« PreviousContinue »
school and return in the confidence that they were no at a year's distance but only that of a few weeks. All
- - - . . . . . wn - - - ever be ready to second your “agitations " as they have this and more, much more is to be anticipated anong the
been termed, and the ultimate and, I hope, in eat consummation of our wishes, will take place.
Mr. Spiers. —I was unler some apprehension from certain remarks in the public papers, that an opinion had gone abroad that we had agitated this question too much; but the numbers l see asseinbled around me convince me that I was ini-taken. If I feel any degree of hesita. tion in addressing you upon this subject, I feel an equal confidence, thut your support and comment will bear me through. I am very certain that we have a good cause, in confirmation of which we have not only the acknowled ment of the home authorities the aselves, but the strongly expressel and ably maintained opinion of Lord W. Bentinck. It is therefore very clear that it is not without gool reason that we cotinue to meet and to petition. With respect to personal communication, who can regard the immens number of vessels crowding our port, and learning that the whole traffic by these ships has been entirely left out of consideration in the present steam arrangements, and say that we have not ground to petition or cause of complaint. They think at home that a passage to Bombay, is tantamount to a conveyance to any part of India, just as a corresponding friend will ive you a letter on your departure from Eagland for É. and request you to be so good as to deliver it to their absent friend in Bengal, whenever it is convenient to you to go out and see him. We ask the Court of Directors for steam intercommunication. Very well, says the Court; we will give it, and they then take us and land us at a remote corner of this great peninsula, and then say, we have given you wu at you asked for, you have got seain communication with India. It is true we find ourselves in lndia when set down at Bombay, but if our object is Calcutta we have either to be jolted in a palankeen twelve or fifteen hundrad miles or begin a new voyage almost as long as the one we have just made. But even as regards letters, in order to indicate what are the sentiments of mercantile men, as to the extent of the advantage hither to enjoyed by us. I need only state the substance of a resolution yesterday passed at the Chamber of Commerce, that Government be specially addressed on the great inconveniences to the mercantile world of the present irregular and uncertain mode of despatching the steamer from Bombay. I am glad to find that the interests of the me cautile community have been so warmly advocated by Lord William Bentinck, who regards this great measure not as a means of gaining space, but of diffusing knowledge, and extending civilization. It is by the frequent and constant contact of British civilization with native ignorance, that improvement in the national character of this country is to be effected. I was informed by a friend of mine who had been 19 years at Singapore, that he witnessed a very decided improvement in such of the Malays who inhabited the neighbouring islands and had had frequent intercourse with our settlement there. I am hence led to consider that there cannot be a better school of civilization for the natives of the East, than a British settlement—than the establishment of a free and civilized community amongst a barbarous and degraded community. Not only, therefore, in justice to ourselves, but in justice to our native friends, we are bound to promote the great object of steam communication by every means in our power. The highest office and employments are now open to the natives of India, but how can their sons be rendered fit to fulfil them, without they get education, and what is it that prevents the natives of India from sending or taking their sons to the best source of education but the dreary prospect of having to traverse half the globe on board a ship, on a journey which will occupy a twelvemonth. Were steam communication established on its best system, natives of property might, and would carry their sons to England, place them at
great results of steam intercourse between England and India. We may therefore feel assured of the warm support of our native friends. I shall now therefore read the resolution.
3rd. –“ That the memorials to the Board of Control and the Count of Directors, now read be adopted and after being engrossed that they be signed by the Hon’ble the chairman on behalf of the meeting and by him transmitted to the Hon'ble the President of the Council of India in Council, with a request His Honor will do the memorialists the favour to forward the same to Eng| ind, with such support as His Honor in Council may consider the matter to deserve.” -
The resoluion was then read and seconded by
Mr. R. Scott Thomson, who said, I beg to second thepropositien of Mr. Speirs, that the memorials to the Board of Control and the Court of Directors be received and adopted by this meeting. I do so with much pleasure because I consider it to be the bounden duty of all classes to come boldly forward on this occasion and with one accord support the prayer of these memorials.
That we must have steam communication between India and England on a permanent footing sooner or later, every one feels confident of ; every thing around us carries conviction to our minds that it is fast approximating to that “consummation devoutly to be wished ;” but whether we are to sit under the limited plan as suggested between Bombay alone and England, via the Red Sea, or enjoy all the advantages which must accrue to this portion of India by the home authorities adopting the comprehensive scheme, must test in a great measure with ourselves. It is the duty of every one to aid in accomplishing this desirable object ; the effect of the limited cominunication is ably expressed in the petition as throwing a vexatious taxation on this side of India which the public ought not to bear, and the advantages of extending it to all other ports including Ceylon has been most forcibly and eloquently laid down to us by Iny Lord Bishop, this morning. If we persevere, by respectful petitions to Her Majesty's Government, and continue to agitate tte importance of the question, there is no doubt that it will ultimately be crowned with success.
