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Thirdly.—To the preservation of the public peace, and proclaimed and enforced by the Government, and some

more especially to the protection of the trade in grain. unaccountable

impression which obtained currency

First.—'I he regulation of the demand on behalf of the among-t, the people, that crimes of the kind would be

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cont.rved at. The distressed districts are mostly corngrowing countries, where large quantities of grain are usually store 1 in the several villages by capitalists, who buy up the surplus produce of plentiful years. An igno ant population were driven to exasperation, when they saw these stores opened before them, and the grain for the want of which they were starving, exported to a better market.* -

As soon as occurrences of this nature were foreseen

abandoned. In the districts where the settlement has or reported, full authority was given to the commissionnot been revised, the suspended demand will be allowe!ers to strengthen the police sufficiently to provide for to lie over till the evision of the settlement, and will the public peace. The enegertic measures which were

then be recommended for remission or realized according as the circumstances of each village require. In the districts where the settlement has been revised, an attempt will be made to recover, during the latter years of the leases, the suspen led dein and of this year, in conformity with the principal on which the settlement was made. The realization of this expectation evidently, however, depends on circumstances which cannot now be foreseen. Tucuvee advances for seed grain have also been largely given, and this mode of elief may be here appropriately mentioned. Secondly.—The employment of the able-bodied destitute, on works of public utility. This was at first restricted in amount, but as the distress increased, the magistrates have been empowered to grant employment to any amount with a view to the support of the people, and not with any expectation of a profitable return for the capital laid out, Inclination to work was in fact adopled as the test of degree of destitution. Gratuitous support of the infirm was not given, as this appeared a more appropriate object for the private charity of individuals, which was generally and liberally bestowed throughout the country.” It did not also appear practicable to lay down ules which should admit of this mode of elief py the Government, without liability to very great abuse. The officers employed in the construction of the grand trunk road, were also empowered to expend each Rs.2,000 per mensem, in the employment of the destitute, and a supply of blankets to the inost deserving was sanctioned. In the Cawnpore district, where the revenue and magisterial functions are performed by different persons, the deputy collector has been especially empowered to em. ploy the destitute in the distressed pergunnahs of his district, as far as may be practicable, in the neighbour. hood of their villages. It is anticipated that this may be advantageously performed through the agency of the tahseeldary establishinents, under the personal superintendence of the deputy collector.

Thirdly.—The preservation of the public peace, and more especially the protection of the trade in grain, extensive disorganization of the agricultural population, has been the natural result of the distress. It first arose in Itohilcund, but was checked there by a timely fall of rain. It then broke out in the Allyguth, and Furruckabad districts, and last of all in the Delhi division. In the last case it was quickly and entirely suppressed, but in the former, although its extreme violence lasted only for a short time, a frightful increase of crime has continued for a long period. Stores of grain, boats laden with grain, and Brinjerrah bullocks have been the main objects of attack ; but in many cases, violent and designing men have been able to work on the necessities of their fellow creatures, and engage them in more general schemes of depredation. The natural liability to disorders of this kind was heightened by the freedom of the trade in corn,

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Subsequently events have confirmed the soundness of this policy. As the season advanced, althoush the distress increased, an I prospects became more gloomy, the gr in merchants opened their stores as soon as they were assured of protection, and price fell rather than rose. It only remained by affording employment to the destitute to place within 4he reach of the food which was exposed for sale.

It is hoped that these measures may have some effect in lessoning the injury which the country will suffer from this heavy affliction, and it is gratifying to hear from every quarter, that wealthy landed proprietors t are emulating the example of the Govel aneut and not merely austaining from any demand on their tenants, but even expending large sums for their support. It must, however, be some time before the country can recover. The cattle have perished in numbers ; the people have emigrated, or been swept off by the diseases which want and exposure engender, and time will necessarily elapse before the cattle can be replaced or the villages ie-peopled.

(Signed) J. Thomason. (A true copy) W. H. McNAGHTEN, Secy. to the Govt. of India with the Govr. Gen.

