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But Jehovah shall arise
on thee, And his glory shall appear on thee. 3. And the nations shall go to thy light,
And kings to the brightness of thy rising.
The vision next represents the concourse of the nations toward the holy city:
around and see,
Thy daughters shall be borne on the side.
And thine heart shall tremble and swell.'
And the wealth of the nations shall come to thee. 6. The troops of camels shall cover thee,
The dromedaries of Midian and Epha.
And shall spread the praises of Jehovah.
The rams of Nabaioth shall wait on thee.
As far as we can und rstand the language of this prophecy, the nations of the earth, headed by their kings or leaders, are actively employed in bringing back the
is obliged to confess; though, from conversion of them to Christianhis great aversion to the reveries of ity.”—HORSLEY. the Chiliasts of antiquity, he was “ Shall beat and be envery unwilling to admit any other larged."--IDEM. restoration of the Jews, than the
remains of the dispersed family. Zion trembles at the sudden greatness of her fortunes; and while she trembles, her heart expands with joy. She sees the wealth of nations poured into her honoured city. On the one hand, the ships of the seas, in the midst of which the Holy Land is remarkably placed, fill her ports; and on the other hand, the caravans that cross the desert crowd her borders, loaded with all the valuable productions of their respective countries. The flocks and herds of the most productive are sent for her consumption, and to supply her sacred festivals. Unless, indeed, we suppose a style of metaphor here, very unlike the usual style of the
prophet, all this must relate to an earthly city composed of inhabitants gathered from among living men; and not to that city, which, anticipating the language of a later prophecy, we call the “ New,” or “ heavenly Jerusalem.” How these two cities subsist together, and of what kind will be the intercourse between them, or in what manner the former serves as a gate of entrance to the latter, are among those mysteries of which we must wait the unravelling. At present, however, it is manifest we have before us the “ Jerusalem that now is,” restored from her 'bondage, with her children.”
8. Who are these that fly as a cloud,
And as doves to their windows ?
And the ships of Tarshish first;
10. And the sons of the strangers shall build thy walls,
And their kings shall minister to thee.
And in my favour I shall tenderly cherish thee: 11. And thy gates shall be open continually,
Day nor night shall they be closed.
And that their kings may be conducted “ through them.”' 12. For that nation and that kingdom
Which will not serve thee shall perish,
And those nations shall be utterly destroyed. 13. The glory of Lebanon shall come to thee,
The fir-tree, the pine, and the box together.
“ The place of my feet.”— Does not this signify the chosen spot where God manifests his glory among living men ?- descending, as it were, from some higher place. This city and temple, which the survivors of mankind unite in building and enriching, cannot be the heavenly Jerusalem -- that "hath foundations, whose Maker and Builder is God," and, as we shall find hereafter, hath no temple. To proceed :
14. And the sons of thine oppressors shall come to thee to do
homage, And all that rejected thee shall prostrate themselves at the
soles of thy feet: 15. And they shall call thee the city of Jehovah,
The Zion of the Holy One of Israel.
1" And their kings royally
may come pompously attended.”_ attended."-" And that their kings VITRINGA, Lowth, and HORSLEY.
Instead of being deserted,
The delight of generation after generation : 16. And thou shalt suck the milk of the nations,
Even the breasts of kings shalt thou suck.
And thy Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob. 17. Instead of brass, I will bring gold,
And instead of iron, I will bring silver;
And thy governors righteousness.
Destruction nor injury in thy borders.
And thy gates Praise. 19. It shall not continue to be to thee the sun for a light by day,
Nor, on her shining, shall the moon give light to thee.
I have endeavoured to give these two last lines as literally as possible. There seems to me to be something emphatic in the expression “ to thee,” as though the whole world besides must yet depend, as heretofore, for the light of the sun by day, and on the waxing and waning moon for light by night; while the light of the divine Shechinah, in its cloud of glory, resting upon Jerusalem, shall supersede there the necessity of these luminaries. * Not that these luminaries are destroyed ;that cannot be the meaning of the passage, because when
Compare chap. iv. 5.
the duration of Messiah's reign is foretold in the seventysecond psalm, it is expressly said to last as long as the sun and moon endureth. But the divine Shechinah, that light which shone around the chosen apostle of the Gentiles, on his journey to Damascus, at noon day, “ above the brightness of the sun,” will then illuminate “ the place of Jehovah's feet.”
And Jehovah shall be to thee an everlasting light,
And thy Elohim for thy glory.
Nor shall thy moon be withdrawn:
And the days of thy mourning shall be ended.' 21. And thy people shall be all righteous,
They shall inherit the land for ever.
This happiness, being no more to be disturbed, must place it beyond the period of the last invasion of the enemy, whom the Redeemer destroys at his coming. The time of this city must, therefore, be coeval with the reign of Christ and his holy ones upon earth. But it is not the city which they inhabit, for reasons before stated. We are forced then to the conclusion, that, besides the new Jerusalem, which cometh down from God out of heaven, and in some way, to us, perhaps, now inexplicable, renews its intercourse with the world of men in the flesh,- that besides this heavenly city, which is “not of this building," inhabited by glorified spirits, there will be an earthly
1 " The days of thy mourning” does not seem to answer in the parallel, as from the style of the prophet one would suspect. I should be inclined to suppose that the x in bax were formative, and
that we should derive it from 5a fuxit, processit. The days of thy flowing, i. e. the days made by the flowing of the solar light, and destroyed by its ebbing.