Mr. T. H. Maddock. —The resolution which I have to propose will require few remarks. The opinion of Lord William Bentinck on the subject under discussion, has already been laid before the meeting, and there can be no doubt, that the opinion of Lord Auckland is precisely the same, and that he views the subject in exactly the same liberal spirit. There can be no doubt that the reasons urged by Lord William Bentinck will have weight with Lord Auckland, and will conduce much to the conviction of our present Governor-General of the property of his recommending our petition, in the strongest sense to the attention of the home authorities. Neither can there be any doubt that the voice of the present meeting, supported as it is by the presence of the most dignified public characters of the metropolis, will not fail to have great effect, especially when it appears that the sentiments expressed in our petition are participated in as well by natives as by Europeans. But we must not on that consideration neglect to avail ourselves of the aid of Lord Auckland's support, and on this ground beg to move the following resolution :
4th.-" That it is expedient in the present position of the question of steam communication with England, to address the Right Hon'ble the Governor-General with the expression of the confidence of this meeting, that his Lordship, from his own judgment of the advantages which must ensue to Great Britain and especially to India, from the establishment of a perfect and efficient steam communication with the three principal presidencies and Ceylon, will be disposed to view favourably the object of this meeting, and praying that his Lordship will support the prayer of the memorials and petition in such manner as shall appear to His Lordship best calculated to procure the establishment of an efficient steam communication with the the three presidencies.”
This resolution was seconded by
Baboo Dwarkanauth Tagore, who said, gentlemen, in seconding this resolution I cannot but remark that if the nobleman we propose to address for his aid and support be desirous, as there can be no doubt he is, of doing good to this country, he can not do better than adopt the sentiments of Lord W. Bentinck, which I hold in the greatest veneration, and which cannot but be recollected upon an occasion like this without respect and gratitude. I doubt not that Lord Auckland will view this great question in a similar light, and equally appreciate the great benefits which will flow from its adoption. The chairman has justly said that we have got something ; true we have got something—we may get our letters sometimes a month or sometimes two months earlier than without steam, but as far as personal communication with Europe, we are little aided. If we would go to England, we must contemplate a voyage of six months, during which nothing shall meet our eyes but an exanse of waters. As maintained by Mr. Speirs, I concur that if the natives could get their chidren placed at English seminaries, within a reasonable distance of time in communicating with them, and within a moderate length of passage, they would have been sent to the seminaries of Great Britain. The native population, do wish for knowledge, but how are they to get it if they are shut out from access to its sources ! They must be enabled to go to the spot where it emanates. Lord Auckland can do nothing wiser and better than to promote the success of the petition. When it is obtained and its conse. quences developed by education, we shall then be able to demand with a losty front a full equalization of rights and privileges. Sir Edward Ryan declaring the business of the day concluded, rose to quit the chair.
The Lord Bishop.–I would for one moment beg the attention of the meeting before it break up. I beg to propose the grateful thanks of this meeting to the Chief Jus. tice, and when we consider how much the cause of steam communication with India is indebted to his exertions, I am confident that the meeting will join with me in the most cordial thanks to Sir E. Ryan.
Sir E. Ryan.—I am most gratesul to you, gentlemen, for this testimony of your kind acknowledgment of my limited services to the cause in hand, but I must be allowed to say that your thanks in this instance are due in another quarter. It was to Mr. Greenlaw, whose indefatigable and most able services have been so ardently devoted to the cause, that the thanks of all, myselfinclud. ed and among the foremost, are pre-eminently due. I must repeat now that which I have so often publicly declared before, that it is to Mr. Greenlaw we are all chiefly indebted; and if I might be allowed 1 would propose as an amendment, that the thanks of this meeting be first and foremost given to Mr. Greenlaw by acclamation.
This proposal was received with loud cheers and acclamations.
