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Letters from the following gentlemen were read:

From J. Furnell, Esq., requesting to withdraw from the Society, because he could not afford the expense of forwarding the Quarterly Journal to his station.

From the brother of the late Mr. Twining to J. Hutchinson, Esq., expressing the gratitude of himself and family for the marks of respect shewn to the memory of their deceased relative by the Medical Society. The writer requested also that they would furnish his friends in Canada with some memorial of Mr. W. Twining, a collection of his writings, his picture, or some similar token.

It was resolved by the meeting, that a set of the Society's Transactions, a copy of the inscription and drawing the monument erected over the late Secretary's grave, and one of the busts taken after his death, should be forwarded to his brother at Halifax.

The following communications were presented :

Sketch of an epidemic congestive sever that became contagious in a gang of convicts in Macnab, Esq. M. D.

Accounts of the cholera which lately prevailed in the Camp of the 2d troop 3d Brigade Horse Artillery, during its march from Mhow, by G. Brown, Esq., Surgeon of the troop.

1st. The discussion of the Library question was then resumed, and it war resolved, upon the motion of Dr. O. Shaughnessy, seconded by Dr. Goodeve, that it would be better not to form any determination upon the subject until the continuance or abolition of the Quartely Jouri. shall be decided by the votes of the Mofussil mem


It was resolved also, that it was not necessary to consult the Mofussil members with respect to the transfer of

the Library from the Asiatic Society's appartments, should it hereafter be deemed advisable to resort to that uneasure.

The Secretary then stated to the meeting, that in compliance with the resolution passed in January, he had applied to Mr. G. Hill to know upon what terms he would perform the duties of Treasurer to the Society. That gentleman replied that the ordinary terms were ten per cent. upon the collections, but he should prefer a small salary from 25 rupees per month. He steated that he did not wish to make any profit by the office. It was more with a view to increase his connexions that be wished to accept it, and the sum above stated would only suffice to cover his necessary expenses.

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The Metcalse festivals are at length over, the public and their distinguished fêted one will now have a little rest, and “gentle dulness” will now re-assume her reign in the place of popular excitement. Well, all earthly things, as some grave philosopher has observed, “ have their drawback,” and Fame has certainly a share, ay more than its share, of disagreeable appendages. To be the lion of season is one of those enviable distinctions exceedingly beautiful in prospect but very harrassing in reality. We think that we shall like it, but find we don't, and fame instead of being a blessing is discovered to be a dead bore. And now could we discourse most excellent wisdoms upon this some subject of popularity, but as it is our business to write about a “ball and supper,” we shall bring our morality to a close, leaving the philosophical reader to carry on, in his own mind, the train of speculations here suggested whilst we devote ourselves entirely to L'Allegro.

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Sir Charles Metcalfe arrived about 10 o'clock, and was received by a phalanx of stewards who escorted their honourable guest into the ball room and then opened their ranks for the burra sahib to pass up to his seat at the extremity of the room. Every third gentleman seemed to be a steward, for wherever we turned our eyes we saw a ribband and a round non-descript appendage, with certain letters worked upon it which might have been C.T.M. Dancing commenced immediately after the entrance of Sir Charles Metcalfe, and was kept up “with great spirit,” (we believe that is the phrase) till a tumultuous rush to the supper room about 12 o'clock put a stop to the Terpsichorean proceedings.

We shall take advantage of this break in our narrative to say a few words concerning the two or three fancy dresses which appeared to us worthy of notice. There was a clown, who jumped about considerablv; a Paul Pry who played on the castanets, and a Neapolitan Minstrel looking gentleman, who played some airs on a guitar. The Fantastic certainly prevailed over the elegant in costume on Tuesday night. Mr. Wynyard was admirably dressed as Pam, or “his Nob"—in other words the knave of clubs, and looked precisely like the incarnation of that redoubtable card in some Brobdignagian pack. Dr. Evans, as Mother Goose, trotted about on high heeled shoes arm in arm with Moll Fraggon, who found an excellent representative in Doctor Watson. Mr. Aubert was well dressed as Massaroni, or some other conspicuous Brigand. Mr. Henry Palmer in an excellent costume as that arch scounderel Sir Giles Overreach, and Mr. Pigou as that famous gentleman in the Fortunes of Nigel,the monosyllabic Master Jem Vin,

