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The only value, I may flatter myself, that is likely to be felt for my “pencillings by the way,” is the novelty they possess. It is probable that no description of the pass of Aeng has appeared in print since the publication of Capt. P.'s report, and it is on this supposition I send you the communication in hand.

During my progress I took daily notes of every thing worth recording, and, knowing general taste is never satisfied by a mere route description, the physical character. istics of a country, I have endeavoured to blend the amusing with the useful, thus designing the captivation of readers of every calibre.

Those few who have already perused or have in possession Captain Pemberton's description of this celebrated pass, will, I have no doubt, grant me an especial indulgence, and I beg them particularly to consider me, in reference to the captain, as a cockleshell following in the wake of a seventy-four. However, if I cannot be so instructive, my style of description may be more pleasing to the general mass of newspaper readers, than it is pos. sible for on official report to government to render his; he must walk steadily the plank. I may vault from earth to heaven, digress from this point to that, “without any circumstantion whatever,” as Mr. Weller senior has it. But a truce with thy nonsense to thy notes, Oh! Mugh.

On the 12th of Dec. L and your correspondent left Aeng and proceeded on foot towards Jeddinchakain, the first halting place en route to the Yoomadong mountains. *

Our camp consisted (coolies included) of near 150 men. The cooley of this country is generally of the Keyn tribe, and as coolies they are very useful, neither bullock, nor wheeled vehicle of any kind being procurable. The road for about a mile runs through partially cleared jungle, among which the gurjun and jarool trees flourish as grandees of the forest. After completing this distance, we crossed the Aeng river by a bamboo bridge. The river here was not fordable, and the tattoos were obliged to swim half the distance across; in width it appeared about 100 yards. On the right bank is situated the new village of Aeng, by Captain Pemberton denominated Yodoweet, but I could find no native who knew the place by this name, they all call it upper or new Aeng; and of the two villages this has by far the

most respectable appearance and the best bazar. The Soggree is himself a Shan, and all the Shan itinerant merchants bring their goods to the market of the new village, instead of to the old as formerly. The site is, of course, more convenient for all traffickers coming from the east; it not only saves them a trifling distance, but the passage of the river.

Here we paid a visit to the Soggree, whose person and establishment deserves to be honoured by an elongated paragraph, much more prolix than his worship is likely to receive from me : however, I shall expend a line or two on him, and proceed on my jouney.

My friend the Soggree, as I have stated, being a native of the Shan country on the north-east frontier of Burmah, has much the appearance of a Chinese. Though venerable from apparent age, his person is ridiculous; he looks more like a skeleton vivant than a man (as one in authority should be) prone to obesity. He has further the misfortune to possess but one eye, which gives his cadaverous visage a most grotesque expression, resembling nothing that I know of either in heaven above, the earth beneath, or the waters unier the earth; but if I could not help smiling at the figure the man in office displayed, I was not the less pleased by his activity in procuring us tattoos, for the journey: this being our principal object in paying him a visit. Whilst the old gentleman was thus usefully employing himself in our i. I could not but regard with admiration the commanding presence of his lady, who strutted about to and fro with the dignified demeanour of a Lady Mayoress, little suspecting the sly flirtation carried on betwixt his daughter, a damsel of promise, and a gentleman who shall be nameless. At length the tattoos were brought, the one for L — had the semblance of an ancient European saddle on its back ; that destined for your humble servant was equipped, according to the most approved primitive, or antideluvian style, on each side dangled two rusty implements probably intended to do the office of stirrups, the base of whose angles I could cover with the breadth of three fingers, and so unsatisfactory was the tout ensemble that I did not on the present occasion attempt to mount, rather preferring to pail the hoof or mount the elephant which accompanied us. Accordingly, we again pushed forward as we had come, for L – was as much inclined to walk as myself.

