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tutors of the Raja of Kotapoor, in whose councils he took a prominent and useful part for many years prior and subsequent to the accession of the present chief. He was known to urge upon His Highness a respectful aud obedient conduct towards the British Government, and it was this that led to his cruel persecution by the Raja, and induced him to seek a safe asylum at Poona. He had a jahagire of 40,000 rupees, besides a pension from our Government. He has left two sons. Buah ANPoon.-His Highness the Scindia has lately heard the complaints of the poor ryots of this place, and the former Soobadar, Madhow Rao Subajee, has been dismissed, and a Muhomedan Subadar from Gualior sent in his stead, who is taking proper steps for the protection of the ryots, who are much pleased. It is ordered that the sowcars should not sell sun iry gold, but should convert it into Burhanpoor mollurs and sell it at the rate of it. Respecting adultery, it is, ordered, that every one who may be guilty of it, should be required to clean the Chowdee with chowdung, from morning to evening : and the female culprit should be made to bring water. The hugh LINdsay.—The Hugh Lindsay expected on the 25th of December. BU R M A H. The subjects of Therawaddie have commenced aggressions on our subjects by the deliberate murder of the head man of the village of Durray, situated on the north-west extremity of Bloo-k’own. It appears his house was surrounded by robbers on the night of the last day of the year. On becoming aware of their presence, he escap. ed from the house and was in the act of calling out to his villagers for assistance, when one of the villains fired and shot him dead on the spot. Durray is one of the largest villages in the province, but as the men were emploved in their paddy fields, the robbers escaped with impunity. Their numbers have not been ascertained, but, they are supposed not to have exceeded ten, and as they came to the village by the creek from sea-ward, there can be no doubt of their being from Martaban ; and, indeed, the whole transaction is consonant with what we have repeatedly heard is the intention of the Burmese on that side—to harrass our people by a constant system of dacoity, and to cause them to look for safety and protection only by abandoning us and placing ão. under Burmese rule. The disposition evinced towards us by the authorities of Bileng and Mariaban is said to have undergone a most complete change. Whereas formerly, any messenger from Moulmein was invariably treated with kindness and respect, an individual sent there recently with a letter from the Chief Civil Authority, and addressed to the Governor, was not allowed to enter the town, and was treated by the Governor with much indignity. The officer even proceeded so far as to tell him “ Things are changed and are not as they were-I am old, but I should like to fight the English again.” It is further said that a kind of levy en masse had been ordered throughout the Burmese empire, and that the most active preparations for war were on foot. Our position on this frontier seems to be fast verging towards hostilities, unless, indeed, it be intended quietly to put up with every insult and injure that may be offered to us. The terror and distress already suffered by our people, are sufficient warrants for vigorous measures to: wards breaking up this nest of villains now congregated at Martaban. Those who have gone up the Salween River declare that the state of the villages is most distressing. Women and children resort to the Jungle at night, whilst the men are solely occupied in measures for the defence of themselves, their families, and property. By the brig Elizabeth, from Rangoon, some letters from that place and from Maulmain have been received. It appears that the Burmese Governor of Martaban, the town directly opposite to Maulmain, had songs sung at a public festival, grossly abusing the English and boasting that the Burmese would go and destroy Maul
main Reports also are being daily brought into Maulmain, stating that the Burmese were assembling a force at various places in the vicinity and making warlike preparations. A report had been brought down from Koukmoung stating, that the King intended to acknowledge our treaties so soon as his other affairs were settled, but that the last intelligence from Calcutta, which would soon have reached the King, was calculated to do much mischief. It was that the Governor-General does not much regard the King's disavowal of our treaties so long as the Burmese commit no aggression, and that as yet, our Government is of opinion it has no cause to quarrel with the King. The Bueen Bonn, a schooner belonging to Messrs. Trill and Co., of Rangoon, had grounded on the John and Gargaret shoal and been dese ted by her commander and crew ; but hopes were entertained of getting her off.
PEN ANG AND SINGAPORE.
