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“ not to lean upon our own understanding,” but to say with St. Paul, “ Let God be true, and every man a liar.” The doctrines of grace and election must all be resolved into this. He that thus deals with lost man is the Creator of all things : what he does must be right; but he is not to be interrogated concerning the children of his love, why this, and not that, is chosen.
In this connexion, we shall surely hesitate to interpret the next verse, not of Cyrus, but of Christ, who, agreeably with other prophecies already delivered, was to lay the foundation of Zion, in circumstances of far greater glory than that city possessed which Cyrus permitted the Jews to build. He, too, will restore, by his redemption, not a small part of one tribe only, but all the captives of the Lord.
13. I have raised him up in righteousness,
And I will prosper all his ways.
The submission of the nations of Africa, and of the southern Arabia, is again mentioned ; and we have already gathered from chapter the forty-third, * and the sixtyeighth psalm, that these nations will be precipitated by the prevailing power of the last enemy, against the objects of Messiah's protection at the time of his appearing:
16 In whatever sense some may fancy this verse applicable to Cyrus, it is more clearly and
naturally applicable to Christ. Compare Chap. xlviii. 14." —Bp, HORSLEY.
* Ver. 3.
14. Thus hath Jehovah said,
The labour of Egypt, and the merchandize of Cush,
tion to thee.
And there is no other Elohim besides.”
Elohim of Israel, the Saviour!
This last verse is either a general reflection of the prophecy, referring to the ignorance of Israel before mentioned, or it is part of the submission of these nations : they knew not against whom they fought. ?
At this time, too, is the final discomfiture of the worshippers of images, as we have before learned : 16. They are ashamed, and are all of them confounded together;
The makers of images depart in confusion.
This could hardly apply to the prevalence of the Magian religion of the Persians, over the more gross idolatry of Babylon; that would surely imply a too great commendation of that religion; nor does it appear that the Medes and Persians actually destroyed the idolatrous worship of the Babylonians. Besides, this salvation now
Οτι εν σοι ο Θεος εστι,
self.”— HORSLEY. : “ These words plainly allude
to the concealment of the Divinity under the human form in the person of our Lord. They are not the prophet's; they are part of the devout confession of the labourer of Egypt and the merchant of Ethiopia," &c.— HORSLEY.
vouchsafed to Israel is expressly said to be an everlasting salvation, and therefore cannot apply to the return of the remnant of Judah to Jerusalem by the permission of Cyrus.
17. Israel is saved by Jehovah with an everlasting salvation,
They shall not be ashamed nor confounded for ever and
And what follows clearly marks the glorious reign of the promised Redeemer:
18. Surely thus hath Jehovah spoken:
The Creator of the heavens, He is the Elohim :
Does not this seem to imply that some great and beneficent changes are, at this period, to take place in the structure of this globe? “ The Father of the age to come” will, indeed, “ comfort us concerning the earth which the Lord hath cursed.”
The following verse insists upon the perspicuity of the oracles of God, as contrasted probably with the mimicking efforts of the heathen diviners and oracular institutions :
I am Jehovah, and there is none else: 19. I have not spoken in secret,
In a dark place of the earth:
There are, we know, some things in the Scripture prophecies over which a designed obscurity dwells, till subsequent prophecies shall explain, or the event disclose; but then all will appear plain, accurate, and precise : and this should be an argument with us, to take the language of prophecy in the fullest and most obvious sense, to be careful not to confound the predicted wonders of the second advent with the figures and flowers of rhetoric.
Those of the nations that escape the terrible calamities of the last days are next addressed: 20. Assemble yourselves and come, draw near together,
Oye escaped of the nations!
These are encouraged by a repeated admonition of the vanity of that idol worship which surrounds them :They understand not, who bear about the wood of their
They are again enjoined to give diligent heed to the sure word of prophecy, as though prophecy, explained by its inceptive fulfilment, and by other means, were destined to be a particular " demonstration of the Spirit” in the last times.
I « God the Just One and the Saviour."-HORSLEY.
That this and the remainder of the oracle is to be applied to the Redeemer, Immanuel, the Saviour God, is abundantly clear from a comparison of the quotations of what follows in the New Testament:
22. Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth,
For I am God, and there is none else.
In Jesus Christ, then, behold a “ Just God and a Saviour,” or, God the Just One and “ the Saviour," and there is none else. “ I and the Father are one;" and it is to HIM, as dying upon the cross for our sins, rising again for our justification, and sitting at the right hand of the Majesty on high, that all the ends of the earth are to look, that they may be saved.
23. By myself have I sworn,
A true decree hath gone out of my mouth,
St. Paul will explain this verse :-“ For to this end Christ both died and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and of the living.”-“ For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. For it is written: As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.” He that speaks and pronounces the oath in this passage is therefore God the Son. The consequences of this “ arising” of the “ Elohim,” “ that is to inherit all nations,” are plainly told to us in the following verses:
24..“ Verily, in Jehovah," shall it be said of me,
“ Is there vengeance and strength.