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From J. Guilding, Esq. dated May 23, forwarding a sample of cake coclineal, made by him from Sylvesire insect, abounding in Midnapore, and asking for an opinion upon its quality, &c.
From Professor O'Shaughnessy, dated May 31, giv. ing his opinion on the cochineal paste prepared by Mr. Guilding. Having submitted it to chemical test, the Professor speaks in very favorable terms of this dye. “This I think completes the proof that between the fina and Sylvestre insects there exists at least no chemical difference.” The conclusion at which Mr. Piddington and Professor O'Shaughnessy arrive are very similar, the only difficulty appearing to be in obtaining a complete absorption of all moisture from the paste, immediately after ille process of manufacture.
(Referred to the cochineal committee.)
From Major W. H. Sleeman, dated Jubbulpore, May 7, conveyiug much interesting information on the moue of cultivating the lac insect.
(Referred to the committee of papers.)
From the Revd. C. E. Driberg, dated May 9, annexing a paper on the “culture of the cocoanut tree in Ceylon,” received from a friend in that island.
(Referred to the committee of papers.)
From Col. Dunlop, a parcel containing varieties of hill forest trees, referred to in his letter to the Secretary, on the 25th March.
From G. H. Smith, Esq. dated Delhi, May 8, promising to, forward, shortly samples of cotton of the first and second year's crops, raised from Upland Georgia seed.
Mr. Harris states, that the original cuttings from which these three average canes were produced, did not exceed the thickness of a common ratap, shewing a vast improvement on the plant canes; but the most extraordinary improvement is upon the rutoon, which is nearly four times the thickness of the plant or parent stock,-a fact which is at variance with the course of ratooning in general, since ratoons are invariably smaller, and can only be accounted for, in the extraordinary fertility of the Soonderbund soil, and holds out fair prospect of ultimate remuneration to those grantees who are now laboring to convert a rank pestilential morass, into a highly cultivated sugar country.
The Madras Journal of Literature and Science from January, 1837, to March 1238, 5 numbers, has been received through Messrs Thacker and Co.
From Captain F. Jenkins, dated Gowhatti, May 31, intmating his intention of forwarding by a different mode to that hitherto pursued, which has proved unsuccessful, some eggs of the Fria worm to try if by this means they can be received in a living state.
From James Anderson, Esq., M. D., secretary Agricultural Society, Beerbhoom, forwarding the samples of cotton alluded to in his letter of the 5th instant.
From Miss Peacock, a pod of a large species of tamarind the produce of Mhow.
Dr. Wallich stated, that it was not a tamarind, but the adansonia digitate or boobab of the West Coast of Africa.
From Dr. Wallich, dated June 13, annexing extract of a letter from Mrs. Captain Milner, presenting a basket of beautiful and perfect bunches of purple and white grapes, with some interesting details as to the mode adopted by that lady in treating the vines. Proposed by the president, seconded by the meeting, that the special thanks of the society be offered to Mrs. Milner, for her highly interesting and beautiful present, which clearly proves that nothing but taste and attention is wanting, to secure as fine grapes and as plentiful in and about Calcutta, as in the finest vine countries.
Memo.—The Secretary had also received within the last week, a spendid bunch of grapes from Col. James Young,the produce of the vine planted by C.K. Robison, Esq., in the Union Bank compound, and a bunch from Mrs. Smith, the produce of her garden in Short's Bazar. If every householder in Calcutta would plant but two vines, he would secure at once a cool retreat, and delicious fruit by simply planting cuttings in a soorkey corner.
Mr. George Prinsep presented a fine specimen of cotton grown from Peruvian seed, valued by Mr. Hill at fifty per cent. more that Surat. It has the advantage of black seed which are easily detached.
Mr. Masters presented a fine graft of the Ficus Elastica, of 48 day growth, 10 feet in length and 6 inches in circumference.
Mr. G. T. F. Speed presented a specimen of hemp grown from the purple Hibiscus, grown at Patna.
The thanks of the meeting were ordered to be given for all the above cummunications and presentations.