During the week have been received files of the Singa pore Free Press to the 21st of December, and Prince of Wales Island Gazettes to the 30th of the same month. In these papers are two letters from Mr. H. T. Prinsep, to the merchants of Singapore and to the Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce at Penang, respecting the claims of the latter, on behalf of the merchants of these islands to be placed on the same footing as the purchasers of opium for the China market.
It appears by these documents, that the Government here wash their hands of having determined the scale of distribution by which the Bonus was paid, and throw the merit or demerit thereof on the China merchants. The Penang and Singapore merchants have won nothing by the measure they adopted. On the contrary the former are told somewhat coolly, that “the measures of Government were of necessity taken upon grounds furnished by estimates and general inferences, and the GovernorGeneral of India in Council had not before him such precise information in regard to the state of the market in the Streights as has now been furnished ; but his Lordship in Council cannot add the assurance, that if the present information had then been possessed, the Merchants of Penang would have been considered entitled to greater consideration in any respect than they have received.
The siR charles Malcolm.—The Sir Charles Malcolm, put back to Singapore on the 15th December (after being within a few miles of Macao) with the loss of sails, boats and top-masts, all her lower-masts sprung, and in a very leaky state, occasioned by a succession of very heavy weather experienced during the passage from Singapore towards China; but particularly from the 23r November to 6th December ; and it was not until they had scarcely another sail to set and found the water gaining on the pumps, that they bore up, the ship being so completely disabled, that it was quite impossible to make any way against a contrary wind and heavy head sea. The cargo was discharging partly damaged, and after undergoing the necessary repairs the Malcolm was again to proceed on her voyage with the sound part of the cargo.
During the week Singapore journals to the 7th o December last have been received. A proposition has been made, for a Monthly Steam Communica in between the Straights and Calcutta, with a view of extending to that quarter, and in some dogree to China, the benefit of the Steam Communication between India and Great Britani. In this point of view, the proposed plan has peculiar interest at this jouncture, for it is another argument in favour of the comprehensive plan, by which alone the full advantages of a steam communication with England can be extended to the Straights. For that purpose, however, there should be, as has been proposed, branch steamers running between Point de Galle and the Straghits.
There has been another severe typhoon in the China Seas, in which the Cantabro, the Bilbaino, the Ariel, and several other craft, were dismasted or otherwise damaged.
CH IN A.
Canton papers to the 2d of December last, have been received. The intelligence they contain as important. Captain Elliott, the Superintendent, his been obliged to leave Canton and return to Macao, alter having struck the British flag. The reason assign. ed for this proceeding by Captain Elliott is, that in consequence of express instructions received by him from the British Government, as to the mode in which he was to communicate with the Viceroy, he had endeavoured t carry those instructions into effect; but that the Governor had declined to accede to the conditions demanded by Captain Elliott. Another edict has been fulminated again-t the shipping at Linton, in which the Superintendent is accused, in terms by no meaus equivocal, of con
niving at the opium smuggling. The sale of the drug was consequently very much retarded. The Hingtae lsong affairs remain unaltered. By the Sulph, Canton Registers to the 12th ultimo have been received. The difficulties in the smuggling trade seem to continue in full force, the deliveies for the first 8 days in December not exceeding 191 chests. As might have been expected, the attention of British Residents at Canton has been directed, under the unfavorable circumstances and prospect of our commercial relations with the Celestial authorities, to the utility of colonizing the Bonin lslands, which, from their close neighbourhood to Formoza, Japan, Lew Choo, and the Eastern Coast of China, would form a most convenient and desirable position. A small pamphlet on the subject has been written by Mr. G. T. Lay, formerly naturalist in Captain Beechey's expedition, and now Agent of the British and Foreign Bible Society.
,, . A & Co. 97 chests, B C ; concern, Ghazeepoor, Mathews. Co.'s Rs. As.
