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PRONUNCIATION.

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THE vowels are to be pronounced as in Italian, except I á, which is sounded broad as in the word awe.

e , a strong pectoral aspirate.
Ć Khá, a guttural, something like the Scotch ch in loch.
; Zhé, like the French j in jour.
b Țá, a hard palatal t.
t'ain, is a guttural vowel.
¿ Ghain, is a guttural sound something between gh and r.

Káf, like ck in stuck pronounced very gutturally. » Gáf, like the English g, but always hard before all vowels, as & gi, ghee not jee. The Persians frequently pronounce it with a slight y sound, like the Cockney mode of pronouncing the

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in garden, gyarden.” When it occurs between two vowels it is often sounded like y, as w1, pronounced eyer,

, at the end of words is frequently silent. Otherwise it is sounded like the English h in hat.

jiwo to, although differing widely in Arabic are all pronounced in Persian like the English z in zone.

Similarly s ww ws are all pronounced s.
The other consonants are pronounced as in English.

The capital letters before each word refer to the language to which it belongs, A. Arabic, P. Persian, H. Hindustani, G. Greek, T. Turkish.

م س

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A CONCISE DICTIONARY.

PERSIAN AND ENGLISH.

A.

P.

A.

A.

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A.

| alif. The first letter of the A. Bu ibák. Running aArabic and Persian Alphabet. way (as a slave), absconding,

I a. Oh! also a particle withdrawing. of interrogation.

P. ül! Abán. The 10th day lá. Come thou.

of the Persian month, and also

the 8th month of the Persian wl ab. Water, moisture,

year. humour, splendour, elegance,

A. well ibánat. Publishing, grace. The lustre of precious disclosing, declaring. stones, polished steel, &c.

oldal 9 W ábá wa ajdád. wl ab. A father, pl. sb! Ancestors. ábá.

A. jab abáher. The feathers Wo is !! aban 'an jadd. and quills of a bird, pl. of From father to son, from gene

abhar. ration to generation.

A. Su ábái. Ancestral, pa

ternal. ibá kerdan az, to refuse to....

A. en! abt. Being warm, “s su ibáhat. Publishing, sultry ; swelled with drinkdivulging a secret; permitting, ing. giving liberty.

P.

4. Lol ábtába. An ewer, all ábád. A city; popu- water-pot. lous, cultivated.

Jul ibtár. Docking the

tail, curtailing. öll ábádán. Flourishing, populous, cultivated, in A. Sa ibtidá. Beginning habited.

commencement.

A.

ابا کردن از ibd

. Denial اباء

A.

P.

A.

P.

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A.

A.

.Util ابتذال

P.

A.

A.

A.

.abdf ابداع

A.

A.

.ibtima ابتناء

men,

A.

A.

P.

.bdam& ابدان

A. El ! ibtidá'. Invention,

ibdá.

Beginning, innovation.

Careless

creating ness, vileness, meanness.

ylt! abdár. Succulent, jd abtar. Docked, ruin- juicy, lustrous. A servant who ed, confused ; mutilated. attends to the provisions on a phuil ibtisám. A smile,

A smile, journey. smiling.

Producing A. ! ibtilá. Temptation, something new, inventing; also trial.

halting, limping (as cattle from A. EY ibtilá. Devouring,

fatigue). swallowing

Jld! abdál. Mysterious

beings who preside over the .

Building, spheres. Hermits, saints, pious constructing

Clear ibtiháj. Gladness, ulul ibdál. Change, exalacrity, cheerfulness.

change. A. Elil ibtiyá. Buying.

.

A vessel A. Jal ibtihál. Supplication.

for holding water. A. 451, abjad. The Arabic alphabet arranged in numerical

will ábdast. Ablution order.

before prayer. A. abhur. Seas. pl. of

Eternal,

without end. P. A. els ul abi şaiyát. The water of immortality, nectar.

áb-dida. Tears, ist abkhur. Vapours,

tearful. perfumes.

P. et abi. A cloud.
A. J's! abkhal.

More or
A.

A puncture; most avaricious.

sting of a scorpion. segist ábkh'urd. Liveli

A. librá. Setting free, hood.

acquitting.

Self-comd. o'st ábkh’ura. A cup placency, pride; honouring, for drinking water.

surprising

A. librár. Justification, P. Sigs! ábkh'urí. Halter, a watering place.

acquittal. 4 abad. An age; eter

A. I abrár. Just, pious nity without end.

men. Pl. of barr.

P.

A.

.abada ابدی

.bahr بحر

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