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Increase of a Glacier. The glacier of minutes, and at first consisted of noises exOrtler, in the vicinity of Chiavenha, in the actly resembling gun-shots, at equal disTyrol, has, notwithstanding the late mode- tances, of about a second, each loud and disrate winter, increased in a very extraordie tinct, afterwards it fell away to a kind of nary degree. A stream which formerly ran grumbling, which gradually ceased. The from this glacier has ceased to flow since noise appeared to shift in a direction from Michaelmas 1817, and incessant subterrane east towards the south. ous noises and roarings, which are heard Earthquake in Greenland. A severe shock from beneath the ice, are attributed to the of an earthquake was experienced in Greencollection of waters within the glacier. The land in the night of the 22d of last Novemglacier in the valley of Nandersberg has ber. Hecla was perfectly quiet at the time. presented similar appearances, and great Extraordinary Fall of Rain. On the fears are entertained for the neighbouring 21st of October 1817 (the day the hurricane country in both these places, on the libera- commenced in the West Indies), at the Istion of the confined waters on the approach land of Grenada, with the wind west, and of summer.
the barometer at 29.40, eight inches of rain Earthquakes on the Continent. During fell in twenty-one hours, and the rivers rose the storm which raged, on the 23d of Febru thirty feet above their usual level. From ary, over Provence and the northern part the 20th of October to the 20th of Novemof Italy, many towns were thrown into great ber, seventeen inches of rain fell. disorder by repeated shocks of earthquakes. Fossil Bone of a Whale. Part of the jaw At Turin, two shocks were felt, and at Ge- bone of a whale was dug up a short time noa, Savena, Alanco, and San Remo, they since in Roydon gravel pit, near Diss. It were repeated at intervals during two days, measured twenty inches in girth, but was and at some towns several houses were in. not above nine inches long. The outside jured.
was penetrated by stony matter, but the At Antibes, in Provence, the weather was inside was similar in every thing to recent very rough ; a few minutes after seven in bone, except in the colour, which had been the evening of the 23d, a tremendous rush given it by the stratum in which it lay. Its of wind took place, and then sank into a present form and appearance are attributed calm ; a dull subterranean noise was heard, to the attrition it is supposed to have sufferthe sea suddenly dashed against the rocks, ed at former times. The ends are so worn, and in three seconds three oscillations of the that they seem rather artificial than natural. earth were felt, proceeding from south-east Remains of a Mammoth.--A fisherman to north-west. The wind then rose, and the of Philipsbourg, on the Rhine, lately drew storm raged as before. At twelve o'clock a up in his net, the foot and the omoplate of a fresh shock was felt, and next morning, near Mammoth. These curious remains were mid-day, another also, preceded by the sent to the King of Baden's Cabinet of Na. same smothered rumbling noise. The shocks tural History at Carlsruhe. were felt throughout the whole of Provence, Cobalt and Silver Mine.-We are informwhere 'no earthquake had been experienceded by Mr Mawé, that the machinery for for eleven years.
working the cobalt and silver nine on the Earthquake in France. A slight earth. west edge of Dartmore is just completed ; quake was felt at Marseilles on the 23d of and the workings will shortly assume a reFebruary, at seven o'clock in the evening; gular form. The large black masses of arand on the 24th, at eleven o'clock in the senical cobalt, contrasted with the white morning. The same phenomena occurred curls of capillary silver and crystallized sulalso on the 19th, at Roffach Soietz and Be- phuret of silver, which fill the cavities of fort, in the Upper Rhine.
the quartz gangue, form specimens peculiarOn the 24th and 25th, several shocks of ly interesting, and almost rival those from earthquakes were felt at Var.
Mexico. Earthquake in England. A slight shock Meteorological Establishment at St Bere of an earthquake was experienced at Con- nard. In the number of the Bibliotheque ingby. in Lincolnshire, on the 6th of Fe- Universelle for October last, Prof. Pictet bruary, which lasted some seconds. A noise gives an interesting account of an establishlike the subterraneous firing of cannon was ment that has lately been formed for make heard at the time, and the windows of the ing meteorological observations at the Conhouses in the town were much shaken. At vent of Great St Bernard. Every attention the same time, a similar phenomenon was appears to have been paid to the accuracy experienced at the east end of Holderness, of the instruments, and the method of using where the noise strongly resembled that of them; and we may expect to derive the horses running away with a waggon, and it most important information from a detailed is said that the drivers of several teams account of the state and variations of the drew up to the road side, to make way for atmosphere at an elevation of above 8000 what they supposed the cause of the sound. feet, where the mean height of the mercu. A gentleman, who, with his servant and rial column is not more than 22 inches. labourer, were in the neighbourhood of With respect to the construction of the inTrentfall, about fifty miles from Coningby, struments, we are informed that the reseralso heard the noise. It lasted about two voir of the barometer is exactly ten times VOL. III.