7 chests sold at...... 155 0 Per factory maund. 30 chests.... ....... 152 21 10 chests.... ....... 150 10 chests............ 145
10 chests............ 140 10 chests..... . . . . . . . 132 10 chests............ 130 10 chests....... . . . . . 127
sale which took place on Wednesday last, there is very little yet doing in this important article, the clearances for France barely reaching 500 m.aunds, while at this period last year there had been upwards of 15,000 exported to that
296 Raw silk.- Transactions have been to a limited extent. The market is very heavy and prices are likely soon to fall to a safe standard again, which has not been the case for some weeks past. silk pit ce. Goods —Active purchases have been made of Corahs for the English market, but the prices of the assortments are expected to give way. cotton—Continues without enquiry. The prices asked in the interior, are much higher than the article is quoted here. saltpetite –Continues in limited operation, attributable to the same cause as stated in our last, and prices remain without alteration. lac.—The demand in both Shell Lac and Lac Dye is confined to a few parcels for the English market at former prices. GaAIN.—A further slight advance is observed on the prices of all descriptions. The demand for Fine and Moonghy Rice continues; but operations are restrained from the want of tonnage.
opium.—The accounts per the Sylph from China are of the same gloomy cast as their predecessors—although owing to the apprehension of the Ariel and Lady Hayes being lost, prices were nominally more firm than could have been expected; when, however, these two vessels were known to be forthcoming and their arrival took place in cojunction with the Ann, Swed Khan, Cowassee and Water Witch, (all likely to reach within a week or two of each other), it was anticipated that a heavy fall would instantly follow, and on the whole we reguet te say the prospects of the trade were
fully as unpromising as ever.
CALCUTTA MONTH i, Y JOURNAL.
DINNER GIVEN TO THE HON. G. F. RUSSELL, ESQ.. "
The Dinner given to the Honourable G. F. Russell, Esq., at the Banqueting room, on Thursday evening, wore entirely the enthusiastic character we had antici. pated for it. About 150 gentlemen assembled on the occasion, amongst whom were Lord Elphinstone (who presided at the entertainment), Sir Robert Comyn, the Honorable Mr. Sullivan, Major General Doveton, Sir Edward Gambier, the Honourable Mr. Lushington, Major General Vigoureux, with the heads of all departments, civil, military, and medical. A spacious tent was erected in front of the banqueting room to receive the thronging company, and a very well executed transparency was placed over the entrance to the hall diplaying Mr. Russell's arms, supported on one side by the insignia of civil occupation, and on the other by military trophies amidst which the names of Kimedy and Goomsoor were intermingled, an the whole surmounted by the words, “Rusell, Farewell !” This device had a very pleasing effect, and many a heart found a quickened motion when marking its token of adieu. Dinner was served up about eight o'clock in the usual recherché style found at the present day within the walls of that edifice which had been accorded for the entertainment; delicacies and luxuries covered the tables; the wines were cooled to a fault; and excellent vocal and instrumental music heightened the enthusiasm of the more stirring objects of the assemblage. We give below
a list of the toasts, with the names of their proposers. Mr. Russell's health, it is scarcely necessary to say was received with the most rapturous chearing, and again and again did the burst of applause break forth, telling in its energy and enthusiasm how honest was the tribute to his eminent public character, and how sincere the appreciation of his private worth.
of the warm offering; it told that, even amidst the proverbial indifference of Indian life, a guerdon of popular esteem and effection is still within attainment, and Mr. Russell must have felt that the convincing proof lay before him of his having nobly and truly won it. But the tide of recollection carried him back over thirty-five rears of honourable service; he thought of companions in its long career, many of whom he beheld around him ; he felt that he was about to part from those who had just proclaimed the warmth of their affectionate regard, and we need not wonder, that overcome by his feelings, he was able alone to falter forth the expression of his thanks and the saddened words of farewell. Several very neat and effective speeches were delivered in the course of the evening, and the party went off in the happiest manner, all evidently partaking in one common feeling on the occasion that brought them together, and communicating it to all the social agrémens of the evening. Toasts.
