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*** were powerfully enforced by his blameless character, his

liberal hand, -ever open to the relief of poor students,-and by his winning disposition. Pember, though of less conspicious ability, was a man of similar stamp and of about the same standing in the college. Ile is highly commended by As ham, who was one of his most attached pupils, for the extent of liis acquirements in Greek'. Another tutor, to

buth Pumber and Ascham were under no slight lations and who was not unworthy to rank with those juat namned, was lugh Fitzherbert, who hau been removed by de.ith some three years before".

But whilo St Jolin's was in no small degree indebted for its reputation to the virtues and abilities of these men, it is a younger fellow, the illustrious John Cheke, that it teaunised its greatest ornament and its inspiring genius. He was a native of the town, the son of one of the esquiresbul', and although only twenty-six years of age already duislied as the most successful tutor in the college. Ilus youthful merit hul gained for him the exceptional distortiva of buiing appointed, like Alane, king's scholar, and lu: was now prosecuting the study of the classics and

espeo C:ny of Creck with a stcally enthusiasm which communi call its-lf to not a few nround. Among his pupils, although L'it one year his junior, wils Roger Axcham, the youngest r sonntative of a family well known in St Jolin's Ascham 12.1 buen indebted for his university education to the gene**s aid of Sir Anthony Wingfiell, and his career had amply

ified his patron's choice. As the pupil of Fitzherbert,

Graat, Vita Archami (ed. Elstob), in Cambridge, in which quality she

may be mct with upon the college : Doctrins, virtute, et modestia books.' Baker Mayor, p. 105. This

retans, et Roberto Pembero in fact, if such it be, was unknown to != famiiinntate conjunctissimus, Baker's correspondent, Strype, who 4.7 Perim summa caritate represents the family as coming froin

19 litrherlerons et ad the Isle of Wight and of gool descent.

- ketat m rartaeque Scrip- Life of Chehe, p. 2. The will of 2.0*in melidua oratione the father (ann. 1799) and that of the

- Lok "marit et amicinnume in. mother ann. 131i punud by Cooper vil' 1d. p. 6.

(.maula, 11 135 6) deatly prove that Acroring' to Bakir, (heke's they del posursid of competence, if

1 wwli wine in St Mary's pansh not wealth.

Pember, and Cheke successively, he appears to have won the CHAP.L highest regard from them all'. His natural independence of thought bad however, even thus carly, manifested itself in a manner which seemed only too likely to prejudice his advancement, and some bold expressions of opinion with respect to the Pope, hazarılıd at a time when such langriage was still dangerous in England, had seriously iinperilled his election to a fellowship. Lut old Dr Metcalfı, although professing to be greatly scanılalised, had secretly exerted his whole influence in Aschan's finvour', and one of the brightest ornaments of our literaturo was thus preserved to the society of St Jolin's. Ascham Jiad alrealy been appointed Greek reader in the university, at a fair sulary, and, chictly on account of his singularly felicitous Latin prose, but partly, perhaps, owing to the exceptional beauty of his penmanship, had also for some years past been employed as the writer of the letters from the university to royalty and other illustrious personages. Among his pupils was one who he regarded with especial friendship and for whom ho augured a brilliant career; this was William Grindal, after- wiem wards tutor to the princess Elizabeth. lle was admitted follow in 1542-23; but his liigh promise ay it schwar coded with his premature death in 1.518. Among (beke's nume


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1 Grant (p. 6) expressly snye thnt thint Aucham tanght the allows of Ascham was a pupil of litlerbeit; St John's to write. See nimo Worl, while, as regant l'ember, he mys Forti, i 111. A very beanlillil -puri. Tunc lobortis l'embar wice ama. mon of his skill in preserved in the bnt, amplexabitur, in manibus hube. college library, --Erquisitiones quar. bat, laudabnt, ad majorn in dies et dam antiquae in tipini. Diri Inuli praesens sermone et absens litteris ail Plilemon, etc., given to the college excitabat.' Ibid. p. 7.

