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been at their stations, or when their neglect shall be punished.

5. Trust ye not in a friend;

Put ye not confidence in a guide;
From her that lieth in thy bosom keep the doors of thy

mouth : 6. For the son will dishonour his father, The daughter will rise up against her mother, the bride

against her mother-in-law,
And a man's foes shall be the men of his household.

When Christ's disciples were “ hated of all men for his name's sake,” then was the prophecy fulfilled; and the spirit of the same hostility is seen, where, for the sake of their religion, friends are renounced by friends, and, as is sometimes the case, the dearest charities of kindred are violated from animosity to the truth.

It is in the mouth of the fallen Jewish church that the following supplication is put, and her complaints are beautifully mingled with the anticipating hope of future deliverance :

O mine enemy,

7. As for me, I will look unto Jehovah,

I will hope in the Elohim of my salvation: My Elohim will hear me. 8. Rejoice not over me,

Though I fall, yet shall I arise;

When I sit in darkness, Jehovah will be light to me. 9. I will bear the indignation of Jehovah,

Because I have sinned against him;
Until he plead my cause and execute judgment,
Until he bring me forth to light, and I see his righteous


10. Then mine enemy sball see it, and she shall be covered with

Who said unto me, Where is Jehovah, thy God?
Mine eye shall look in triumph' upon her,

Now shall she be trodden down as the mire of the streets, 11. In the day when thy walls shall be built,

In that day the decree shall be removed afar off; 12. And in that day they shall come unto thee,

From Assyria even unto the cities of Egypt;
And from Egypt even unto the river,

And from sea to sea, and from mountain to mountain : 13. And the earth shall be for a desolation,

Because of its inhabitants, for the fruit of their doings. 14. Feed thy people with thy staff, the flock of thine inherits

That dwell solitarily in the forest :
Let them feed in the midst of Carmel,

In Basan, and Gilead, as in the days of old. 15. As in the days when they came up from the land of Egypt,

I will show them wonderful things.
16. The nations shall behold, and be abashed

At all their might.
They shall place their hand on their mouth,

Their ears shall be deaf. 17. They shall lick the dust as a serpent; as the reptiles of the

They shall come trembling from their dens,
They shall stand in awe of Jehovah, our Elohim,

Because of thee shall they fear. 18. Who is a god like unto thee, pardoning iniquity, And passing by transgression in the residue of his in,

heritance ?
Keeping not his anger for ever,
Because he delighteth in tender kindness!

19. He will turn again, he will pity us, he will cover our ini

quities ;
Ay, thou wilt cast all our sins in the depth of the sea.
Thou wilt show faithfulness to Jacob, kindness to Abraham,
Which thou swarest to our fathers from the days of old.'


Remarks on the First and Second Chapters of Joel. *

The description of the plague of locusts, which runs through the two first chapters of this prophet, has somewhat divided the opinion of expositors. Their reasonings, however, are, I think, by far the strongest, who explain it in a literal sense, as foretelling, in the first instance, a plague of these insects, one of the calamities that was to complete the destruction of a guilty nation. But we have evidently, after the wonted manner of prophecy, a higher theme mingled all along with these immediately predicted judgments; and every now and then the mightier “burden” bursts through the thin guise of the typical allegory:~" alas, for the day - for the day of the Lord is at hand:”—“The day of the Lord cometh, for it is nigh at hand; a day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness, as the morning," or rather," as the dusk of evening spread upon the mountains," &c. An effect far beyond the devastation of locusts is intimated in the usual style of prophecy: “ The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars

Supposed to have prophesied between the years 697 and 660 before Christ.

withdraw their shining; and Jehovah shall utter his voice before his army; for his camp is very great; for he is strong that executeth his word; for the day of Jehovah is great, and very terrible, and who shall be able to bear it?” All this ultimately points to the destruction of the last enemy of the God of Israel, whose fall, as we have seen so often before, leads to the final re-establishment and eternal felicity of the chosen nation.


18. Then will Jehovah be jealous for his land,

And will pity his people:
19. And Jehovah will answer, and say to his people,

Behold, I will send unto you the corn,
And the wine and the oil, so that ye shall be satisfied there-

with :
And I will no longer give you up,

A reproach to the nations :
20. And I will remove far from you the northern army,'

And will drive him into a dry and desolate land.
His van towards the eastern sea,
And his rear towards the western sea:

And his smell shall come up, and his stench shall arise,

When he hath magnified himself to act. 21. Fear not, O land, be glad and rejoice,

For Jehovah hath magnified himself to act. 22. Fear not, O ye cattle of the field,

For the pastures of the desert spring;
For the tree beareth its fruit,

And the fig-tree and the vine yield their wealth; 23. And, ye sons of Zion, exult,

And rejoice in Jehovah, your God, &c. &c.

This night, perhaps, be immediately applicable to the removal of the plague of locusts, though the direction, “ from the north,” is an unusual course for these insects. But “ Judah no longer to be a reproach” will hardly apply to the situation of the country before the captivity. The mystic storm, too, of the twenty-ninth psalm, with what is said of the inroad of the great enemy in the sixtyeighth psalm, seem to trace the same line of devastation till the predicted enemy comes to his end. The destructive foe enters the Holy Land on the north; he is drawn towards the desert on the south : the spreading of his wings extends the full width of Immanuel's land, from the Mediterranean to the Dead Sea, and it is mysteriously said, “ he magnifieth himself to act,” or he maketh himself great, or vaunteth himself, in order for action. This corroborates the exposition of the sixty-eighth psalm. He has succeeded on his southern expedition: chiefs come with him out of Egypt: Ethiopia is precipitated against the Almighty. But one stronger than he has also “ magnified himself to act," — " he hath taken to him his great power;" and the congregated armies of the nations fall.

The prophecy in the twenty-eighth verse of the second chapter, in the same manner we have so often noticed in the visions of Isaiah, transports us to the season of the first advent, and from this epocha leads us to trace the approach of the promised kingdom of Christ :28. And it shall come to pass hereafter,

That I will pour my Spirit upon all flesh:
And your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
Your old men shall dream dreams,

Your young men shall see visions : 29. And also upon the men-servants and on the hand-maids,

In those days, will I pour out my Spirit.

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