Proposers. Tunes. Lord Elphi Nstone. God save the Queen.
thanks.-Spectator Jun. 20.
The moment was one of proud gratification to the honoured and valued object
General V Igoum Fox and Mr. ANNesley returned
We extract the following most deserved tribute to the Hon'ble Mr. George Russell's public service from last evening's Official Gazette.
“ The Ilon. G. E. Russell, Esq. has been permitted to resign his seat in Council and the Honorable Company's service, from the date of his embarkation to England on the ship True Briton.
The Right Hon. the Governor in Council cannot permit the Hon. G. E. Russell, Esq. to quit India without an expression of his deep regret at the loss which the public interests will sustain by the retirement from the service of an officer whose experience and ability, whose zeal, judgment and temper in circumstances of responsibility and difficulty have been repeatedly recognised by the Government.
The Right Honorable the Governor in Council requests Mr. Russell to accept his grateful acknowledgment of the assistance and advantage which the Government has derived from his services at the Council Board, and his best wishes for his health and happiness in his native country."-Ibid.
FREE PRESS DINNER
One hundred and ninety-six gentlemen sat down to dinner at the Town-hall to celebrate the emancipation of the Indian Press, and to do honor to its noble liberator, Sir Charles Theophilus Metcalfe, who had been especially invited as the guest of the evening the annual celebration, which is on the 15th of December hav. ing been postponed to the 9th of February on that account. Mr. Longueville Clark presided in the Chair and Mr. Henry Meridith Parker in the vice chair. At a quarter past seven, the Honorable Baronet arrived at the hall, and was received at the door by the stewards in a body and ushered upstairs. At half past seven the friends of the Free Press dinner was announced, Sir Charle sat at the head of the table, between the Chairman and R. D. Mangles, Esq. There were several native gentlemen present, among whom we noticed Ramnauth Tagore, Prossonna Coomar Tagore, Rustumjee Cowasjee, and Manikjee Rustomjee, Esqrs. The dinner and the wines were excellent and about nine o'clock the
hall being cleared of the servants the first toast was announced.
The Chain.M.A.N.—A bumper, gentlemen, to our youthful Sovereign. Under ordinary circumstances I should have proposed this toast unaccompanied by any remarks, and have left it to be drank with that feeling of loyalty, which I believe is common to the breast of every subject of the British Crown. But the present are no ordinary circumstances: we are assembled here to cominemorate a great political event, the liberation of the
Indian Press, and this is the first meeting we have held since that Sovereign ascended the throne, who has proved her attachment to the principles we advocate, by continuing the Ministry, who gave reform to England. (Loud cheering). Well then may she be dear to her people. Those whose proximity places them within the influence of the Royal and youthful fascinator, may be pardoned for that fervent enthusiasm, with which she appears to have inspired all ranks in England. Even we, whose feelings must be dulled by the distance which intervenes, gaze on her as a creature of a rare order, on whom endowments have been poured, which, collectively, are seldom attain. able. Possessed of the love of her relatives, the affection of her friends, the esteem of the nation ; rank, which makes her pre-eminent in the world ; fortunes which distance the idea of necessity ; talents to rule in public ; accomplishments to hallow retirement; beauty to fascinate ; youth to enjoy : these are gifts individually estimable, in their union-unparalleled.
The Chain MAN.—Gentlemen; it is now my duty to give you the most important toast of the evening. The Freedox of the PREss IN INdi A. (This announce. ment was received with the most tremendous applause, weaving of handkerchiefs, and the demonstrations of enthusiasm lasting several minutes ; the Chairman frequently attempting to continue his address, but stopt by the reiterated shouts from all parts of the room. When the tourst offeeling at last subsided, he continued.) So much has been said and written, and well said and well written, on the Freedom of the Press generally, that I shall not
tiespass on your time by descanting on the enlarged view
AT THE TOWN HALL.