in 17:26 by Dr Jolin Bernard. De 2. And yet forallihose open threates, Cowie snys that it looks like print. the good father himselfe privilie pro. ing so much, that at first I thought cured, that I should even than be it must be a mistake to call it manu. chosen felow. But the election script.' Descriptire Catalogue of being done, he made countenance of MSS. etc. in St John's College Li. great discontentation therent.' As. brary, p. 107. As regards Acham's cham, Scholmastit, p. 131. Dr Latin style, its meriti arc felicitou-ly katterfeld notes that Metcalfe was described in a criticism purporting to born near A-chain' wirelıplace Kirly be that of Petrus Jannius of Louvain Winkel, and was also intimate with rpone in a letter to A cham him. the Serope family to whom Ascham's self from Richard Brandenbs. As. father was steward. dscham'. Leian, cham, Eipixi, 3-7; see also his Schole. p. 10, n. 2.

master (el. Javor), pp. 270-1. * Baker (MSS. xxvi 331-1) says

rous pupils and admirers none have left on record so emphatic a tribute to his merits as Ascham, who while gratefully acknowlelging the debt under which the college lay to Redman, always asserted that it was to the former that the impetus there given to the study of the new learning was ristitfully to be ascribed'. It was froin Chckc, agnin, that Łc hiinself mainly derived the almirable conceptions of tho teacher's method unfolded in the piges of bis Scholemaster. 0? the same age as Ascham, and equally high in their comcon tutor's esteem, was William Bill, a future master of the

c. His genuine merit and signal services to learning Fire aequately rewarded in after life by a remarkablo Culination of honourable offices'; at the time however of Is clertion to a followship in 1.333, his poverty would have leallis aulmission', had le not been added by the generons twenty of Ann Boleyn obtained through the efforts of Cheko ar! Parker. Another recently clected follow was one whom Dr Jetcalfe in his time line often noted with approval and sumetimes encouraged with gifts of money ,-an indefatigable student who rose at four to pur-ue his studies and at

tie of fifteen lad already been appointed to lecture the s store. This was William Cecil, the future chancellor,

ca whowo nol the university was one day to wait and whose 0107€ was destined to be so conspicuously interwoven with

The Grace Book r' in the Registry : Strype (Life of Sir John Cheke, trtine un ier the year 1539-40 the p. H) mays thai Lill .hnd not where

ng entry: Concut dir Askan withal to pay his college debts,' but pmtm staan er Bibliotbeca vestra Cheke's language implies nothing of

Primitoanum Historiographum this kind: multum a te dexidero et st in til at, o que al Festum Oin. requiro ut aliqua via ad reginam pro .: Sammoram pror. futurum, et feratur, exse a lolescentulum gravi : :tumn.' So again under paupertate oppressum, cui iter al

1 setnl that Jo. (beke is to victum suum inurelusum est, quol hari to bouw Greek commen. colligere cantam pecuniam nequeat, 29. ou Hotel ani Hesiod for 16 quam numerure ante debeat quam

, quoniam quv-lam tipis eos scientem inire pursuit.' Parker tor. r.- Teie bestemtur cupiunt.' Ba. respondence, p. 3. The sun required

' 1111 1'**-9; ). We find was really the first fruits,' to which

.12: enth for members of followships in the universities were one at this time.

then subert, but from the payment ne art person eser bildat he of which they were whortly after re. ***"* tim ihre impurtant posi. urb. See supra, p. 12; also Baker. D-, of me's of Trinity, provost Mayor, pp. 12*. 336. od L 7. an dean of Westminster.' • Cooper, Athenae, 11 219. (%", A Armar, 1 212.

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its history,-at the time of which we write, in his twenty- CHAP. L first year and college lecturer in Greek. Of nearly the u'm puk

ington same age and just admitted to his fellowship was William Pilkington, afterwards bishop of Durham and distinguished as an active leader of the Reform party and a somewhat too zealous iconoclast'.

Though scarcely rivalling St Julin's, Queens' Cullore may cobra fairly claim the distinction of ranking second among the college Cambridge foundations of this period, when estiinated by its services to learning. The spirit of Erasınus was still potent within its walls, and the fact that Alane selected it as liis college and found a friendly reception is evidence of its sympathy with the Reformers. The inost distinguislied Thomas member of the society at this timic was Thomas Smitli, anda !!

