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From The Spectator. as being rather courteous trillings of a THE CHANCES OF THE COMTE DE CHAM. gentlemanly and even commendable kind, BORD.

than serious intrigues. On the other hand, Of all the problems — and they are end- it must not be forgotten that the first Resless — presented by the condition of toration revealed an unexpected depth of France, no one is so perplexing to Eng- regard for the old line, and was followed lishmen as the extent of the strength or by the dangerous popular movement so weakness of the Legitimist idea. Is Henri well described by Louis Blanc under the Cinq merely a name, or has the respecta- title of “ The White Terror.” No sooner ble gentleman of fifty-one who bears that again is government in the provinces overtitle any substantial chance of mounting thrown and the country left to itself, than the throne of France? Ask any French- the peasants send up troops of Legitimists man you will, not a Legitimist, his opinion, as representatives, till they are the strongand he will tell you that loyalty in the old est fraction in the Chamber, and observers sense is utterly dead in France; that the of some experience, though doubtless also people have forgotten the Bourbons, or of much prejudice, like the Parisian correassociate them only with tithes; that spondent of the Times, affirm that the AsHenry V. is to them a mere name; that sembly as a body has decided to acknowl. Legitimacy is the highly honourable tradi- edge the right of the exile of Frohsdorf to tion of a few great families, or the highly the throne of France; and serious politidishonourable affectation of a few men cians interest themselves in projects of fuwho use its profession as a passport to sion, which on the visual theory ought to good society, but that it is in no sense and be about as important as an arrangement among no class a working political creed. between the two lines of Reuss. The The love for the White Flag is, in fact, an Church declares herself friendly to the antiquarian sentiment. This belief has cause of the dynastic pretender, and been entertained by a succession of rulers, Henry V. himself is so much encouraged some of whom at all events must be held that he, for the first time, puts forward a to have understood France. Napoleon I., programme intended to be something more though he warred with the Vendéans, than a purely literary effort. Witherto he never dreaded or disliked the Legitimists has contented himself with asserting and as individuals, and though he shot the Duc reasserting his historical “rights," but d'Enghien, systematically trusted them in his declaration of May 8 is an intelligible his diplomatic service. Louis Philippe in- and, in some respects, an able political sulted the party, as in the affair of the programme, suggesting either that the Duchess de Berri, without fear, while per- Comte de Chambord is an abler man of the petually making concessions to the Bona- reflective kind than he was believed to be, partists, who, as he always believed, out- or that some one of modern capacity has numbered his own friends. Napoleon III., at last obtained his ear. He does not, of detesting and dreading the Orleanists, not course, surrender his own theory of his only courted the Legitimists, but tried to own place on earth – that would have utilize the historic sentiment in their fa- ruined him morally with his own party vour for the benefit of his own dynasty, but he does offer some grave pledges insuggesting, for example, in a public mani- tended to diminish suspicion as to the defesto, that one day the fittest title for his ductions he draws from his claim to be own son, then just born, would be the old King by right divine. He renounces forone of Child of France. And finally, Gam- mally and distinctly any intention of exbetta, besides employing them readily in ercising absolute power, and pledges himall departments, omitted them with strong self to submit all acts of his Government words of praise from his denunciations and to the careful control of representatives decree of disqualification. This confidence, freely elected.” This pledge is intended, so strange in men who towards other par-, of course, to conciliate all those Orleanists ties exhibited a feeling of distrustful an- who are rather Parliamentarians than foltipathy, was justified by almost all the lowers of any dynasty, and may have a ris: ble facts. During forty years the Le-i great effect upon the bourgeoisie, while it gitimists have never been able to raise an will not offend his own party, which, insurrection, nor during those years can though it asserts the doctrine of divine they ever be said to have had out of Brit- right with almost incredible vehemence, tany a party at the polls. A few great has never denied the right of its head to Legitimists, like Berryer, rose to Parlia- use any agency or take any advice he mentary distinction; but their relations pleased. Then he declares that he will with Frohsdorf were tolerated on all hands, not if restored interfere with equality,