of the question, but confine myself to offering two remarks, the one regarding the origin of the periodical press, the other relating to the results to which it has led. To some of you it may not perhaps be known, that the Periodical Press of England owes its origin to the most despotic sovereign who ever swaved the British sceptre. Tyrannical as the race of the Tudors were, no one was more so than Queen Elizabeth. She protected her country from foreign aggression, but she was a despot over her people. Yet was she wise in her generation; and when she found, the liberties, the religion of the people were endangered by foreign invasion, and her crown at stake ; she appealed to the nation for support, she roused its enthusiasm through the mighty engine of a Periodical Press, which was then for the first time established. But it was not more remarkable that the Periodical Press should have originated in the act of a tyrannical monarch to protect her empire, than were the results which that Press has produced. Look, gentlemen, at the map of the world, and dwell, on the conditions of the countries, where the Press is settered, and the Press is Free. (Loud cheers.) Look, gentlemen, at America and England, and compare them with any other nation on the globe. In these two states the people enjoy liberty to a degree beyond that, which is any where else to be found: they are wealthy, they are enlightened, while the countries themselves have no rivals in power. It is the people which make the coun. try; it is the Free Press which has made the peopleWi. cheers.) Gentlemen; having briefly alluded to the origin and re-ults of the Freedom of the Press, I now approach the immediate object of the toast, The
| Freedom or the Press IN INDIA. (Cheers.) Those who
are opposed to it, admit the excellency of the institution
liberty to them. (Cheers ) I deny, gentlemen, that we are desirous of a partial despotism." Englishmen would banish despotism altogether. I deny that we want an atmosphere of liberty of our own ;” but that liberty which is our birth-right we would not part with, and we would share it with our native fellow subjects. (Loud cheers.) In the present state of the country we do share with them the Liberty of the Press ; and this is the first contrast between our present and former condition. The next contrast gentlemen, is, that a system has been introduced alike beneficial for the governors and the governed. For the governors it is beneficial, for it not only dissipates discontent, but it discloses it in the germ by exposing the causes by which it is generated. Well did my friend Mr. Tutton say, when speaking from this chair, no man cominits treason m a newspaper; and well did he allude to the evidence of Sir John Malcolm, who disclosed the sellitious libels which had secretly been circulated among the native soldiery, exciting them to mutiny and the murder of their officers. That, gentlemen, could never have happened in a newspaper. (Cheers). But now, gentlemen, let me also recall to your recollection the peculiar situation of a Governor-General. In him the fault is not, but it is in the system. He may be the wisest, the most talented, and the best of men; yet when he lands on these shores, what does he know of the country, the people, their language, their habits, customs, or laws " He has to rule the destinies of eighty millions, without possessing those indispensable essentials for governing, experience, and local knowledge. He must either be a useless tool in the hands of those who surround him, or, if he be deaf to their advice, his ignorance is his only guide. To this vast evil one remedy has been found, the freeing of the lndian Press. If injustice be practised, there the injured can complain ; if suggestions are to be offered, they can be there proclaimed, and canvassed by the public, who may support their merits, or point out their inutility. What were the words of Lord William Bentinck to the deputation of which I formed one 2 I repeat them in the presence of many who heard them with myself. “That he had dearved More information facM The INdiAN Pitess, of The Real state of the count RY, THAN Fhom All The Councils, all the Boards, ANd all the Secretanies by whom us was surrounded." (Loud cheers.)
Let me now, gentlemen, examine how far the Freedom of the Press conduces to the weal of the governed. First, it confers on us freedom of discussion, which is the birthright of every freeman. The Majesty of the people is no idle phrase, for it imports that, which is really the case, that the true sovereignty is in the nation, and not in the ruler. All kings, all governors, are in fact but the servants of the state, placed at its head for their talents, their knowledge, and their virtues, justly respected for these qualities, and looked up to with gratitude for the benefits they dispense. I abate not one tittle from the honor which is their due, and yield to no man for the respect in which I hold them. Yet is the government of the state entrusted to their care, not because it is their property, not because the people are their serfs or slaves;– but in order that they may faithfully discharge the duties of governing. (Cheers.) Can , it be endured then,that the people for whom they hold these trusts are not to question their acts, or that the rights of discussing the measures of their rulers is to be denied to the state, for whose service and weal they have been crowned 2 Hence, gentlemen, is it, that freedom of discussion is a freeman's birth-right; and by freeing the Press you benefit the governed; by freeing the Press you likewise extend the blessings of , knowledge and enlighten the people, a measure which all allow is of vital importance to India. In those countries where the Press is most free, is knowledge most
* Alluding to the charge brought against the British Inhabitants by Mr. T. B. Macaulay on the debate on the India Bill in the House of Commons.
