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or extensive application, had its birth in the Nation al Convention of France, and they were doubtless sincere in what they were about, if they did not fully foresee the consequences of their own acts. This meeting, gentle. men, is one of those consequences which they might have foreseen, for one good tendency of their legislation, at all events, was to amalgamate all classes of the governed in the pursuit of their common interests, and we accept the professions of the charter in the full confidence that the practice will be agreeable to the professions it we are watchful enough to take care of ourselves.
We meet, gentlemen, because you conceive that you may have petitions to prefer to the Government which ought to be listened to, and grievances that may be r dressed, and nothing can be more reasonable than to unite for such purposes when the end and aims are common to all. It is not my intention here to enter into a detailed examination of the various questions connected with the regulations for the resumption of rent-free tenures. I shall content myself with asking a few questions and making a few observations concerning them of a very general nature, but by the necessary answer to these questions it will be apparent we do not meet without a sufficient reason. I shall assume, in addressing you, that the special deputy collectors, the Collectors and the iro. Commissioners of Government, are such a body of judges as this world never saw before: that they possess an absolute abdegation of all self-interest, a perfect independence of all considerations of advancement, a stern judicial impartiality unequalled in any country or age; but, no, - all this might, perhaps, be supposed to savour of sarcasm, as being exaggerated praise ; I will suppose then, merely that, they are equal to any judges in any country, that they are equal to English judges in the best times of our history, that they are equal to French judges in modern France, to the judges in the United States of America. Let us then suppose that in England, or France, or America, a general warrant was issued by the executive power calling upon men to shew the titles of their estates or their title to exemptions from any impost, and then let us suppose that such questions were judged, as between the govornors and the governed, by a body of men removaule at pleasure, promoted at pleasure, many of them appointed for the specific purpose and for a short and uncertain
riod, and none of them having the smallest responsi
ility to the governed : what, I ask, would the Englishman, the Frenchman, or the American of the United States say to this Why, among many other things we may conceive that they would say, and to cut matters short, they would say in plain words, gentlemen ; that this was not fair trial. And so say we, gentlemen ; and therefore, as well as for other reasons, we are met together this day; for if Englishmen would not be satisfied with such a trial neither ought you, for by the last charter you will not forget that we are all equal before the law, and the law itself onght to be, and we presume as we hope, it will be, equal to the best. You will bear in mind, gentlemen, as we go along, that I do not impute blame or evil motives to any class and still less to Government. I assume always that the intentions of all are right, and most especially the intentions of the governing class ; but still, it is reasonable we may be permitted to think that a better safe-guard should be provided, and, therefore, feeling that in the union of many, ior a common and reasonable object there is strength. we meet together. I had almost forgotten to notice one peculiarity of the revenue proceedings now in progress very worthy of note. I need not enlarge upon what such a people as the English or any civilized people would think of a general inquisition into the titles to all men's estates on which government had claims; but let us suppose that it had issued and then let us suppose that when the government as plaintiff and the individual as defendant were once in court, the defendant should find his situation suddenly reversed and he called upou
o prove his title to exemption from all claim, and that
the government had no right to call him theie on peril of
Let us further suppose that
pay his own and stamp taxes besides on the litigation thus forced upon him, what would an Englishman fresh from Europe say to all this 2 would he not say that all
ordinary judicial maxims, were here reversed, and that if these were rules of right, or of legal philosophy, he
must unlearn all that he had been taught to hold as reasonable or regard as just 2
