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THE HISTORY OF SIRACH. | ment, however, pervaded the whole--that of sciences---others were luxurious, and reduced

affection and respect for their common parent. themselves to poverty by their excesses; some The goodness of Providence had been con

This was beautifully expressed when he rose increased their riches by a sordid avaricespicuously displayed in the prosperity of Sirach.

to address them--every head was bowed, others, from unavoidable misfortunes, fell into Sirach was a rich merchant at Bassoro; to

and every hand covered the eyes, in solemn the most abject distress; some where converthe extensive trade of which place bis own

silence. The following is the tenor of his sant with the interior of palaces--others with exertions had greatly contributed, by inhad greatly contrihnted by ins speech :

the interior of prisons; and whilst some died porting commodities from the different parts

I am about to leave you my children. A of luxury and repletion, others died of wretchof India such as cold brocade sandal wood: | motive which I cannot resist, calls me from edness and of want. In short, so numerons china ware, and spices ; sending them in

amongst you. To explain it further to you were the individuals, and so various the forboats up the Tigris, and then transporting

would only gratify an idle curiosity, without tunes of the family of Sirach, that there is them by caravans to Tocat, Aleppo, Dam

| altering its consequences-at all events, as it scarcely a circumstance of human life but ascus and the western parts of Persia : re. regards you, it is only an anticipation, per- | had been the lot of some one or other amongst ceiving in return bullion, copper, steel, furs,

haps a very short one, of what must one them. velvets, and otto of roses. By this inter

day happen. Suppose this event about to Many years had thus passed on; the children change, carried on for a number of years,

take place, and look for the last time on an of Sirach had in their turns been parents, Sirach had acquired such an extensive pro

affectionate parent, the most earnest wish of and his descendants had increased in numbers perty that he was considered as the richest

whose heart has ever been for your unanimity, beyond that of any of their contemporaries. merchant of the East. The amount already virtue, and happiness.

But the course of human affairs is always gained, gave the facility of obtaining more;

On my own part I shall regard our se- uncertain; this state of prosperity was sud. and thus' proceeding in an increased ratio,

paration in a similar point of view. Whatever denly interrupted by a dreadful calamitythe wealth of Sirach seemed to have no

may be the result to myself, to you I shall the plague made its appearance at Bassora, and limits.

be as one gone down to the tomb. Whatever the family of Sirach fled or fell before its Nor was this favorite of fortune less pros-linduct,

I have acquired by a long course of succesful ravages, in common with the rest of the in

| industry, is yours--you are equally the off habitants. perous in his domestic, than in his mercantile

spring of my loins, and all I possess shall be concerns. As the laws of his country allowed

The effects of this awful visitation might equally divideri. amongst you. In return, I have been still greater, had it not been for the him a plurality of wives, he had a numerous

command you that ye love one another, con- skill of an eminent physician, whose advice offspring, to whose welfare and education

sidering that you are the children of one com- | seemed to be an antidote, and whose touch a he devoted a considerable share of his atten

mon parent, who has regarded you with equal remedy for the disease. He was called Ali tion; as he was generous and affectionate,

affection, and provided impartially for you Mohammed, and had resided for a long time and conducted himself with impartiality to

all. If your brother be in distress, comfort at the court of Persia, whence he had brought wards them all, he was naturally the object

ne objeet himn--if he be in poverty relieve him-if he be the most respectable recommendations. The of their respect, veneration, and love. His halls resounded only with the voice of joy,

sick and in prison, visit him. My family is means which he had adopted to stay the

indeed numerous, but the wealth I have ac- plague, were fully communicated by him to and his threshold was the limit of peace.

quired is great, and to each of you I leave an his fellow practitioners, and in a little time But whilst Sirach was the envy of his rivals,

ample competence. Take care not to dimi- the city was relieved from its terrors and its and the admiration of the rest of the world,

nish it; but be not anxious to increase it. Be distress. a sudden alteration in his disposition and

assured that wealth alone cannot confer hap-1 views took place, and led to an alteration in

It may readily be supposed, that a person his life and conduct, which astonished all piness ; on temperance in the accumulation of

who had conferred such a benefit on society riches, or rather in the due regulation of the who knew him. He resolved to withdraw

was dear to his fellow citizens. If we hold selfish principle, depends the happiness of himself from his merchandise, his country,

in veneration the man who is skilled in the the community; where some are enorhis family, and his friends, and to retire to

| art of destruction, what shall we say of him some place where he might pass the re

mously rich, many must be lamentably who is qualified to save? His society was

poor. I wish my family to be as nearly on mainder of his days uninterrupted and un

courted his affluence was secured his statue an equality in this respect, as the uncertain known. The cause of this rash determination

was erected ; and he was hailed as the prestate of human affairs will admit. This end gave rise to great discussion, and every one

server of the city ; in which he professed his judged of it according to his own disposition, can only be accomplished by cultivating the

intention of taking up his permanent abode. social virtues ; wherever your various destior the opinion he had formed of the character