the diameter of the tube ; the correction for which was lately sunk in Hamoaze, to enthe changes of the height of the mercury deavour to cure her of the dry rot, has been in the reservoir is, therefore, only one raised, commissioned, and taken into dock. hundredth of the variation in the tube, a On opening her, she has been found defecquantity which is, in almost all cases, too tive in every part, and must undergo a thominute to be noticed. To the barometer is rough repair. The Topaze frigate, also orattached a mercurial thermometer, furnish- , dered for commission, which was repaired ed with two divisions, one octogesimal, ac- not long since, is found to be in the same cording to the scale of Reaumur, the other state. The Dartmouth frigate, built at so arranged, that each degree of the scale Dartmouth, three years old, never at sea, is corresponds to one-tenth of a line of varia- also undergoing a complete repair. Not a tion in the height of the barometrical co- sbip is taken into dock but is found to be lumn. The zero of this latter answers to nearly rotten. The very best ships do not the tenth degree of the octogesimal scale average more than twelve years existence. (54.5° of Fahrenheit), and every observa The San Domingo, 74, was ripped up (four tion of the barometer is reduced to this con years old) at Portsmouth.
The Queen stant temperature, by means of the correc Charlotte, 110, was built at Woolwich, tion which is obtained by the thermometer. sent round to Plymouth, found rotten, and The correction is very easily made, since underwent a thorough repair : she was also every degree above or below zero represents several months under the care of Dr Lukin, so many tenths of a line, which are to be an Admiralty chemist, who received £5000 subtracted or added from the barometrical for his ineffectual labours to stop the proobservation. The thermometer is formed gress of vegetation in the ship. After a with a flattened column of mercury, so as short cruise, the Queen Charlotte was laid to present to the eye a large and very visible up at Portsmouth, where she remains in a surface, while at the same time the absolute very defective state. size is very minute. The hair hygrometer New opinion in regard to Pompeii and of Saussure is employed, but with a little Herculancum.-It is at present the general alteration in its mechanical arrangements. belief that the two celebrated cities of PomIn the old construction the index descended peii and Herculaneum were overwhelmed towards dryness, and ascended towards mois. and destroyed by an eruption of Vesuvius ture; in the present instrument, the mo- in the year 79. It is now, however, maintions are reversed, so that its action is ren tained, that this was not the case. Pomdered more conforunable to that of the baro. peii is said to be covered by a bed of lapillo, meter and thermometer.
of the same nature as that we observe daily We have an account of the observations forming by the agency of water on the shore that were made in this meteorological ob at Naples; while Herculaneum is covered servatory during the latter half of Septem by a series of strata, altogether forming a ber 1817.
mass sixty feet thick, of a tuff, having the The greatest height of the barometer 22.40 character of those tuffs formed by water. The least height
22.06 From the facts just stated, it is conjectured, The mean height at sun rise
22.36 that the cities were destroyed by a rising of Ditto at 2 P. M. 22.42 the waters, which deposited over them
the The greatest height of the thermo stratified rocks, and not by matter thrown
54.5° from Vesuvius. It is also said, that no The least height
29.75 eruption of Vesuvius took place in the year Mean height of the thermometer at
Preventing the Blight. It is said that Ditto at 2 P. M.
46.6 the American farmers have of late years Mean height of the hygrometer at
adopted the following method to prevent sun rise
92.0 the blight or mildew from injuring the Ditto at 2 P. M.