I cannot too frequently repeat in this place, that in what I have said and am about to say respecting the causes of our fears, we do not impute blame to Government in either its legislative or executive capacity. We must divide and distinguish between Government in such capacities, and Government in its capacity of owner of the soil and landlord claiming its yearly rent; from Government in this its quality of landlord you have doubtless grievances to endure, but, after all, though heavy enough, such grievances are light compared with those that you might apprehend, if you could suppose a portion of the press which treats of such subjects and any authority for the principles to which it gives currency, or that they received countenance from authority. A portion of the press of this presidency and of the Mofussil from time to time, the question of the best means of raising a land revenue in India has been argued, as if it were still in Bengal an abstract and open question, and on grounds destructive of all public faith, of all confidence between man and man, and of all the ties which bind men together in civilized communities. We are perpetually referred to the necessity which has no law, to the injustice which is done to any portion of a state, more heavily taxed than another, to the inconvenience of the exemptions of Bengal, Bahar and Orissa. If ever there was a solemn public compact entered into between the governor, and the governed, the latter ignorant, the former civilized and incomparably the best informed of the couditions, and acting with a forethought and deliberation commonly but Ititle used even in such though the weightiest public affairs, it was the permanent settlement of the land revenue of Bengal, Bahar and Orissa by Lord Cornwallis : if ever there was an act which did honor to an individual governor, or made a conquering government worthy of esteem to all posterity, it was the permanent settlement, but now it is openly and covertly assailed by maxims which I think it better not to characterize by any epithets. According to the logic of the writers to which I allude, it was unjust in Lord Cornwallis, in 1793, to make a compact to limit the land rents of Bengal,because the north-west provinces which were acquired in 1803, or 1805, some eight or ten years after, do, in 1838, require a large expenditure, or because Madras or Bombay may exhibit an increasing deficit, why, after all, gentlemen, Bengal pays for all, and surely pays enough if it pays yearly much more than it costs. According to the reasoning of this portion of the press you are bound in justice to pay for each new conquest in the precise into of its inutility and costliness. Such calculations, lead further than the writers think. Satisfied as 1 am that there was good reason for your meeting, I rejoice, gentlemen, that you have met. The framers of the charter, I have said, must, if gifted with the forethought and wisdom for which I am content here to give them credit, have been prepared for such results, and prepared too to rejoice at them. You have learned, gentlemen, from the charter that the native subjects of the Crown in India are and ought to be the equals of Englishmen, and you have this day been taught the secret that union is power. That is a lesson not to be unlearned, and the power you will thus acquire I doubt not you will keep and wisely oe: You meet openly, which is a pledge of your
intention. The Union for purposes that are avowed, is safe, that which is secret is dangerous, and this, too, Government will not sail to perceive ; you have made a step in advance in the career of political improvement, and I doubt not you will persevere in the good work you have begun. I offer you my humble but yet zealous aid, both here and elsewhere, if I should chance to leave India. In England, I believe, I shall have the means to offer you assistance more able and powerful than my own. - - The resolution proposed by Rajah Rajnarain Roy was then put and carried unanimously.
Baboo Ramcomul Sen observed, that those who had understood the last speaker, had, no doubt, been much informed and benefitted; but, as it was intended to publish the whole of the proceedings of this meeting in Bengally, it was needless for him now to enter into the subject. He then moved, seconded by Roy Kalynauth Chowdhry, that the following gentlemen be elected as a committee for the present year, vis. Messrs. T. Dickens and G. Prinsep, Baboos Prosonocomar Tagore, Dwarkanauth Tagore, Rajah Rajnarain Roy, Rajah Kaly Kishun Bahadoor, Baboos Ashotos Deb, Rainrotton Roy, Ramcomal Sen, Moonshee Ameer, Cowar Suttichurn Ghosal, and Rajah Radhacanth Deb, carried auern. corne
Baboo Suttichurn Ghosal stated, that all here present being sensible of the benefits of the projected association, were unanimously desirous that it should be established; but as such an association could not be carried on without pecuniary aid, he would propose that a book be opened in which all persons wishing to become members subscribe their names.
This was seconded by Roy Calynath Chowdry, who observed that many had subscribed for the construction of roads for the convenience of travellers, others for the support of schools to educate people, and, again, others for charitable purposes in order to relieve the poor : but none had subscribed his name in support of an institution whose object was to protect our political rights and privileges? The effects of such an institution would be felt not only by ourselves but our posterity. Let charity begin at home. He concluded by seconding the resolution, which had been proposed. Carried unanimously.
The chairman here observed, that the present meeting ought on no account to be considered as in any way opposed to the Government; on the contrary, if the object of Government be the good of the people, and this society subserved that end, it was evident that Government could not but consider it as beneficial both to itself and to the country at large.