The leisure which he now enjoyed gare him of the man. Some supposed that he was nations may lead you, never wholly lose sight

an opportunity of enquiring into the circumof each other ; those who have a superfluity satiated by a long course of prosperity, and

stances which, so many years before, had almay thus provide for those who are in want chose rather to exert himself in voluntary

tended the singular story of the departure of thus the bonds of affection will be strengthdifficulties, than pine away in sickly enjoy

Sirach, and the various fortunes of his pument. Others supposed that he meant to

ened, and my family will become a family of

me a family of merous descendants---some of them he found in

love.' devote himself to religious observances ;

great prosperity, filling the highest offices of

The assembly then dispersed, and Sirach whilst a third party imagined that he had

the city, administering justice to the people | soon afterwards took his departure from Bas- | formed some love attachment, to the enjoy

others he found had been executed for their sora, in a vessel which he had prepared for that ment of which he had determined to sacrifice

crimes, or had languished out their days in purpose. On examining into the state of his every other object.

hospitals, and penitentiaries---some had disaffairs, it appeared he had made the most Which of these, or whether any of these

tinguished themselves as orators, poets, or liexact arrangements for the equal distribution were well founded, cannot be ascertained ; as of his wealth, so that each of his children

terary characters; others were living in peaceSirach never could be induced to impart to received his portion without either diminution

ful insignificance ;--whilst no inconsiderable any one the slightest hint either as to the or delav.

number were indeavouring to obtain a pre

carious livelihood, and support a wretched object of his departure, or the place where he

The surprise occasioned by this determi-lo finally meant to take up his abode. .

family by the most unremitting labour, and nation of Sirach was soon over. In a few

| the most irksome servitude. However this may be, he announced to the weeks it appeared as if he were actually dead, different branches of his numerous family, and his descendants entered on the enjoyment

These enquiries he continued for a consihis orders that they should assemble together of his property, as if this had in fact been the

derable length of time. As he proceeded, on a certain day, when it was his intention to case.

additional information poured in on him from lay before them some matters which deeply The affairs of the family of Sirach went on

all quarters ; till at length he became fully regarded their future destiny. His children like the affairs of the rest of the world. Of | acquainted with the causes which had led to accordingly met at the time and place ap- his descendants, some were industrious and these results, and with the conduct and chapointed, forming of themselves a considerable | accumulated---others were idle and dissipated racter of most of the individuals whom Sirach assembly, various in age, sex, person, and their wealth ; some were rapacious, and plun- / had left at the time of his departure from his character, as the children of various mothers dered--others generous, and gave; some native place. may be supposed to be. One general senti. 'were magnanimous, and patronised arts and At this period a notice suddenly appeared at Bassora, addressed to all the heads of the at iny last solemn departure, to love and .. · MR. SAPIO. families descended from Sirach, acquainting assist each other,' is it possible that such conthem that if they would attend at à certain sequences could have ensued ? or is it not It has been often observed, that England time, at the place where he took his farewel of evident that all the dreadful calamities that has of late years experienced a dearth of great them, some interesting intelligence would be have befallen my family, are to be attributed singers; and that we have seldom enjoyed communicated respecting him. This notice solely to the unrestrained and irrational exer- | more than one or two really eminent singers gave rise to a great variety of feelings in those cise of that selfish principle, which, when in any pre braneh. Harrison was the sole to whom it was addressed. Some were actu- divested of the restraints of virtue, and the tenor, Bartleman the reigning bass of our orated by a sincere and natural desire of receiv- guidance of social love, tears asunder the chestras for a very long period. Incledon and ing intelligence of the fate of a parent whom bonds of society, and destroys the happiness Kelly were the dramatic singers in the same they had loved, and to whom they had been so of both public and private life? If the supe-, rank as Harrison in the concerts. To the deeply indebted; others were apprehensive rior faculties with which the great Creator has latter succeeded Vaughan, to the former Brathat he perhaps intended to return and reclaim endowed his rational offspring beyond those of ham, taking however a far wider range. Enhis property-whilst others again, entertained his brute creation, be only employed to obtain glish females of extraordinary talent are still hopes that he had accumulated another fortune for their possessor, either by force or fraud, more rare; Billington must be esteemed to in some distant part of the world, which by the utmost degree of selfish gratification, and have been the only woman of pre-eminent quathe generosity or death of its possessor, had to deprive the rest of mankind of that which lifications since the days of Miss Linley, and devolved on his children. Under these various is necessary not only to their well being but to her exact powers were, probably, of a far impressions, a very general meeting took their very existence; the bounty of the Great different elevation and character to those of our place, when no sooner was silence obtained Author of all is converted into a curse: apd highest ornament. Thus it should seem that than the physician stood up in the midst of the wolves of the desart, who hunt in troops, more than one really superior planet has seldom them, and addressed them as follows,

and divide the spoil, without devouring each or never risen above the horizon at the same • Children and descendants of Sirach, look

other, have been more fortunate than you. time. And when we consider the distinctions on your father. For a few moments let me