which is one of the conditions of the life be that of France.” He has neither symof the nation;” or attempt to establish pathy with the Germans nor support from privileges, — a concession to the moderate them, for though he has lived in exile, it Republicans, who are more afraid of aris- has been under the Austrian flag, just now tocracy than of the throne; promises com- by a funny turn of fortune rather popular plete amnesty, even to the extent of em- in France. He has not bombarded Paris, ploying men of all parties,- a bid for the' and is not more hated there than any adhesion of the bureaucracy; and finally other King would be, perhaps less, for pledges himself to secure efficacious guar- Paris has no gossip to tell of his career. antees for the Pope, - bid for the village There is no especial reason that we see why curés, hitherto the strongest because the he should not be chosen, and two or three most interested friends of the Bonapartists. very powerful reasons in favour of such a The tone of the whole manifesto in fact is choice. His personality is almost unthat of a man who believes that a move- known, as unknown as that of Louis Napoment will be made in his favour, which leon in 1818, while his name is not un-, may succeed, if only the factions most known; for, after all, to say that the likely to resist can be temporarily concil- Bourbons are forgotten in France is, iated.

though perfectly true in one sense, more Is it conceivable that there is any ground of an epigram than an fact. His selection, for this tone, that the long despised Comte instead of adding one more to the list of de Chambord is really one of the most dynastic parties, would eliminate one, for probable candidates for the highest place his heir is the Comte de Paris; and in France? We cannot profess to answer although the great Orleanists think that the question with decision, but there is no fact of a bad rather than a good importvisible reason for a peremptory No, and a ance, wishing their King to reign by elecgood many for hesitation. Supposing a tion alone they cannot alter history, or monarchy established at all, that is to say, decree that the Comte de Paris shall not supposing, the great cities not to be con- one day be the lineal chief of the Bourciliated, but to be held down, and M. bons. And finally, his election would reThiers to be dismissed — and in Paris at link the broken chain of history, and to a least, after this bombardment, the Assem- people so weary, so dispirited, so thirsty bly has no other alternative — the Comte for repose, that of itself must have a cerde Chambord is quite as probable a mon- tain charm. We do not see, if the Asarch as any other. There is no man of sembly declares for him, and that the the first eminence to be his competitor, no cities are held down, and the peasantry one in whom Frenchmen have any per- refuse under the advice of the cures to resonal confidence, or to whom any party sist, why the chances of Henry Cinq are likely to vote for a monarchy has any de- not as good as those of any conceivable voted attachment. The Count may not pretender. Of course, if the Army opbe a strong man though extremely little poses, its opposition would be fatal; but is known about him — but his rivals are there is no especial reason why the Army not strong men either, at least if we should oppose the Bourbons any more may trust the indications that the Duc than the Orleanists, while the Count has d'Aumale, able as he is as a critic, has in at least this military merit — that he has the crisis of his fortunes proved himself never been defeated. The dynasty could unequal to his great opportunities. His not, we believe, last; but it might preside condemnation is that he is not now on the with some dignity and great moderation throne. The Count may not be able to through the interregnum during which reign, but he can sit in the chair of State France must rehabilitate itself, and allow just as well as the Comte de Paris, can time for the revival of political life and select the same advisers, and is equally governing capacity in a country in which uncompromised by any incidents in his twenty years of despotism appear to have past career. He can have no personal temporarily extinguished both. A repubenemies to punish, or personal injuries to lic would revivify France more rapidly, avenge, or — as he says with a sly dig at and allow far greater scope for the action his cousins of the younger branch which re- of a man of genius; but if the Assembly calls the satiric temper of Louis XVIII. wins, and declares for a throne, most Engpersonal fortune to build up. Being child- lishmen will believe that among preless, is his suggestion, he can have no mo- tenders the heir of Hugh Capet may be tive either to make money, or to form rich pronounced at all events the least objecalliances, or to found a fortune, " unless it tionable.

No. 1412. - June 24, 1871.