Rajah Kaly Kishen Bahadoor then came forward and read a document which contained his speech, and ol which the following is the substance:
Although he was unaccustomed to address public meetings : yet, considering this as a great assembly, convened for the purpose of carrying on a great object, it afforded him so much satisfaction that he was induced to offer a few remarks. The produce of the soil being the chief support of man, and his most permanent source of wealth, its ruin was the destruction, not only of our temporal comforts, but also of the means wherewith future bliss can be secured. It was to secure such property that this society was about to be established. It was, therefore, an object which every one could pursue with a satisfaction of consequence. Form the first place if the root be cherished, the enjoyment of the fruit must necessarily follow, or in other words, when any difficulty will arise to the interest of the landholders, they will be able to petition the Supreme Council for a remedy against the pending evil : Secondly, the Right Hon'ble Lord Clive, on the occasion of his proceeding to the Upper Provinces, among other nobles of lndia, confer. red considerable rank, honor, and fortune, o Maha Rajah Dullob Roy, Sitab Roy, Rajah
Maha Rajah Raj Bullub Raeen. Roy, , Jugutseth Khoshal Chund, and Maha Rajah Nobokishen Bahadoor. These favors were conferred on them, on account of their consciencious support of the great political cause in which his Lordship was engaged. Nay, on the occasion of the war they were prepared to sacrifice their body and soul. All these facts are noted in the Government records. The people of this country, who are naturally loyal subjects, and patiently suffer the oppressions of Government, should receive some consideration from that Government, as the saying is, “the strong is the support of the weak.” Thirdly, owing to the differences of opinion anong our countrymen, it was difficult to unite them in a common cause: but in the present instance, union without reference to the distinctions of caste, evidently indicated future welfare to the country, and would prove as powerful as a rope formed of weak ū. of grass, which when united could confine even a wild elephant, and keep him in order. For this great union thanks were due to Baboo Prosonno Comar Tagore and Baboo RamcoInul Sen. It was, therefore, the ardent desire of the Rajah, that this society exist permanently ; and continue, without partiality to confer its benefits on the country. After this several slips of paper were sent round for the names of those who intended to become members, and the following individuals were enrolled on the list : Rajah Bhoirubindra Narain Roy, of Pooteah ; Sree. mutty Moharanny Kistomoney, by Kassinath Sendal. Rajshahee ; Rajah Burrodakant Roy, of Jessore ; Sreemutty Ranny Katauny, by Dewan Dabeeprasaud Roy ; Rajahs Radhakaunt Deb Bahadoor; Sibkrishno Bahadoor; Kallykissen Bahadoor, and Rajnarain Roy ; Baboos Dwarkanauth Tagore; Prossonno Comar Tagore; Iluro Comar Tagore ; Shamlall Tagore ; Hurrolall Tagore ; Konoylall Tagore; Gopaullall Tagore; Wopen derinohun Tagore; Omachurn Banerjee ; Bhugobutty-churn Gungopadaya; Aushootosh o ; Ramruttun Roy; Roy Callynauth. Chowdry; Roy, Rambullub; Taraprasaud Roy Chowdry ; Sreekishu Roy Chowdry ; Rajkishu Roy Chowdry ; Suttochurn Ghosaul; Nilconul Paul Chowdry ; Joychunder Paul Chowdry ; Unnodaprasaud Roy ; Uboychurn Bundapadaya ; Surroop Chunder Sircar Chowdry ; Kally prossono Mookerjee; Ramgutty Nag Chowdry; Praunauth Chowdry; Odoynarain Mundul; Ramcomul Sen; Ramanauth Tagore; Unnodaprasaud Bonerjee; Omeschunder Roy; Mothoramohun Biswas ; Aunundomony. Biswas; Biss sumber Chowdry; Mothoranauth Mullick; Baumun Doss Mookerjee; Sumboonauth Mookerjee; Joygopaul Roy Chowdry ; Jugutdollub Sing ; Essur Chunder Mustopee ; Ilurry praun Mustopee : Gunganarain Paul Chowdry, Bissonauth Mutteelail ; Eesenchunder Roy ; Mudoosuden Sandel ; Sumbhoochunde Mittree ? Setanauti, Mittree; Bissumber Sen; Muddoosuden Nundy; Kassinauth Bose by Ramanauth Banerjee : Kallachund Bose ; Rogooram Gosain; Bhugobaun Chunder Ghose ; Roopnarain Ghosaul; Gubindkrishu Moojoomdar; Gocoolkrishu Ghose ; Luckenarain Mookerjee; Gobind Chunder Bundapadya ; Kassenauth Bose ; Kassiprasaud Ghose ; , Joynarain Bonerjee; Wodoychand Bysauck ; Radhanauth Chatterjee; Ramcomus Mookerjee; Bongseebuddun Saha; Ramdhon Ghose; Doorgaprasaud Mookerjee; Takoordoos Mooker. jee ; Khetoromohun Mookerjee : Ramcomar Chuckerbutty ; Srinauth Mullick; Sitanauth Mullick; Ramdhon Mittre, and Bussuntolall Baboo ; A.C. Dunlop, Esq. ; Owen John Ellias, Esq. ; Messrs. Dawson and Co.; Moonshees Golaum Nuby ; Mahomed
of thanks was given to the chairman, and the meeting dissolved.-Hurk. March 21.