But in the conversations I bave had with and attributes, intellectual and physical, which intreat you to calm your emotions, and dismiss many of you

many of you who now stand before me, I have are required to be combined in a singer of the alike the apprehensions and expectations, the

heard it said, that it is on the direct influence first rank, it does not seem wonderful that so hapes and the terrors by which you are agi

of this selfish principle that the prosperity and few should reach the point of exaltation. tated. I am called to the performance of a

happiness of human society is founded, and At length a vocal candidate has appeared in last and solemn duty. You are the objects

that whilst every person pursues his own in the person of Mr. Sapio, who is gifted with of my most anxious cares. It is solely for

terest, the interest of the whole will be best natural powers, which, if sedulously cultivated, your advantage that I now once more appear

promoted ---detestable maxim! which, in the will scarcely fail to advance him to a high amongst you. If you make a right use of my

way in which it is understood and acted on, place among the native orchestra singers--and advice, my last donation will be greater than

eradicates every magnanimous and generous indeed he has already, at the very onset, my first. --- In the capacity in which I have for

feeling, steels the heart against the exercise of seized upon a large portion of general estimasome time past resided in this place, I am

every social virtue, and absorbs every faculty tion, both in London, and in the provinces, intimately known to almost every individual

of mind and body, in the unrelenting pursuit where he has been in much request amongst you. You too are also known to me.

of that which, when obtained, serves only to Mr. Sapio is singularly circumstanced with I have made it my particular object to intro

stimulate the thirst for more. Virtue can only respect to parentage and birth-place. His duce myself to your acquaintance, to obtain

exist in depriving ourselves of our own enjoy- | father, we are informed, was an Italian, his your confidence, to learn your principles and

ments to promote the happiness of others; mother a French woman, and he was born and öpinions, and to understand the motives of but what virtue can there be in the continual passed the first years of his life in England. your conduct. What I have thus acquired Igra

quired i gratification of a selfish passion, which scru- Hence he early enjoyed the advantage of being have carefully studied, compared, and digested;

ples not to derive its enjoyments from the instructed with almost equal benefit in the and I now require your most earnest attention,

sorrows and the sufferings of others, and if three languages, which he speaks with equal whilst I communicate to you the result.

possible, would concentre in one that which facility. In the existing state of the demand

was intended for all? Fool that I was, to upon the powers of vocalists this is a main "When I took my last farewel of you, and

I took my, last farewel of you, and suppose that when the laws of our holy reli- advantage, and one to which he will probably bestowed on you all my worldly possessions, gion, enforced by every sanction human and be indebted for the foundation of his reputation, Hleft you equally provided with the necessaries divine, had failed to influence you, the .ex- to whatever height it shall mount up. At preof life; and recommended it to you, as far as hortations of these lips could produce any sent we consider Mr. Sapio as a singer formthe affairs of the world would admit, to con- | beneficial effect; but I had hoped that the so ing, not formed--as one possessed of a certain tinue in that situation. What has been the lemn occasion on which they were delivered

| lemn occasion on which they were delivered, and respectable quality of science, but with result ? --The most striking and unfortunate

and the striking benefits by which they were natural endowments, that render him capable reverse ;-an inequality not less fatal to those accompanied, might have served to recall their of great elevation, indeed as the only candidate who have obtained too much, than to those

remembrance, and give an additional motive to who has any legitimate claim to the succession who possess too little. How many of your

the exercise of those social virtues, on which to Vaughan or Braham. brethren have seen, in the course of my pro- alone the welfare of society is founded. These Mr. Sapio's voice is, a tenor of much comfessional practice, fall a prey to repletion, de

expectations have vanished. Instead of find- pass, and he has the faculty of assimilating his bauchery, and indolence--the result of those ing you a family of kindred sentiments and falsette with ease to the natural voice at their temptations which exorbitant riches seldom domestic love, I see you divided into factions, junction, which adds all that he can want to fail to introduce! How many have I heard and openly avowing an implacable hostility to the upper part of his gamut-The quality of of, who during my absence have perished in each other. The advantages in point of his tone is full, and it is rendered brilliant by indigence, or in prison, for want of that sub-worldly prosperity which some of you ha