Mr. Mangles mentioned that the revenue remitted by the Government amounted to not less than sirty lacs of rupees. He added what was now required of society was not grain—for of that there was sufficiency—but money where with the local authorities might purchase food for those who were without it. Mr. Mangles finished by proposing the following resolution, which was seconded by Russomoy Dutt, who earnestly dwelt upon the importance of his country men's coming forward on the present occasion. “ The Governouent," said the worthy Baboo, “ has done its duty,”—the Europeans would doubtless do their's :—it was for the natives to shew that they were not backward, when so serious a call was made upon their bounty.

“Resolved, that authentic information has been received of the existence of the extreme distress, in consequence of the draught in certain parts of the north western provinces, and that, under the orders of the late Lieut. Governor, measures for the relief of this distress. have been taken by Government by the remission or suspension of the public demand for revenue, and by directions given to the civil authorities to afford employment without limit, to all persons willing to work. But the Lieut. Governor did not deem it expedient to sanction the grant of eleemosynary aid from the public cofsers to persons unable to work. That this meeting is of

* The native inhabitants of ful ruckabad deserve special mention. They have formed themselves into an as: sociation, who systematically and carefully distribute the large sutus, which they raise by subscriptions amongst

* Evidently ignorant of the first principles of political economy.

t Tajodeen Hossain Khan in Cawnpore, Looner Singh, Agra ; Petumber Slugh, Muttia and Ally guru I


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opinion that it is the office of private charity to step in to supply the void above alluded to, by affording, as far as possible, the means of support to the aged and the young, and to those too infirm to labor."

The resolution having been unanimously carried, Sir J. P. Grant addressed the meeting with his usual good sense, good taste and feeling. He recapulated some part of what had already been laid before the meeting— added thereto some facts of which no mention had been made—urged expedition in the collection and transmission of subscriptions, and by way of encouraging all who had the means of contributing in ever so small a degree, not to be deferred by the smallness of their donations: he spoke of the acceptability of the “widow's mite," and mentioned two or three instances of large accumulation through trifling donations. Sir John then proposed the following resolution which was seconded by Ikushtunjee Cowassee :

“That with this object, a subscription be opened at both the banks, books be circulatel and other measures taken to invite the contributions of the public, and especially of the native community for the relief of the dreadful distress known to exist in the north western provinces.”

Baboo Prosonno Comar Tagore proposed the third resolution, prefacing it with the highly gratifying information that his friend Neilmony Day, on hearing of the prevailing distress had sent up to Government 500 rupees, to be applied to the purposes of relies, and the muniticent Divakamauth Tagore (whose bounty is as boundless as the deep') had authorised the subscription of a sinilar sum. if any attempt should be made in Cascutta to assist the sufferers in the western provinces.

3d Resolution —That the following gentlemen be requested to form themselves into a committee to realize the subscriptions, and to dispose of them to the best advantage for the contemplated object:

Mr. Thos. Holroyd, Mr. W. Bird, Capt. Birch, Mr. W. Martin, Mr. Tucker, the Archdeacon. Mr. W. Prinsep. Mr. George Alexander, Rev. Mr. Fisher, Rossomoy Dutt, Posonno Comar Tagore, Ramcomul Sen, Itadacant Deb, Nilimoney Deb, Rustomjee Cowasjee, Muttyloil Seal, Mr. J. W. Alexander, Mr. Lindeman, Mr. E. Macnaghten, Dr. St. Leger, Rev. Mr. Charles, Mr. Alexander Colvin, and Mr. A. De Souza.

The business of the meeting having now nearly concluded, Sir Edward Ryan proposed the thanks of the assembly to the respected chairman, our aniable Diocesan,whose promtitude to answer the calls of distress, Sir Edward very happily and justly eulogised. Mr. W. Bird seconded the proposal with much becoming warmth, and in the course of a well-delivered speech did the Press the honour to acknowledge its instrumentality in directing public attention to the subject which the meeting had assembled to discuss. Sir John Peter Grant then, with much good humour, deposed the Bishop, and usurping the office of Chairman, put the resolution of thanks to the vote. The resolution being carried by acclaim, the Lord Bishop remarked to the meeting, (which was then dispersing,) that he thought the business of the day could not be better finished, than by every person present putting his name down at once for as much as he felt disposed to subscribe. The hint was promptly taken, and in the course of a few minutes, nearly fifteen thousand rupees were subscribed on the spot; the Bishop and Mr. Mladdock subscribing one thousand each ; Mr. G. Cheap, Mr. Wm. Prinsep, Mr. James Prinsep and Mr. W. Carr (by Mr. W. Prinsep) 500 rupees each ; Sir Edward Ryan, Col. Powney and Mr. T. Smith, 300 each ; Mr. Shakespear 200,