EXAMINATION OF THE PUPILS OF THE HOOGHLY COLLEGE.
Sir Edward Ryan, Mr. R. D. Mangles, Mr. Walters, the progress of the pupils afforded] great satisfaction. Mr. Millet, Dr. Grant, Col. Young, Captain Birch, There were also several maps of India, drawn by the Baboo Prosonno Comar Tagore, and Baboo Ram Comul boys, exhibited, which appeared very creditably executed. Sen, composing the committee of public instructions, The prizes, consisting entirely of money, were delivered and their secretary, Mr. J. C. Sutherland, accompanied to the most meritorious students of the Oriental departby Mr. David Hare, and some other gentlemen, em- ment, the Mahomedan youths. After which prizes conbarked early on Saturday morning at Chandpaul-ghat, sisting of appropriate books were distributed to the suc
on a steamer, and proceeded to Hooghly ; , where they cessful candidates in the English department. arrived at about 11 A. M., and were received by Dr.
Wise, Mr. Jas. Sutherland of the College, Mr. Samuels, the magistrate, Mr. Belli the collector, and several military gentlemen of the station.
The members of the committee then retired to an adjoining room and passed several resolutions for the management of the institution. Here they received an application from the pupils of the first class, soliciting permission to be allowed to open the College library in The Junior classes occupying the first floor of the the evenings, three times a week, and offering to bear the school were first visited and examined in reading, with expense of light for themselves. Considering the laudaexplanations of the passages they read, and in Geography.ble zeal displayed by the youthful students, in this reThe visitors then proceeded to visit the senior classes on quest the committee were pleased, not only to grant their the upper floor, of which the first underwent a strict prayer, but also to direct that the expense consequent examination, conducted chiefly by Sir E. Ryan, Mr, on the measure be borne by the funds of the institution. Mangles, Mr. J. C. C. Sutherland, and Dr. Grant. Very few of the inhabitants of Hooghly were present on The branches in which they were examined were, Histo- the occasion, and the visitors from Calcutta returnedin ry of England, Geography, and Arithmetic. Consider- the afternoon, much pleased with the day's occupation.
ing the short period the institution has been established,
—Hurk. March 21.
SUBSCRIPTION FOR THE RELIEF OF SUFFERERS BY FAMINE IN THE NORTH WESTERN PROVINCES.
becoming apparent, it was deemed advantageous for the purposes of education to make it dependent on the public for popular support, and since 1835 it has been open to subscriptions and donations from those interested in the advancement of the natives of India. It begun with about 80 pupils, but now educates so large a number as 200 boys and upwards.
The boys are taught the rudiments of the English and the vernacular languages, and are instructed in the various branches of useful education. The first class seem to have a familiar insight in English History,and appeared to have been carefully taught the Latin. They read and parsed through some sentences of Dryden's Virgil with facility and the whole of the classes evinced proficiency and talent.
The examination was conducted by Captain Richard. son, Messrs. Hare, James Middleton and R. Dias, and Rajah Kale Krishen made himself very useful in the Bengally examinations. The Rajah was supported by Baboo Moteeloll Seal, and one or two other native gentlemen.
