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And on every lofty eminence,
Divided rills' with streams of water.

In the day of the great slaughter, when the mighty fall,' 26. Then shall the light of the moon be as the light of the sun,

And the light of the sun shall be sevenfold.'
In the day when Jehovah bindeth up the breach of his

And shall heal the wound of his stroke.

This " day of the great slaughter," is evidently that day already so often predicted, when the great adversary from Chittim, that comes as master of Egypt, falls on the holy mountains. But a brighter day succeeds, and brighter luminaries arise in exchange for those that sat in darkness. The delegated authorities in church and state, as held by mortal man, symbolized by the sun and moon, are exchanged for the reign of Christ and his saints. So effectually is the breach allowed to be made by the last enemy upon restored Israel, healed!

The approach of the GREAT AVENGER, to execute this judgment on the adversary, is next described :-

27. Behold the name of Jehovaho cometh from afar,

His wrath burneth, and heavy is the column :
His lips are filled with indignation,
And his tongue ‘is' as a consuming fire.

* “ The great angel of his presence, spoken of, Exod. xxii. 21." -BP. STOCK.

3 Either of flame or smoke.

'09255 are, probably, the little channels cut, in these climates, for distributing water to each tree and plant.

· See Bishop Lowth's note.

• This passage is applied, by Irenæus, to the time of the first resurrection.

“ The rising flame is violent."


28. His breath is as an overflowing torrent,

Even to the neck shall it reach.
To toss the nations in the sieve of vanity,
And to fix a misleading bridle on the jaws of the peoples.'

This last verse might, perhaps, be rendered, “while he is dissipating the nations with the useless winnowing fan” —useless, because all pass off as chaff, without leaving any corn remaining.

But while he is judicially, by his overruling providence, driving on these enemies to their destruction,

29. A song shall be with you,

As on the night when a feast is sanctified;
And rejoicing of heart, as when one marcheth with pipes,
To go to the hill of Jehovah, the Founder of Israel.

Dreadful as is the era to the nations, Israel's enemies, it will be a joyful occasion to the preserved remnant; like the cheering sound of music, that proclaims, amid the solemn hours of night, the approach of some great festival.

30. And Jehovah shall cause his glorious voice to be heard,

And the alighting of his arm shall be seen.
With angry blast, and flame of devouring fire;

. With storm,' and torrent, and hail-stones : 31. For by the voice of Jehovah shall he be struck with terror,

Who shall smite with a rod :


1 “ To toss the nations with of destruction."-HORSLEY. the van of perdition.”—Bp.Lowth, Yd), dissipatio. Schultens exafter Kimchi. But, after all, Park- ponit quassatio, excussio. Bishop hurst's is, probably, the true inter Lowth renders it“ a violent storm." pretation : “to stretch (the hand] Archbishop Secker saw the over the nations with a stretching necessity of the relative aux in this VOL. J.



And the rod of correction shall pass away altogether,
Which Jehovah shall cause to alight on them.
With tabrets, and with lutes,
And with waving of banners, is he consumed by them ::
For ere this his funeral pile has been prepared,,
Even for the king has it been prepared.
He hath made the fiery pyre deep and wide, he hath laid

on much wood;
And the breath of Jehovah, as a stream of sulphur, shall

kindle it.


Dreadful is the divine visitation on the devoted head of the enemy. He that smote with a rod, that is, the last enemy of Israel, who had been permitted to make a breach on the people of God, and to inflict the last chastisement on Jerusalem, is arrested with terror. The rod of correction is then broken for ever. The objects of divine favour are described as an army triumphing over the routed foe. They consume their dead bodies with fire, celebrating their victory with demonstrations of joy.

place : post qux forte excidit

belli.” Psalm lxxvi. 6; Hosea, ii. wwx."-BP. Lowth. I conceive 18. The word ons signifies, not that wx is written for wvx. Upon only to fight, but to consume in the assumption that the Assyrian general: noun, agitatio continua. was meant, Bishop Stock follows abun manbra, I conclude, thereLowth.

fore, to signify the clashing of intorn, firma constitutio, firma arms, or waving of arms and bantio : non nun, will, therefore, be ners; accompanied, as the former the firmly constituted staff, or staff line denotes, with the sound of made of materials not likely to warlike instruments of music, in break in the hand. But we have token of triumph over the fallen a various reading, which Lowth foe. approves : see his note.

“ Tophet ejus, q. d. 2 , arma apparatus rogus ejus.”—MICHAELIS.


,מלחמה !


A funeral pile, prepared for the king, is lastly presented to us; but the language forbids us to infer, that a common performance of funeral rites is intended. The fiery pile is none other than “ Tophet prepared of old;" even that lake which burneth with fire and brimstone, of which we shall read in subsequent prophecies.

The thirty-first chapter I consider as a sequel to the prophecy which we have just considered. That prophecy considered generally the ruinous consequences of Egyptian alliances to the people of God; and connected with that ruin their restoration and felicity in the last days. In this sequel, the immediate consequence of the alliance of the ten tribes with Egypt is bewailed; and the happier state of Judah, who “trusted in the Lord their God,” is contrasted with theirs. The divine judgment of the Assyrian is then foretold ; not the king, for whom Tophet is prepared, though his type and precursor. His army melts like a lump of wax before the fire, though he himself escapes, to perish by the hand of an assassin in his own country.


Chapter the Thirty-second. The oracle with which the thirty-second chapter opens cannot but arrest our attention. 1. Lo! a king shall reign in righteousness,

With princes that shall rule in equity; 2. And there shall be a man' as a shelter from the wind,

And as a refuge from the flood;

Or, with Bp. Stock, “ Each man shall be." Each man of the king's counsellors.

Like rivulets of water to a dry soil shall he be,'
Like the shade of a great rock in a land fainting with heat.'

No other event, besides the reign of Christ and his saints, can be in the contemplation of the Spirit here; nor does there seem any necessity or advantage to suppose an intermediate type in Hezekiah and his government. 1

Indeed, the language will hardly admit of such an application. The parallel passages we have already considered, which predict the glorious reign of Messiah, will sufficiently illustrate these verses. He is that man, who shall afford a shelter from every oppression, and from every sorrow, and shall refresh and nourish with everlasting consolations the happy subjects of his reign. This he does now, indeed, by the secret influences of his Holy Spirit, to the preserved objects of his grace; but there is a time coming, when he will visibly sit upon the throne of his kingdom, to redress the wrongs of his people, and remove their reproach from off the earth.

The two following verses, contrasted with chap. vi. 9, show us, that the results of Messiah's second coming will be very different from the reception he met with at the time of his incarnation : “ Seeing they saw, but did not perceive; and hearing they heard, but did not understand.” But now

3. And the eyes of them that look shall not fail to see,

And the ears of them that listen shall hear; 4. And the heart of the rash' shall consider to understand, And the tongue of the stammerer shall be ready to speak


non transfertur, ut reliqua [Euseb. Hieron. Cyrill. Procop.] verba celerandi ad confusionem et hic passim solum respexerunt Mes- perturbationem animi, “rasb," or siam."-VITRINGA.


“ hasty."

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