Mr. Alangles 250, Mr. W. Ainslie 200, Mr. Hutchinson

200, and numerous others 100 rupees and 50 rupees each, while many natives of humbler rank and limited means, gave their gold mohurs. We should mention that when Sir Elward Ryan was addressing the meeting, he put in le following paper, containing subscriptions raised by Rushtomjee Cow asjee, the perusal of which elicies loud applause: Beneram Udditram Hemut Bahadoor, wakeel of the Guico war. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rs 2,000

Rushtomjee Cowassee....................... 1,000

Dadabhoy and Manacjee Rushtomjee of Canton 500

Walljee Rushtonjee and Cullenjee............ 500 Baboo Bunseedur Monohur Doss, of Mirzapoor... 250 Runcherdoss Munjee........................ 25 Pallojee Dorabjee........................... 50 Jotha Ratchta. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Monohurdoss Ameerchund................... 25 Moolchuud Premjee......................... 25 * ***... . . . . . . . . ........................ 25 R. Belilios................... • . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 * S. Owen................................ 16 * J. Bruin. . . . . . . . . . . . .................... 16 A Friend to the Poor............ - - - - - - - - - - 5 P. J. Sarkies,................... . . . . . . . . . . . 25 A Friend to the Poor........................ 10 **................................. 5 M. A. Verlanes..................... . . . . . . . 10 P. A. Cavorke........................ . . . ... 16 A. Friend to the *... . . . . . . . .............. 8 9. W. Lewis, Junr....................... - - 5 A Poor Alan. .................... - - - - - - - - 5 Mirza Mahomed Mendie..................... 50 Gorochurn Poramanick...................... 50 Ramanauth Tagore......................... 100



When all present had signed the subscription paper, the meeting broke up, Mr. Mangles suggesting that it be an instruction to the committee to send up authority to the relief committees in the interior to draw monies for the purposes of buying grain to the extent that may at any time be subscribed. He seemed to think, and with good reason, that expedition in the present case is half tile battle.

We are too much pressed for time to go further at present into the question of what is required of the country in this great emergency ; but we shall not fail to recur to the subject until every Englishman and every native has done his duty.

We conclude by announcing, for the guidance of such of the committee as were absent at the close of the proceedings, that the committee will meet this afternoon at the Town-hall at four o'clock.-Courier, Mar. 1.

At about quarter past 9 o'clock the meeting at the Sailor's Home took place where the number present amounted to ten gentlemen, among whom we noticed Messrs. Colvin and Cragg, Captain Vint, Balston, Frazer, and the Reverend Mr. Boaz. It was moved by Captain Wint, and seconded by Mr. Colvin, that Captain Frazer be requested to take the chair. It is necessary to say that several others joined afterwards.

Captain Frazer opened the proceedings of the day. by observing that when he was last in Calcutta, about three years ago, when an establishment like the Sailor's Home was acknowledged by many of his nautical friends to be greatly needed, and it rejoiced him considerably to find on his recent arrival, that a Home had actually been established. This intelligence was the more acceptable under the peculiar circumstances which brought him to Calcutta. The men of that unfortunate ship the Royal William, lately commanded by him. had now a comfortable home to receive them, where they were perfectly happy, and from whence they might hope to obtain respectable employment. He would not trespass further upon the time of the meeting with any observations on the utility of such an establishment, to which he was happy in giving his personal testimony.

Mr. Colvin stated that to give stability to such an institution, and successfully and permanently to promote its interests and usefulness, required the mutual cooperation of the commanders, owners and agents of vessels. That an unanimous determination on the part of commanders would render the assistance of others of secondary importance, and he hoped to find them associated together for this exceedingly useful and beneficial purpose.

