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Europeans and troops would have been destroyed. Mooniapay Naick of the Light Company of the 19th Regt. was in command of the magazine-guard. When the day broke, I found, that the whole of the inhabitants of the town were flying outside of the gates, and that not v.e. of the Burmese officers of Government had joined the officer in civil charge My own recent arrival and necessary limited local experience obliged me to refer for some positive intelligence to the officer in civil charge, but he was deserted by all the public native servants and the inhabitants, and was unable even to open a communication with those who had taken up arms against us, and I found that we had no means of ascertaining either the nature or objects of the insurrection, or the points at which the insurgents were concentrating themselves. In fact, they eppeared to be collecting in every direction around us, outside of the town, and their aim was manifostly to cut off the whole of the troops. I had sent a party of sepoys to apprehend, the principal notive officer of Government, Moung Shoegain, but he had absconded. In this conjuncture I thought it right to consuit with my own officers and with the officer in civil charge, as to the steps we should adopt. It appeared for the reasons which are detached in the order of which I enclose a copy, No. 1, that our most expedient course would be to take up a post on the wharf by the side of the river, the communication by which we might always command, and I made arrangements therefore at 2 P.M. of the 9th to remove to the wharf the whole of the civil treasury, the military chest, four 6-pounders, and as much ammunition as possible, destroying the small quantity which we found it difficult to transport. In the operation, the Chine-e, who had joined our party for protection afforded aid to the store-lascars.
On our arrival at the wharf, Sub-Conductor Corly, Staff Serjeant Richardson, Sub-As-istant Sur-eon Bedford, and Mr. Drumgoole, a European settler, volunteered their services to in an one of our 6-pounders. . On the morning of the 10th I found the gates of the town close i, and heard that the insurgents had entered the town in considerable force; but our position enabled us to avail ourselves of the services of the Cuinese and to man an armed boat, and despatch it with a report of our situation to Mou in-in. The whole of the Cainchew race of Chinese took possess on of their junks, and having launched then, placed them under the protection of our guns.
On the 11th we succeeded in obtaining the services of several Malays and Moormen to man another despatch boat, which we forwarded with letters to Mergui. The insurgents appeared to be mounting some guns and jinja is upon the wall and gate-way in front of the wharf, and during that day and the 12 h they occasionally fired upon our position, but were always driven off the wall by the fire which we return, d. On the unorning of the 13th, about 3 o'clock, the insurgents issued foom the town in a large body and surrounding the whole front of our position, repeatedly set fire to the houses adjoining it, as well as to a junk lying near us. But the fire from our gun and sepoys, at length beat off the whole of the insurgents, and forced them to retire into the town, apparently with a considerable loss. At 9 o'clock A.M. of this day we had the pleasure of seeing the H.C.'s steau, vessel Diana join us with Major Burney, the Deputy Commissioner, who, however, was unaware of our situation, until he approached close to the wharf. The Deputy Commissioner immediately placed under my orders Mr. Lindguist the commander of the Diana, and a small party of lascars of that vessel, and we employed them immediately in throwing up a breast-work in front of our position, and in assisting to remove a portion of our ammunition on board one of the vessels afloat, and to collect some grain upon the wharf. Under Mr. Lindguist was at the same time placed all the vessels afloat. Towards the evening of this day the insurgents fired upon the steam vessel from the walls, and at 9 o'clock she was despatched to Moulmein, under Mr. Corbyn, the Master Attendant of Amheist, with a report of our situation. The arrival of the steam vessel at this juncture was most fortunate, for we discovered that neither of the despatch boats, which we had previously forwarded with letters to Moulmein and Megui, conla get out of the river in cons quence of the badness of the weather. The arrival of the Deputy Commissioner also was most fortunate, as his presence gave confidence to the Chinese, native
Portuguese, Malay and Mahometan inhabitants of the town with us, and induced the in to afford us unuch more zealous and active assistance than before, and his superior local information, which he most cheerfully and frankly granted to me, enabled ue to form a judgment as to the best course next to be adopted by the troops.
