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Balis orat vultu, sed lingua mente : manugs Qualis erat qui vult discere scripta legat.
aut famam: qui lingua mente: manuw? Vincent hunc fama indice, rarus erat.
WARS IN IRELAND,
REIGN OF QUEEN ELIZABETH.
Taken from the original Chronicles.
Illustrated with Portraits of QUEEN ELIZABETH and the EARL of TOTNESS;
By Thomas Staffred.
FIRST PUBLISHED IN LONDON,
REPRINTED BY THE HIBERNIA-PRESS COMPANY,
After that Don Iuan was landed and setled in the Towne of Kinsale; by shipping which returned, hee sent into Spaine a relation of his present estate, which is as followeth, translated out of the Originall under his owne hand.
A Discourse of the estate wherein Don Iuan de Aquila doth remaine, with the appointment of such things as hee advertiseth to be needfull for his succour, and good effect of his voyage; translated out of a Spanish discourse.
On the first of October hee arrived at the Haven of Kinsale, and the day following, Don Iuan landed all his Souldiers; whereof framing two squadrons, hee marched towards the said Towne, out of which there issued fiftie Foote and fourtie Horse, who leaving the place free, went towards the Towne of Corke; the persons of better sort going with them, with all their goods; whereupon there were presently sent in two Companies, and the day following entered all the rest of the Armie, and lodged there, to the end to shelter the Troopes and Munitions under covert, although with great straightnesse, the place contayning not aboue two hundred houses.
The seat and foundation of Kinsale is in a side of a River, invironed in hils, and without any kind of defence, in so much as Don Iuan is of the mind, if the enemy should come (to quarter himselfe neere his front) to try his fortune, because otherwise hee should not bee able to make good the place.
There were disembarqued two Field-Peeces, and two Demie-Cannons, leaving the rest of the Artillerie unlanded, not having Munition sufficient for so much Artillery, for that the Powder and Match which remaines is little, and the greater quantitie came wett, as well as not to be encombred with so much Artillery, without Horses to draw it, since that with the next succors may be sent munition enough.
There is in the middle of the Haven of Quinsale, a certaine (almost an) Iland, on the which it seemeth good to Don Iuan to haue a Fort made, to secure and defend the Haven; yet is there no convenient place to do it: for on the part that lookes towards the place, an Arme of the Sea divides it from the land, continued somewhat upwards into the land, without having Pinnaces, Boats, or other means to crosse it: and for that the Towne Quinsale is of so great a Seat, and open in so many parts, and so weake, that it is needful to haue halfe the Troupes in guard at least, whensoever they should bee forced to draw out to some good effect, which notwithstanding would not bee in good securitie, the place (almost an island) not having sufficient water, nor is there any place of those adjacent, that yeeldeth means to fortifie it, so that to is so that to is necessary to go elsewhere for it, having here nothing to make Cisterns nor Pinnases for a passage, or to bring bavins and