The Reverend Mr. Boaz conceived that before proceeding any further in the business for which the meeting had assembled, a brief relation of the causes which induced the establishment of the Home, would be of service to it, and profitably occupy the attention of the gentlemen present. Long before the successful establishment of the Home, his attention was directed to those sinks of corruption denominated Punch Houses ; which, with the pernicious system of crimping, extensively prevailed in Calcutta, fostering the demoralizing effects of idleness, the natural bent of the human mind


under temptation, and its uncontrolled indulgence in the use of ardent spirits. He determined to make the attempt of establishing a Sailor's Home, and was glad to say, that with the assistance of his fellow creatures and under Divine blessing, he had been enabled to carry his intention into effect. The success which had attended similar establishments in London, Liverpool, Leith, Boston and other sea port towns, it was to be hoped would also crown their endeavours. In fact he had no doubt of the result, if the Home received the support of the mercantile and shipping community, whose well doing as well as that of the sailor depended upon its continued and respeciable existence. Already he was happy to announce, one of the principal punch houses had been induced to close its doors, and he hoped that before the close of another year, all the minor sinks would cease to exist. From a statement which he held, drawn out from the police reports, it appeared that within the last six months, or fiom June to December, out of about 700 seamen, who had been living on shore, 386 were accommodatad in punch houses, 303 at the Home, and the rest it might be supposed were in hospital, or straggling about the town. As a satisfactory evidence of the great utility of the establishment, and the benefits derivable from its operations, it was worthy of remark, the men who had resorted to the Home, were generally of good character and sober habits, and consequently when employed, invariably found capable of undertaking the performance of active duties, whereas men obtained through crimps, or from the purlieus of Loll Bazar and other places, had from long indulgence in liquor, and other debilitating vices, become so nervous, irritable, and shameless, that it was with difficulty they were made to keep to their engagement, while they proved unfit to do any manner of work, for some time after they had been on boardship.

Our time and space will not permit us to proceed as minutely into matters as we could desire; we shall therefore close this imperfect, but we nevertheless hope, acceptable report, with merely stating, that a general disposition to support the excellent institution seemed to prevail, and which practically carried into effect, cannot but permanantly benefit the seamen of the port, and secure the interests of owners and commanders of vessels. We shall again revert to the subject on some future occasion.—Hurk. Mar. 1.


About fortnight, or twenty days ago, a great fire occurred at Bhowanipore, which nearly destroyed the whole of the extensive Bazar at the place, consumed about 20,000 maunds of rice and grain and did not cease until a hundred and eighty thatched houses were swept away.

At the commencement of the present week another five destroyed about a hundred and fifty houses in the vicinity, grain and articles of consumption were also burnt. The Conservancy officers did their utmost, but a high wind and a burning sun rendered human endea

vours almost useless, as the fire spread rapidly from one point to another.

We some time ago called the attention of the authorities to the necessity of protecting the grain golalis. The extensive, or perhaps large as yet exist at Balleaghat and Tallygunge. If he two last mentioned depôts are burnt, the laboring classes may be reduced to the distress that now exists in the north western provinces. Government should either, protect the golahs, or purchase the grain and deposit it in soune secure place.- Hurk. March 2.


The above meeting was held on Thursday evening, the 1st instant, and consisted of about fifty gentlemen, chiefly subscribers to the institution and parents and guardians of the pupils.

- On the motion of Mr. M. Crow, seconded by Mr. C. F. Byrn, the Rev. Mr. Boaz was called to the chair; and with a few usual prefatory remarks, called on the secretary to read the report. This document commenced by lamenting the loss which the institution had sustained during the year in the death of Mr. Lorimer, the head teacher of the school. It then went on to detail the arrangements that had, in consequence, been necessarily adopted; one of which was, that several of the pupils of this school, who had been for years engaged in the work of education, had been promoted. This practice was followed by other public schools in Calcutta, and it was a cause of great satisfaction to the committee to think that the institution was enabled, to a very great extent, to look to itself for instruments for carrying on the work of education. The quarterly examinations had been held at the stated periods, and the annual examination took place on the 15th of December last. The report then enumerated the various branches of education in which the pupils had been examined, which was followed by extracts from the newspapers giving an account of the examination. The improvement in the tone of education pursued at this and other similar institutions was adverted to and mention made that this was the oldest institution of its kind, and had a large share in producing that improvement. A list of the prizes awarded at the last examination, with the names of the success. ful candidates next followed. On the 28th ultimo, the number of pupils in the school amounted to 213. The resignation of Dr. Halliday, of the medical charge of the school, in consequence of his departure from Calcutta, and the appointment of Dr. F. Corbyn in his room, were noticed, and the reports of these gentlemen regarding the health of the pupils, which went to establish that the children had been remarkably healthy, in consequence of the great care and vigilance exercised over the culinary, the clothing, and other departments connected with thei comforts. The pecuniary difficulties of the institution were the next points noticed ; but a sub-committee had been formed to remedy the evil, and its arrangements had effected great savings, so that it was hoped this measure, added to the realization of the outstanding balances, would, in some degree, relieve the institution. The departure of Sir C. T. Metcalfe, and his parting liberal donation of a Rs 1,000 to the institution, as well as another thousand from D. O. D. Sombre, Esq., formed the last topic of comment in the report, and it concluded with expressions of gratitude to all the supporters of the institution.