84.3 crop of apples. In the spring, they rub There were four rainy days during this tar well into the bark of the apple-trees, period ; the quantity of rain was no more about four or six inches wide round each than 7 inches : the season is represented as tree, and at about one foot from the ground; having been peculiarly fine.
which effectually prevents the blight: abun. Zircon.—This mineral has, we under- dant crops are the consequence. This is stand, been discovered by Dr Macculloch certainly worth trial in England. in Sutherland. It occurs in a compound Prize of the Royal Society of Gottingen. rock formed of copper-coloured mica, horn- — The Royal Society of Gottingen has ofblende, and felspar.
fered a prize of fifty ducats, for “ an accuThis rock forms one of the occasional beds rate examination, founded on precise expe. in the gneiss, and bears a resemblance in its riments of Dalton's theory of the expansion composition to the circon syenite of the north of liquid and elastic fluids, especially of of Europe; the crystals are a quarter of an mercury and atmospheric air, by heat.” inch in length, and well defined, and their The authors are desired to pay attention to colour is an obscure crimson, approaching the necessi'; alleged by Dalton, for changto that of cinnamon.
ing the progression of the degrees of the Dry Rot.— The Eden sloop of war (new), present thermometrical scales: memoirs
must be transmitted before the end of Sep- Society, which was dug out of the fountember 1819.
dation of some ancient ruins, about eight Zoophytic Animals.-M. Lesueur, now miles from Bushire, in the East Indies. in Philadelphia, made many curious ob It contained, when discovered, the disjointservations on molluscous and zoophyticed bones of a human skeleton, which had animals, during his passage from Europe perfectly retained their shape, till a short, to America. He collected and delineated time after exposure to the atmosphere, by the animals of many different species of the removal of the lid, which was fasIsis, Gorgonia, Alcyonium, Meandrites, tened with metallic pegs. The lid is an en&c.; and obtained a beautiful series of tire slab of micaceous mineral, and the vesactinia, shewing the gradual transition in- sel is of calcareous sand-stone. This is the to the animal madrepore. His attention second of the kind which has been discoverwas also directed to the different vermes ed; and they differ from those usually dug that occur, as well in the interior as on the up, which are composed of baked clay; it exterior of fishes,
is concluded that they contain the remains Stone Sarcophagus.-A stone sarcopha- of eminent personages. gus has been forwarded to the Asiatic
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
201 Dr La eceired di
stop the ship
. 11 Flotte 3 : reman
with the Variorum Notes appended. To
be entitled, the Regent's Edition ; to be The Fourth and Last Canto of Childe printed and edited by A. J. Valpy, M.A. Harold has been received from Lord Byron, late Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford. and will certainly be published on the 28th -The whole will be printed uniformly in of April. It forms, with the notes, an oc octavo, price 18s. boards, each part, to subtavo volume.
scribers, and £1, 1s. to non-subscribers. At the same time will be published a Each part will contain 672 closely printed volume, entitled, “ Historical Illustrations pages, without reference to the conclusion of the Fourth Canto of Childe Harold;" by of any author, so that the subscribers may John Hobhouse, Esq.
bind each author in as many volumes as Mr Hallam's “ View of the State of Eu- they please, and arrange them alphabetically rope during the Middle Ages,” will be pub or chronologically as most convenient. lished in April, in two volumes 4to. Some copies will be struck off on very fine
The Rev. Thomas Hodgson, the trans thick royal paper, with a large margin, and lator of Juvenal, &c. has in the press a hotpressed : price, to subscribers, £1, 16s. ; Poem, entitled The Friends, which will be to non-subscribers, £2, 2s. each part. The published in a few days.
price will be raised higher to non-subscribe The First Number of Mr Hakewill's Pic ers as the work adyances.--The whole will turesque Tour of Italy, illustrative of, with make about 120 or 130 parts, and 12 parts references to, the text of Addison, Eustace, will be printed in the year. Each part to and Forsyth's Travels, will be published on be paid for on delivery. the 1st of May. The plates are engraving Mr T. Yeates will shortly publish, Inin the most finished manner, by Cooke, dian Church History, or Notices relative to Pye, Scott, Fitler, Meddiman and Land- the first Planting of the Gospel in Syria, seir. It is printing in the same size as Mesopotamia, and India ; compiled chiefly Cooke and Turner's Views of the Southern from the Syrian Chronicles : with an accu. Coast.
rate account of the first Christian missions A very curious and interesting MS. of to China ; and some interesting facts, the celebrated Dr King of St Mary's, Ox- hitherto unknown to the historians of Euford, has lately been discovered, containing rope. Anecdotes and Reminiscences of his Own Mr John Fry, of Bristol, has issued proTimes, and will be published immediately. posals for publishing, by subscription, in
The author of Curiosities of Literature two quarto volumes, Bibliophilia ; which has nearly ready for publication a work on will contain-1. An account of those pubthe Literary Character, illustrated by the lications of earliest English printers, which History of Men of Genius drawn from their have either escaped the knowledge of biblioown feelings and confessions.
graphers, or have been inaccurately describMr Macdonald Kinnier's Journey through ed.--2. An account of scarce and curious Asia Minor, Armenia, and Koordestan, will books printed, with a few exceptions, before be published in April.
the seventeenth century.--3. Notices of Preparing for publication, an Abridge- such manuscripts as have fallen under the ment, in one volume octavo, of Bishop Tay- editor's inspection, and entire reprints of lor's Great Exemplar ; by the Rev. W. N. pieces of old poetry, meriting revival. Darnell.