Of the ladies we know none to particularize; for there were but very few in fancy-dresses, and with those few we have not the honour to be acquainted. It seemed for some reason or other, to be the prevailing notion that it was more distingué to go in ordinary attire, and consequently amongst the multitude assembled there was but a small sprinkling of fancy displayed.

The supper was plentifully sufficient to seed a moderate sized army after a long march. But we did not see any-body in our neighbourhood attempt to diminish the quantity on the board. A sit-down supper is at best an intolerable nuisance, and we had hoped that the system was almost abolished in the City of Palaces. However as it gave the ladies an opportunity of hearing Sir Charles speak in public, perhaps we may find an excuse for it upon this late occasion. Sir Charles sate at a table in the centre of the supper room, somewhat elevated above the others; a small table, which was occupied by some half dozen of the most distinguished denizens of our Indian Community—Miss Ross, Mrs. Shakespeare, Mrs Cameron, Mrs. McGregor, Sir Edward Ryan, Mr. Cameron, and Capt. Prescott. When the assembled numbers had partaken of a little ice, a little jelley, and a glass of champaign, they began to turn their eyes towards the burra table in expectation of the coming oratorical display. Sir Edward Ryan soon rose, and, in a fine clear voice, made a speech well adapted to the occasion. People thumped the table and made a noise—generally at the wrong time—and Sir Charles's Health was drunk with vociferous acclamations from every side. The honorable Baronet then rose and, labouring under considerable emotion, returned thanks sotto voce for the honour conferred upon him, spoke very feelingly upon the subject of parting from so many kind friends, and in conclusion proposed—“The ladies,” a toast, which uniformly carries with it a considerable degree of self-negation, for it invariably makes all their heads ache, owing to the noise which it always elicits. Shortly after this Captain Taylor drew the attention of the company to a circumstance in the life of Sir Charles which reflects upon him no little honour. Among the many characteristics of their distinguished guest, (said Captain Taylor) to which public attention had been directed at the recent entertainments in honour of his departure, there was one which had hitherto escaped notice, a characteristic, which men respect, but which the ladies love, he meant Sir Charles Metcalfe's gallantry. (Applause.) The public would have seen in the papers of the day that Sir Charles had served at the storm of Deeg, but Capt. T. had heard since he entered the room, an anecdote connected with that event, which he thought ought to be publicly stated. In the first Mahratta war in 1804, Lord Lake having been induced to believe that some civil servants in camp did not sufficiently appreciate the dangers, or had spoken slightingly of the difficulties with which he had to contend, observed one day at dinner that it was all very well for civilians to treat such matters |...} as they had a precious easy time of it ! Sir C. Metcalfe was present at that period, a very young man, and to show É. Lake that the civil service are not those gentlemen of India who live at home at ease, but were made of somewhat sterner stuff than his Lordship seemed to think, he volunteered for the storm of Deeg, and to the admiration of the whole army, entered that fortress sword in hand, among the foremost of the storming party. (Cheers.) Captain T. added, that it was a remarkable fact, and one on which he dwelt with peculiar satisfaction, that the two most distinguished statesmen the Indian civil service had produced, Mr. Elphinstone and Sir Charles

