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literary criticism and chronological detail involved in the controversy on the authorship of those orations.

Those who, after finishing the pro Phormione, do not care to study minutely the whole of the two speeches against Stephanus, ought, at the very least, to examine the vigorous attack on Phormio which extends from § 71 to § 82 of the first of those two speeches, and should also endeavour to obtain a connected view of the argument by reading consecutively the italicised abstracts inserted at suitable intervals in the course of the commentary. With the help of these abstracts the general reader, the barrister, for instance, who has not remembered all the Greek of his younger days, may perhaps, if tempted to dip into these pages, form some opinion of his own on the forensic oratory of Athens; but my more immediate object in this part of my work has been to obviate any occasion for unduly burdening the notes with those literal renderings which are always welcome to students of the less industrious sort, by supplying instead (as the occasion requires) either a free paraphrase or a condensed summary, which may legitimately lighten their labour without giving licence to their idleness.

The latter half of the volume includes the Nicostratus, which was delivered by the same speaker as the two orations against Stephanus, namely by Apollodorus, and also the Conon, which is certainly one of the most celebrated of the minor speeches of Demosthenes. To these selections, both of which throw much light on the social life of Athens, I have added the Callicles, which, though less well known than the others, will be found one of the pleasantest, while it happens to be the shortest, of all the Private Orations.

The first volume of selections from Demosthenes, published by the University Press in 1874, included the speeches contra Phormionem (Or. 34), Lacritum (35), Pantaenetum (37), Boeotum de nomine (39), Boeotum de dote (40), and Dionysodorum (56). In the preface to that volume it has been already explained that the two volumes are a joint edition on the part of Mr Paley and myself, and I may here repeat that while Mr Paley was mainly responsible for the previous part, I am similarly responsible for all the Introductions and for nearly all the notes of the present, though I have had the advantage of receiving from him a careful revision of all the proof-sheets of my commentary, and a large number of supplementary annotations, many of which have been incorporated with my own, and duly acknowledged by being placed in square brackets and followed by his initial.

J. E. S. October, 1875.


In the text.
p. 36, line 11, read relve@tas.
p. 138, line 11, read TÉUTOVTOS TOÚTOV.

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TEXT. (1) IMM. BEKKER. Oratores Attici. Oxford, 1822, and Berlin, 1824. (2) *J. G. BAITER and H. SAUPPE. Oratores Attici, in one volume 4to, Zurich, 1850. (3) *IMM. BEKKER. Demosthenis Orationes; stereotyped edition, 8vo. Leipzig, 1851. (4) *W. DIN DORF. Demosthenis Orationes [Leipzig, 1825, Oxford, 1846], editio tertia correctior, (Teubner) Leipzig, 1855, reprinted in subsequent years. (Vol. 11. Part 2 includes Or. 36; and Vol. III. Part 1, all the remaining selections of the present edition).

VARIORUM EDITIONS. (1) G. H. SCHAEFER. Apparatus Criticus ad Demosthenem Vinc. Obsopoei, Hier. Wolfii (1572], Jo. Taylori [1748. 1757] et Jo. Jac. Reiskii [1770—1775] annotationes tenens. Commodum in ordinem digestum aliorumque et suis annotationibus auctum edidit Godofredus Henricus Schaefer. London, 1824-7, Vol. iv. pp. 590—618 (on Or. 36); Vol. v. pp. 167—214 (on Or. 45 and 46); pp. 346—407 (on Or. 53, 54 and 55). (2) G. S. DOBSON; Oratores Attici, Graece cum notis variorum xvi vols. London 1828. Vol. 1V., Dem. Or. 39—59; Vol. v. Reiskii Annotationes, etc. Vol. XI. Reiskii indices Graecitatis. [Royal paper ed. published at £9. 98. Od.; a copy bought in 1868 for £1. 108. Od.]. (3) W. DINDORF. Demosthenes ex recensione Gulielmi Dindorfii, Oxford, Vol. VII. [1849] Annotationes interpretum ad Or. XXVII—LXII.

SCHOOL EDITION. *A. WESTERMANN. Ausgewählte Reden des Dem., part 3, pp. 111—135, Rede gegen Konon (Or. 54). Also contains adv. Aristocratem and in Eubulidem. Berlin (2nd ed. 1865).

DISSERTATIONS, &c. (1) C. D. BEELS. Diatribe in Dem. orationes i et u in Stephanum (Or. 45 and 46), pp. 122, Leyden, 1823. (2) IM. HERMANN. De tempore, quo orationes quae feruntur Demosthenis pro Apollodoro et Phormione scriptae sint, disputatio (on Or. 36,

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