worldly prosperity which some of you have the way in which he brings it forth, namely, sistence of which you, their more crafty bre

obtained, have been pursued with such a re- very high in the head---perhaps somewhat highthren, had deprived them, and which in the

lentless perseverance, and carried to such an er indeed than the Italian method prescribes. hour of their utmost need you refused to sup- inordinate extent, as to have generated, even | While therefore it bestows a superior brightply! How many of your sons and daughters, in the bosoms of your own kindred, the most ness, if we may so speak, there is at the same for wapt of that instruction with which I took

unsocial and dangerous feelings. Ambition, time a visible force which, we suspect detracts care to supply the years of your youth, have rapacity, pride, extravagance, and an osten- from its sweetness and beauty. It approaches fallen into prostitution, infamy, and crime,

tatious indifference to the most important to Mr. Braham's grand defeet, and though and become the direct objects of your unre- duties of society on the one hand, have given considerably diminished by, the distance and lenting severity !--whilst some have unhappily rise to envy, hatred, poverty, crime, and amplitude of space in large theatres, those been driven to acts of desperation, vengeance,

wretchedness, on the other; and I hasten froin positive contrivances for the destruction of and despair, and have imbued their hands in

among you, lest in the blindness of your dis highly-polished performance, it nevertheless their own or their brethren's blood !

sentions, you should plunge your parricidal conveys the idea of violence, at the same time Had you retained in your minds the slight daggers into the bosom of him who gave you that the penetrating effect and volume of the est recollection of the admonitions I gave you birth.'

| tone is increased, and the power of contrast and light and shade, in songs of passion, con- comes of the surplus of river water and whence do and well, and has some advautages of person ; as to sequently augmented. In every other respect spriogs originate?

his acting, I always looked upon it as coming tard the quality of tone is fine and rich, and the Dr. Withering, you say, found the thermometer off' or an outdoing terinagant, but · Däs aliter quantity abundant. Force therefore is the less

stand at 49° in a well 84 feet deep, this is very pro- visum,' and I wont dispate about tastes with then.

bable, as a cold stratum or region of earth has to be But when I refect on the unanimous approba necessary, and force moreover is always fatal,

passed before the hot one is attained. As you seem which we once bestowed on Mr. Vandephoff, In sooner or later, to intonation, the first of all

to doubt an internal fire, I refer you to a tract on the surprised at the present dereliction from a standard acquired qualifications. At present Mr. Sapio's

subject, written by Mr. Boyle, where you will find avowedly so excellent and correct. We all renesperformance is creditably correct in this par

several instances stated, in which it was necessary, ber how highly he was thought of, both here and in ticular, but not so invariably accurate as to before descending into the earth, to put off part of Liverpool, before he went to London, and I don't see secure him against the dangers incident to the the clothes, the heat being so great, as almost to why the prejudiced and capricious judgment of a London use of extraordinary exertion. We cannot too hinder respiration under the incumbrance of a com- audience should cause us to change our opinions ;often present to the mind of singers, that per- mon sait; but these places were mucb deeper than especially as the very wise gentleman in the stage bes fect intonation is more the consequence of well- | 84 feet. Without you can account for this heat in a the other night told us we were quite as enlightened conducted practice establishing a habit than

satisfactory manner, I must certainly consider it as as they are, which we shall go well oigh to disprove,

I proceeding from a central fire, therefore establishing on our own admission, if we give up our ancieet of natural perception. Delicacy of organic

the existence of one ; and, if this be done, I beliere sentiments in compliment to wbat they hare decreed. structure does indeed minister to the formation you will not ask how a fluid comes to congregate,

However Mr. Salter is re-engaged, and I suppose of a habit of precision, but dependence is safe

whose natoral disposition is to separate; even Sir we must suffer bim to strut and fret his bour upce ly given to habit alone. Nor is quantity of

Isaac Newton never tells us how the earth gravitates the stage,' bat you may depend upon it he will soon tone so much concerned with effect as quality towards the sun; he adduces facts, to explain which be heard no more.' and pure intonation. gravitation must be supposed, and this by all philo

DING DONG. Mr. Sapio appears to inherit from nature a sophers has been considered as sufficient proof that quick and lively apprehension. He is a de- such power exists. I hope you will allow me, in a

This Day is Published, clamatory singer, and his manner is more like manner, to prove a central fire, without asking

Price 10s. 60. rhetorical and effective than that of most con how it exists. “ You most ignorantly attribute,"

And sold by ROBINSON and 'ELLIS, cert singers, without the strong and generally

non-combustion, at certain depths, solely to the pre

sence of carbonic acid, whereas Mr. Boyle, (to whose offensive manner of those accustomed to tread