. . it was owing to the discernment and generosity of Dr William Butts, the court physician and a former follow of Conville llall, that Cambridge still retained this remarkable genius within her wally. We have it on Smith's own authority, that but a few years before, friendless, faint at heart, and without resources, he had already been meditating a farewell to the university and to letters, when the ability which he had displayed at a disputation in the schools reached the cars of that good Maccenas. The youthful scholar was summoned pris intl to the kind physician's presence and bidden to be of good behe cheer; and from that day the career of one of the most remarkable and most estimable Englishmen of the sixteenth century was one of almost uninterrupted success!. For Smith, Cheke appears to have cherished an admiration and regard greater than be felt for any of his fellow-collegians. That admiration and that regard were warmly reciprocated.

1 Ibid. 1 311-9; Baker.Vayor, rp. prortrip nescio quam famam di-pata146-9.

tionis cjus lam in scholis meae, ro: I cannot forlear quoting Smith's cavit a l se rudem pror-us et ferum, touching tribute of gratitule, ulteret et ejus amplitu lini jwnitus ignotum, when his success was fully assurel. - et quod hactenus scire possim, a esprcinlly as the passage, so far as I nemine commen,iatum, desperare re. Am Aware, has never before been tuit, et ex eo tempore, non Hercle printed : Hic me primus, prope pre- tanquam patronus et ain:cus, sed rum, chestitutum omni pe anucorum, tanquam naturalis aliquis pater, om. propter egexentis et inopine molestias ni tulio me fovit et a'npleratus est.' deparantem, et jam consilia deseren. Orario seconda de Digritate Legum, di Aca lemiam ac litterne agitantem, Baker VISS. XXXVIM.

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We are of the same age,' said Smith to Gardiner, ‘and of like condition in life: our studies have been the same and we are recipients of the same royal bounty; we have been enged in a continual emulation with each other in the arena of intellectual achievement, but this rivalry, which is tint to kindle cnvy and strife between others, has hitherto bound us more closely together in fraternal affection'! Tie 'in utrumque regia benignitas' refers to the fact that Smith, like Cheke, had been clected king's scholar. In arther respect however ho haud temporarily taken the leal of his brilliant friend and rival, for in the year 1538 he luud

molel to the public oratorship, on the retirement of I)e Relman. No member of the university enjoyed a ligher r potation for varied learning, and his Greek lectures, both in co!!ge and ns public readler, were attended by numerous al almiring awiences. Among their number was a young 99-303nt of king's College, the afterwarıls culebrated Walter Ilo; while among his own pupils at Queens' was John Punct, the author of the Treatise of Politique Power', already 409n for his attainments in Greck and also as one well el in patristic literature and an Italian and German scholar.

Turning to the other foundations, we find two notable canctis destined to pre-eminence not only in the univer8.5 but in their age. Of these one was at this time often to be seen pacing the orchard walk at Pembroke, intent on a volume of the Pauline Epistles, which he was diligently committing to heart, –a man whose long visage, aquiline 1 se, aml arched eyebrows suggested rather a Latin than a T:ut nic descent. Such was Nicholas Ridley, ihe newlyescud master of the college. He had studied not only at

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? Ile reeta kırquee Graceae pronun. bold spirit of our early Protretantiem. ne sme pistola, p. 31. They seemn Mr Hunt (Religious Thought in En. so bsse been randed by their con. glanil, 1 2:') says that Ponet was the ** REDES * *win brothers in genius repute i author of King Edward's * !ve. Halilon (Lucubrationes, Catechism. 73 en 'nxtrum in nostris stu- 3 Coojur, Athenae, 1 155.

,* & itu peton m,' while he ranke • According to Downes (Lires, L... as suje 1107 te all the rest of p. lv.) Rulley had been derted to a 3!; students

tellowship at l'niversity College, Ox. : A treatise noted by Hallam (Ilist. fori, but refuse to accept it. I.1 196)ascharacteristic of the

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