Mr. Kirkpatrick.-This institution is one of the first of the kind, and had, at its commencement, struggled with great difficulties; but it has successfully overcome them, which must be a source of satisfaction to all connected with it. The report had made allusion to the progress of the other seminaries, every one of which was, like horses in a race, endeavouring to gain the vantage ground in obtaining favour. Under such circumstances, and with a disinterested public, industry alone could command success. They would patronize the best candidate for their favor, leaving alone those that were going backward. By this an estimate could be forumed of this

institution. It has been progressing onward, which in it self is an evidence in its favor. The meeting were not now called upon to record an opinion formed on the spot by the perusal of the report, but an opinion formed long before from other circumstances. Mr. Kirkpatrick alluded to the death of Mr. Lorimer, and to his zeal and undivided energy in behalf of the school. Considering the small recompense he got, how he wrote out his constitution in performing the duties of this seminary, he might be justly said to have fallen a victim to the cause of education. The annual exhibition was not, he thought, sufficient to enable the public to form a proper estimate of the qualifications of the pupils; he would suggest a plan followed in academies in England, which was to select one or two of the higher classes for examination, and propose to them a series of questions which had been registered, and record the answers which might be elicited in the course of examination. This would not only enable those who were present to form an opinion but the published report embodying these answers would enable those at a distance to judge of the school.

He then moved, that the report now read be approved and published for general information. Seconded by Mr. S. Chill, carried unanimously.

The chairman, in putting the question, remarked that Mr. Kirkpatrick had coin pared the schools to race horses; but he thought that a school to do well, required, like a horse, to be fed well. The meeting, therefore, could not properly approve of the report without doing something towards wiping off the debts of the school, He had been lately at a meeting of the Sailor's Home, where, under similar cirèumstances, every one present had subscribed, which example be expected would be followed here. The Wesleyan Societies in America. always kept themselves a little in debt in order to stimulate public charity; but he for one did not approve of debts, and would like to see the whole wiped off, and if the others subscribed he would add his mite at the end,

A subscription paper was here handed round, and we observed several put down their names ; but we have not been able to ascertain the amount subscribed.

Mr. C. Pote expected nothing but unanimity on the resolution he was about to put. It was not necessary to talk on a subject which had been completely exhausted by having been spoken of in every possible term of eulogium. The name of Sir Charles Metcalfe (Cheers) recommends him to all India, nay to all the intellectual world, which has regarded his career, and borne testimony to his usefulness. Mr. Pote would, therefore, simply read the resolution, and expect the unanimous concurrence of the meeting. He would, however, submit one observation which had that moment occurred to him. The long experience of Sir Charles Metcalfe in India, and his mature judgment were well known to all. Now this great, good, and experienced man had marked out the Parental Institution for his especial patronage, which circumstance was an evidence in its favor, and the ex- * ample of so great and good a man ought to be followed by all who have the good of India at heart. Indeed such an example could not sail to produce its due effect : the Chairman had already pointed out the means and it was for the meeting and the public to follow it up.