The tutors attached to the institution are Isserchunder Shaha, Joychunder Bhose, Nundcoomar Bhose, Koilaschunder Bhose and others.
The 9th class read out of the English Spelling Book and explained the meaning of the words in Bengally.
The 8th class read out of an abridged edition of the English Reader, published by the School Book Society of Calcutta.
The 7th class read out of the same book, but in a more advanced page. These two classes could also explain the sentences in Bengally.
The 6th class read out of No. 2, of the English Reader and explained themselves very aptly in Bengally.
The 5th class read lessons from No. 3, of the above book, and explained themselves very satisfactorily.
The 4th class read and explained themselves from No. 4 of the Reader, in English.
The 3d class read from No. 1, of the Poetical English Reader and explained themselves also in English. They parsed very well too. -
The 2d class evinced great efficiency in the Political Reader No. 2, they explained themselves well. This class answered questions in Geography and Roman History much to the satisfaction of those present.
At the close of the examination Rajah Kalec Krishen addressed the youths in the Bengally language. Mr. Middleton of the Hindu College then rose, and stated that he had watched the progress of the institution for the last five years, and had observed a regular advance in the proficiency of the students. He regretted to observe so few respectable natives present on this occasion, and he was compelled to confess that he regarded it as a characteristic indication of their apathetic indifference to the intellectual advancement of their countrymen. There were some noble exceptions, he said, to the applicability of this reproach, but they were very few. He concluded by congratulating the institution on its success. Captain Richardson next rose, and said that he was happy to express his concurrence in all that Mr. Middleton had said in favor of the institution. He (Captain R.) had privately examined the first classes, and had been highly gratified with the manner in which they had acquitted themselves. It was always, he observed, a most pleasing spectacle, to see so many Hindoo youths exhibiting a knowledge of the language and sciences of England, but the present occasion was one of peculiar interest from the circumstance of the teachers being themselves Hindoo youths, who had received instruction at our public institutions, and who devoted their time and labour gratuitously to the benefit of their countrymen. These teachers had other fixed duties to attend to, but they generously gave up all their leisure time, which they would have devoted to idle amusements, to the instruction of their pupils. It would be impossible for him (Capt. R.) to say how much he admired the conduct of these generous young men, and he hoped that when it became more generally known, that so noble an example would be followed by others of their countrymen. Mr. David Hare next addressed the meeting, and after explaining how he had watched the institution from its very commencement, expressed the deep interest which he felt in its success, and observed how much he had been gratified by the examination which had just
taken place.—Hurk. March 13.
STEAM TUG ASSOCIATION.
That the report be received and recorded, and the accounts attached thereto be passed. Proposed by Mr. Cragg, and seconded by Mr. Dearie, and carried, That all shareholders of the original stock subscribed in sicca rupees, be entitled to receive, whether in cash or as a set-off against whatever new stock they may take in the enlarged subscription, the difference of value of each share between the old and new coin, viz. Co.'s Rs. 66-10-8 per share. Upon consideration of that part of the report which refers to reduction of the establishment. Captain Thompson stated his reasons for calling a special meeting of proprietors for determination upon this question, which were forcibly urged by him to the effect that the vessels had worked well upon the present footing and were paying well, and that he conceived the
proposed reductions would save a mere trifle to the association, while the keeping up of the same establishments as heretofore would secure the more active and zealous conduct of those employed.
Read a letter from Captain Cunningham, of the Forbes, much to the same effect.
Proposed by Mr. Cullen and seconded by Mr. Mackenzie, and carried,
That it is not expedient to reduce the establishments of the present tugs, below the statement of their late equipment (laid upon the table), as regards present incumbents, but that the committee be requested on vacancies taking place, to use their best exertions to promote economy consistent with the full efficiency of the vessels.
Proposed by Mr. James Hill and seconded by Mr. Cragg, and carried,
That the committee be requested to enquire into with a view of ascertaining whether a better method of supplying the fuel for the steamers cannot be found, and whether the appointment of an efficient superintendent at the coal depôts might not be desirable.
Proposed by Mr. Cragg and seconded by Mr. G. A Prinsep, and carried,
That a dividend of 50 Company's rupees per share be advertised for immediate payment.
