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advantage animals appears births capital Captain cause chiefly circumstances coast command commerce commodities consequence considerable considered cultivation degree Dr Smith effect employed England equal established expence extent favourable feet fossil French greater Greenland gunpowder inches increase industry inhabitants islands labour land latitude laws length less limestone manufactures marriages means Melville Island ment miles motion mountains nations nature navy nearly necessary neral nerves object observed obtained Orkney oscillations parish pendulum period Peru Plate Polynesia population portion Portugal post-captain present principle printing prison produce profit proportion provinces Prussia quadrupeds quantity Quesnay rate of profit raw produce remains render rent rise rivers roller Shetland ships shore side simple pendulum society soil species square miles sufficient supply supposed surface tain temperature tion trade ture Unst wages wealth whole
Page 272 - THERE is one sort of labour which adds to the value of the subject upon which it is bestowed: there is another which has no such effect. The former, as it produces a value, may be called productive; the latter, unproductive labour.
Page 244 - He is liable, in consequence, to be frequently without any. What he earns, therefore, while he is employed, must not only maintain him while he is idle, but make him some compensation for those anxious and desponding" moments which the thought of so precarious a situation must sometimes occasion.
Page 292 - ... a convenient stock of flax hemp wool thread iron and other necessary ware and stuff to set the poor on work: and also competent sums of money for and towards the necessary relief of the lame impotent old blind and such other among them being poor and not able to work...
Page 216 - That the loss of a trade with one nation is not that only, separately considered, but so much of the trade of the world rescinded and lost, for all is combined together.
Page 195 - Character which endeared him to his friends, and shed a grace and a dignity over all the society in which he moved. The same admirable taste which is conspicuous in his writings, or rather the higher principles from which that taste was but an emanation, spread a similar charm over his whole life and conversation ; and gave to the most learned Philosopher of his day the manners and deportment of the most perfect Gentleman.
Page 272 - The labour of some of the most respectable orders in the society is, like that of menial servants, unproductive of any value, and does not fix or realize itself in any permanent subject; or vendible commodity, which endures after that labour is past, and for which an equal quantity of labour could afterwards be procured. The sovereign, for example, with all the officers both of justice and war who serve under him, the whole army and navy, are unproductive labourers. They are the servants of the public,...
Page 213 - Although a Kingdom may be enriched by gifts received, or by purchase taken from some other Nations, yet these are things uncertain and of small consideration when they happen. The ordinary means therefore to increase our wealth and treasure is by Forraign Trade, wherein wee must ever observe this rule; to sell more to strangers yearly than wee consume of theirs in value.
Page 231 - A common smith, who, though accustomed to handle the hammer, has never been used to make nails, if, upon some particular occasion, he is obliged to attempt it, will scarce, I am assured, be able to make above two or three hundred nails in a day, and those too very bad ones.
Page 240 - If this capital is divided between two different grocers, their competition will tend to make both of them sell cheaper than if it were in the hands of one only; and if it were divided among twenty, their competition would be just so much the greater, and the chance of their combining together, in order to raise the price, just so much the less.