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religious worship, their temple destroyed, their city desolated and lost to them, and their whole nation scattered over the face of the earth, apparently deserted and cast off by the God of their fathers, as no longer to be his peculiar people.”—“ It seems designed as a formulary of humiliation for the Israelites in order to their restoration." The seventh verse I conceive not to be a part of the confession, but to contain its title.

7. The loving-kindnesses of Jehovah. I will record the praises of Jehovah, according to all that

Jehovah hath bestowed upon us, and his great goodness towards the house of Israel, which he bestowed

upon them through his tenderness and great kindness : 8. and he said:

Surely these are my people!
• They are' sons! let them not prove false:

And He became their Saviour.
9. In all their distress, his “hand" was not closed,

But the angel from his presence saved them.
In his love and in his indulgence he redeemed them,

And he took them, and bare them all the days of old. 10. But they rebelled, and grieved his Holy Spirit, And he became their enemy, and himself hath fought against



" He was


not LXX. Houbigant, following the closed;" ut,

uter à pariendo Cetib, (which, I doubt not, is the cohibitus et sterilis." " In all

true reading,) renders, —“ In all their affliction he was afflicted." their straits, he was not strait" [in Our translators have followed the goodness.]—“ In omnibus anKeri dy instead of the Cetib xb. gustiis ipsorum non fuit angustâ Bishop Lowth, in the interpreta- bonitate.”—HORSLEY. tion of the passage, follows the

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11. But let him be reminded of the ancient days, of Mose's

and' his people;'
How he brought them up from the sea, the shepherd with

his flock:
How he placed his Holy Spirit within him,
12. Leading the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm:

Cleaving the waters before them,

To procure him an everlasting name: 13. Leading them in the deep places,

As a horse in the desert, that they should not stumble, 14. As the herd descendeth into the valley,

The Spirit of Jehovah conducted them;
So didst thou lead thy people,

To procure thee a glorious name.
15. Look down from heaven, and behold,

From thy holy and glorious dwelling.
Where is thy jealousy, and thy might?
The yearning of thy bowels, and thy tender affections ?

Are they restrained from us? 16. Surely thou art our Father,

Though Abraham knoweth us not,
And though Israel doth not acknowledge us.
Thou, O Jehovah, art our Father ;

Oh, redeem us for the sake of thy name.
17. Wherefore hast thou made us, O Jehovah, to wander from

thy ways,
-Hast thou hardened our hearts from thy fear?

I“ I would render the eleventh
verse thus :
“ But” (or with Bp. Stock, “still”]

“ he remembered the days of
old-Moses ! and his people !

How he brought,” &c.-HORSLEY.

Read yob. See Bp. Lowth. Bp. Stock bas, “ From everlasting is thy name, our Redeemer."

| Return for the sake of thy servants,

The tribes of thine inheritance. 18. For a short time have they possessed thy holy mountain ;'

Our adversaries have trodden down thy sanctuary. 19. We have been perpetually as those whom thou rulest not,

Upon whom thy name was not called.

CHAPTER LXIV. 1. Oh, that thou wouldst rend the heavens and descend,

That at thy presence the mountains might melt away: 2. As when the fire is kindled in the wasting stubble,

As the waters which the fire hath made to boil!
To make known thy name to thine adversaries,
That the nations might tremble at thy presence!

This passage is generally considered as a supplication; but the original seems to imply also an expression of disappointed hope. It had been the burden of many ancient prophecies, that there should be a visible appearance of the Elohim of Israel, the powerful effects of which all nature should feel, for he would be revealed in flaming fire, and would accomplish the final deliverance of his people.

But though these predictions had never yet been realized, the confession is made to say a mighty operation had been carried on in the midst of Israel by the Holy Ghost, sent down from heaven. Israel, howeyer, knew not the season of their visitation, nor could distinguish the sign of the times :3. Whilst thou wast working wonderful things, we looked not, ; From the beginning men heard not, nor inclined the ear.'

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The eye 'saw not, except by thee, O Elohim,

What he hath prepared for him that waited for him. 4. Thou meetest him with joy,

That he should accomplish righteousness,
That they should record thee in thy ways.

Here is no very obscure allusion to the mystery of the Gospel, in its dispensation of heavenly teaching, righteousness, peace, and joy; with thanksgiving. The wonders of this dispensation in the midst of Israel passed, however, unheeded and unknown. As our Lord had said of the Spirit of Truth, who was to be the Comforter of his people, their Teacher, and Earnest of everlasting joys, “ Him the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth ; but ye know him, for he shall be with you, and shall be in you.” The subjects of this divine teaching were enlightened with the light of life, but “ the rest were blinded.” It is to this effect that the apostle has quoted the passage before us.


what we are waiting to hear. attention and observation, to see Hence in the Arabic we have when a person or thing expected perpendit, animum applicavit. I will appear. See Parkhurst. This make no doubt St. Paul intended is acknowledged to be a very difto give the sense of this word ficult passage, perhaps injured by when he adds, “ Neither hath it t:anscribers. See Bishop Lowth. entered into the heart of man to “ However, all seems tolerably conceive,” which, in the Hebrew plain, and agreeing in sense with the phraseology, would mean, “ Nei- quotation of St. Paul, if we conther bath man fixed his attention on it to consider it.” The word to have been repeated by mistake is, in this place, parallel to mp, of the scribes, as most of the same which signifies the stretching forth sort of repetitions in the sacred of the head and neck with earnest volume are.”

לרדת מפניך הרים נזלו sider the second

* 1 Cor. ii.

Having spoken of the Gospel revelation as “a wisdom which none of the princes of this world knew,” he adds, “ But as it is written, eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man the things that God hath prepared for them that love him; but God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit.”

A remnant only on this occasion was enlightened by the Spirit of God: the rest, in their ignorance and judicial blindness, refused to submit to the righteousness of God, and went about to establish their own righteousness. This was the showy garment covering a polluted body, of which the prophecy proceeds to speak. Their frailness in prospect of a righteous judgment, having rejected a Saviour's righteousness, is compared to the parched leaf becoming the sport of the storm ;

Lo, thou wast angry, for we had erred,

In them have we ever been refractory, 6. And we are all as a polluted thing,

And all our righteousness as an ornamented garment :
And we all fade as a leaf,

And our iniquities, like the wind, bear us away : 7. And there is no one that calleth on thy name,

That stirreth up himself to lay hold on thee.
For thou hast hidden thy face from us,
And hast delivered us up into the power of our iniquities.

But Zion has a promise, that one day“ all her children shall be taught of God.” In prospect of this, the confession and formulary of humiliation which follows, is prepared :

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