Metcalfe, had always been soldiers where ever they could

be so. (Cheers.) The former, the statesman of Poonah, was a soldier at Assaye, - the latter, the states. man of Delhi, was a soldier at Deeg. (Loud cheers.) Having mentioned Mr. Elphinstone's name, he might well pursue the parallel between these distinguished men, for in very many points the resemblance was striking, but that the attempt would lead him to too great length ; on no one point however did they more especially resemble each other than in princely liberality and remarkable amenity of disposition and manner to all classes. It was,” said Captain Taylor, “my good fortune to be present at the entertainment given to Mr. Elphinstone at Bombay, when that gentleman was then to quit India for ever, as Sir Charles Metcalfe is departing now, amidst the regrets, the tears, and blessings of assembled crowds. In respect to Mr. Elphinstone, it was then well remarked that he had given a useful lesson to all gentlemen who might hereafter rise to high stations in public life in India, by showing that universal kindness so far from being incompatible with dignified office, is sure to command universal good-will, and that in his own case it would yield him the rare felicity of relinquishing power without the loss of a single friend. (Cheers.) Unless I am greatly mistaken,” said

Capt. T., “that rare felicity' is not less the portiod of onr
honoured guest, than it was of Mr. Elphinstone-for
without I have misinterpreted the manifestations of public
feeling here and elsewhere, of the hundreds present, of
the thousands absent throughout lulia, Sir Charles Mlet-
calfe has descended from his throae of power without the
loss of a single friend.—(Loud cheers.) Captain. T.
concluded by requesting the company to join him in
drinking Sin Charles Metcalfe's health with all the
honors – as “The Soldien of Desg.” (Great cheering.)
Sir Charles then rose, but would not “ own the soft
impeachment,” and said that Captain Taylor had been
partly misinformed upon the subject, although some-
thing of the kind certainly had taken place; however, it
did not much signify as Captain Taylor spoke exceedingly
well, and the company very vigorou-ly applauded. Short-
ly after this the supper room was vacated, and we, who
decidedly agree Leigh Hunt, that all writers
who would cherish their powers

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By the publication of the Resolutions of the 9th, 12th, 15th, and 16th May last, subscribers were made aware of the mode of operation determined upon. The Committee, divided into several sub-committees, have patiently endeavoured to act up to those resolutions, and to observe the course of proceeding therein laid down : but they have been obliged to proceed with extreme caution and reserve, having from the first met with considerable difficulty from the desire shewn by many of the people burnt out to take advantage of the benevolence of the subscribers, from their apathy even in their own behalf, and from local considerations affecting

individual cases. It has been found that many who

solicited aid at first proceeded shortly to build huts for themselves, shewing that they were not in real distress. In several parts, especially in the districts of the town, under the first and second sub-committee's, there appears to have been little or no necessity to aid the personal efforts of the inhabitants themselves. The committee at an early date made an arrangement for furnishing tiles in any required quantity to the poor sufferers, a measure by which good materials were placed at their

disposal at an uniform and reasonable rate ; grants of

tiles have been accordingly made to individuals on certificates from the sub-committee, instead of pecuniary assistance, and with beneficial effects. Finding that the setting in of the rainy season rendered it impossible satisfactorily to carry on their operations, the General Committee resolved the execution of the main object of their association, the erection of tiled huts in place of those burnt down, until a more favorable state of the weather should enable them to resume it. During the rains the plan pursued was to bestow assistance on such persons as were actually without shelter, to enable them to cover in their huts with any de. scription of available materials, restricting such assistance to those who were in real distress, and only granting the smallest sums necessary for the object. When the season permitted, the operation of tiling and of substituting tiles for the temporary thatching was resumed. The committee avail themselves of this opportunity to explain their reasons for not making loans of large amount to individual sufferers: in the i. place no applicant for a loan has yet offered any sort of security for the repayment of the money, or for its being made good in case of their decease—besides which, the terms of repayment offered by such individuals, are small instalments