John Bell, Secretary. Town-hall, Calcutta, 13th June, 1838. [Hurkaru, June 14.
advantage of by many, who from want of time and other causes could otherwise do nothing.
A plan of a hotel has been prepared by Messrs. Burn and Co., which Mr. Spence approves of; and as he agrees to open it on much the same footing as the one conducted by him here, the question now remains to be considered, “whether or not an adequate sum for its erection is likely to be raised ? Messrs. B. and Co. are not at present prepared to give an estimate or enter into a contract; but from the abundance of mate. rials on the spot, they are disposed to think, the expense of such a building at Darjoling would be considerably less than in Calcutta. The scheme of the proposed tontine has been kindly drawn out by Mr. Curnin, and along with the plan, both are now submitted for con. sideration.
Doubts have been expressed by some persons as to Dearie,
the probability of a hotel succeeding at Dajeling, and the Mussoorie one is quoted as being nearly a failure.
Resolution 3d.—That a committee be appointed for
- - - - t - > • *- : - Without enquiry here into the accuracy of this assertion, i o: * . o *Port 3 with instructions to it appears, to us, that the circumstances are totally dif. .."...". So, when it shall appear that
ferent. The Mlussoorie hotel was started after the num- * sufficient number of shares are subscribed.
ber of bungalows built exceeded the demand for them.
At Darjeling there is not a hut at present available. by Mr.
This resolution being carried mem. con, it was moved
R. Stewart and seconded by Captain Forbes,
Resolution 4th. —That the committee do consist of the
following gentlemen, viz. Messrs. J. W. Grant, C. K.
Robison, J. Curnin, Samuel Smith, W. Patrick, Theo.
Proposed by Mr. C. K. Robison, and seconded by
now in progress for the construction of a public toad, and | Captain Forbes,
four staging bungalows. These undertakings will probably be completed against February next. There are other matters of importance to the settlers. Such as arranging for a proper dák line; managing the details
connected with these bungalows; fixing on a European w. Som.
of respectability near Titalay, who would keep a store
love alike to the health and recreation, of a great pro-|o "Mr. Curlin, for the trouble he hast.j pre
ance at the Town-hall, and considering the circum- which, doubtless, stimulated her to do her utmost to stances under which it had been got "P" wo, were agree please her audience; for she acquitted herself much to
able surprized to find it so well attended. There could i not have been less than twelve hundred rupees in the
00III, derable length, with great rapidity and delicacy of tone,
- That the committee be requestedand authrized to place themselves in Government on all subjects conn rium, and particularly to ende
O'Mauley was quite at home : his comic song of “ St. Patrick was a gentleman,” was very good, and more so his Duett with Mrs. Chester; “When a little farm we kept.” He has good taste in his singing, as all the world knows from Dublin to Calcutta, and is an excellent comic actor.
Mr. Linton was in good voice: he sang, “Oh maiden fair,” with Mrs. Chester in very beautiful style; but
Jem Crow and “ The Lover's Mistake" certainly were mistakes, and we would recommend Colonel Freelove to save the prompter a great deal of trouble, and himsels too. by learning his part better the next time he undertakes one.
Mr. Rykmann, senior, on the Basso Bassoon, was beautiful. His son, through indisposition was unable
we think he was not quite so successful in “The Mid- to attend.-Hurkaru, June 21.
R. D. MANGLES, Esq.
R.D. Mangles, Esq; who has been appointed to the board on Tuesday last, the 19th instant, it being the officiate as a member of the Sudder Board of revenue, first board day, at which he has attended ever since
in the room of Mr. Walters, who has proceeded to sea his appointment as a member of
for the benefit of his health, took his oaths and seat at June 26.
THE DARJELING MEETING.
A meeting was held at the Town-hall, this morning,
trick, J. Cumin, C, Dearie, W. Bruce, W. Storm, A.