The road on this march runs over tolerably level ground, but two bridges are required to replace those now in decay over two small nullahs, whose banks are very precipitous. The road, generally, speaking, was good, but impracticable for wheeled carriages for want of bridges over the nullah above noted. We crossed the Aeng river by a bridge similar to that at the new village of Aeng, at a place called Zademow ghaut, but the stream was here foluable; on the other side there is a small village peopled by expatriatel Burmans. On the line of road, I observed wild plantains and a creeper resembling, in all but the aroma, the hop. On the breasts of the hills adjacent, grew a considerable portion of bamboo mixed with jungle tree of various kinds, though no other particular change showed itself on the general features of the country. About a mile and a half in advance of Zademow, we again found the river crossing our path at a place bearing the appellation of Khongwa Zukan. Here we exalted ourselves on the elephant, there being no bridge, but the river was not deeper than two or three feet over this passage. About two miles from this place we reached our halting ground, Zennet Chakain, where a shed, has been erected capable of receiving and giving shelter to perhaps one hundred men.

The river runs close by, and a bathe after our journey being determined on, we enjoyed ourselves luxuriously, for the water was clear as crystal, and as cold as ove could conveniently bear it. On the reverse sile was a high rockey bank, overhung by a luxuriant vegetation, which gratefully shielded us from the rays of the sun. The encamping ground is (including the space covered by the shed,) not larger than two hundred men can conveniently bivouac on.

At noon the thermometer was 90° in the sepoys' pall and 85 under the shed. Feeling the heat rather unpleasent, we made a retreat into the jungle for the purpose of enjoying a little refrigeration, but were soon driven out again by an army of musquitos, who seemed desirous to monopolize the shade themselves to the exclusion of all intruders.

We were now beyond the influence of the tide, and as the old village of Aeng is forty-five miles from the mouth of the river, l expect the tide, excepting at spring, does not flow many miles above. As it was here I first made the observation, I may as well describe some pecularities regarding the Kyens, who acted as our coolies. They are a hill tribe and little better than savages; however, they are very useful in carrying burthens up and down hills where men of the plains, find a difficulty in carrying themselves. Every article that can be put in a basket is carried in one of an oblong formation, having a loop fixed to the top made of split cane, and a strip of split cane goes round the centre, the former, the Kyen puts over his head, fixing it round his temples, while he fastens the ends of the strip below round his waist, this keeps the basket in a firm and proper position, and gives the man the free use of his hands while travelling. Other articles such as tents, beds, &c. are either slung on a bamboo or carried on a kind of baraboo ladder, supported by two or more men according to the weight.

As soon as night began to approach, I noticed the sim. ple people making a shed for themselves from the bamboo covered by its leaves, to arrest the heavy dew that in. variably falls in this climate. This would be the best plan for sepoys when marching in this country; to sup. {. a tent can be carried for an army of any size, would e entirely out of the question. The coolies receive here three annas a day, so high is labour on account of the thin population of the province. The encamping ground here is capable of being made available for a regiment, sup. posing we bivouac and bring no tents, or at least do not pitch any. The jungle is not of such a nature, but that if every man carried a dow or axe of the coun. try he might soon cut a convenient place to esconce himself in for the night; and, in marching a regiment through this province, it would be desirable that every man should carry a dow on his knapsack : it seems to be a sine qua non among the people of the province. At sun-set the the mometer was at 72°.

13th.--Two hours before sunrise ther. at 62° ; marched at day break for Surrowah, supposed distance eight miles. The whole of this Inarch is through a bamboo jungle,

