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Flag-ships of van and rear divisions signal: Division N.

Flag-ship of centre division signals: Head of van* squadron N.N.W.-rear squadron N.

The port column slows to steerage-way; the starboard column continues at full speed, its leader keeping N.N.W. at once and coming into column ahead of thirteen. So soon as eleven comes abreast of twelve she keeps N.N.W. and comes into column ahead of twelve ; ten maneuvres in a similar manner with respect to eleven, and so on to the last vessel.

When the fleet is in column of vessels, the com

mander-in-chief makes signal :
E. or W.
The line is formed as in 70, Fig. 105.

2d Method.

Form the fleet into line to the front, as in 76, Fig. 108; then into column, as in 1, Fig. 18, and finally signal E. or W., and the manoeuvre is completed.

* See note (*) to manæuvre 76.

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The commander-in-chief makes signal:

Starboard column E.head of port column E. Flag-ship of van division signals: Division E.

Flag-ship of centre division signals : Van (or right centre) squadron E.-head of rear (or left centre) squadron E.*

Flag-ship of rear division : Division N.

So soon as the commander-in-chief observes that the starboard column is turning to the Eastward, he signals to it S., and also, Head of port column S., and the column is formed as shown by the diagram, from which it can of course be formed into line to the right or left by the signal W. or E.

* See note (*) to manouvre 76.

To form a fleet, in column of divisions from the centre, into line to the right or left, at right angles to the original direction, form it first into line to the front, then into column of vessels from the right or left, as in manæuvre 1, Fig. 18, and finally proceed as above.

79. The fleet being in double columns from the centre

of divisions, heading N., to form it into line to the right or left, at right angles to the original direction.

Form the fleet into line, as in manœuvre 77, Fig. 109; then into column from the right or left, as in manouvre 1, Fig. 18, and finally into line to the right or left, upon the signal E. or W.

80. The fleet being in double columns from the centre,

to form it into line on any course whatever.

Form it into column of vessels by one of the methods described in manæuvre 78 ; then into column of vessels on the line of bearing of the line, as in manoeuvre 74, Fig. 107, and finally into line by signalling the course, as in mancuvre 74, Fig. 107.

81. The flest being in double columns from the centre

of divisions, to form it into line, on any course whatever.

Form it into line to the front, as in manoeuvre 77, Fig. 109; then into column of vessels from the right or left, at right angles to the course on which the line is to head (or, in other words, on its line of bearing), and finally into line by signalling the course, as in maneuvre 74, Fig. 107.

82. The fleet being in line, beading N., to form it into

echelon of vessels from the right, preserving the
original direction.

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The commander-in-chief makes signal:

From the right of fleet, form echelon of vessels.
Which is repeated by the divisional command-

The vessel on the right of the fleet steams at full speed; the other vessels slow to steerageway. When two finds one bearing N.E. from

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