Grant, D. McPherson M. Dugal, C. K. Robison, J. Spence, Davidson, J. H. Stocqueler, Gray, W. Jackson, R. Evans, R. Walker, Captain Harrington, A. H. Sim, G. Prinsep, Willis, Earle, Barwell, and H. M. Low. The secretary read the following report from the Committee : the committes's reroht. By the 3d resolution passed at the public meeting of the 15th instant, your committee was directed to call a meeting of shareholders so soon as it appeared a sufficient number of shares had been subscribed for. Upwards of ninety having been taken on the 22d, your committee felt justified in calling the present meeting, and they have now to report the number of shares subscribed for as 105. It will be in the recollection of the meeting that two plans for the proposed hotel were produced on the 15th instant; and that neither of them were approved of. Your committee at their first meeting, came to the same conclusion, viz. that there were objections to both ; and Major Garstin having kindly undertaken to make a new plan, it was accordingly submitted for consideration at a meeting of the committee on the 22d. At this meeting too, another plan by Messrs. Burn and Co. was laid on the table. Your committee do not feel authorized to recommend either for adoption. They approved generally of Major Garstin's, as from the explanations given by him, it seems to combine comfort with economy. But before adopting a plan at all, it is evident that some reference must be made to the amount of funds subscribed for, as well as to the opinions and wishes of the tenant who is to occupy the premises. Another consideration is impossibility of finishing a building on the scale contemplated so early as March next. Your committee, therefore, are decidedly of opinion, that a temporary building should be erected at a moderate expense; and, though at first this recommendation may almost have the appearance of throwing away money, they are satisfied the result would prove a saving. Ample time would thus be given for practically ascertaining the value of materials, cost of labour, &c, &c, and in afterwards effecting
a contract for the more durable building, the Company would no doubt have the benefit of a competition, which at present cannot be expected. On the whole then, after giving the subject their best attention, your committee would recommend;
1st...That authority be given to lévy the subscription forth with ;
2d That a sub-committee of three be named for the above purpose, and with power to carry through the necessary arrangements for vesting the property in their names, as trustees for the company ;
3d. That the committee be directed to make arrangements for the erection of a temporary building at an expense not exceeding Rs. 6,000, and at the same time to secure a respectable tenant for opening it as a hotel. In conclusion, your committee have to observe, that though active operation cannot be commenced on the spot, before the month of October, still it is very necessary that certain measures should be in progress here, with as little delay as possible. That some difficulties exist is unquestionable, but if resolutions are passed to the effect recommenced, your committee feel confident, these difficulties will soon be surmounted, and that the sanatarium of Darjeling will thereby be established on a permanent footing, by next hot-season.—J. W. GRANT, Chairman. '
Proceedings of a meeting of the committee held at the society's effice, No. 3, Clive-street ghaut, on Monday the 25th instant. Pit esr NT. Rajah Kallykissen Bahadoor; Rajah Rajnarain Roy Bahadoor; Rajah Burrodacaunt Roy ; Cowar Suttehurn Ghosaul; Baboo Dwarkanauth Tagore; Baboo Prosoonocoomar Tagore; Baboo Ramcomul Sen ; G. A. Prinsep, Esq.; G. Vint, Esq.; W. C. Hurry, Esq., and W. F. Fergusson, committee. Baboo Shreemonthloll Khaw, member. The gentlemen proposed at the last meeting as members of the Society were unanimously elected. The following gentleman was proposed as a member: Proposed by G. Vint, Esq. and seconded by Baboo Dwarkanauth Tagore-W. Bruce, Esq. The stamp duty now levied on the kobooleats and security bond of the gomastahs and other moffussil servants, was mentioned by Baboo Dwaikanauth Tagore
as a grievance, and he proposed that a respectful appli: cation be made to the board of customs, salt and opium, pointing out the grievances sustained by landholders, particularly in consequence of a new order of the board, that the security taken from any gomastahs, or other servants should be on a distinct stamp, by which the amount previously required is doubled to 16 (on salaries of 3 to 5) rupees per month. That, as all leases and kabooleats between zemindars and ryuts are exempted from all stamps, it appears, that persons who are employed in collecting the rents from the above lessees, ought on the same principle, either, to be exempted, or at least put on a lower stamp. This was seconded by Rajah Kallykissen Bahadoor, and carried unanimously.