Mr. Greenlaw expressed himself, as he appeared, em. barassed at the cordial manner in which his services were acknowledged. He had so frequently had occasion to express his grateful sense of the kindness shewn to him in connection with the object of the meeting, that he had no words remaining with which he could adequately express his feelings. He wished to be permitted to read two questions and answers from the evidence given by Capt. Brucks of the Indian Navy, before the Select
Committee of the House of Commons. Many gentlemen then present might remember when he originally proposed the comprehensive communication, how he had been met with reference to the S. W. monsoon part of the question, though his argument only applied to, one single voyage during that monsoon. He hoped the evidence of Capt. Brucks, an old officer of the Indian Navy, which he would now read, would have the effect of satisfying every one that he had not been in errorio his original opinion. Capt. Brucks was asked by Lord William Bentinck.
“ 1852. You think that, whether from Point de Galle to Socotra or from Bombay to Socotra, there are no difficulties even in the south-west monsoon, which would prevent the permanent establishment of steam na vigatiou by either of those routes ?–Certainly not. But I ought to mention, or it may be said I act inconsistently 1n India, as when I left India I was as great a bigot to the system laid down by Captain Wilson as any one knowing the seas could be depending for information on Cap: tain Wilson's report of the Hugh Lindsay , but since I came to England I have, under the sanction of the Court of Directors, made a point of going round in steam vessels to see what they could do, and I feel, from the experience I have gained, there is so little to prevent the constant communication being carried on, I should be quite ready to stake my professional reputation on the subject.
1853. Chairman.] Having, in India, entertained a different opinion 1–Yes having had no information but that derived from Captain Wilson's pamphlet, and no knowledge but of the Hugh Lindsay, a very inferior vessel to most here.”
Such, Mr. Greenlaw observed, is the matured opinion of Capt. Brucks, and he would offer no observation on it but repeat his thanks to the meeting for their kindness.-Herald, January 7.
The following address to the Right Hon'ble Lord Auckland, voted at the late Steam Meeting, and his Lordship's reply, are published for general information.
To the Right Hon. Geonor Lond Auckland, G. C. B.
Governor-General of India.
Address of the Inhabitants of Calcutta and its neighbourhood in Town Hall assembled.
My Lord, The inhabitants of Calcutta and its neighbourhood, duly assembled at the Town Hall for the purpose of taking into consideration the present state of the question of steam communication with England, having prepared a petition to the Hon'ble the House of Commons, and memorials to the Right Hon'ble the Board of Control and the Hon'ble the Court of Directors of the East India Company, praying that steam communication from England may forthwith be extended to the three principal presidencies, venture to address your Lordship, confident that their prayer will receive from your Lordship all the attention and support which its importance merits.
Sin, I have to acknowledge the receipt of an ad
dress signed by you on the part of the inhabitants of Calcutta and its neighbourhood, soliciting my support to a petition, and to memorials, in favor of the immediate extension to the three presidencies of steam communication with England. In answer, I willingly promise you that cordial support which I am bound to give, as well by the feelings which would lead every Englishman in India to bring himself nearer to his country, as by the duty which is imposed upon me of endeavoring to promote whatever may tend to the general welfare ; and I need not add anything on my part in confirmation of the evidence given by Lord William Bentinck and others before the Committee of the House of Commons, to prove how deeply involved are the interests of our native as well as of our British fellowsubjects in the success of your representations. I am ready to acknowledge with gratitude the liberality with which increased means of communication have within the last year been supplied to us; the advantages of which, not without occasional disappointment, we have all experienced; but I strongly feel how insufficient for many of the great purposes to be contemplated in the
extension and accelaration of intercourse with our country, those means must yet be considered ; and for their further improvement, I rejoice that the government and the community may rely upon the continued exertions of those who, with you, have long and strenuously applied themselves to the accomplishment of this most important public object. I cannot doubt that the manifestations of the general and intense interest with which this question is regarded in India will be received with all the attention which they so justly merit by the high authorities to which they are addressed.
On my part, no opportunity will be neglected of aiding by all means in my power, the renewed representations which will now be submitted. I am confident that the willing co-operation of the President in Council will be afforded to us; and I am looking with impatience for the hour of putting to the test of actual expriment the facility of overcoming those obstacles, to which, it may yet by some he apprehended, that a steam voyage from Calcutta to the Red Sea during the unsavorable season, will be exposed.
I am, your faithful servant, Auckland. Camp Futteygunge, Jan. 17, 1838.
Secy. New Beng. Steam Fund.
Hurkaru, Jan. 30.]
TESTIMONIAL TO THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON.
The object of the meeting to lay before the public of
be subscribed to the erection of a national trophy to the military achievements of the Duke of Wellington.