by the month, extending the period of repavment over one two, or three years ; an arrangement obviously inconvenient and difficult to be entered into on the part of the committee, especially when it is remembered that the money subscribed was for the benefit principally, if not entirely, of the very poorest class of sufferers, and not for those whose situations in life secure them comfortable salaries, by means of which loans might be effected in the ordinary way, without application to this culmmittee. But the principal consideration with the committee is. that although previous to the rainy season their outlay was not very considerable, owing to the causes above assigned, yet as the rains approached and set in, the people without shelter became more desirous of entering into the views of the General Committee, and latterly the applications for assistance became so numerous, that, after the personal observation which most of the members have had of the extent of distress Among the poorest peo| ple still remaining to be attended to, the general colnmittee are persuaded they will require the whole of the means at their command for distribution amoug that class of the sufferers alone. Early in January 1838, a sub-committee was appointed for the purpose of enquiring whether it might not lie possible advantageously to lay out the reunaining funds in the erection of lines of tiled huts, across spaces generally occupied by thatched huts, or in tiling small clusters of thatched huts, still found in spaces chiefly occupied by tiled huts. The sub-committee was composed of the following persons; D. McFarlan, Esq., Capt. R. J. H. Birch, Capt. F. W. Birch, Dr. Vos, Capt. Vint, Baboo Russomoy Dutt, Rustomjee Cowasyee, Esq., Mr. Balston, Mr. Lindstedt, and Baboo Ramdhone Ghose ; and they reported that after having inspected a considerable space occupied by native dwellings in the neighbourhood of Fenwick's Bazar, the Free School, Collingah, and Dhurrumtollah, they were unanimously of opinion, “ 1st. That the funds at our disposal would not enable the committee to adopt the course proposed in the first alternative in more than one or two considerable

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tended in the first instance for the relief of the poor

in whatever part of the town they might happen to reside. “ 21. That it would be proper to adopt the 2d alternative proposed in the resolution in all cases where the sub-committees considered it desirable. It will orilinarily be found that the inhabitants whose huts are proposed to be tiled, will willingly execute the improve. ment on being furnished with tiles, and in general we think the gradual appropriation by the sub-committees of the funds at our disposal to such cases, and those of great proverty, or in other words, a continuance of the plan hitherto followed by the sub-committees would rentler, under all the circumstances, be the best course to adopt.” In these sentiments the General Committee concurs, and it is accordingly resolved to proceed as heretofore till the sum remaining in hand shall be entirely distributed on the plan originally laid down. Subjoined is a statement of what has been done and of the present amount of the funds. J. Gregony Voss, M. D. Cal., Jan. 26, 1838. Secu. District charitable Society.

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Subscriptions advertized to 17th March 1837... 13,654 10 8 Deduct receipt No. 106, - - - twice inserted. . . . . . 50 0 0 13,604 Government donation.... . . . . . . . . . . 20,000 The Right Honorable Lord Auckland, G. C. B. &c. &c....... . . . . . . . . . . 1,000

Select Vestry, lapsed pensions from John Barretto's charity ... . . . . . . . . . 2,234 Howrah church, ... . . . . . ... . . . . . 981 Principal Roman catholic church.... 466 From John Barretto's charity through

Dr. St. Leger. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 2,234 Dyce O. Sombre, Esq. through ditto 500 Colonel J. Caulfield... . . . . . . . . . . 100 Lieut. R. G. MacGregor. . . . . . . . . . . 50 Kesrchand Roybhun. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Seetaram Jewanram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Pool unchund Moolchaund . . . . . . ---- 25 Hauiaremul Hemutram... . . . . - - - - - - - 25

W. Grant, Esq. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Narain Persaud Bullubdoss.... . . . . . . 200
Colonel D. McLeod .... ...... .... 100
J. L. Russell, Esq. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
R. J. Bagshaw, Esq. . . . . . .
T. Barlow, Esq. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Baboo Gudadhur Mitter....... ...... 100
H. Colquhoun, Esq. . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Archd. Sconce, Esq... . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Baboo Hurrochunder Bose.... . . . . . . 25
Baboo Nundgopaul Bhuttachargee.... 5
Baboo Rajchunder Sen. . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ramrutton Gupto. . . . . . . ---- 1
Baboo Narain Dutt. . . . . . . . . . . l
Baboo Nilmoney Gupto. . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Baboo Ramcomar Bose. . . . . . . . . . . . §



Baboo Gunganarain. . . . . . . . . .
Baboo Budden Mitter... . . . . . . . . .
Baboo Koonjoobeharry Mitter. . . . . . . .
Baboo Ruggooram Gossain. . . . . . . . . . 100
J. S. Smith, Esq. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - 20
R. Scott Thomson, Esq. . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Samuel Smith, Esq. ... . . . . . . . . . . . 16
C. Brownlow, Esq...... . . . .
Mr. T. E. Thompson..... . . . . . . . . .