diffused. It not only imparts instruction, but excites to learning ; and the man who is opposed to the freeing of the Indian Press, must be the foe to enlightening the natives. (Loud cheers.) But, gentlemen, a stronger argument still remains. Free the Press, and you strengthen the bond of union between the native and the British subject. (Loud cheers.) natives what European countries are ; what England is ; you make them familiar with your laws, your manners, your arts, your sciences, your comforts, luxuries, wealth and independence; they draw the contrast be tween the state of things there, and in their own country here; they perceive the difference between the spear and sword, the rapine and violence of the Mahratta and Pindaree. and the protection of property and person by Law. (Loud cheers.) Tell me then, will not the native find himself drawn towards the land and the nation who give him security and justice, in exchange for destruction and plunder 1 Tell me, will not the bond of union be strengthened 1 And this is what the Freedom of the Press in India will assuredly achieve. (Loud cheers.) Gentlemen; have I drawn the sketch correctly —Have I correctly pourtrayed the past and present state of the country, when the Press was enthralled, and when the Press is Free ? Have I shown you the blessings it bestows on the governors and goverued If your hearts respond to these sentiments, up, I say, and drink to the “Freedom of the Indian Press.” (The toast was drank with immense cheers.) Air.—“See the conquering hero comes.” Vice President.-Gentlemen I have the honor to propose to you a toast that will not, I know, fail to be received with all those demonstrations of attachment and respect to which it is richly and honestly entitled. I have to name to you a nobleman who, though far away, cannot but view with interest all things bearing upon so vital a question as the Freedom of the Indian Press. Gentlemen; I will not for a moment allow myself to believe, that any one whose heart is in the right place ; that any one who is upright, honest, benevolent, sagacious, and featless of scrutiny into his public acts, full of a sense public duty, can be otherwise than a friend to the Free Press in India. . If then, these things give a guarantee of such friendship, assuredly the illustrious person I now name to you, must be such a friend, for all the qualities I have enumerated are eminently his, gentlemen—The Goven Non GENeral. (Cheers.) Air.—“Here's a health to those that's awa.” The Paesident.—Gentlemen; charge your glasses with a bumper. The toast I am about to propose to you, will speak for itself, and requires no introductory remarks from me. Gentlemen, I give you The Navy of England. (Loud cheers.) Air.—“Rule Britannia.” Vice-President.—Gentlemen; it is my duty to propose a toast to you, and the labour is the labour of love, or I should say with greater truth, no labour at all, but a real pleasure. Gentlemen ; my toast is the British Army. (Cheers.) I know there has been discussion infinite touching the politics of the British Army. Whether it was Whiggish or Toryish, Reformatory or Conservative —whether it loved a Free Press or did not love a Free Press, for my own part, I will own to you candidly, that I don't care one fig what its politics are, or what its feelings are, on the question I have hinted at, —it is sufficient for me to know, that through long years of peril and gloom, the British Army fought and bled, that the hearths and the altars of their country might not be olluted by a foreign foe. (Cheers.) It is sufficient }. me to feel that it placed between a terrible enemy and our pleasant fields and native homes, the iron barrier of its indomitable valour. (Cheers.) I can no more bring myself to care for the politics of our brave soldiers, than I can care for those of that glorious chief who led them crowned with victory from the rock of Lisbon to
Free the Press, and you teach the .