A Companion to Mr James's Naval A prospectus is just issued, wf a new and Work on the late American War, is in the corrected edition of the Delphin Classics ; press, and will spe adily be published : con
taining a full and correct account of the Mr Bisset, of the Historical Picture Gal. military occurrences of the late war between lery at Leamington, has announced for pubGreat Britain and the United States of Ame- lication a novel work, entitled, a Poetical rica; with an appendix of British and Ame Gazetteer of all the principal Cities, Borrican official letters, and plates: by Wm qughs, and Seaports, in the United KingJarmies. Details will be given of all the ac dom. tions fought between the British and Ame An amatory mock-heroic poem, entitled, ricans during the late war ; also of those Secundus Syntax, will be forthcoming in operations along the coast, and on the bor the course of the next month. It is, we ders of the lakes, creeks, and harbours of are informed, written with considerable hu. the United States, in which the two services acted conjointly.
Considerations on the Impolicy and PerThe publication of what the publishers nicious Tendency of the present Adminiscall “ the Regent's edition” of the Latin tration of the Poor Laws; with suggestions Classics, will henceforward be prosecuted for improving the condition of the poor ; with vigour, industry, and perseverance. by the Rev. Charles Jerram, M. A.; are in Livy and Sallust are now in the press, un the press, and nearly ready for publication. der the editorial inspection of Dr J. Carey ; Juvenilia, or Specimens of the early Ef. to whom the public are already indebted forts, as a Preacher, of the late Rev. C. for the Horace, Catullus, Tibullus, Pro- Buck; to which will be subjoined, miscel. pertius, Martial, Cæsar, Tacitus, and the laneous remarks, and an obituary of his second edition of the Virgil, with the Opus. daughter, edited by J. Styles, D. D. are in cula, recently published.
a course of forwardness for publication. Dr Carey has also in the press the “ Eton Letters on the West Indies, by James Latin Prosody” illustrated, with English Walker, Esq. late of Berbice, will soon apexplanations of the rules, and copious ex pear. amples from the Latin poets.
Sixty-five Sonnets, with prefatory ReMr S. F. Gray has in the press, and near. marks on the accordance of the Sonnet with ly ready, a work intended to serve as a sup- the powers of the English Language, and plement to the several Pharmacopæias. some miscellaneous poems, will soon be pub
Mr J. Hall of Northampton, has in the lished. press a Free Inquiry into the Practice of Mr John Matheson is about to publish a Infant Baptism, whether it is not unscrip- New System of Arithmetic, the object of tural, useless, and dangerous ; to which are which is to render general the application added, some remarks on Mr Belsham's plea of decimals to mercantile purposes, and to for infant baptism.
enable youth to comprehend the theory A New Picture of Brussels and its En. when they are learning the practice. virons, with seven engravings, and a Plan Speedily will be published, the Entomolo. of the city, by J. Romberg,
will shortly ap- gists Pocket Companion ; being an Intropear..
duction to the knowledge of British Insects, Wild Roses, a collection of Poems on va the apparatus used, and best methods of obrious subjects, by Kiltoe, will speedily be taining and preserving them ; the Genera published.
of Linnæus, with observations on the mo. Anaya, Discours sur les Langues Vivan. dern systems, and a copious Calendar of the tes, a Treatise on the Living Languages, con time and situations where usually found, of taining, in a small compass, the necessary between two and three thousand Insects; by rules for acquiring a knowledge of them, a Practical Collector ; illustrated with nu. particularly of the Italian and Spanish, with merous plates. a treatise on the Difficulties of Italian and Mr F. W. Cronhelm is preparing for the Spanish Poetry, has been sent to press. press a New Method of Book-keeping, double
An Essay on Spanish Literature ; con entry by single ; applicable to all kinds of taining its History, from its commencement business, and exemplified in five sets of in the twelfth century to the present time; books ; possessing the brevity of single enwith an account of the best writers, some try, without its defects; and the proof of critical remarks, and a History of the Span- double entry, without its redundancies; and ish Drama, with specimens of the writers of obtains, by two entries, the same results as different ages, will soon be published. the Italian system by four. Its universal
A small pocket volume is about to be applicability is proved, by distinct sets of published, on the Police of the Metropolis, books for retailers, wholesale dealers, mandescriptive of the means used by knaves to ufacturers, merchants, and bankers; the take in and cheat the unwary, to rob the whole comprising a great diversity of the unprotected, and to make a prey of the un forms and results of business, an improved suspecting ; including advice to the unwary, arrangement of partnership accounts, and a and the means of avoiding the villains which plan of routine which will prevent fraudu. prey upon society.