To enlarge upon the services of “that great and distinguished General (to use the words of George the 4th) who has so often led the armies of the nation to victory and glory, and whose high military renown is blended with the history of Europe,” would indeed be superfluous ; but it has often been remarked that these splendid services, which have received the repeated and unanimous thanks of both Houses of Parliament, and which have been honoured by the sovereign with the highest rewards which it is in the power of the Crown to bestow, have been suffered by a singular neglect to remain unmarked by any national testimonial in the metropolis of the British empire. I am aware that a statue has been erected in the city to the Duke of Wellington, but this was intended as a mark of the gratitude of the citizens of London to his Grace for the interest which he had taken in the improvements in the City, especially those connected with the rebuilding of London Bridge.
The monument now proposed to be erected will have neither a civic nor a local character. It is intended as a national and a Military Trophy.
It has been objected in some of the London newspapers, that this is not the proper moment for a subscription of this nature which ought, it is argued, to have been entered into, either at the close of the war, or not until after the decease of the hero ; and that our zeal to do honour to the great general, may be, by party misrepresentation, converted into a species of political homage. I need not for myself disclaim any such purpose; and if I at all notice the the subject, it is only
Madras the proceedings of a committee in England which to remove any misapprehension which might possibly has been formed to receive and apply such sums as may prevail respecting it.
Our readers will observe in another column, the
report of the Bank Committee, read before the subscribers at the meeting of Saturday last. We see little in that document at all satisfactory to the shareholders, and most particularly object to the farther grant made out of the funds, for the expense of an agency in England. A committee has now been formed in London; that body has been put in full possession of the views of the subscribers as to the institution, and every neces- | sary step has been taken to introduce the project to the notice of the home authorities, and of all parties whose influence can at all be instrumental to its success. The prejudices that at first existed against the scheme, and which tended so powerfully to throw a damp on its reception at the Court, have been counteracted or removed, and there is now nothing left for those to whose management its affairs have been committed, but to await quietly the result of the application made to the Government of India, for its opinion as to the proposed Bank of India, which is to be so decisive in regard to that of Bombay. . Where then is the necessity for a farther advance out of the funds subscribed 1 Mr. Ashburner's activity is admitted on all hands, and there can be no doubt that he has done much to promote the interests of his constituents ; but when nothing farther can be done till the decision of the Court upon the Governor General's reply to its communication is ascertained, what in the name of all that is absurd, can the committee mean, by increasing the expenses when all onword proceedings are at a perfect stand It is anticipated that every thing will be known in a very short time, and there is little doubt entartained that a charter will be eventually procured. These views are, we apprehend, a little over sanguine, as the Court is not always particularly speedy in its decisions. The delay may then be prolonged from month to month, and from year to year, without any nearer approach than at present to a conclusion, and the money of the shareholders is in the mean time frittered away
without any purpose being gained.
We see no reason why an end should not at once be put to all hesitation as to farther proceedings, or why a joint-Stock Bank should not as proposed at first be immediately started. All the details of management might thus be put in operation, the business fairly commenced, and instead of funds being unprofitably
wasted, the concern would be in a fair way of paying its
own expenses. On a charter being granted, the business thus put in active train, and the establishment completely organized, might, with a stroke of the pen, be tansferred from the Joint-Stock Bank, to the chartered one. The delays of the Court of Directors ought to have no influence whatever on the proceedings of the committee who, on ascertaining that, there are dishculties in the way of one scheme should lose no time inentering on the other. Orders have been sent to England, regarding the engagement of people conversant in banking affairs to manage the institution and immediate instructions should be forwarded to the committee to conclude arrangements with such individuals, and send them out, with all the necessary paraphernalia, by the earliest opportunity. This would be the only course to quiet the minds. of the subscribers, who must by this time be heartily sick of the postponements which have taken place.—Bombay Gazette Jan. 15.
by the Court of Directors; but there is every probability, by the last advices from England, of an early decision being obtained.
Many serious difficulties, unlooked for when the application was sent home, have arisen to retard its completion. Some of these, time alone could obviate, and others have been diminished or removed by Mr. Ashburner, whose presence in England, the committee feel has been of such high importance to the interests of all concerned, as to have abundantly confirmed the propriety of his having been deputed there.