in many parts forming an arch over the road, which was saturated with dew dipping from the foliage above. We now seemed to have left what little civilization we had before seen, entirely behind us, for only a single Kven but perched here and there on the side of a hill, partially cleared of its bamboos and other jungle, was to be observed the whole of this march. We passed two steep ghauts, one at an encamping ground called Peenezukan, the other immediately on our approach to Surrowah, besides two small hill streams, whose banks were very muddy and precipitous. From Peenozukan we enjoyed an extensive view of the hills around us, embellished with all the beauty of light and shade derived from the lustre of a rising sun. I had mounted the elephant at the foot of the last hill that intervened 'twixt us and our journey's end, but found the descent so very precipitous on arriving at its summit, that I preferred trusting my own legs for the slippery adventure of descending ; the hill being of a red, firm, clay soil, was of considerable advantage, or I might have gone down considerabi faster than would have been desirable. At the foot of the descent, we crossed the Surrowah river by a bamboo bridge, though it was fordable, being no where over the part where the bridge was erected more than four feet if quite so deep. This brought us to Sorrowah or Thorrowah, as it is pronounced by the natives. Here the Arracan locals have a post for the protection of the inland trade between Arracan and the countries ultra the Yoomadong Mountains. A number of Shan travelling merchants were here on our arrival, and 1 made some trifling purchases of cloth, twenty-five hauts for the rupee, and of Shan pawn boxes at one rupee each ; these are japanned, with fast, or pucka colors, and are perfectly pliable to the pressure of the hand. The bathing place here I thought preferable to that at Zeunetclukain where the rough pebbles form an uncomfortable footing; here the bottom was composed more of fine sand than pebbles. Here I relieved the old detachment by the new, and right glad were the former to leave the jungle, some having been located here upwards of two years. I found ten sick ; these were permitted to proceed in dingies to Aeng; the river being navigable as far as the Thoriowah, by small boats of this kind, at this season of the year. Here I should have ended my labors and have returned, but for circumstances which it behoveth me not to mention ; at least I am not aware I am at liberty to make public the reason of my advancing further towards the frontier. Thermometer at noon 88°.

14th.-Thermometer at 4 A.M. 72°, altitude of Thorrowah 147 feet: march at daylight accompanied by a guard of 1 havildar, l naick, and twelve sepoys, for our especial protection through the dangerous country we had to pass. At the very commencement, we encountered a hill that set us all piping, and before I reached its brow 1 was too glad to ascend the re-mount on the elephant, who was sorely put to it herself, for instead of walking she bent on each knee at every step upwards. There were but few trees of any size to be seen on this portion of the road, bamboo being predominant every where. About half way on our descent of this vast branch from the great line of the Yoomadong mountains, we crossed a hill rivulet well situated to refresh cattle and the wayward traveller. After the fatigue of the ascent on either side, crossing this small stream, we still kept descending for half a mile, when we had another steep ascent before us; indeed these ascents and descents formed the principle features of the road on every march, excepting that we had more of the former than the latter to plod, over, ascending on an average one foot in twenty. Two halting places were noticed on this march, both on high ground, but no water, excepting at considerable distances below ; on these places grew a few trees, but bamboo Jungle absorbed the sight as far as the eye could reach. At the last of these open halling spaces called Mengzukou, we

had a very extensive and magnificent view of the hills, including parts of the Youmadong principal range.

The road on this march in many parts was excessively narrow, not more than two or three yards wide in many places. Much clearing is requisite, and my progress on the elephant was considerably retarded by branches of trees and bamboos intercepting the passage. On the descent from Mengzukon, we met about 100 laden bullocks, going to Aeng with merchandize from the Shan country, which lies on the north-east frontier of Burmah. The cattle were in sine condition, but the loads did not appeal heavy, and it is usual for the conductors of this trade to be ten or eleven-hours on a common stage of ten miles ; they make it a custom to rest at almost every convenient spot to smoke, &c. and that they may always stop when they are inclined, they take the necessary precaution of carrying water with then in large hollow bamboos, tied in hundles of three or five ; these they take in such quantities as to serve for themselves and cattle for at least as many rests as they require, where water, as on this road, is a scarce article. About half past eight, arrived at Guatcha or Netzazukan, on the ridge of a connecting link overlooked by a steep ascent, on whose summit a large encamping ground is found, but we preferred for our small party the lower ground, on account of the water being nearer. Descending to the right, I found the spring. Very little water was procurable, but were the rock, which is of a soft slate, scraped, and a cistern formed, enough water would be found for the cattle of a considerable camp. A temporary dam of mud and bamboos alone partially retained a very small pool at the foot of the spring The water for our own use we caught from a split bamboo thrust into the fissure, from whence this valuable element issued, or rather dribbled : by this means we increased the flow, and at the same time avoided the contamination we must have incurred by drinking the water from the muddy pool below, into which one of our niggers unceremoniously trod, disturbing the secreted sediment at the bottom ; to say nothing of the agreeable tincture his foot must have given so small a body of aqueous fluid. The descent to this spring is of necessity serpeutine in formation, and a mere foot-path through the bamboos, its distance from the road may be computed at about 200 yards. Distance of Guatcha from Sorrowah computed at about five miles. Not even a Keyn hut visible, or one resident inhabitant since leaving Thorrowall. Thermo meter at noon 84°, altitude above the sea according to Peinberton, 1,476 feet.