lent entries and erasures : comprised in one Mrs Lamont, of Liverpool, intends pub- volume. lishing, by subscription, Poems and Tales The Rev. C. I. Latrobe has in the press in Verse, in one volume octavo.
a Journal of a Visit to South Africa in 1816,
in a quarto volume, illustrated by twelve
EDINBURGH. coloured plates and a map.
T. Cobbell, Esq. is preparing for publication a Treatise on the Law of Corpora- THE Rev. John Skinner of Forfar will tions, and on the Proceedings relative to soon publish, in an octavo volume, Annals their Ordinary Rights and Parliamentary of Scottish Episcopacy, from 1788 to 1816; Privileges.
with a biographical memoir of the late Mr Park of Hampstead will soon pub- Right Rev. John Skinner of Aberdeen. lish, Morning Thoughts and Midnight Mu In a short time will be completed, at the sings, in prose and verse.
Edinburgh university press, a new edition 7. L. Holt, Esq. has in the press a Trea- of Schleusner's Lexicon Novi Testamenti, tise on the Law of Merchant Ships and revised and corrected by several eminent Shipping, on the Navigation Laws, and on Scholars. This valuable work has hitherto Maritime Contracts.
been printed in an octavo form ; but the The Works of Charles Lamb, in verse present edition is in quarto, a much more and prose, now first collected, will soon ap- convenient size for a dictionary; and, as it pear in two foolscap octavo volumes. is executed in stereotype, the price, instead
Mrs Yosy, author of a Description of of being increased, will be greatly reSwitzerland, has in the press, Constancy, or
duced. Leopold, in four or tive volumes.
A Second Letter to the Court of Contri. Dr Wm Barrow, prebendary of South- butors of the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh; well, has two volumes of Sermons on Prac- containing remarks on the proceedings at the tical Subjects nearly ready for publication. meeting held on the 30th March 1818.
The Rev. Thomas Bowdler's Serinons on Canto I. of Temora ; an epic poem : be. the Offices and Character of Jesus Christ, ing a specimen of an intended versification
of the Poems of Ossian ; by Thomas Tra. The Rev. Dr Lindsay has in the press a vers Burke, Esq. of the Royal Scots Greys, volume of Sermons on various subjects. will be published this month. The suc
Barron Field, Esq. is printing, in two ceeding cantos are in the press, and will apoctavo volumes, a Treatise on the Commer- pear soon. cial Law of England.
Speedily will be published, Observations Nightmare Abbey, by the author of and Facts demonstrative of the Sedative and Headlong Hall, is in the press.
Febrifuge Powers of Emetic Tartar, as The Rev. Dr Whittaker has a third edi. amply sufficient to supersede excessive bloodțion nearly ready of the History of Whial- letting in inflammation ; by William Balley, with corrections and considerable addi- four, M. D. wions.
will soon appear.
Langu Ell som
the he app Erposes
zactice he Ents
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Sketches of Curvilinear Hothouses'; with
a description of the various purposes in horThe First Number of Italian Scenery; or ticultural and general architecture, to which Views of the most remarkable, celebrated, a solid iron sash bar, lately invented, is apor admired Points of Italy; from drawings plicable ; by J. C. Loudon, F.L.S. &c. 2s. taken in the year 1817; by E. F. Batty, The Science of Horticulture ; including imperial 8vo. 10s. 6d.
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fruit trees, arranged on demonstrative phyThe Northern Courts ; containing origi- siological principles ; illustrated by sketches, nal Memoirs of the Sovereigns of Sweden in 12 plates; with a commentary on the and Denmark, since 1766, including the works of Bradley, Hitt, Miller, Forsyth, extraordinary vicissitudes of the lives of the Knight, Kirwan, Sir Humphrey Davy, and grandchildren of George II.; by John Mrs Ibbotson; by Joseph Hayward, Gent. Brown, Esq. 2 vols 8vo. £1, 1s.