Messrs F. Burkinyoung and Co........ 16 Mr. W. Grant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Mr. T. Ostell,..... . . . . 8 Mr. T. Black.. 4 Mr. Lowrie.... 5 Mr. H. F. Schneider... . . . . . . . . . . 16 Mr. Jas. Jacob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Mr. L. Cooper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Mr. W. Price . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l Mr. R. W. Allan.... . . . . - - - - - - - - 6 Mr. J. Holmes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Mr. R. Campbell. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Messrs. Hamilton and Co. . . . . . . . . 100 Mr. T. Allardice . . . . .... . . . . . . . . 8 Messrs. Pitta, Lattey and Co. . . . . . . 16 Messrs. Pittar and Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

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Kirk Collections...... . . . . . . . . . . 2,280 St James' Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Old Church........ . . . . . ... " .. 51 l St. Stephen's Church, Dum-Dum ... . 81 Cathedral. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 488 St. Peter's Church. . . . . . . . . . . . 336

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Baboo Woodychurn Pyne............ 1 0 0
A. St. L. McMahon, Esq............ 42 10 8
C. Fagan, Esq. . . . . . . . ........ ... 32 0 0
Mr. J. Spence... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 0 0
A. F. Colvin, Esq. Allahabad........ 150 0 0
G. F. Brown, Esq.......... ........ 100 0 0
Mr. R. Smith ....... ....... ..... 5 0 0
Capt. H. B. Henderson............. 25 0 0
Baboo Bissumbhur Sen ...... ...... 100 0 0
R. O'Dowda, Esq ............ .... 50 0 0
John Franks, Esq.................. 50 0 0
R. Walker, Esq. ... ...... ........ 25 0 0
J. Ranken, Esq...... .... .. - - - - - - 25 0 0
T. Bracken, Esq..... .............. 16 0 0
A widow through the Rev. J. Charles.. 16 0 0
Baboo Kissen Mohun Dutt.......... 5 0 0
Brigadier E. Cartwright.......... .. 50 0 0

J. Richards, Esq... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 0 - 0
W. C. Hurry, Esq... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 0 0
John Jackson, Esq... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 0 0
An old Neelwollah. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 0 0
J. Abbott, Esq. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 0 0
Baboo Cossinauth Mullick.... . . . . . . 210 0 0
H. P. Bell Esq. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - 20 0 0
Baboo Sreenath Mookerjee. . . . . . . . . 8 0 0
– Alexander, Esq.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 0 0

47,679 2 8 Interest from Union Bank......... . 261 l 9

Co.'s Rs. 47940
- Secy. Dist. Char. Socy-
Hurk. Feb. 19.


By CAPTAIN A. Buanes.

Definition of Derajat.

1st. The country on the right bank of the Indus, below the salt range, till that river is joined by the waters of the Punjab, is known by the name of Derajat. It is so designated from the two principal towns in the tract, Dera Ghazee Khan, and Dera Ismael Khan. Derajat being the Arabic plural of the word Dera. The lower part of the tract, bears the local name of Sinde, and the upper that of Damun (or border) from its bordering on the mountains of Sooleeman. The country itself is flat and in many places fertile, particularly in the vicinity of the two Deras; but to the westward of the river, even at a distance of a few miles, there are no wells, and the soil is entirely dependant on rain, and water from the hills, without which, there is no crop. On the opposite bund

of the river in Leia, the Indus overflows to the east, and

the land which is exceedingly rich, yields heavy crops, and is known by the name of “Cuchec.” From Leia the

great ferry of Daheeree conducts the merchant beyond

the Indus into Deerajat, and as the mountains are cross

ed by caravan route that lead to Cabool and Candahar,

and as it is here that the greatest of the Indian Caravans assemble before passing to the west, the Derajat is invested with a high degree of cominercial importance.