No. 7, St. Ann's Place, Manchester, the boards of a theatre, where every thing must

opinion I hope you will pay a little deference, this THE full and detailed Report of the Proceedings not being a “ speculative" matter,) asserts that at

on the Trial at Lancaster, in the cause REDFORD of course be as prominent and characteristic

BIRLEY and OTHERS, taken from the Short-band Nota certain depths the air was so rarified by heat that it as possible. Hence such singers have fre

of MR. FAROURARSON, with a Plan of St. Peter's Field. would not support combustion, therefore some other

May 18, 1822. quently a coarseness both of style and execu

cause than carbonic acid, will produce in wells, &c. tion, which carries the colouring too high. the effect of non-combustion.

LAPIS.

FINE ARTS. What we are most disposed to quarrel with in

P.S. The sentence, on which you learnedly in- THE Admirers of the Fine Arts will be happy to Mr. Sapio we shall however find here. Histroduced the two Latin words, was certainly a non

learn, that the first namber of a very interesting pebmethod of taking and leaving notes sometimes sensical one.

lication, entitled the VIENNA.GALLERY, comprising a

Series of finely executed ENGRAVINGS, from the rich very abruptly, and his too strong and too

collection of Paintings in the BELVEDERE at VIENNA frequent use of portamento, is in the faulty and to “ A FRIEND,

are at length arrived in this country. A Prospectus and unfinished manner of Mr. Braham's theatrical

Specimens may be seen at Messrs. ROBINSON and DEAR SIR.-You will be disappointed to find me

ELLIS's. No. 7. ST. ANN'S PLACE, who are appointed school, and whether adopted for declamatory

AGENTS for the sale of the Work in Manchester and is | again addressing you upon the subject, which we effect or used through carelessness, is alike bave been discussing ; bat, as my present remarks

Vicinity.

7, st. Ann's Place, May 18, 1822. indefensible, and detracts from that polish will be merely explanatory of my last letter, certain which is the most admirable and indeed the parts of which have been misunderstood, I trust this THEATRE ROYAL, MANCHESTER. only proof of taste and high science.

intrusion will be forgiven.

With respect to the term spectrum, I did not mean, M ISS M. HAMMERSLEY, with feelings of the in my last, to call it an unphilosophical term; but

most lively gratitude for the indulgence and encourageCORRESPONDENCE.

ment she has received, during the Four Seasons she has had merely to object to your application of it. I objected

the honour of appearing before a Manchester andience, and to the passage, in which you used the term spontane

relying solely upon the patronage of a generous and liberal TO P," .

ous, because I have always considered that term to Public, begs to announce that her Benefit is fixed- for

imply the immediate operation of the will. SIR,—The authenticity of the first five chapters

Monday the 20th instant, when she ventures to solicit that That my

countenance and support which it will ever be her pride to of Genesis, I feel no inclination to defend ; but ideas respecting these terms are correct, I shall not

acknowledge, and her study to deserve. On MONDAY, allowing them to be the work of Moses, you seem to now endeavour to establish, as you appear desirous MAY 20th, 1822, will be performed, (by particular

desire) Morton's admired Musical Play of the SLAVE invalidate my rendering of the word void, because of closing the discussion of the subject.

In the course of the Play, the favourite songs of " Pity the (according to your last letter) I acknowledge it is

Regretting that our correspondence terminates thus

Slave," " The Mocking Bird," and “The Soldier tired impossible to conceive how, in opposition to the laws unsatisfactorily, I subscribe myself,

of Wars Alarms," by Miss M. HAMMERSLET. “ OL,

Your's most respectfully, of gravity, the earth could assume the figure of a

Mary turn those Eves Away," " My Native Hirkland

Home,” and “ The Birth of Liberty," by Mr. LARKIN. hollow sphere; now, I never remember acknow

To which will be added the Comic Interlude of SYLVES ledging the impossibility of our conceiving, though I

TER DAGGERWOOD. To conclude with the favourite Ham.- Do the boys carry it away?

Barletta (not acted these four years) called MIDAS: in the have done of our being certain, on the subject; in- Ros.-Ay, that they do, my lord; Hercules and his load too.

course of which will be introduced the Songs of " loely deed, if you will consult the works of Burnet, Ham.-Is it not very strange; for my uncle is King of Den.

