Page images

pointed or elected a Professor in the Theological Institution in Andover, shall, on the day of his inauguration into office, publicly make and subscribe." The Creed and Declaration to be subscribed are in the following words:

"I believe that there is one and but one living and true God; that the word of God, contained in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament, is the only perfect rule of faith and practice; that agreeably to those Scriptures GOD is a Spirit, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable in his being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness, and truth; that in the Godhead, are three Persons, the FATHER, the SON, and the HOLY GHOST; and that these THREE are ONE GOD, the same in substance, equal in power and glory; that God created man, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness; that the glory of God is man's chief end, and the enjoyment of God his supreme happiness; that this enjoyment is derived solely from conformity of heart to the moral character and will of Gon; that ADAM, the federal head and representative of the human race, was placed in a state of probation, and that, in consequence of his disobedience, all his descendants were constituted sinners; that by nature every man is personally depraved, destitute of holiness, unlike and opposed to God; and that, previously to the renewing agency of the DIVINE SPIRIT, all his moral actions are adverse to the character and glory of God; that, being morally incapable of recovering the image of his CREATOR, which was lost in ADAM, every man is justly exposed to eternal damnation; so that, except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of GOD; that GOD, of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity elected some to everlasting life, and that he entered into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of this state of sin and misery by a REDEEMER; that the only REDEEMER of the elect is the eternal Son of God, who for this purpose became man, and continues to be GoD and man in two distinct natures and one person forever; that CHRIST, as our Redeemer, execute th the office of a Prophet, Priest and King; that, agreeably to the covenant of redemption, the Son of GOD, and he alone, by his sufferings and death, has made atonement for the sins of all men; that repentance, faith, and holiness are the personal requisites in the Gospel scheme of salvation; that the righteousness of CHRIST is the only ground of a sinner's justification; that this righteousness is received through faith; and that this faith is the gift of GOD; so that our salvation is wholly of grace; that no means whatever can change the heart of a sinner, and make it holy; that regeneration and sanctification are effects of the creating and renewing agency of the HOLY SPIRIT, and that supreme love to GOD constitutes the essential difference between saints and sinners; that by convincing us of our sin and misery, enlightening our minds, working faith in us, and renewing our wills, the HOLY SPIRIT makes us partakers of the benefits of redemption; and that the ordinary means, by which these benefits are communicated to us, are the word, sacraments and prayer; that repentance unto life, faith to feed upon

Christ, love to GoD, and new obedience, are the appropriate qualifications for the Lord's Supper; and that a Christian Church ought to admit no person to its holy communion, before he exhibit credible evidence of his godly sincerity; that perseverance in holiness is the only method of making our calling and election sure; and that the final perseverance of saints, though it is the effect of the special operation of GoD on their hearts, necessarily implies their own watchful diligence; that they, who are effectually called, do in this life partake of justification, adoption, and sanctification, and the several benefits, which do either accompany or flow from them; that the souls of believers are at their death made perfect in holiness, and do immediately pass into glory; that their bodies, being still united to CHRIST, will at the resurrection be raised up to glory, and that the saints will be made perfectly blessed in the full enjoyment of God to all eternity; but that the wicked will awake to shame and everlasting contempt, and with devils be plunged into the lake, that burneth with fire and brimstone forever and ever. I moreover believe that GoD, according to the counsel of his own will, and for his own glory, hath foreordained whatsoever comes to pass, and that all beings, actions, and events, both in the natural and moral world, are under his providential direction; that God's decrees perfectly consist with human liberty; GoD's universal agency with the agency of man; and man's dependence with his accountability; that man has understanding and corporeal strength to do all, that God requires of him; so that nothing, but the sinner's aversion to holiness, prevents his salvation; that it is the prerogative of God, to bring good out of evil, and that he will cause the wrath and rage of wicked men and devils to praise Him; and that all the evil, which has existed, and will forever exist in the moral system, will eventually be made to promote a most important purpose under the wise and perfect administration of that ALMIGHTY BEING, who will cause all things to work for his own glory, and thus fulfil all his pleasure. And farthermore I do solemnly promise that I will open and explain the Scriptures to my Pupils with integrity and faithfulness; that I will maintain and inculcate the Christian faith, as expressed in the Creed, by me now repeated, together with all the other doctrines and duties of our holy Religion, so far, as may appertain to my office, according to the best light, GOD shall give me, and in opposition, not only to Atheists and Infidels, but to Jews, Papists, Mahometans, Arians, Pelagians, Antinomians, Arminians, Socinians, Sabellians, Unitarians, and Universalists; and to all heresies and errors, ancient and modern, which may be opposed to the Gospel of CHRIST, or hazardous to the souls of men; that by my instruction, counsel, and example, I will endeavor to promote true Piety and Godliness; that I will consult the good of this INSTITUTION, and the peace of the Churches of our Lord Jesus Christ on all occasions; and that I will religiously conform to the Constitution and Laws of this SEMINARY, and to the Statutes of this Foundation,"

The Westminster Assembly met in London, in the reign of Charles 1st, A. D. 1643. It was a synod of learned divines, assembled by order of Parliament, for the purpose of settling the government, liturgy and doctrine of the Church of England.

The Theological Institution at Andover, Mass. was founded in 1805. Its funds are about $500,000. It has graduated, to January, 1836, 672 scholars. Anniversary, second Wednesday in September.

The Associate Presbyterians,

Have one Synod, nine presbyteries, 87 ministers, 183 congregations, and about 16,000 communicants. They are found West and South of the Hudson River.