Start at about three P.M. and proceed as far as Waddai or Waddat, immediately at the base of the ascent on leav. 1g Guatcha, a fall of the hill above has taken place, carrying part of the road with it, and rendering time passage unsafe, or apparently so for an elephant, our's however managed so well as to get by without falling down the precipice on the left. The road must be cut farther into the side of the hill to make it secure, or on the first shower the mere foot-path now remaining will assuredly descend into the deep ravine below. The ascent after the first part became more graiual, the road running round the shoulder of the vast hill we were advancing over; the road was tolerable and passable for artillery excepting at the place above men. tioned, where a new road of about fifty or sixty yards must be made. Arrived at Waddai about five o'clock, visited the spring which is on the right of the road; more abundant than at Guatcha, but a greater distance by 100 yards.

Our ground was on the road, as most of the encamping places are ; before us for our especial comfort and contemplation, we had the view of a steep ascent, upon whose steep and rugged sides it would behove us to wend our way on the following morning. Face of the country, covered with bamboo unlimited to sight.

15th.-Thermometer daylight 64° : commence our march to Karowkee by winding up the hill before us ;

find the road little better than a watercourse or ravine, intercepted occasionally by blocks of sand-stone of considerable gravity ; on the summit of this elevation is a large open space capable of encamping a brigade, but no water nearer than from whence we came below, or probably at the foot of the hill, in front, among the ravines formed by the inferior roots of the great eminences around. The road from this point is much better, and no considerable descent is made. Our old friends, the bamboos, we now remarked, became scarce, and superceded by fine forest trees at about three miles from Waddi. And now, Mr. Editor, while we traverse about two miles of tolerably level road, let us discourse of the sporting qualities of the country, Until we had attained this point, our guns had not once reverberated among the hills, or startled silent nature by a report. This march, however, we took the precaution of leading or heading our small and trusty band, making the baggage follow in the rear, supported by a naick and four. We had just cleared the brow of the hill, when we espied a gallant cock strutting on the verge of the road, but the gaily plumaged hero was wide awake to the villainous effect of the saltpete compound, and after a vain pursuit we advanced gun in hand. , Alas ! there was little use in this, for the only birds that fell in our way afterwards, were four chikores, one of which l sent ever the precipice far into deep jungle, where no mortal foot e'er had or could have trod, save for his own protection. A sportman on this road had better leave his gun in case, for although there are a few fowls and chickores, yet the thick jungle and the steepness of the hills on every side almost prevents the possibility of bagging. On leaving the banboos, we got into a more open jungle, and gradually into a magnificent forest, the altitude of many of the noble trees we saw was immense. Most of these were on the side of the Nodong mountain, around whose colossal form our circuit lay. I here note some angiospermous shrubs from whose white bulbs I pressed a number of black round seeds. I regret I have not brought any with me, as the odour of the plant was very agreeable. Here also we made acquaintance with a variety of mosses encasing the trunks of trees and clothing stones with their verdure. A species of palm tree was here discernible. My geological notes only refer to the nature of the road itself, and that part of the soil which was exposed on the side of each hill around which the road has been cut ; at this height about 3,000 feet, in a depth of incision of about four feet, a stratum resembling fuller's earth embraced another of the depth of two feet, consisting of ferruginous soil, winged with slate approximating the appearance of coal; detached masses of this slate rock, by exposure to the air, had become of a lighter complexion. The road requires much clearing, the trunks of several trees now lying across it, inconvenience the traveller very considerably. On reaching the highest part of Nodong, we began to breath much pure air, and it was evident to our sense of respiration, ihat we had attained a considerable elevation above the close jungle of the minor hills. Here too, we enjoyed a more extensive view than hitherto, shut in only on northeast by the still greater altitude of the Yoomadong range and the gone of our supporting heigh, which intercepted the picture to the south-west. After resting here awhile, we made a considerable descent over a very bad road impracticable for artillery in its present state, but capable of being made available at no great expense of time or labor.