771

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CONTENTS.
1. LIFE OF THE FIRST EARL OF SHAFTESBURY, Quarterly Review, .
2. SEED-TIME AND HARVEST : or, DURING MY AP-

PRENTICESHIP. Part XXVI. Translated for
The Living Age from the Platt-Deutsch
of .

Fritz Reuter,. 3. THE ORIGINAL MERRY ANDREW,

Fraser's Magazine, 4. NoveLISTS AS PAINTERS OF MORALS,

Spectator, 5. SIR John HERSCHEL,

Saturday Review, . 6. NEMESIS IN PARIS,

Examiner, 7. BELGIAN POLITICS,

Spectator, 8. AFFAIRS IN CHINA, .

Examiner, * Title and Index to Vol. CLX.

POETRY. ON AN APPLE,

770 | SONNET,.

794 806 814 316 819 820 823

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SHORT ARTICLES.

793 | THE TREATY OF WASHINGTON,

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ON AN APPLE.

Thrice luckless fruit! our world had been

Far better off without you; MYSTERIOUS fruit! thy ruddy round

Ribstone or russet, red or green, Sets frolic francy flying.

There's some ill spell about you. Half hid in orchard-grass, I found

Mankind perchance had sager grown Thee fallen. Day was dying.

More fit with fate to grapple, Laura had left me there alone,

Had earth or Eden never known
My parting kiss refusing;

A woman or an apple.
And, since all joy with her had flown,
I fell to mumpish musing.

So grumbled I, when lo! a pair

Of pouting lips were proffered; An Apple! Well, 'tis juicy-sweet,

And – taken somewhat unaware By Pbæbus rarely roasted;

I welcomed what they offered. A lovelier or more luscious treat,

And verily 'tis wondrous strange, Pomona never boasted.

And passing explanation, And yet, and yet, one can't forget.

The mighty metamorphic change The painful thought will slip in

Wrought by that osculation. The mischief mortal kind have met

Said Laura: “You're a silly goose, From such another pippin.

Because a girl's capricious,

To whelm with eloquent abuse O Eve! if you content had been

A pippin so delicious. With pear, or plum, or cherry,

And that old sneer at Mother Eve, Our world had shewn a different scene,

Is worse than stale

- it's shabby; Less mad, and far more merry,

My poor old Bertie, I believe
And many a sermon had been spared,

You're growing tart and crabby.”
In churches and in chapels.
If we, your children had not shared

Quoth I, “Sun-stinted fruit will lose
Your luckless taste for apples.

The sweetness of its savour,
And I grow sour if you refuse

The sunshine of your favour.
Fair fruit! What strange malignant fate I'm sweet as drops from Hybla's hive,
Links with your mellow glory,

If you but smile; so do, love.
The perils of our fallen state,
The sadness of our story?

You are my Venus, and I give

The apple unto you, love."
From those of cld in captured Troy,
Whom Paris brought to sorrow,

She smiled - & more seductive smile
To him, the orchard-robbing boy,

Ne'er came from Cytherea Who dreads his birch to-morrow.

But thought my pseudo-classic style

A most absurd idea. How many souls associate

She would not take the apple -- she With you their trips and trials,

Was no pert Pagan Venus; Of all on whom despotic fate

And so, to save more words, d'ye see,

We ate the fruit between us. Has voided all her phials.

Chambers' Journal. Eve and (Enone, Jack and Jill, Myself and Menelaus, Find you a Dead Sea mockery still, That tempts but to betray us.

SONNET. What dismal destiny bestowed

SPIN me a rope of sand, or forge a chain Your dower of disaster?

Of yeasty foam to hold the mighty ses;

Then with cold words of wisdom come to me Swift-footed Atalanta owed To you her lord and master.

To bind me to your creed that love is vain. And Tell, and Tantalus — Good lack!

Your rope would perish with an April rain,

Your chain would fly before a zephyr's breath: On earth or with the gods, You have a most distinguished knack

So your cold words of wisdom meet their

death Of setting things at odds.