Proposed by Mr. G. A. Prinsep and seconded by Mr. A. McGregor, and carried, That the measures taken by the committee and referred to in the report for the construction of the two new vessels, and for the procuring their engines from England, are confirmed, and the thanks of the proprietors be conveyed to Captain Henderson for his active and zealous aid on behalf of the association. Read a draft of the additional articles prepared by the legal advisers of the association for embracing the 200 auditional shares. Proposed by Mr. W. Prinsep and seconded by Mr. Cullen, and carried, That the additional articles referred to, be engrossed as an appendix to the deed of co-partnership, and the signatures of all new subscribers be procured thereto. With reference to the 18th clause of the deed of copartnership, requiring the annual election of the committee of management. It is Resolved ananimously. That the gentlemen who were upon the late committee be re-elected, and that James Cullen, Esq., be elected in the room of John Stewart, Esq., deceased.
That the thanks be given to the chairman.
(Signed) A. H. SIM, Chairman. Hurk. March, 29.]
DISTURBANCE AT DUM-DUM.
We learn that a disturbance, or rather a difference, but of a somewhat serious nature, has, within the past week, taken place among the troop-establishments of the Horse Artillery at Dum-Dum. The facts and generally understood causes are thus represented to us: “The troop in question arrived from Kurnaul in the month of January last; and, not aware of any claim which the syces and grass-cutters had, or conceived themselves to have, to a higher rate of pay, in consequence of their location at , regimental head-quarters, than they before received while cantoned in the uppe provinces or on the march down, the commanding officer drew for them in his abstracts for that and the succeeding month at the old and general rate of four rupees a syce and 3-8 for each grass-cutter, and these rates were duly passed and paid to him in the proper departments. On pay-day, however, the men refused to receive these sums, alleging that they (the syces) were entitled to five rupees, the grass-cutters to four rupees each, and that the establishments of the relieved troop and its predecessor had, ever since 1828, received such higher rates which were specially authorized for the presidency station. The circumstance was reported through the Commandant to Major General Sir Willoughby Cotton, commanding the division. Whether in consequence of instructions to such effect from that quarter, or acting upon his own judgment, we know not precisely, but Brigadier Faithful had the men assembled and ordered them to take their pay, that is the lower rate, which they did. Subsequently, however, when the ordinary stable duties came to be demanded of them by the troop officer, the reat majority were not forthcoming, and after several ineffectual bugle calls only some fifty or sixty could be mustered for the service of the horses. In more than one instance the complaints of the treatment which they had received, and their refusal to resume their duties were “improper in form and insubordinate in expression.” And thus the matter stands for the present.
We are advised that this belief on the part of these men originates thus: The scale of pay claimed by them was sanctioned for similar establishments of the horse artillery depôt of instruction (which existed at DumDum, from the end of 1825 until the beginning of 1830) and is the same as received by the syces and grass-cutters of the Governor-General's body guard at the presidency. Two years previously to the abolition of such depôt, by Lord Wm. Bentinck, a troop of horse artillery was for the first time stationed at Dum-Dum, and (we suppose because it would have been an absurd ano-. maly that the same classes of servants in the same arm of the service should receive different rates of pay at the same station), to the establishments thereof, so long as they should continue at Dum-Dum, were sanctioned the allowances before authorized for those of the depôt. As, although a relief of the horse artillery at the station has since taken place more than once, it has never extended to the troop horses, the syces and grass-cutters have remained stationary until the present year, when the relieving troop brought down all its material equipment, horse, draft and native establishments, while those of the relieved troop accompanied in like manner its recent march to Upper India, having received until the last the high rates of pay allowed to them nine years before. Aware of what their predecessors had received at Dum-Dum, expecting that this was the local rate, and not a special grant, under temporary circumstances to the establishments of a particular troop, the syces and grass-cutters of Captain Wood's troop of horse artillery have claimed the same. Thus it will be seen that they have some ground for their belief, some show of reason for their expectation. But it will, of course, remain with the Government, to whom the matter has already been referred, to decide on the merits of the men's claim, as to whether the rate hitherto sanctioned is to continue in force at Dum-Dum with this, and all future troops, or to terminate with the departure of the men in whose favour the increase was specially made.