After overcoming all obstacles without any accident occurring, a gently rising ground brought us to the foot of Natyagain or Naregain, at a halting place called Karowke, at an elevation of 3,165 feet above the level of the sea. Here we found water and a better ground for our camp than that generally used, by making a descent to our left ; here we were within 100 yards of the spring which issued from the interstices of the magnificent Natyagain, beneath whose commanding presence, we

were encamped, shaded by the losty and gorgeous foliage of a forest whose mighty tenants bent gracefully their sun-gilded boughs to the mountain breeze.

But amid romantic scenes, the little wants of life will force themselves upon our recollection, as well as in the crowded city or the solitary cell. Soon therefore had we the satisfaction of watching the arcana of our breakfast preparations, while the truant smoke ascended, courting in wantonness the morning air. Well might human nature be a prey to appetite, after such a walk as we this morning had taken.

After discussing eight or ten eggs mingled with some thin slices of an especial brisket of my own selec. tion, and making an addenda of sundry sardines, plum jams, and Wilson's biscuits, confirmed by no given quantity of Bass's imperial, we lit our manillas and be. gan contemplating the ascent of Natzagain, whose lofty and o'erlow'ring brow we had fully determined on forming an acquaintance with. Accordingly, taking a few men with us we set out about twelve o'clock for the purpose. And here Mr. E., I must confess, I became amenable to the Martin act, id est, had the circumstance occurred in Great Britain or Ireland. I have no where stated that I had urged or exacted assistance from the miserable looking tattoo, whose garniture had the honor of my previous notice. But to ascend Natzagain I had no alternative, for had I attempted to scramble up, 1 should (like merry Jack) have so larded the lean earth, that every soul who might attempt to track me, would have made as much progress as a turnspit at work, a squirrel in a trundle-cage, or a gentleman at the tread mill. I determined to mount the aquine quadruped out of mercy to my fat sides, and for stirrups, I supplied my extremities with supports by stringing a small rope double over the saddle, inserting my feet in the dependent loops. Thus the shadow of a Hudibras in horse equipment and person I marched me up the hill, nearly finding my way to the ground, though on more occasions than one my villainous apology for stirrups and leathers, not being properly made fast on the saddle, began trimming like a member of parliament who cannot make up his mind as to which side he may find it his interest to support, first on one side, then on the other, according to my preponderance of pressure. At length, by dint of a most strenuous exertion on the part of my tattoo, who was much better and stronger than his looks at first led to me to suppose, I found myself safe on the summit of the mountain, and 4,590 feet above the sea.

Here a most splendid panorama presented itself: for on one side at a distance, perhaps of sixty miles, like a reflector, interspersed by numerous blemishes, lay the Bay of Combermere, with all its connected estuaries resembling streaks of silver on an emerald ground ; above and about us, rolled vast volumes of murky clouds, obedient to the sightless couriers of the air, ever and anon unveiling the mountainous region below to ou wondering gaze. Having satisfied our curiosity on this side the mountain we made an advance “over the bor der' and there we stood, as Moses stood, ‘and viewed the landscape o'er," though the atmosphere on this side was misty. “We children of the mist' saw with admi ration the vast champaign country, as it were, flowing with milk and honey before us. The descent on this side is much more precipitous than on the other, averaging one foot in ten. From the point on which we obtain. ed our observation, the Irawattie and Man rivers were distinguishable, gliding through what possessed the appearance of a highly cultivated country. The mino eminences on the Burmese side extend but a short distance from the great ranges, at least by the coup d'ail with which I was obliged to content myself, such was the impression effected.

