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4. So will I choose the objects of their apprehensions,'

And that which they fear will I bring upon them.
Because I called, and no one answered ;
I spake, and they would not hear;
And they have done that which is evil in my sight,
And have chosen that in which I delighted not.

This began to be realized, when the Messiah “came to his own, and his own received him not.” What follows will well apply to those who “ did receive him,” and were, for confessing his name, put out of the synagogue, and their names cast out as evil:

5. Hear the word of Jehovah,

Ye that tremble at his word.

Say to your brethren that hated

you, And cast you out for

my name sake: « Jehovah will be glorified,"

And he will appear to your joy,
And they shall be ashamed.

We shall find this perfectly consonant with the language held to the believers of the Gospel, when first proclaimed - that they were to wait for the re-appearance of the Saviour. And though all that generation died, " not having received the promise,” and many generations after them have slept with their fathers; yet the day will show, that they were not disappointed in their hope.

The sacred oracle, by a very sudden transition, passes

1 " (Their suppositions) the thoughts that come up into their hearts, I will realize. Thus the unbelieving Jews supposed the Romans would come and take away their place (their temple) and na

tion, and the Romans came ac. cordingly; they said they had no king but Cæsar, and God abandoned them to Cæsar." —PARK



to the era of the second advent, when the hopes of all the waiting family, in heaven and in earth, shall be realizedunless, indeed, all that we have been reading is to be considered as having had only its inceptive fulfilment in the state of Israel at the first advent; and that some similar circumstances in the future condition of this people at the eve of the second coming of Christ, is to be considered as ultimately in the view of the prophecy.

6. A voice of confident joy' from the city! a voice from the

temple! The voice of Jehovah, rendering recompense to his enemies !

We are not surprised to find a city and a temple, at that era to which the prophetic vision has transported us; since we have learned from the parallel Scriptures, that at the time of the Saviour's re-appearance there will be a city and a temple, and an enemy in the land closely besieging them an enemy that falls by an immediate interposition of divine power. Here, therefore, the reference is clear. But it is certainly inadmissible to interpret this of the destruction of Jerusalem by the Roman armies. That was no appearance of the Messiah, and could not in Scriptural language be called so; that event, clearly, did not put the Jews to shame for their conduct to their poorer brethren. Those that perished, perished in the madness of their rage against God and his Christ; those that survived retained all their prejudices and antipathies. Much less was Jerusalem's destruction an occasion of joy to the faithful people of God among the natural Jews.

1" A voice of confidence.”Bp. STOCK, Properly the sound of a multitude, raising the shout of

happy festivity, in the season of their secure prosperity.

The connexion also of what follows corroborates this interpretation :

7. Before she shall be in travail, she shall bring forth;

Before her pangs come, she shall be delivered of a man child. 8. Who hath heard the like to this?

Who hath seen such things ?
Shall a country be brought forth in one day?
Shall a nation be born in an instant?
That Zion should at once conceive and bring forth her

9. Shall I bring to the birth, and not make to come forth?

Hath Jehovah said:
Shall I make to come forth, and restrain the birth?

Elohim said.

Immediately connected with that work of vengeance, which overwhelms the enemy of Jerusalem at the second advent, we have ever seen, in the prophetic vision, the sudden and wonderful manifestation of the sons of God, the children of Zion. The symbol here used of a woman being delivered of a child, without the usual process of nature in the pains of labour; and the reference of this to the birth of a whole people in a day, in an instant, with what is said in the last verse quoted above, that every step of this birth is a supernatural operation of God, leads us to assign this passage as a parallel to chapter the fiftyfourth, verse the first.

Rejoice, thou barren that didst not bear, &c.

Which Scripture an inspired apostle has taught us to apply, not to the earthly society of Jerusalem that then was; and which we know is to be restored, and her dis

persed children gathered from all the nations where they
are scattered; but to “ the Jerusalem that is above, the
mother of all” true believers. We are guided, therefore,
to interpret this symbol, not of the sudden gathering of
the Israelites from all lands—which does, however, take
place about the same time--but of the sudden appear-
ance of the Lord and his holy myriads, as it was repre-
sented in the sixty-eighth psalm :-

God rideth on amid myriads, thousands of thousands;
The Lord is with them, as in' Sinai, in the sanctuary.

The friends of Jerusalem are called upon to rejoice with her, for her final establishment under this glorious dispensation will be the cause of the universal restitution of all the surviving nations of the earth, which have not perished in the terrible conflict of the “ battle of the great day of Almighty God.”

10. Rejoice for Jerusalem,

And exult with her, all ye that love her.
Be exceeding glad for her,

that mourn over her.
11. That ye may suck, and be satisfied,

From the breasts of her consolation.
That ye may draw near, and delight yourselves,
In the effulgence of her glory.

This is evidently parallel to chapter the sixtieth, and
is addressed to the survivors of mankind, to whom Jeru-
salem is to become the source of endless peace and
12. For thus hath Jehovah said:

I will extend peace to her like a river,
And the glory of the nations like a flowing torrent:

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And ye shall be suckled, in the arms shall ye be carried,

And on the knees shall ye be fostered. 13. As one whom his mother comforteth,

So will I comfort you:

In Jerusalem shall ye be comforted : 14. And ye shall see, and your heart shall rejoice,

And your bones shall flourish as an herb.

Thus is Jerusalem established to be the joy of the whole earth, and caused to stand in the relation of a nursing mother to all the nations of the earth. Then, we may observe again, will be realized the prediction to Abraham ; “ In thee, and in thy seed, shall all the families of the earth be blessed.”

But we are reminded, as usual, that the work of vengeance precedes the extension of mercy :

And the hand of Jehovah shall be manifested on his servants,

And his indignation upon his enemies. 15. For behold, Jehovah will come in fire,

And his chariots as a whirlwind !
To recompense in the heat of his anger,

And in his rebuke with flames of fire.
16. For by fire shall Jehovah execute judgment,

And by his sword upon all flesh;
And the slain of Jehovah shall be many.

The close of Moses' song of remembrance, and the parallel passages in the oracles already consulted, clearly ascertain the objects and the time of this judgment.

To what persons the next verse particularly alludes, is not, perhaps, easy to determine : from the figurative language used, we may conjecture, to the faithless and profane in Israel, to those“ who say they are Jews, and are

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