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good; but this institution he regarded as the principal Here education was given in all its most

among them. useful branches, and civil and religious liberty formed the great foundation of the structure. The education was solid; the pupils learnt not by rote, but their understanding was cultivated. Their compositions had astonished many Englishmen. A gentleman who had closely examined the classes at the last annual exhibition, had lately met him and expressed his astonishment at the answers which the boys had given to his questions in Latin. This was Mr. Picans, a man fully capable of judging on such a subject. This was the reason that Sir Charles Metcalfe patronized this seminary; he had told Dr. Corbyn, that he considered this institution of great service to the public, not only as a source from which well qualified public servants could be obtained, but also as a means of encouraging morality in society, by making useful men of so many who with out education would bave proved an evil to the community. These were the causes of the general patronage add good-will, which this institution enjoyed. He moved the following resolution :

That this meeting begs to offer its best acknowledg: ments to his friends and supporters of the institution for the continuance of their aid in promoting its interests.

The Rev. Mr. Campbell, in seconding the resolution, observed, that this institution had laid the public under great obligation, by giving the first impulse to scholastic education in India. The first discoverer, was always entitled to greater praise then those who followed up his footsteps. He had heard of objections to the variety and extent of studies pursued in this school; but considering the comparatively short time which children were kept in school in this country, he thought it was necessary to give them information on a variety of subjects. Schools and universities only laid a foundation, ihe finish could be given by individual exertions after. wards. He adverted to the arrears not paid up by parents and guardians, and said they ought to be ashamed of it. This institution he said was based on liberty and Christianity, and served as a neucles for the diffusion of knowledge to the most parts distant provinces of India to which young men brought up here would resort. He thought it a duty of those who had been educated at this

seminary to support it with their purse. The resolution was carried unanimously.

On the motion of Mr. P. S. De Rozario, seconded by Mr. C. Kerr, it was resolved unanimously, that Mr. W. Byrn and other gentlemen forming the committee of management, be re-elected for the ensuing year, and that Mr. Byrn be requested to continue in the office of secretary to the institution.

The secretary then announced that Messrs. D'Costa and Sturmer had resigned their seats in the committee, and Mr. H. B. Gardner said, that he had been autho. rized by Mr. James Wood to say, that he also begged to withdraw, in order to make room sor others who might give to the committee a fresh impulse. He said Europeans as well as East lndians were supporters of the institution; but the committee consisted exclusively of the latter, he would, therefore, propose that the Rev. Mr. Boaz, now in the chair, should he added to the list of its members.

Mr. M. Crow, adverting to Mr. Gardner's remark on the resignation of Mr. Wood, observed, that as one of the management, it was not his intention to address the chair, but an opportunity having presented itself he would take advantage of it. An observation similar to that of Mr. Gardner had been made at the last annual meeting, on which occasion it was stated, that new blood ought to be infused into the exhausted veins of the committee, in order to give fresh impulse to its motions. In consequence of this observation, some new members had been added to the committee, and that, he (Mr. Crow) was selected as one of the number. The report he said, adverted to certain improvements made in the course of the year in the important department of finance, by a sub-committee of the management. He begged to state distinctly, that none of the new members were in this sub-committee, and that, therefore, in the credit due to its measures of economy, the new members had no further share than that of approving of those measures. Mr. Crow concluded by proposing, that Messrs. P. S. De Rozario and J. Graham be added to the committee.

Mr. Kirkpatrick observed. that Mr. Graham was at that time absent from Calcutta and could not, therefore, enter upon his labours as a member of the committee; he therefore proposed that Mr. Wood continue to occupy his seat until Mr. Graham's arrival.

Mr. Pote commented at some length upon the infu. sion of new blood into the exhausted veins of the commit. tee, and, we believe, proved that it was good or better than that of any new member who could be chosen.

The Rev. Mr. Boaz and Mr. P. S. De Rozario were hen duly elected.

Mr. Kirkpatrick, supported by Mr. Gardner, request. ed that a statement of the funds be laid on the table.

Mr. Crow observed, that there could be no objection to the measure itself; but that it was informal and out of order, in as much as it was contrary to a standing law of the society, the purport of which was, that noue but subscribers to the institution were eligible to take a share in the financial management, and that the present meeting, being composed of many who were not subscribers, it was not competent to vote on the question.

After a good deal of desultory conversation on this subject, the proposition was withdrawn, and an abstract of the accounts having been placed on the table, and Messrs, Kirkpatrick and Gordon expressing themselves satisfied, the proposition was withdrawn on the ground pointed out by Mr. Crow.

The thanks of the meeting were then voted to the chairman, and its members retired.—Hurk, March 3.

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