Nymph," " Lore among the Roses," and “ Prar

mark; and those, that wonld make months at him Whiston, and other eminent writers, you will find

Goody," by MR. LARKIN; and “ Charlie is my Darling,

while my father lived, give twenty, forty, fifty, an several ways assigned, in which the earth might be

by Miss M. HAMMERSLEY.

hundred Cucats a piece, for his picture in little. come hollow at the creation, and though these are

Tickets to be had of Miss M. HAMMERSLRY, No. 41, bat “ speculative opinions,” you must consider that TO THE EDITOR,

George street; and of Mr. ELAID, at the Theatre, where

Places for the Boxes may be taken. what you advance respecting the solidity of the

Sir,---The proposal in yonr last paper, for engravearth is the same.

ing and publishing by subscription the portrait of However, if the existence of subterranean waters Salter, by Minasi, appears to me exceedingly absurd.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. be proved, that of a place to contain them must The friends of Mr. Salter have undoubtedly a right necessarily follow.

to act any foolish part they may think proper, and I Ji's communication has been received, and shall have By your speaking of credulity, you seem to disbe- bave no wish to throw any obstacle in the way of their our earliest attention. Will the author favour us lieve that such a phenomenon as the deluge ever follies, or of the emolament which that gentleman is with an interview ? took place; if it be so, or if you believe in a super-expected to derive from them. I most, however,

We have to acknowledge communications from Jonataral destruction of the waters causing it, no proofs protest against this act of private admiration and

venus.--L.-T. V.-R. S.- Poor Richard J. G. can be gathered in support of my opinion from that partiality being impated to the discrimination and

-Antoninus.-An Old Man.Juliet.-Q – Mer. event. feelings of the whole community

cory, and Antiquarius. I think you will allow that more water runs into for my own part I cannot understand how it has the ocean, (by rivers, &c.) than can be held in soli- been deserved by Mr. Salter, who certainly was tion, or supported by the a'r; and as the sea by these never so marvellously accounted of, until a garbled | Manchester : Printed, Published, and Sold, by the additions, 'does not sensibly increase, the waters statement of bis ill usage imposed on the pity and Proprietors, HENRY SMITH AND BROTHERS, mast bave some subterranean place where they accu- credulity of our simple hearted town. I have seen St. Ann's Square, to whom all Communications (post mulate, and from whence they again visit the surface him very often, and have certainly been pleased in paid) must be addressed. Sold also by all the Book of the earth by means of springs; else, what be- ! seeing him, for he generally dresses appropriately sellers in Manchester and the neighbouring lowns.

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FOR THE IRIS.

| repeated long passages of Homer, sitting in the pub- to need repetition, and whose name, Xantippe, is a

lic theatre on a seat erected for him on the stage for bye word for an ill-tempered partner of a bed-pecked that purpose.

husband. Abroad he bad to contend with the pasANECDOTES AND FATE OF GENIUS. Æsop was a slave, and a little ugly deformed sions and jealousy of his countrymen ; who, in return

fellow, of very uncomely countenance, baving for the greatest gifts man can bestow upon his fel

scarcely the figure of a man, and was for a very lows, that is, treating their children as a father IN a foriner number some observations were inserted considerable time alınost without the use of speech. would his own family, pointing out to them the way on the “Fate of Genius," from which it seems to One of his masters could not bear to see him, but to true enjoyment in this life, by panctua ly ous eving have been the writer's aim, to shew the causes of beat hiun into the fields to be out of his sight. He what is right and just, and teaching them to venerate misfortune incident to learned men, and the effect was sold to Xanthus, a philosopher ;* who one day their country, cruelly poisoned him. So fickle wero different eras have had, in forwarding or discourag- wishing to treat some of his friends, ordered Æsop they, that they afterwards put to death or bar:ished ing their attempts to improve and enlighten their to provide the best things he could find in the market. most of his judges, for doing wbat they bad urged illiterate contemporaries; and, in a preceding num- Asop made a large provision of tongues, and desired them to. So blind is an insariated multitude !* ber, “ Zeno" has introduced some remarks upon the cook to serve them up with different sauces. Scaliger said he never read the account of Socrates' their poverty, and given some names illustrative of When dinner came, the first and second course, the death in Plato's Phædon, but he wept. his subject. It is not my intention to enter into any last service, and all the made dishes, were tongues. Democritus was blind, withered, and ugly. further discussion of what either of them has said, “ Did I not order you," said Xanthus, in a violent Archilochus, the inventor of Iambic verse, was a but to notice some additional anecdotes of genius, passion, .“ to buy the best victuals the market afford satirist, severe and even cruel in the extreme. The which, though they may be known to some readers, ed?" "And have I not obeyed your orders ?” said tragical story of Lycambes is a striking proof of the to others may be novel and interesting. It should be | Æsop, “Is there any thing better than tongues? Is power of his satire, and of the unrelenting nature of observed, that I have not entirely adhered to a rela

