## Wire in Electrical Construction |

### From inside the book

Page

63 Cables : Power cables ..... 64-65 Telephone cables .. 66-67 Telegraph cables

. 68-69 Aerial cables ...... 70–71 Submarine cables .. 72 Rail - bonds ......... 73

MEASURES OF LENGTH .

63 Cables : Power cables ..... 64-65 Telephone cables .. 66-67 Telegraph cables

. 68-69 Aerial cables ...... 70–71 Submarine cables .. 72 Rail - bonds ......... 73

MEASURES OF LENGTH .

**Names**of units . Inches . vi TABLE OF CONTENTS . Page 1

. Inches . Feet Yards . Meters . 1 . 12 . 36 . * 39.37 .083 33 1 . 3 . * 3.280 83 .027

78 333 33 1 . * 1.093 611 .025 4 * .304 801 * .914 402 1 . .001 26 .015 15 .045 ...

**Names**of units . Inches . Feet . Yards . Meters . Chains . Kilometers . Miles . Knots. Inches . Feet Yards . Meters . 1 . 12 . 36 . * 39.37 .083 33 1 . 3 . * 3.280 83 .027

78 333 33 1 . * 1.093 611 .025 4 * .304 801 * .914 402 1 . .001 26 .015 15 .045 ...

Page 2

centimeters . Square inches . Square feet . Square yards . Square meters .

MEASURES OF VOLUME .

Square mils .

**Names**of units . Circular mils . Square mils . Square millimeters . Squarecentimeters . Square inches . Square feet . Square yards . Square meters .

MEASURES OF VOLUME .

**Names**of units . Cubic centimeters. Circular mils ..Square mils .

Page 3

MEASURES OF VOLUME .

Liters . Gallons . Cubic feet . Cubic yards . Cubic meters . MEASURES OF

WEIGHT .

Gallons . 1 .

MEASURES OF VOLUME .

**Names**of units . Cubic centimeters . Cubic inches .Liters . Gallons . Cubic feet . Cubic yards . Cubic meters . MEASURES OF

WEIGHT .

**Names**of units . Grains . Cubic centimeters . Cubic inches LitersGallons . 1 .

Page 4

avoirdupois . Kilograms . MEASURES OF WORK . MEASURES OF PRESSURE .

DECIMAL EQUIVALENTS. Grains . Grams . Ounces avoirdupois .... Pounds troy .

1 .

**Names**of units . Grains . Grams . Ounces avoirdupois . Pounds troy . Poundsavoirdupois . Kilograms . MEASURES OF WORK . MEASURES OF PRESSURE .

DECIMAL EQUIVALENTS. Grains . Grams . Ounces avoirdupois .... Pounds troy .

1 .

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### Common terms and phrases

according actual allowed Areas average Bismuth Black bond braid Breaking weight Bright C. G. S. system cable calculated capacity cent Centigrade centimeters centum circuit Circular mils coėfficient common conductor consist COPPER WIRE core cotton covered Cubic decimal deflection diameter double drawn EFFECTS electrical equal Fahrenheit feet Fluid ounce foot formed formulę galvanized gauge given gives grams hard holes insulation international ampere International ohms Iron Joule Kilograms kilometer kind Legal ohms length less liquid loose MEASURES mercury at 32 Mile-ohm Numbers of wires ordinary Ounces passed piece Platinum pounds per square practical pure represented resistance rise rubber saturated Sharpe silver sizes soft solid solution span Spans in feet SPECIFIC GRAVITIES square inch Square meters Square millimeters standard Steel strain strand strength taken temperature tests thickness tional ohms twists units voltameter watt Weatherproof Weights per mile wrapped yards

### Popular passages

Page 14 - As a unit of resistance, the international ohm, which is based upon the ohm equal to 10° units of resistance of the cgs system of electromagnetic units, and is represented by the resistance offered to an unvarying electric current by a column of mercury at the temperature of melting ice 14.4521 grams in mass, of a constant crosssectional area and of the length of 106.3 cmsAmpere.

Page 15 - As a unit of quantity, the international coulomb, which is the quantity of electricity transferred by a current of one international ampere in one second. As a unit of capacity, the international farad, which is the capacity of a condenser charged to a potential of one international volt by one international coulomb of electricity. As a unit of work, the joule, which is equal to 10...

Page 14 - As a unit of current, the international ampere, which is onetenth of the unit of current of the CGS system of electromagnetic units, and which is represented sufficiently well for practical use by the unvarying current which, when passed through a solution of nitrate of silver in water, and in accordance with accompanying specifications deposits silver at the rate of Q.001118 of a gram per second.

Page 15 - The liquid should consist of a neutral solution of pure silver nitrate, containing about 15 parts by weight of the nitrate to 85 parts of water. The resistance of the voltameter changes somewhat as the current passes. To prevent these changes having too great an effect on the current, some resistance besides that of the voltameter should be inserted in the circuit.

Page 15 - ... As a unit of electromotive force, the international volt, which is the electromotive force that, steadily applied to a conductor whose resistance is one international ohm, will produce a current of one international ampere, and which is represented sufficiently well for practical use by \\\% of the electromotive force between the poles or electrodes of the voltaic cell known as Clark's cell, at a temperature of 15° C., and prepared in the manner described in the accompanying specification...

Page 36 - Ibs. each. 7. The wire must be well galvanized and capable of standing the following test : The wire will be plunged into a saturated solution of sulphate of copper, and permitted to remain one minute, and then wiped clean. This process will be performed four times. If the wire appears black after the fourth immersion, it shows that the...

Page 15 - IOT units of work in the cgs system, and which is represented sufficiently well for practical use by the energy expended in one second by an international ampere in an international ohm. " As a unit of power, the watt, which is equal to 10...

Page 15 - As a unit of electromotive force, the international volt, which is the electromotive force that, steadily applied to a conductor whose resistance is one international ohm, will produce a current of one international ampere, and which is represented sufficiently well for practical use by ^2.

Page 14 - In the following specification the term silver voltameter means the arrangement of apparatus by means of which an electric current is passed through a solution of nitrate of silver in water. The silver voltameter measures the total electrical quantity which has passed during the time of the experiment, and by noting this time the time average of the current, or, if the current has been kept constant, the current itself can be deduced.

Page 15 - Henry, which is the induction in a circuit when the electro-motive force induced in this circuit is one international volt while the inducing current varies at the rate of one Ampere per second.