On the 14th, a sepov of the detachment proceeded close to the walls of the town and placed there two copies of a proclama’ion addressed by the Poputy Commission r to the inhabitants, calling upon them to return to their duty, and acquainting them with the little chance they possessed of coping with us. With the aid of the native Christians we manned a second 6-pounder, and an hour after we saw the proclamation taken into the town, battered it for some time with two 6 pounders. On the night of this day all was quiet, but early on the following morning we learnt, that, during that night a great many of the inhabitants had been flying from the town into the interior, and that our proclamation and battery had occasioned some sensation within the town.
Although, on the first day, when the Deputy Commissioner proposed that the troops should advance on the insurgents, and act on the offensive. I doubted the propriety of the measure, for reasons, in which he concurred ; yet, when our position was well defended by a breast-work, the ammunition being secured on board the schooner Susan, l arranged, that a sortie from our works for the purpose of reconnoitering the inside of the town, and attempting to destroy the defences which the insurgents had prepared in front of us, should be made at day-light of the 15th, but from the heavy rain it was delayed for a few hours by the advice of the Deputy Commissioner.
The enclosed copy of my order, No. 2, will shew the arrangements which were made, and I am happy to say, that in our sortie we succeeded completely in blowing open the gate, and carrying off the whole of the guns and jinjals mounted in front of us, with the exception of one gun which we spiked.
Upon our return to the wharf the Chinese having entreated the Deputy Commissioner to make an attempt to save their families, which were said to be confined in the middle of the town, I made the arrangements detailed in the enclosed copy of the order No. 3, for a second sortie. We found the gate had been repaired, but our 6-pounder again burst it open. and we marched into the middle of the town without any opposition driving the insurgents before us. We found the whole of the houses, and particularly, where the Chinese had understood their families to be confined, quite deserted, and having taken possession of a battery of 13 jinjals which the insurgents had placed near the Court House, we retired again for the night to the wharf. On the no ning of the 16th hearing that the town had been evacuated, we marched in and re-occupied it according to the plan described in Order No. 4. Towards evening the Deputy Commissioner having received information where the ringleader and his principal adherents were secreted, we sent a party of sepoys with a Mahometan in the employ of the Deputy Commissioner, and this warty succeeded in a prehending the ring leader Moungda, his brother, and five of his immediate adherents, who were instantly tried by the Deputy Commissioner, and hung. From the moment we re-occupied the town the inhabitants began to re-join us, and as soon as the ringleader was executed, the whole country appeared to recover their confidence in us, and to return to a state of order and tranquility, volunteering to proceed and secure the confidential adherents of Moungda. The town is now fast approaching to the same state in which it was before this insurrection broke out, and the arrival of the H. C. steam vessel Diana this morning with the re-inforcement has removed every cause of uneasiness. I am happy to say none of the houses in the town have been burnt, and we have had only two sepoys killed and one Chinese. I cannot describe in sufficiently appropriate language, the aid and support which all officers and sepoys, and volunteers have afforded me during the late affair. The sepoys, in addition to a display of gallantry and steadiness, have put up most cheerfully with the very severe duty which has been imposed upon them without any relief during seven nights and days. I beg to submit a copy of an order, No. 5, in which I have attempted to express to all concerned, the sentiments which their conduct has inspired in my mind.
For the distinguished excellence of conduct pursued in this affair by Major Burney, the Deputy Commissioner for the Tenasserim Provinces, I am equally at a loss for language to express my thanks, and my admiration. The firmness and consistency of his whole conduct, the suavity of his manners, the kindmess with which he im, arted his advice, which was rendered peculiarly valuable by his superior local knowledge and extensive acquaintance with the character and resources of the rebels, and the usual mode of Burmese warfare, the condescension with which he yielded to me his military rank, still preserving entire his military character, intrepidity and energy, setting an example of distinguished bravery on every occasion, and particularly in both attacks upon the town, all combine to impress my mind with the deepest sense of his personal worth, and military excellence.
I beg leave to enclose a general return of ordnance and military stores captured at the two attacks, as also a return of the troops. I have, &c. A. CUXTON, Captain. Tavoy, the 18th Angust, 1829.
(Translation of a letter to the King of Burmah.)