not the tongue the bond of civil society, the key of his disposition. Lycambes had promised him his tion of adversity, being unwilling to indulge too sciences, and the organ of truth and reason? By daughter Neobale, in marriage ; but an offer from a much in descriptions of human wretchedness; and means of tongues cities are built, and governments person of superior rank and fortune occurring in the as pleasure and amusement are governed by opposites, established and administered ; with that men instruct, interim, the father forgot tbe Poet, and presented the and not by one continued sameness, which would persuade, and preside in assemblies: it is the instru- fair one to the wealthy suitor. Inflamed with indigtend only to weary and fatigue as, I have inter

ment by which we acquit ourselves of the chief of nation and revenge, the irritated bárd dipped his pen mixed anecdotes of the literati to whom fortune has all our duties, the praising and aduring the gods.” | in gall, and poured forth sach a torrent of invective been propitious, with those of others whose lives “Well then," replied Xanthus, thinking to catch on the miserable Lycambes and his family, that in have been composed of bitterness and misery.

him, “go to market again to-morrow, and buy me despair he committed suicide, and terminated his Homer, the first poet and beggar of note, as the worst things you can find; this same company life by a halter; an example which, it is said, all bis Goldsmith desigpates bim, amongst the ancients, was will dine with me, and I have a mind to diversify daughters unhappily imitated, unable to sapport the blind, and went about the states of Greece, and those

my entertainment.” Æsop the next day provided defamation with which the disappointed Poet had adjoining, chaunting his rhapsodies to a throng of nothing but the very same dishes ; telling his master overwhelmed them. Archilochus fell in battle, by villagers collected around him, like a ballad-singer of that the tongue was the very worst thing in the world. the hand of Calondas, who immolated his own son the present day, but it is observed that his mouth was "It is,” says he, “the instrnment of all strife and to the manes of the Poet, to attone the vengeance more frequently, filled with verses than with bread. contentiou, the fomenter of law-suits, and the source of Apollo. Plato banished his writings out of bis commonwealth, of divisions and wars; it is the organ of error, of Pindar, whose powers of harmony were matchless, as did also Socrates, because they did not esteem lies, of calumny and blasphemy."

our fair readers will be gratified to hear, was greatly ordinary men competent readers of them. The witty His prototype, and distributor of his wit among indebted to the ladies, for be studied with Myrtis, and elegant Plautus, the comic poet, was, it is ob- the Romans, Phaedrus, who, for elegance and sim- who distinguished herself by her lyric poetry, and served, better off; for he had two trades, he was a plicity, is unrivalled, was also doomed to slavery. was afterwards under the tuition of the beautiful and poet for his diversion, and turned a hand-mill, as Of the jolly bard, Anacreon, it is related, that accomplished Corinna, who five times snatched the slave to a baker, in order to earn a subsistence. Polycrates having presented him with several talents, | victory from her pupil, in the public contests of Hesiod could arrive at no higher fortune than tending he could not sleep for several successive nights for Greece. flocks on monnt Helicon. Sappho, the tender and the thought of them, and retprned them to his patrons Of Thespis it is related that, at the comniencelove-sick Sappho, threw berself from a precipice saying, the value of the treasure was not worth the ment of his career, Solon bindered him from acting into the sea, under an idea that if she escaped, it trouble and anxiety of keeping it. It is conjectured his tragedies, thinking those feigoed representations would cure her of an amorons propensity she enter that he wrote his eighth ode on the occasion. Love of no use, and having seen one, but disliking the tained for Phaon, and perished. Simonides, the most and wine were to him as bis being, and were enjoyed manner of it, be forbade him to act any more. pathetic writer of artiqaity, prostituted bis talents by him without restraint to a very late period of his to serve great meg's turns, for a small reward. Yet existence. Untainted with avarice, and careless as it is observed, that Hiero, King of Syracuse, got to the occurrences and vicissitades of life, be appears

• How forcibly do the sentiments of the late Dr. Franklin more by Simonides' acquaintance, than Simouides did

strike us, (if we refer them to assemblies of democracies) to have spent his days in one continued scene of

on reading accounts similar to the above, of the passions to by his. The answer he is mentioned as having given voluptuous ease and conviviality. We are told that which popular states are subject. “We assemble Parlia. to this Prince, on his asking him who God was, is he was choked by a grape stone, but it is thought that

ments and Councils," says he, “to have the benefit of their much celebrated. The poet desired a day to consider this, his supposed end, is more emblematical of his

collected wisdom, but we liecessarily bave, at the same

time, the inconvenience of their collected passions, preju. the question proposed to him, on the morrow he disposition, than the real cause of his death.