We now returned to our own side the boundary, and drank success to the next war.

The few sepovs we took with us seemed to look with envy on the fine plain of the Irrawattie, so different was the aspects of their own country, compared with what they be held on the Burmah side.

On the summit of Natzagain, a few posts, and a double trench, still mark where the Burmese had a line of stockade for the defence of the pass, while a hollow, whether natural or artificial, I could not determine, has evidently served for a reservoir for the reten-ion of rain water. The only inhabitants of these hills appear to be apes. While we were ascending, we heard them making a kind of banking noise, but did not get a sight of any. The ascent to the summit is carried up the face of the mountain in a zig-zag formation, but is very difficult on account of the loseness of the ground and slate rock, with which it abounds. About half way on the ascent, was a large pile of stones, and every man as he passed by, added to the heap, by throwing a stone on the muster. I enquired the reason, and was informed, that it was a species of devotion paid to the spirits of the mountain, by the observance of which they hoped for strength to overcome the difficulties of the ascent. After enjoying ourselves in the cool mountain air for half an hour, we made the best of our time in descending ; the only difficulty being in keeping a proper equilibrium, and a firm footing on our precipitous path. Thermometer at moon in tent at Karow kee 70°, sunset 65°. On the 16th at day light 62°. This morning returned to Waddi, but having exhibited the general character of the country on my advance route, and noted every difficulty worth recording that may be expected by others, whose lot it may be to follow this track hereafter, recapitulation is unnecessary and uncalled for ; I shall therefore conclude by a few general remalks, with an addenda of some particulars obtained from native report, of a route called the Paing, or Peang road diverging in a north easterly direction from Waddi, across the Yoona longs into Ava as far as the banks

of the Iriawattie. In the course of narration I have had occasion to mention a hill tribe called Kyens, but there is one practice current among

them which has met with neglect from my pen. In former times, report says, the women of this tribe possessed an uncommon share of loveliness which iendered them objects of attraction to the oppiessors of their country, and led to the abduction of the fairest and most beautiful among them, by the ruthless bands of foreign despots. To prevent these occurrences the chiefs and elders of this oppressed clan devised the cruel operation of tattooing the faces of their female off-pring, deeming the beauty of women, as nothing compared with the loveliness of chastity. I made no particular enquiries, but give it as my opinion, that no matron had a voice in the conclave when the tattooing act was passed, and the young ladies were positively excluded. The process of creating fire by friction, also came under my inspection ; but a this is an act of savage life very' generally comprehended, I merely notice the circumstance in a casual manner, as being a means of ignition generally in use among these, as with savages in other quarters of the globe.

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same very pretty, and resembling Scotch plaids, mustard deed. The returns are mostly, salt, dried or sulted fish and beetlenut. The silk appears common enough, (not in texture,) for every man who can afford it generally glories in a silk. At Akyab I have noticed chupkuns in addition, made of black velvet, richly flowered, generally worn by the Mughs on high days and holidays; these I presume are imported from China.

Of the road commonly called “ the Paieng road,' I have learnt the following particulars from those who have passed over it, viz. the Shans. Route from Waddi in Arracan to Choungpreuguine on the Irrawattie ; so pronounced by the natives to me. A R RAcAN. 1st. Dubbrubang—on the Aeng river, distance four miles, encamping ground small. 2d. Tantobain-water scarce, distance ten miles. Bun MAH. 3d. Shakaguen—village and chokie twenty-five huts fourteen miles. 4th. Thenahun-village and chokie, twenty huts, eight miles. 5th. Paieng–300 huts, on the Khekeong nullah four miles. 6th. Mongkeong-road by, or in the bed nullah, eight miles.

