprehensions whatever for the safety of Moulmein, but I was satisfied that if the folly or madness of Oojena led him to make an attack, the lives and property of our crowded native population in Moulmein would suffer much, before the troops could crush the enemy. Whilst the Diana steam vessel was getting ready for sea again at Tavoy, a native boat came in from the immediate vicinity of Mergui and reported that all was quiet at that place down to a late date. This intelligence decided my movements, and despatching therefore (in the south-west monsoon small native boats can navigate between Tavoy and Mergui but not between Tavoy and Moulmein) a fast sailing Malay boat with letters to Capt. at Mergui, I left Tavoy on the afternoon of the 21st Augt. and came up here (Moulmein) when I learnt that the inhabitants of Martaban had been for some days most insolent and abusive to our guard-boats, and that they had actually fired upon one gun-boat on the very morning of the day of my arrival. Our gun-boat at Myain (up the Salween) was attacked about the same time, and it has since been ascertained also by Capt. Rawlinson, that the Talian chief, Oojena, had sent an express to the Rangoon Woongyee, reporting the state of affairs at Tavoy and applying for authority to make an attack upon Moulmein. 15. . If our officers at Mergui had delayed their departure for six hours, my letter by the Malay boat would have reached them.

TO THE DEPUTY ADJUTANT-GENERAL, Ceded Provinces, Moulmein. SIR,--I have now the honor to detail for the information of the BrigadierGeneral the particulars of an insurrection, which broke out among the inhabitants of Tavoy, but which has now been completely suppressed.

About the latter end of last month having heard some rumour of an intention on the part of the convicts confined in the jail to endeavour to effect their escape from imprisonment I deemed it expedient, in communication with the officer in temporary civil charge of the station, Mr. Assistant-Surgeon Maule, to order the military guard there to keep on duty with its arins loaded.

I had been suffering for some weeks past from a very severe attack of liver, and had not left my house for a fortnight previous to the 9th instant. Early on that morning between 4 and 5 o'clock I was informed, that a large party of the inhabitants had attacked the jail and assisted by the very peons of the jail, had liberated the whole of the convicts confined there, and that a large party of Burmese was engaged at that time in attacking the small guard of one maick and six sepoys at the magazine, of which the assailants were attempting to get possession. Of course I beat to arms immediately and collected our little force of two companies at the barracks, and sent the officer-of-the-day with a party in aid of the guard at the magazine. Before my arrival at the barracks a few men had been sent to re-inforce the magazine guard. It is my bounden duty here to bring under the notice of my superiors in as strong terms as language will admit of, the gallant and heroic defence which the magazine guard made until it received the support with which the assailants, were beat off. Had the insurgents succeeded in obtaining possession of our magazine, there is every probability the whole of the

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