Caravan of the Lohanees, Camels, &c.,-Its Route.

2d. From Calcutta, by Lucknow, Delhi, Hansee and Bhawulpore : from Bombay, by Pallee, Becaneer, Bhawulpore, Multan : from Umrutsir by Jung and Leia, and from Dhera Ghazee Khan itself on the south, by Bhawulpore; all these routes join at the small town of Drabund, about 30 miles west of Dera Ismael Khan. At this point, commences the well known road by the Goomul river to the pass of Goolairee, which is always traversed by the Lohanee Afghans, some of them enter the mountains higher up west of Tak, and also by an inferior pass named “Cheeree,” lower down ; but all eventually join, about 45 miles from Drabund. These people are pastoral and migratory, and many of them proceed annually into India to purchase merchandize, and all assemble here in the end of April, their families having wintered on the banks of the Indus, to pass into Khorasan for the summer. They effect this in fixed order by three divisions or “Kirees,” which, I believe, simply mean migrations, and these bear the names of Nasseer Kharoutee, and Meeankhly, which is that of the branches of the tribes conducting them. The first is the most numerous, and with it, go from 50 to 60,000 head of sheep, but it is with the last, that Ilindoo mer. chants and foreigners generally travel. The extensive

nature of the traffic will be best explained by observing
that the custom-house books shew, that 5,140 camels
laden with merchandize passed up this year, exclusive
of those carrying the tents and baggage of the people,
these are rated at the enormous number of 24,000
camels, the Nasseers having 17,000, the Aleeankhly
4,000, and the Kharoulee 3,000. The tract which they
pass, leads by broken rugged roads, or, rather water-
courses of the Goomul, through the wild and moun-
tainous country of the Wuzeerees, but the Lohanees
have arms and numbers to protect their property, and
that of strangers. They all reach Cabool and Can-
dahar by the middle of June, in sufficient time to lis-
patch their investments to Bokhara and Herat, and in
the end of October as winter approaches, they descend
with the same arrangements into the plain of the Indus,
bringing horses, dyes, fruits, and productions of Cabool,
in return for the goods of India and Britain. The
channel of trade is ancient, for in the year A. D. 1505,
we find the Emperor Baber campaigning in the Derajat,
and stating that ile had fallen in with Lohanee merchants,
and plundered them of “a great quantity of white cloth,
aromatic drugs, sugar (both candied and in powle') and
horses,” which are the very articles of trade in these
days, though 332 years have since elapsed. . It is due to
the Emperor to state that if he then plundered, in his
own difficulties, he afterwards cloathed the Lohanee
merchants in dre-ses of honor, when firmly established
on the throne of Cabool.
Other Caravan routes from India.
3d. Having given the routes of the Lohanee cara-
van, I ought now to note the whole of the other roads
leading from India to Cabool, but it would be impossible
to do justice to the subject by any verbal description.
There are three great roads leading from India, the first
by Lahore and Attock, the next from the Darajat (al-
ready described) and the last by the Bolan pass, from
Shikarpoor to Candahar, intermediate to these lines lie
various routes, some of which have been used even by
large bodies of armed men, and, though, therefore, very
important, need not detain us here, as they are not at pre-
sent used by the merchants. I may only observe of that
leading from Dera Ghazee Khan across the Sukhee Sur-
wur pass, by Boree, to Candahar, that it has been used
in modern times by the kings of Cabool, to supply the
luxury of mangoes, and that I met persons who had seen
the fruit arrive by it at Candahar from the Indus, in 8
or 9 days. The climate of Goree is described in very
favorable terms, both by Mr. Elphinstone, and all the
natives I have interrogated ; and o this route Baber
passed up to Glouzni with his force after the campaign of
1505, already alluded to. His horse suffered from the

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