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As with the maid, so with her mistress ;
As with the buyer, so with the seller;
As with the borrower, so with the lender;
As with the user of money, so with the receiver of interest

from him.
3. The earth shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled,

For Jehovah hath pronounced this word.' 4. Drooping, fading is the earth!

Languishing, fading is the earth!

The exalted people of the earth have languished, 5. And the earth is profaned beneath its inhabitants !

For they have transgressed the law, annulled the decree,

Have broken the everlasting covenant. 6. Therefore a curse hath consumed the earth, And its inhabitants have suffered the punishment of their

guilt. Therefore, the inhabitants of the earth have been burned, And what is left of mán is little.

These last verses plainly reveal, that it is an apostate people who are the object of punishment - a people to whom have been committed the oracles of God. Now, we have already learned, that this was to become the character of the great European enemy* of the last days: so that by “ the earth,” and “ the world,” we may well understand the nations of the civilized world, once Christian, but since apostate. In the sixth, and five following verses, the world to be destroyed is described as a luxurious and rejoicing world, indulging to excess in intoxicating liquors :

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7. The juice of the grape hath become vapid, the vine hath

languished, All the merry-hearted sigh within themselves. 8. The joyful sound of the tabor hath ceased,

The noise of them that rejoice is no more,

The joyful sound of the harp hath ceased. 9. They no longer drink wine with a song.

Strong drink is become bitter to its drinkers. 10. “The concourse' is broken up in the void city,

Every house is closed from entrance. 11. The calling for wine in the streets,

All joy is passed away, The mirth of the land is gone ! 12. Desolation is left in the city,

And the gate is broken down with destruction,

We shall recollect, that we have met before with this prophecy of the character of the last times. * It may be granted, indeed, that the character here portrayed would have suited many a nation of former times, whose iniquities provoked the avenging providence of the Almighty; but never were the arts of human enjoyment, and the inventions of luxury, so widely diffused, as under the security of modern civilization. The invention and prodigious consumption of spirituous liquors, has certainly formed an epocha in the moral history of the world : and these intemperate indulgencies, it may be, will increase, to the greater and greater neglect of religion and its institutions.—But, according to the universal voice of prophecy, a remnant of all shall be saved.

13. Surely thus shall it be in the midst of the earth:

Chap. v.

Among the peoples there shall be, as the shakings of the

As the gleanings when the gathering is finished.

This happy, though small remnant, it is further intimated, will be chiefly found on the coasts and distant settlements of the sea; and on the “ ocean stream,” even at the very extremities of the habitable globe:14. They shall lift up their voice, they shall sing,

At the exaltation of Jehovah they shout from the sea.' 15. For this, on the streams, they glorify Jehovah; The name of Jehovah Elohim of Israel on the coasts of the

sea." 16. From the extremities of the earth we heard songs,

“Glory to the Righteous · One.""

“ Songs of triumph,” as Bishop Stock observes, " whose burden was glory to the righteous :"_" by the righteous is probably meant one person, the Messiah, (see Acts, vii. 52,-xxii. 14) whose kingdom the prophet beholds in vision, and joins in the chorus of joy at its approach.”3

What follows has been variously rendered and understood. It appears to me in the light of a declaration, made by “ the righteous One," lamenting the diminished numbers of the faithful in the last days — that this is symbolically called “ the leanness” of the Redeemer's mystical body.

1“ I am much in doubt about the latter line;' from the sea' may signify in the western quarters of the globe,' or generally,' from the outmost shores,' à cingente omnia oceano." -HORSLEY.

Reading "x2 with the Septuagint. See Lowth, Stock, &c.

: -“ glory to the righteous," rather“ to the Just One."--HorsLEY.

But he said, My leanness, my leanness!

me, the traitors have deceived !
Ay, most treacherously have the traitors deceived !

He complains of treachery and deception among his professed servants and people. Imposture and apostacy are the causes that have thinned his visible numbers. On this the world is addressed respecting the dangers that await them, and which will bring on the professed church this awful state of things :

17. An alarm,' a snare, and a pit,

• Are prepared for thee, O inhabitant of the earth!

That is, your deceivers shall use all the various arts of the hunters of wild animals, to catch you in their toils; and will prevail :'

18. And it shall be, that he who fleeth from the sound of the

Shall fall into the pit;
And he that getteth up out of the pit,
Shall be taken in the snare.

The remarkable predictions which follow will hardly be applied to any other overthrow of nations, than that final one, so often mentioned, that prepares the way for Messiah's kingdom :

I“ A scare-crow." - Bishop prophecies, the alarm, or cause of STOCK.

terror, is persecution; the snare is We might, perhaps, say, an popery, and its kindred corrupticipating the revelations of future tions; the pit is infidelity.

18. Surely the fastenings of the lofty sky are unloosed,

And the foundations of the earth are shaken! 19. The earth is much broken,

The earth is shattered to pieces:

The earth rocketh to and fro;
20. The earth staggereth like a drunkard,

And tottereth like a hovel :? ,
"And its iniquity lieth heavy upon it,
And it shall fall, and rise no more!

We may observe, from Sir Isaac Newton's remarks on the language of prophecy, that'" this language is taken from the analogy between the world natural, and an empire or kingdom considered as a world politic; accordingly the whole world natural, consisting of heaven and earth, signifies the whole world politic, consisting of thrones and people, or so much of it as is considered in prophecy: and the things in that world signify analogous things in this. For the heavens, and the things therein, signify thrones and dignities, and those who enjoy them; and the earth, and the things thereon, the inferior people,” &c:-“ Great earthquakes, and the shak

Or, “ And then the fasten noise. ova is, more accurately, to ings,” &c. From I, 398, nec slip out of place; youn ini, keeps tere, constringere, et firmare no-staggering, or nodding. It is imdami

is possible to convey the force of · The imagery here is evidently these superlatives in our language; that of a crazy building, that has they are literally “breaking breaks, been shaken by some violent con staggering staggers, tottering totcussion, and is ready to fall into ters," &c. Bishop Stock translates ruins. Perhaps you may signify to the last line, “shall swing itself crack, since, like that word, it sig like a hammock.” nifies both to break, and to make a

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