A Sanskrit-English dictionary: with references to the best editions of Sanskrit authors and etymologies and comparisons of cognate words chiefly in Greek, Latin, Gothic, and Anglo-Saxon

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Longmans, Green, and Company, 1866 - English language - 1145 pages

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When looking at cultural values and social norms of India and France, one cannot but realise that these two countries have a lot more in common than other more important historic or economic partners of India .Hierarchy, relationship orientation and indirectness in communication are just a few cultural dimensions on which both cultural groups share more similarities than with expected countries. Family is a pillar of both Indian and French cultures. Ask anyone in both countries what they think is the most important thing in their life and most of them will reply that their family is what they cherish the most. In India, the family can include much vaster circles. When most Indians talk about their family they will also include first degree and second degree cousins, aunts and uncles. A lot of people still live in extended families as tradition dictates that a bride should move into the house of her husband’s family. Most Indians do not leave their parents home until they are married so a typical household could hold up to 7 or 8 people. Unlike the French who will try to get someone else to help, most Indians will stop anything they are doing to take care of a family member. People will skip work in order to take an aunty to the hospital or will take a few days off for a distant relative’s wedding. Another important value that both countries have in common is social status and the inherent need for visible hierarchy. Even though both countries were founded on an ideal of equality among its people both French and Indian societies are naturally elitist. The third value that Indian and French people share is argumentation. Both peoples are traditionally highly argumentative and are seen as undisciplined by other more complying cultures. The argumentative tradition in both countries can be traced back to a long philosophical history that has left a mark on present society. The problem arises that because of hierarchical concerns, senior managers very often do not share the ins and outs of their decision with their employees and this sometimes lead to severe quality issues in task execution and to time wastage due to employees taking more time to accept decisions made without their involvement. While both the French and the Indian people are patriotic, they have very different ways of showing it. Economical nationalism as a sign of patriotism is common in both countries. As often as possible, the French will buy French products even though they can be more expensive and Indians will buy Indian goods even though they might not always have the same quality standards. Nevertheless, outspoken patriotism is often seen suspiciously in France, whereas it is very much expected in India. The best example of this is the consideration given to the national anthem and the flag. Both countries’ flags are called the tricolour but the sentiments attached to them are very different. In France flag waving is limited to major sporting successes of the national squads and is considered inappropriate, if not downright tinted, in any other cases. In India, the flag is one of the most sacred emblems of the nation. Government officials are the only one allowed to hoist it on national holidays like Independence Day or Republic day. It is otherwise considered disrespectful to wave the flag on any other occasion. Nevertheless when the Indian cricket team fares particularly well, the Indian tricolour remains an emblem used by appreciative fan 

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