7th. Keothewah–Keong, road ditto, distance thirtysix miles. - - 8th. Chungprewguine–Irrawattie river, distance

twelve miles. Distance from Waddie to Chungprew

guine, by native calculation of two miles to the koss,

about. . . . . . . . . 96 miles. From Aeng to Waddie about.......... 24 -

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Here are two branches by which two divisions might debouch on the plains of Ava, by regulated marches at, one and the same time. But I have reason to suspect the Paieng pass is not practicable for artillery or wheeled carriages of any kind. The Shans, whom I questioned, said it was too, rocky way ; this we may easily suppose when one half the route has no better claim to the name of road than what the bed of a hill stream may chance to afford. However, in the case of a rupture with the Burmese, there is every probability that a light division my traverse this route if capable of carrying provisions for twelve days, leaving a depôt at Waddie, where a stockade may be formed, as a support to the advancel divisions on either route. For this purpose, there is a very advantageous site at Waddie, commanding a watering place, and immediately on the main road. The only disadvantage of this position is on account of its being conmanded by the steep ridge in its imme iate front, though the distance is so great as to be scarcely within the range of musketry. But once our divisions a-head, there would be no fear of an attack on the depôt, in their rear especially, if both the Peang and Naizagain routes are in occupation.

I shall here bring my account to a conclusion by remarking, that the probable expense requisite to make the Aeng Pass on the Arracan side practicable for the passage of artillery, and to build wooden bridges over five hill streams flowing between Aeng and Surrowah, to obviate the obstruction formed by them at all seasons, would not exceed Rs 5,000 and it is to be hoped, when an official roport of the present state of the road shall have been made to Government, that honorable body will be sufficiently alive to its own interest, and the pro. tection it naturally owes to its subjects, to accede to the just claims this (politically speaking) important province, has on the distribution of money from the public purse.

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It has rarely, if ever, been our lot to record the proceedings of a meeting so highly honorable in every way to the humanity and public spirit of the inhabitants of Calcutta, as that which took place yesterday asternoon at the Town-hall, having for its object the consideration of the best means of alleviating the distress of the population of the western provinces. Notwithstanding the numerous calls which have been lately made upon the finances of the community, for worthy and honorable purposes, every body seemed to feel that the present was an occasion which left no excuse for parsimony, founded upon past liberality and indulgence. But we must briefly record the proceedings.

At about half past four the meeting began to assemble, and by five, upwards of one hundred and fifty persons, comprising the principal inhabitants of the town, and a great many natives, had collected.

The Lord Bishop being called to the chair, at the instance of Sir Edward Ryan, seconded by Mr. W. W. Bird, His Lordship obeyed the call, and addressed the meeting at some length, expatiating upon the condition of the perishing thousands—stating what the Government had done towards the mitigation of suffering, and what it now behoved the public at large to do. His Lordship was glad to see so many natives assembled on the occa

sion, and in his own simple but impressive manner exhorted them not to be backward in ihe work of benevolence at a crisis so momentous to thousands of their countrymen. Mr. R. D. Mangles, to whom had been entrusted the first resolution, rose when the Bishop had concluded, and, after felicitously adverting to the obliga. tion imposed upon men of all creeds and kinds to perform the oilices of charity to the poor and the hungry, read the following paper, which sufficiently explained what had been done by the Government of the north western provinces, and what was expected from the piivate bounty of the community at large : Note. By J. Thomason, Esq., officiating secretary to the Lieutenant-Governor, north western provinces, dated The efforts of Government for the alleviation of the distress in the north western provinces have been directed : First.—To a suspension of the demand for the Government jumma. Secondly.—To the employment of the able-bodied destitute on works of public utility, such as the construction of roads, the excavation of tanks, &c. &c.

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