When Love's low whisper makes the heart gror

fain. Per contra, fairness must forbid

The match of Love is of so quick a sort The muse to be quite mute on

It can be lighted with the merest touch; The little service once you did

And let it once be kindled, e'en in sport, To good Sir Isaac Newton.

Cool reason, thawing, finds the fame too But that was quite exceptional,

much. And surely is, beside, a

If love within our hearts an entry gain, Right poor set-off against the Fall,

Love is triumphant, all things else are vain. And that sad scene on Ida.

London Society.

From The Quarterly Review. that he lived in times when, to persist in LIFE OF THE FIRST EARL OF SHAFTĖS- an uncompromising course, was as impracBURY.

ticable as to walk straight amongst pitfalls There are few characters in English or to keep clear of sunken rocks without history better worth studying than that tacking: that, whenever he joined or left of Anthony Ashley Cooper, first Earl of a party or a cause, he did so because it Shaftesbury. He lived in most moment- had assumed fresh colours, or because a ous times, and he played most important more effective mode of promoting the esparts in them. He was a Royalist and a sential object of good government had Parliamentarian by turns during the Great broken

upon

him. Rebellion ; a kind of half-Cromwellian, The undertaking was one of no ordinary with monarchical leanings, under the boldness, and Mr. Christie is no ordinary Commonwealth ; a courtier, a patriot, a biographer. Acute, cultivated, zealous, member of the Cabal, and a fierce Exclu- industrious, scrupulously accurate, justly sionist, under the Restoration. He changed confident in his resources and his views, sides with an audacity, a rapidity, and an he possesses (what we recently commended adroitness, that make it difficult, almost in Sir Henry Bulwer) the marked advantimpossible, to decide whether he was age of a peculiar training for his task. corrupt or incorrupt, whether he acted He has held high appointments in the upon principle or no-principle, whether he diplomatic service, and he was an active adopted expediency, broad enlightened member of the House of Commons for expediency, for the rule of his public con- some years. In suggesting that biograduct, or, in each successive crisis, simply phers of statesmen will always be the betwaited for the tide, which, taken at the ter for some practical acquaintance with flood, leads on to fortune.

public affairs or statesmanship, we are not If his changes had uniformly, or even afraid of incurring the satirical reproof generally, coincided with his interests or implied in the well-known line – supposed views of personal advancement,

“Who drives fat oxen should himself be fat." there would be little room for doubt; but they did not. Making no allowance for Shaftesbury himself foresaw that he him on this score, historians, poets, and would be hardly judged by posterity. lawyers, have joined in a chorus of repro- “Whoever considers the number and the bation. The brilliant rhetoric of Macau- power of the adversaries I have met with, lay, the splendid satire of Dryden, the in- and how studiously they have, under the exhaustible wit of Butler, the forensic anthority of both Church and State, disacuteness of Lord Campbell, have been persed the most villanous slanders of me, combined against his fame; yet no one of will think it necessary that I in this follow these formidable assailants can be deemed the French fashion, and write my own Meunexceptionable as, a witness or a judge, moirs, that it may appear to the world on and all of them together ought not to pre- what ground or motives they came to be clude rerewed inquiry or appeal, if it can my enemies, and with what truth and jusbe shown that they were swayed by preju- tice they have prosecuted their quarrel; dice or imperfectly acquainted with the and if in this whole narration they find me facts. In the full and complete Life before false or partial in any particular, I give up us, Mr. Christie has undertaken to show the whole to whatever censure they will this: to prove that historians, poets, and make.” Such is the commencement of a lawyers, are equally at fault: that Shaftes- meditated autobiography, which breaks bury was not a bad man, if an erring one: off abruptly at the most interesting point ; that his admitted faults and vices were less just when “my life is not without great those of the individual than of the age : mixtures of the public concern, and must

be much intermingled with the history of * A Life of Anthony Ashley, First Earl of Shaftes- the times.” This fragment, however, is bury, 1621-1683. By W. D. Christie, Formerly Her valuable as an illustration of the period Majesty's Minister to the Argentine Confederation and to Brazil. 2 vols. London and New York, 1871. and the writer. In describing or (to use

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