It would appear that previous to the application from this presidency, a reference had been made to the Government of India, for its opinion on the scheme proposed for the establishment of the “Bank of India;” and until the answer was received, it was intimated to your agent that no resolution could be come to on the subject of the “ Bank of Bombay” Mr. Ashburner lost no time in pointing out in the most forcible manner, in ersonal conferences with several influential parties the ardship of this delay to the subscribers of this Bank ; but being assured that there was no likelihood of the court being disposed to alter the course they had adopted, he was recommended by the London committee not to press for an immediate decision, as any further attempts to hasten proceedings under the existing circumstances, were more likely to injure than assist the end in view. Mr. Ashburner was the more reconciled to this advice, there having been reason to expect the report of the Governor-General by an early opportunity; and since the first communication from Mr. Ashburner, several papers on the subject have been received by the Court; and the report itself of the Supreme Government was looked for in London by the next packet.
The committee have no official information of the sentiments of the authorities in India who were consulted; but that the opinion of the Governor General is in favor of banking in this country is sufficiently well known to lead the committee to anticipate the support of the Supreme Government to an Institution based on the principles of the Bombay Bank ; and from all the information your committee have been able to obtain, in regard to the scheme for the “Bank of India,” they see no chance of its ever being perfected, or that its consio will eventually interfere with the Establishment
Your committee have addressed the Government of this presidency, soliciting it to ascertain from the Governor-General the date of the transmission of His Excellency's report to the Court of Directors; but no reply has yet been received.
The delay arising from this unforeseen cause has been most usefully employed by Mr. Ashburner ; whose correspondence, which has been open to the perusal of all the subscribers, evinces how indefatigable he has been in obtaining interviews with the public authorities, and private individuals of weight, who take an interest in the welfare of this presidency, for the purpose of explaining all the circumstances under which the charter was applied for and granted by the local Government.
In adverting to the active opposition, naturally created by an apprehension of the injury to private establishments, which the institution of a Bank would doubt. less give rise to the committee are of opinion that the opportune arrival of Mr. Ashburner in London was most valuable to the subscribers in removing the pre
only personal conferences with the parties could have enabled him so successfully to effect.
The committee have at the same time much satisfaction in stating that their applicatious to the influential in dividuals addressed by their Chairman, and supported personally by Mr. Ashburner, have met with the anticipated success.
In regard to the delay that had taken place, whilst, the committee regretted the necessity of Mr. Ashburner's detention ; they were, notwithstanding, decidedly of opinion that the presence of a zealous Agent was essential to overcome the tediousness of the forms of office and to neutralize the opposition that would certainly be persevered in ; and persuaded as they were that no one possessing the interest and qualifications, in any degree equal to Mr. Ashburner, could be found to supply his place with more economy; they approved, on the expiration of the period for which an allowance for his expens was made, on the part of the subscribers, of his remaining until he could be furnished with further instructions ; being satisfied that the interests of the subscribers in general will be greatly benefited by his continuing in England for the short time, within which it is probable that the question will be finally decided, the committee trust the meeting will authorize them to sanction his stay for that purpose.
The committee have the pleasure of stating that Mr. Ashburner has likewise been assiduous in obtaining every kind of information respecting the detailed management of Banks both in England and Scotland, and is still engaged in making such enquiries as are likely to add to the efficiency of the Establishment ; his detention, however, so much beyond the time originally contemplated, seems to entitle him to the consideration of the subscribers for some further compensation; and the sum which the committee would now submit, in a separate resolution, for the sanction of the meeting is no more than seems to be consistent with the grounds on which the previous grant was made.
Since the last meeting your committee have transmitted to the Agent, a Memorial addressed to the Board of Control, on the subject of the Charter, to be presented in the event of the London committee deeming it advisable. A copy of that memorial is laid on the table with the rest of the correspondence.
To the London committee, Mr. Brownrigg, of the firm of Sir Charles Cockerell, Bart., and Co. has been added ; whose acquaintance with the subject, and influence with parties whose support was desirable, has been highly useful, and the committee have requested |Mr. Finlay, who has just gone home, to join the coinmittee there.
Several vacancies having occurred in the Bombay committee since the General Meeting, the committee have the pleasure of announcing that Messrs. Skinner, Bruce, Waddington and Gordon have accepted their invitation to join them. They have also to announce that Messrs. Dadabloy. and Muncherjee Pestonjee having requested to be relieved from the office of treasurers to the institution in the month of March last, it was undertaken at the request of the committee by Messrs. Diron, Carter and Co.
The account current with the treasurers is laid on the table, shewing the balance in their hands to be ru
* judices industriously circulated against it, and which
pees 4,054, 3.07,