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The latter Part of the Fifty-second, and the Fifty-third
The division of the chapters should have been in this place, beginning with the thirteenth verse. This divine oracle contemplates the future greatness and glory of the Messiah; but states, at the same time, with great clearness, that “ he must first suffer many things,” and be rejected by his professed people; and “ by their wicked hands be delivered up," so that he may be offered as a propitiatory victim for the sins of his people. No doubt this was one of the many passages on which the risen Saviour grounded his reproof of the two disciples journeying to Emmaus, when they were at a loss to reconcile the sufferings and death of Jesus of Nazareth with his claim to be the promised Messiah - " Then he said to them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have written; ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?"
The context, we shall bear in mind, has led us to the manifestation of the Redeemer in his glorious majesty to Zion, who was prepared to welcome him with loud hosannahs. But the heavenly vision now points to him in his humiliation, and seems to say: This is he that is to be exalted so high: but this can only be after a season of the lowest debasement, and most afflictive sufferings; for so the redemption of his people requires :
13. Behold my servant shall
prosper, He shall be raised, and exalted, and become exceeding
14. Like as many were shocked at“ seeing' him,
His countenance marred more than man's,
And his form more than that of the sons of men; 15. So shall he astonish many nations,
Before him shall kings shut their mouths.
The subjection of so many of the civilized nations of the earth to the religion of the once afflicted, rejected, and crucified Messiah, may be supposed to be an inceptive fulfilment of this prophetic picture. But its full amount, we cannot doubt, is to contrast together the appearance of the Redeemer at his first and at his second coming. Many were offended at him at his first appearance, and were shocked at the spectacle of misery and grief which he then exhibited. So on his future appearance shall the excess of his splendour and majesty, surpassing all that had been heard or seen, be the astonishment of monarchs and nations.
So Bishops Lowth and Stock, many nations shall look on him “shall grow mature in wisdom," with admiration.” Bishop Stock or“shall become firm in strength." has, “ So shall he startle many -See Simon in verbo.
nations." Simon renders or, “ex· See Bishop Lowth's note. sultare faciet admiratione (propriè He inclines to the conjecture of gjú saliit, exsilit, expersus fuit Dr. Durell, that the true reading saliendo) salire, exultare, fecit läwas 11, which comes near to the titia." Horsley retains the sense Bauparoles of the Septuagint. He of " sprinkling.” quotes Dr. Jebb's translation ; “ So
But the vision forebodes that “ all will not believe" this report concerning the divine destination and future greatness and exaltation of this poor, afflicted, and despised man, whom they contemplate growing up among them :
1. Who hath believed our report,
And to whom hath the arm of Jehovah been revealed ?
That is to say, who contemplated, or, how few did contemplate, the Saviour in his humiliation as that shoot from the root of Jesse, the subject of so many prophecies, who was afterwards to become so great! No, he was stone of stumbling and rock of offence to both houses of Israel."
2. He possessed no form nor majesty, And we looked on him, but he had no appearance that we
should desire him.
A man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief.
He was despised, and we esteemed him not. » 4. Notwithstanding, he took off our griefs,
And loaded himself with our pains :*
5. But he was wounded for our transgressions,
He was bruised for our iniquities;
upon him, And by his stripes we were healed. 6. All we, like sheep, have gone astray,
We have turned aside each to his own way.
The iniquity of us all.
But he opened not his mouth:
So he opened not his mouth. 8. By the authority and by the sentence of the judge' he was
lift up," in order to take on or off, acted, and he was made answer
burden : that the quotation able;" which Horsley approves. in St. Matthew is clearly con But we may derive from vas, actained in the original : AUTOs tas cepit, appropinquavit, niph. præt. ασθενειας ημων ελεβε, και τας νοσους “accedere factus vel jussus," “ adeBastao Ev. And this aggravated the ductus,”—“He was brought forth, ingratitude of the people, in despis- and being required to answer," ing him who visibly relieved their &c.-KENNICOTT. Compare chap. griefs, and who, they should have
xli. 1, 21. maya, exoratus responknown, in his own affliction bore dere.” - BUXTORF. “Ad responthe burden for them.
dendum coactus est.”—Simon. 1" The chastisement that
3 See Bishop Lowth. For 789 makes us perfect,” according to
compare Judges, xviii. 7. that of the apostle, “in bringing “ After oppression and condemnamany sons to glory,' he was' made tion, he was accepted, perfect through suffering."
And who can [bear to] reflect ? wa), esegit, veluti creditum
on the men of his generation?" pecuniam à debitore-etiam pænas
PARKHURST. ab aliquo exigere. Thus Bishop Bishop Lowth renders, “ And Lowth translates :-“ It was ex his manner of life who would de
Verily, he was cut off from the land of the living;
Through the transgression of my people was he stricken; 9. And his grave was appointed with the transgressors,!
· And with the wicked was he in death ::
Not for any wickedness that he had done,
Nor for any guile that was in his mouth.
* That his soul should be made a trespass-offering.
And the pleasure of Jehovah shall prosper in his hand. 11. He shall see of the travail of his soul,
And shall be satisfied in knowing whom' he shall justify;
clare?” and supposes an allusion istence? From the land of living to a proclamation which was ac men, it is true, he was cut off; but customed to be made concerning his “ years are through all generacondemned criminals, that if any tions.” Compare the close of the man could offer proof of their in hundred and second psalm. nocence, they were to appear and 1 “ Cum affixo uma mortes declare it. The meaning, however, ejus vel suæ.” Jes. liii. 9. Posses here given to the word 717,“ man tamen l. c. legere rrina mausoleum ner of life," has been much ques ejus. tioned. I rather think we should
improbus, scelestus. understand it in the usual sense, for Coll
. Arab. ic cæspitare, iman age, or period of time or life. pingere, pedem offendere,” &c.The meaning will then be ;--By SIMON. the sentence of death he was taken : Ox, “ Upon the supposition off indeed, but what mortal could that, since.” Ezek. xxxv. 6. See point out the period of his ex Parkhurst in Ox.
Compare Psalm cii. 28.