Nay-myo-rai-hla-kyaw-khoung the Yay-woon of the city of Tavoy, which is a part of your Majesty's dominions, bowing himself beneath the sole of the Golden Imperial Excellent Feet, places the imperial mandate on the top of his head, O Sovereign The extraordinary imperial favor of having made me a good man in the city of Tavov, I cannot, through successive states of existence fully re-pay or requite. At the time when the Koo-lahs (English) came with a force and entered the place, they succeeded in occupying it, b cause there was in the imporial arenal in the city, but a scanty supply of powder, balls, flints, weapons and arms, and he military force was small. But on the 9th day of the waxing of the moon wah-khoung, in the year 1191, relying on the Excellent Golden Imperial glory, I, together with the inhabitants of the city, the head men, chief, and common people, attacked and destroyed the Koo-lans, and now offer and present the city to the Golden Imperial hand. I continue to protect and defend the city with a very small supply of powder, balls, flints, weatons and arms. Bowing myself beneath the excellent sole of the Golden Interial Foot, and placing on in y head the imperial man date I petition, that such Nobles and Ministers may be appointed as enjoy the impeii il confidence, O Sovereign.—Translated by Revd. Mr. Boardman.
(Translation of a letter to Oozana, the Burmah Chief of Martaban )
Nay-myo-rai-hia-kyaw-khoung the Yay-woon of Tavoy city, which is subject to your Highness' jurisdiction, humbly awaits your Highness' orders, my Lord. Your Highness’ extraordinary favor in making me a lood man, I cannot through successive states of existence fully re-p ‘y or requite. At the time when the Koo-lahs came to the city of Tovoy, because there were in the imperial arsenal in the city no balls, powder or flints, and the military fo.ce was not sufficient, the city fell into the hands of the Ko -iahs. But now relying on your Excellent Ilighness’ golden glory, having attacked and destroyed the Koo-la hs, on the 9th day of the waxing of the moon wah khoung, in the year 1191, I attacked and destroyed then, and am now guard in and defending the city with a very smal, military force. As your IIighness is proprietor of this southern section of the imperial domain, I humbly petition that your Highness will appoint such military and other officers as enjoy vour ! I -hness' confidence; that your Highn'ss will graciously and us by affording a supplv of fighting-men, balls, powd, r and flints ; in all which I await your Highness' orders my Lord.—Translated by J'evd. Mr. Boardman.
N. B. The obove copies of two letters despatched by Moungda, were found among the books and records, which were captured with him.
Deputy Commissioner, Tenasserim Provinces. SiR.—I am directed to acknowledge the receipt of your despatch of the 30th ultimo, and to transmit to wou the enclosed copy of the letter which has this day been addressed to the Commissioner on the subject of it. I have, &c. GEORGE SWINTON,
• Chief Secretary to Government. Fort William, 29th September, 1829.
TO A. D. MAINGY, Esq.
S1 R,--I am directed to acknowledge the receipt of the Deputy Commissioner's despatch, dated 30th August, and to communicate to you as follows:–
2. The Governor-General in Council has perused Major Burney's very full and satisfactory report of his proceedings at Tavoy with interest, and desires, that you will convey to him the high approbation and applause of the Govern. ment, for the judgment, energy, and decision manifested by him in putting down the insurrection at Tavoy, and in restoring the tranquillity of the place. The execution of the ringleaders and their principal adherents is entirely approved.
3. His Lordship in Council has not overlooked the honorable testimony which the Deputy Commissioner has borne to the exertions of Captain Cuxton, the officer commanding at Tavoy, and of those under his command.
4. The services of Sub-Conductor Croley, Staff Serjeant Richardson, and Sub-Assistant Surgeon Bedford of the Madras establishment, are considered to have been highly meritorious, and will be made the subject of a communication to the Governor in Council of Fort Saint George.
5. His Lordship in Council desires that you will be pleased to acquaint Mr. Lindguist, the commander of the Diana, steamer, that his gallantry, activity, and zeal are duly appreciated by the Government, and enhance his claim to its favorable consideration. His offer to navigate the Cutter Ruby to the presidency in charge of Major Burney's despatch, and which offer was accepted affords a further proof of his ardour, and alacrity in the public service.
6. You will also be pleased to acknowledge in suitable terms the services rendered to Major Burney by the Reverend Mr. Boardman. Major Burney has likewise noticed with approbation the spirited conduct of Mr. Druemgoole.
7. The Governor-General in Council proposes, in conformity with the suggestion of the Deputy Commissioner, to bestow medals to the four head-men of the Chinese settlers at Tavoy, as a token of His Lordship in Council's approbation of their good conduct.