Resolved, that a circular letter, inviting new members to the Society be lithographed for distribution.
- W. Cobb Hu RRY,
Hurkaru, June 30.] Honorury Secretario,
A CASE OF
The following has just reached us from a correspon’ dent and we publish it without comment :
“A firm in your city, having some causes of discontent with a gentleman, with whom they were in partnership in a sugar concern, contrived first to have him arrested upon a partnership balance sworn to, it is said, as a private account The arrest was illegal, being performed by bursting open his door, at nine o'clock at night ! to the unspeakable terror of his family.
Having got the managing partner out of the way, their next step was to demand possession of the factory, which the assistants, acting by orders of their principal. refused to give, and, in two or three days, boats with about thirty runoppaN sari.oks, and forty burkandauzes, were brought up from Calcutta, and the factory taken by storm ; though there was no great fighting of course, for the assailing party were headed by Europeans, and the two European assistants in the factory, very properly turned the whole of their attention, to protect the managing partner's Jady, her two children, and female serwants. She fortunately escaped across the river in a dingy, to Chinsurah, and is now in safety.
The assailants were perfectly aware that the mother and her children were residing in the factory, and that there was, moreover, from 5,000 to 6,000 gallons of rum in the distillery store. It was with the full knowledge of this circumstance, that these gentlemen led a party of sailors to assault it ! Can any husband or father think of the possible consequences without a shudder There is “no mistake" here, Mr. Editor, for one of the gentlemen has actually admitted before a magistrate, that he was accompanied by sailors' A friend of his an officer of a ship, on the river for his health and he, walked in to the factory, by accident, as one might say, seeing it all quiet and abandoned ' This occurred on the morning of the 10th instant, but owing to the absence of the magistrate of Barrasut, on duty, the parties are in full possession of the factory, to which they might suppose they had some right ; but they have, moreover, taken possession of the dwelling house of a respectable family, and seized the property of all kinds, both factory and private, and some of it is on its way down to Calcutta Petitions have been presented to the local authorities, the joint magistrate at Barrasut,
and the superintendent of police, and proceedings will be immediately instituted in the Supreme Court. It is needless to say, that the assailants had no sort of legal process with them, which could give any colour to their proceedings.”— Hurkaru, June 21.
With reference to a statement which appeared in your paper yesterday, from a correspondent, respecting an attack on a sugar factory by some sailors and others, I beg to inform you, that the facts alleged to have occurred are highly coloured, although there is some faint resemblance in the general outline, With the parties sent to take possession, there were 10 not 30 sailors, who were carried up, in order to prevent a breach of the peace, which it was supposed might follow any collision between the burkandauzes of the respective claimants to hold the factory. There was not the slightest resistance, the late occupiers having one and all left the premises, it is supposed, on the report of a party of sailors advancing being received, and no part of the furniture or private property was removed. The house belongs to the factory, and the entire concern to the firm in question. As the matter will be shortly brought before the Supreme Court, when and where the actual circumstances and merits of the case will be fully disclosed, it is unnecessary to say one word more on the subject. The public will soon be enabled to judge who is right and who is wrong. —Hurkaru, June 22.
I observe, Mr. Editor, that your devils have overlooked a note in which I requested you to give my name and present residence in Caleutta to any person who may inquire for them ; pray do so, if you please. My respondent informs you, that the facts" are highly coloured.” I promise you they are not coloured enough ; and, verily, the idea of carrying up sailors “to prevent a breach of the peace" is a rich specimen—almost as rich as the comfortable ignorance in which he appears to be, that the bodily fear is quite equivalent in the eye of the law to the violence. The entire concern did assuredly not belong to the firm in question. If their title was so clear, why use such means ? and why, within ten days of the violence, claim in writing, only a joint proprietorship ! This document I have seen, Mr. Editor. —Hurkaru, June 25.