The Reformed Presbyterians, or Covenanters,

Are located principally in Ohio. They have one General Synod, two subordinate Synods, four presbyteries, 20 ministers, 40 congregations, and about 3000 communicants.

The Associate Reformed Presbyterians,

Have a Northern, a Southern, and a Western Synod. They have 13 presbyteries, 116 ministers, 214 churches, and about 12,000 communicants. They are located principally in Pennsylvania, and the Western States.

Cumberland Presbyterians.-See page 82.

Since the body of this work was printed, we find that this church has increased in a few years, with astonishing rapidity. In the States of Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Indiana, and Missouri, its number of churches is no less than 500; ministers, 450; number of communicants, 50,000. It has a college at Princeton, Ky. and a periodical called the Cumberland Presbyterian.


This church comprises one General Synod; and two particular Synods; one at New York and another at Albany. The two Synods comprise 18 classis, 192 ministers, 197 churches, 21,044 communicants, and a population of about 125,000. This denomination of Christians is found almost entirely in the first settlements in the States of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. The Christian Intelligencer, published at New York, advocates the principles of this church.


The foregoing article was prepared and kindly furnished the editor, by the Rev. Paul Dean, of Boston, a clergyman of high stand

ing of this class of Christians. We have received a communication, of a similar import, from another distinguished clergyman of this profession.

The Independent Messenger, a paper published weekly at Boston, advocates the doctrine of this denomination.


This denomination is spread over every section of the United States, and the British Provinces. They form, it is stated, more than three-fourths of the population of the Canadas. They are also found in large numbers in the Provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. In this Union, they are most numerous in the Middle States; but in consequence of the great influx of this people into North America, and their frequent change of location, it is utterly impossible to state their numbers, in each State, with any degree of accuracy. Their number in the United States is variously stated from 500,000 to 1,500,000. Their number, probably, is not less than 800,000, nor more than 1,200,000. of the Canadas in 1835, was at least one million.

The population

The first Roman Catholics that came to this country, were from England, under Lord Baltimore, a Catholic nobleman, in 1634. They settled the State of Maryland, and, much to their honor, while some of the Protestant provinces were persecuting all those who differed from them on religious subjects, the Catholic Marylanders protected all sects that were moral and civil in their deportment.

The Catholics have, in the United States, 12 dioceses, 1 archbishop, 11 bishops, 341 clergymen, 22 colleges and other seminaries of learning for males, and 34 convents and academies for females.

The Catholics publish the following weekly papers: The Boston Pilot, Boston, Mass.; New York Weekly Register and Catholic Diary, and the Truth Teller, New York; Catholic Herald, Philadelphia, Pa.; Catholic Telegraph, Cincinnati, Ohio; United States Catholic Miscellany, Charleston, S. C.; and the Shepherd of the Valley, St. Louis, Missou.

This Church claims to be the mother of all the Churches on earth, since the days of the apostles. If this is a fact, it must be acknowledged that this mother of all the faithful has had a great number of disobedient children.

At the time of the Reformation, 1517, papal power, or the power of the Pope of Rome, had acquired so great a spiritual dominion over the minds and consciences of men, that all Europe submitted to it with implicit obedience. At the present day the Roman Catholic religion prevails, more or less, in every country in Christendom. Its population is stated to exceed eighty millions. It is the established religion of Austria, France, Portugal, and Spain, and of thirteen other States in Europe.

The states of the Church, or the temporal dominions of the Pope of Rome, are at present confined to a territory of 13,000 square miles, with a population of 2,500,000, and a public debt of more than ninety millions of dollars. The present Pope is Gregory the XVI. He was born in 1765, and assumed the papal authority in 1831. The political power of the Pope of Rome is now regarded by all the European governments with perfect indifference, except as a matter of policy.


The number of churches belonging to the Seventh Day Baptist General Conference, in 1835, was 42. Elders, 30; licentiates, 16; members, 4503. Five of their churches are in Rhode Island; one in Waterford, Ct.; twenty-seven in New York; three in New Jersey; three in Pennsylvania; two in Virginia; and one in Clark County, Ohio.


This denomination is also styled the Millennial Church. Although celibacy is enjoined by the Shakers, upon their members, yet their numbers rather increase, by converts from the world.

There are fifteen Societies of Shakers in the United States, located in the following places: Alfred and New Gloucester, Me.; Canterbury and Enfield. N. H.; Shirley, Harvard, Tyringham and Hancock, Mass.; Enfield Conn.; Watervliet and New Lebanon, N. Y.; Union Village and Watervliet, Ohio; Pleasant Hill and South Union, Ky. The number of Shakers in the United States is about 6000.

This sect of Christians arose at Manchester, in England, about A. D. 1747. They derive their name from their manner of worship, which is performed by singing, dancing, and clapping their hands in regular time, to a novel, but rather pleasant kind of music. This sect was persecuted in England, and came to America in 1774. They first settled in Watervliet, near Albany, N. Y. They have, or think they have, revelations from heaven, or gifts from the Holy Spirit, which direct them in the choice of their leaders, and in other important concerns. Their dress and manners are similar to those of the Society of Friends; hence they are often called Shaking Quakers. They display great skill and science in agriculture, horticulture, and the mechanic arts; and their honesty, industry, hospitality and neatness, are proverbial. These people choose their locations with great taste and judgment. A Shaker village always presents a scene of beauty.


Most of the Six Principle Baptists are found in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. They have about 30 churches, 12 ministers, and 2200 communicants.

« PreviousContinue »