8. The arrangement made by Colonel Vigoreux for re-inforcing the Garrison at Tavoy by an additional company of sepoys and a detail of European artillery men, is approved, and you will be pleased to communicate with that officer on the subject of a permanent increase of force for the garrison of Tavoy, and to report your sentiments and his, whether that detachment can conveniently be spared from the head quarters at Moulmein, should it be considered necessary to maintain it at the former station.*
9. With reference to the severe loss sustained by the Deputy Commissioner in the destruction of his library and other private property at Tavoy, His Lordship in Council desires, that that officer be directed to submit an estimate of the value of the property destroyed, and a statement of the losses sustained by the other officers at that station.
10. Mr. Lindguist has been directed to return to Moulmein without loss of time.
I have, &c.
* Major Burney afterwards received from Government a sum of Sa. Rs 7,911, as compensation for the loss of his property, agreeably to the estimated value submitted by him.
(Copy of the Madras General Orders, Fort St. George, 26th February, 1830.)
G. O. By Gover NMENT.-The Right Honorable the Goveraor in Council has received with great satisfaction advices from the Supreme Government, enclosing a report from Major Burney, Deputy Commissioner for the affair of the Tenasserim Provinces, in which he ascribes the suppression of the insuree. tion at Tavoy to the prompt and judicious measures adopted by the late Captain Cuxton of the 19th Regiment N. T., and to the stea iy conduct of the detachment under his command, aided by the gallant services of Sub-conductor Corley, Staff Sergeant Richardson, and Sub-Assistant Surgeon Bedford, who, in the absence of the artillery, manned and served the guns in the most spirited and effectual manner.
The subsequent death of so valuable an officer, as Captain Cuxton is an event of deep regret, but it is a great satisfaction to the Right Honorable the Gover. nor in Council to express his high approbation of the services of the whole detachment, and, at the recommendation of His Excellency the Commanderin-Chief to promote the following individuals, who particularly distinguish ed themselves on that occasion.
Sub-Conductor T. T. Corley of the Ordnance Department, to be a Conductor.
Staff Serjeant Richardson of the Commissariat Department, to be Sub-Overseer.
Acting Apothecary Bedford, to be an Apothecary.
Mooniapay Naik, Light Company, 19th Regiment, to be a Jemadar, and privates Madar Saib, Chinnoo, Rungiah, Allaudy, and Shaik Tippoo, who were on the magazine-guard to be Havildars; the whole to be borne on the rolls as supernumeraries until vacancies occur to bring them upon the strength of their respective corps and departments.
(Copy of a letter addressed to Brigadier Vigoureur, C.B., commanding the troops on the Tenasserim Coast, by Major H. Burney, Itesident at Ava.)
SIR,-Having just learned from a general order issued by the Government of Fort St. George, dated 20th Februarv last, that the Right Hon’ble the Governor in Council has been pleased to notice and reward certain individuals, who were reported by me to have been of great service last wear, in suppressing the insurrection at Tavoy, I hope you will permit me to submit through wou to the consideration of the same high authority, the conduct on that occasion also of Abdullah Khan, Havildar of the light company of the 19th Regt. now at Tavoy. It was not until after I had made my report to the Supreme Government, that the exemplary behaviour of this individu ‘l was made known to me. He was in command of the treasury-guard at my office on the morning of the 9th August, and when the insurgents commenced their attack by attempting to take possession of the magazine, which was but a short distance from my office, he not only took upon himself the responsibility of immediately detaching three of his guard to re-inforce and support the nagazine-guard, and I understand that these three men falling upon the rear of the assailants were of the greatest service; but his whole conduct and arrangements were calculated, in no ordinary degree, to give confidence to my famil v and servants, and to prevent any of the insurgents from approaching the public treasure. The steadiness and presense of mind which he displayed at a time when all my servants and others near him were in a state of wonder and dismay, prove him to be a soldier in whom the fullest reliance may be confidently placed on any occasion of danger and difficulty, and I should be wanting in my public duty if I hesitated, from any apprehension of being considered intrusive, to bring such a man to the notice of his superiors.
I have, &c.
Nore.—Abdullah Khan was promoted by the Right Hon'ble the Governor in Council of Fort St. George to the rank of Subadar.