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16. In that day Shall Egypt be as a woman, and shall fear and tremble At the shaking of the hand of Jehovah, Which he shaketh against it: 17. And the land of Judah shall be an object of terror to Egypt, Every one that maketh mention thereof shall tremble because of it."
From prophecies already considered, we can easily account for the panic of Egypt at “the shaking of the hand of Jehovah;” and why the mention of the land of Judah should be a terror to Egypt. We have learned that Egypt and Ethiopia will be in the hand of the last adversary, and he will of course recruit in these countries his armies, when he advances on his fatal expedition, and falls on the mountains of Israel. Egypt will, therefore, deeply share in the calamities of the last times; but happy is the issue.
18. In that day
The reader may see, in Bishop Lowth's note, an intimation of the manner in which the schismatical Jews, who in a later age were settled in Egypt, applied this prophecy to themselves; but with very little appearance of truth. Neither will the profession of the Christian religion in Egypt, at a still later period, afford events corresponding with the language of the prediction — we are compelled to look to a future season.
* Chap. xix.
'Bishop Lowth, reading phnn, render “city of the lion.” Heliorenders “city of the sun.” Ac- polis, and Leontopolis, were both cording to the received text, Donn, names of cities in Egypt. I would we must render “city of destruc- merely ask the question, Is not El tion,” or “city of the destroyer.” Arish, the modern name of RhinoSome, however, understand pon, as cocerus, referred to ? It seems but an epithet of the lion, and would another way of writing porn.
19. In that day, There shall be an altar to Jehovah in the midst of the land of Egypt, And a pillar on its border to Jehovah:
20. And it shall be for a sign, and a witness To Jehovah Sabaoth in the land of Egypt.
This verse seems to describe such a sort of intercourse between Israel and Egypt, as was intended to exist between the main body of the former nation, and the two tribes and a half that were situated beyond Jordan, when they built their “altar of testimony” on the banks of that rl Wet.
When they shall cry to Jehovah, because of oppressors, Then shall he send them a Saviour, even a mighty one,' and he shall deliver them:
And Jehovah shall be known to the Egyptians,
And they shall serve him with sacrifice and oblation,
And Jehovah shall smite Egypt, smiting and healing;
'Or, a Saviour, and one to contend for them; an advocate. See Bp. Stock.
23. In that day,
And the Egyptian “shall come into Assyria,
24. In that day,
And Assyria the work of my hands,
Like most unaccomplished prophecies, much here remains to be explained by the event; but we seem to gather, that in the promised reign of Messiah, peculiar blessings are destined for the countries of Assyria and Egypt. The land of Israel has still the honour of the divine “inheritance:” but these two nations are to be considered next to it in honour; and, as it should seem, are to be eminent as instruments in communicating blessings to the rest of the world."
* “The terms of the prophecy ages, and the succeeding prosperity are such as cannot be naturally of the church in the end of the expounded of any thing less than world.”—BP. Horsley. the general tribulation of the last
Remarks on Chapter xxiii. Verse 18.
IN pursuit of our inquiry, a similar notice is demanded of the close of the prophecy respecting Tyre, in the twentythird chapter: —
18. But her merchandise and her gain shall be holy to Jehovah, It shall not be treasured nor laid up: For her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before
One cannot but feel a disappointment when this is explained merely of the establishment of a Christian church among the remnant of the population of Tyre, after her great commerce had been long lost. Especially as we have seen it already marked in prophecy, that at a future period, when Zion shall appear in the character of the bride of the glorified Messiah, “The daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift.” We may, indeed, be held in suspense, whether to understand this of Tyre literally, or of some future daughter of commerce, that shall then appear as her antitype. But, as in the last prophecy, to Assyria and to Egypt, literally and territorially, were
* Prw, vel diu duraturus, et (v. Alb. Schultens), vel nobilis, tamen nitoris integri, et illibati (, ; de nobilis.)
* Psalm xlv.
assigned a most honourable relation to the future reign of the King of Zion, why should the literal Tyre be excluded from the blessings of that kingdom?
Remarks on the Twenty-fourth and Three following Chapters.
We next come to a prophecy, contained in the twentyfourth and three following chapters, which will demand our more fixed attention. This prophecy might justly be entitled “the burden of the whole earth, in prospect of the immediate approach of Messiah's kingdom.” That many eminent commentators, both Jewish and Christian, have viewed the prophecy in this light, may be seen in Vitringa's Exposition.
The oracle commences with a description of an universal and indiscriminate destruction of the inhabitants of the world. The world, we may remark, in this connexion, generally signifies, in the prophetical writings, that part of the human race with which the church of God is concerned—the nations among whom they are mingled—in whose temporal interests they are involved—among whom they are exposed to temptation and corruption, if not to hatred and persecution.
1. Behold, Jehovah emptieth the earth, and rinseth it out; And he turneth it upside down, and poureth out its inhabitants' o 2. And it shall be as with the people, so with the priest; As with the servant, so with his master; WOL. I. f P