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as the rare berries left on the olive that had been gathered. It was, too, as appears from the following lines, after a season of their own great despair. Their efforts seemed to be in vain ; their labours had proved abortive. 16. O Jehovah, in distress they sought thee, They uttered a suppressed complaint when thy chastisement

was upon them. 17. “ As she that travaileth, that draweth near to her delivery,

That is in anguish, and crieth out in her pangs,

So have we been in thy sight, 0 Jehovah. 18. “ We travailed, we were in pain, we brought forth, as it

were, wind:

Salvation hath not been accomplished on the earth,
Neither have the inhabitants of the world fallen."

This strongly expresses what will be the despair of the people of God during the last triumph of the enemy. “ Their strength is gone," as the song of remembrance * expresses it: their disappointment, as far as sense is consulted, is complete. The answer given to the desponding people of God in the next verse is very remarkable:

19. Thy dead shall live, their dead bodies shall rise !

Awake and sing, ye that dwell in the dust:
For thy covering : shall be as the dew of the morning,
And the earth shall drop the deceased from her womb.

* Deut. xxxii. Compare Isaiah, iii.

With Bishop Lowth and others, I follow here the reading of the Chaldee and Syriac.

· The ideal meaning of 560, Simon conceives to be “ tectus," « obtectus fuit.” To take the latter so in the sense of

ing,” in this
passage, affords a

very suitable and forcible meaning. The Chaldee bbw, in Neh. iii. 15, has evidently the meaning of covering, and in the Arabian language we , ,

res umbrosa," operimentum.



This seems to say to the afflicted church,“ Reduced as you are, and almost unable to maintain your ground in the world of living men, fear not, your numbers shall be recruited from the dead. Amid the corruptions of the last days, and the dreadful afflictions with which the natural Israel, and perhaps the professed church at large, is visited, it appears the cause of Christ will be reduced very low indeed, and the hopes of the very small remnant preserved be almosť ready to expire. The sudden prosperity of the last day is not, it should seem, in the first instance at least, from any success of the means of grace, with which the servants of Christ are intrusted their last efforts were remarkably unsuccessful; but the increase and prosperity of the church is from the sudden occurrence, in that awful crisis, of the resurrection of the just.

Thy covering is as the dew of the morning;” that is, in a beautiful metaphor, as the rising sun disperses the morning dew, and discovers the various objects on the surface of the earth, which it had before involved in its “misty covering;” thus shall the concealment of death and Hades be destroyed, and the veil that covers the unseen world from mortal sight be undrawn, in that day. As we read above, the Redeemer will penetrate or perforate the veil that hides from all living the abodes of the dead. The covering mist shall be removed before the rising of the Sun of Righteousness; and his glorious hosts shall be discovered ascending from their graves, and glittering in his shining beams. On this is grounded a general exhortation to the church in all seasons of her affliction, down to the period of “ Jehovah's coming out of his place to visit the inhabitants of the earth,” to be content to wait, and to look upon the grave as a safe and quiet retreat which her dying members may enter,

and where they may wait in undisturbed felicity the coming of the Just One, when God will avenge himself upon all the persecutors of his people; when, not the ghosts of the slain, but the slain themselves, shall face their cruel murderers; and the fears of Herod may, perhaps, be realized, in seeing “ John the Baptist risen from the dead." For though (to anticipate the revelations of subsequent oracles) the main body of the wicked dead rise not at the commencement of the second advent, yet there is room to suppose that some notorious persecutors will, at that time, “ awake to shame and everlasting contempt.”

20. Come, my people, enter into thy secret chambers,

And shut thy door after thee.
Hide thyself for a little while, for a moment,

Until the indignation be passed over.
21. For, behold Jehovah will come out of his place,

To punish thei nhabitants of the earth for their iniquity;
And the earth shall disclose her blood,
And shall no longer cover her slain.

But our attention is again called to the last mortal foe of the church:

1. In that day,

Will Jehovah visit with his sword,
Well tempered, great, and strong,
Leviathan, the mailed' serpent,
Even Leviathan, the writhing serpent;
And he shall slay the monster that is in the sea.

One and the same animal I believe to be here de

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pictured, 1 which is certainly, literally, the crocodile of the Nile. It is here used as a symbol of the last enemy that opposes himself to the God of Israel. There are two reasons why this adversary, though “ Chittim” is the seat of his empire, should be “ spiritually called Egypt." The wisdom and religion of Europe were derived almost entirely from the ancient Egyptians; and that' same wisdom and religion has prevailed even to corrupt the principles of the true religion of the Gospel, which, at a subsequent period, it had embraced. Again : we have already learned, from former prophecies, that the taking possession of Egypt was the last achievement of the great adversary, from whence he goes to perish by the sword of the Almighty.

2. In that day,

“ Delightful vineyard,” sing ye responsively to her: 3. “ 1, Jehovah, am her keeper,

I will water her every moment;
That nothing may hurt her,
Night and day will I guard her.”

This may be regarded as the first semi-chorus of the responsive song. This “ delightful vineyard” symbolizes, I conceive, that Israel which, in this eventful era, will be taken under the particular care of Jehovah. Of this she is assured; but, as the second semi-chorus represents, viewing her helpless and exposed situation, and alarmed at the approach of the foe, her faith is beginning to fail.

4. “ I have no wall:

Oh, had I a fence of thorns !

Bisliop Stock

: Psalms lxviii. cx.


In the time of war I shall be overrun,

I shall then be entirely burnt up. 5. Oh, let him strengthen my defence! May he create peace

for Peace may he create for me!"

The song is made to reply to this prayer, with an assurance of final prosperity :6. “ The days are coming,

When Jacob shall strike his suckers,
And Israel shall grow and flourish,
And they shall fill the face of the world with plants."

Of the great increase of Israel, after the severe trials of the last days, which had reduced its numbers very low indeed, we have read before some intimations : and it should seem from this, that the great multiplying of the family of Abraham, so particularly promised to him, is not fulfilled in its utmost extent until this era.

Israel does not go altogether unpunished in this last conflict; but the stroke is mitigated in mercy :7. Is he smitten, as with the stroke of them who smote him?

Or is the slaughter as the slaughter of those that slew him?
With the tempest,' in its sending forth, wilt thou interpose,
A voice sball there be with the rough wind in the season of

the eastern storm.

A voice tempering judgment, and proclaiming mercy.


vulgo mensura, vel under nww, the interchanging of modiatum." “ Aliis facundia vel the letters v and o not being unacumen redarguendi. Coll. Æthiop. frequent. We


frequent. We may then assign to XDKD (sasa), et Arab. Lulur, arguit ; OXDXD, in its reduplicate form, the sed hæc nondum prorsus satisfaci

meaning of «

a desolating storm unt."-SINON. I believe we must repeatedly blowing." seek the meaning of the word

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