dices, and private interests. By the help of these, artful asked two days; and whenever he was called npon Socrates, wcose morality and virtue were extolled men overpower their wisdom, and dupe its possessors : and for his answer he doubled tbe time. The King, sir- to the highest, was purblind, long-legged, and hairy,

if we may judge by the acts, arrets, and ediets, all the prised at this behaviour, di manded bis reason for it

world over, an assembly of wise men is the greatest fool and bad much occasion for the patience, resignation,

npon earth;" and Montesquien, shewing their over-heated * It is,” replied zimonides," because the more I hinility and meekness, he is described to have pos- | zeal, too great remissness, and too great violence, in their consider the question the more obscure it beems."- sessed in the extreme. At home he was subjected to

enterprizes, observes, in his laconic style, that "sometimes Quia quanto diutius considero tanto mili res videtui the frowns and churlishness of a shrewish wife, one

with a hundred thousand arms they overtura all before theid, obscurior. He is celebrated for his memory, and of whose greetings of bird is so well known as not insects."

and sometimes with a hundred thousand feet they creep like

Æschylus exiled himself, through disgust, at being | Chingonga, a double bell, (a bell at each ex- | island, launched it, and paddled in the utmost saperseded in a prize by Sophocles, who was a very tremity of a semi-circular arch), the sound of haste to Maccatala. The following day at yoang competitor, being conscious of his own sape

which is instantly recognized by females, who noon, a canoe being observed hovering along riority, and is reported to have died in exile of a fractured skull, caused by an eagle's droppiog a

conceal themselves untill the object of their the north shore, I proceeded towards it in the tortoise, out of its claws, upon his bald head. Cum

terror is påst. To complete this monstrous small boat, but as we approached, it slowly berland thinks this story allegorical and emblematical

picture of human weakness, these princesses, retreated to the entrance of a small creek. of his genius, age, and decay, but Valerius Maximas in order to secure the success of the predatory Our pacific appearance at length induced it to gives it for a truth. Of ancient poets he bears the excursions in which they are not unfrequently wait for us. A man stood on the prow, nearest resemblance to Shakespeare.

engaged, stand upon an elevated situation, speaking vociferously, and with much gesticuOf Sophocles, the prince of ancient dramatists, it is and cause the army to pass in review between lation. This was Boonzie himself. He made said his sons preferred a complaint against him, alledge their legs. I know several merchants ennobled a long harangue, in which he took care to ing that the good old man, their father, did so totally by an alliance with these Amazons, of whose make himself known; and concluded by sayapply himself to his favorite study of writing tragedies, tyranny they complain bitterly. Notwithstanding, that if I offered him any injury, Enzambi that he disregarded his family : they therefore peti

ing the manifest want of circumspection | Empoongu would punish me. A present of tioned that the judges would assign to him, being non

evinced in their own conduct, they exact the beads, cloth, and brandy, dispelled his fears, compos, a guardian to look after his estates. Euripides was the son of a poor herb woman: when

most scrupulous decorum from their husbands and in return, he gave me a fine goat, and a he began to study tragedy, he shut himself in a cave, towards women.

bunch of plantains; and requested that his wild and sequestered from the world, in the island of

I am not aware that a similar custom pre- son, Chimpola, might accompany me on Salamis. He was torn to pieces by, or died through vails in the adjoining province of Chimfooka, board. bites received from the hounds of Archelaus King or in any other part of the coast between Maccatala abounds in beautiful and magnifiof Macedon, which, it is related, were set upon him Mayumba and the Congo.

cent sylvan scenery, and is altogether“ a by bis literary rivals, who were jealous of his superior Priests.---The Patriarch or High Priest, happy rural scene of various view. The viltalent. Ovid is supposed to allude to him in his Ibis : Boonzie, resides at Maccatala. His spiritual lages are built in the open cultivated spaces,

Thine be the fate of that same buskin'd bard, jurisdiction is very extensive, and his person is with which the woods are interspersed; and Butcher'd by dogs, Diana's surly guard.

held so sacred, that no one, however high his | are surrounded by plantations of cassava, Aristophanes the celebrated Athenian comic poet,

rank, presumes to approach, or even address Indian corn, plantains, peas, tobacco, &c. In was a great egotist. In his comedy of the clouds he fairly tells his audience that “ he shall estimate their

him, when admitted to his presence, until a one of these pleasing solitudes, resides Chirjudgment according to the degree of applause they

sign is given, whereupon the obeisance paid ganga Boonzie, an inferior member of the bestow upon his performance then before them,” and | him approaches to adoration.

priesthood. in conclusion, he inveighs against certain of his con. Every audience is accompanied by a present, Ordeal Trial.-_When any one is falsely actemporaries, Eupolis, Phrynichus, and Hermippus, valuable in proportion to the wealth of the

cused of an atrocious crime, he can only prore " with whose comedies if any of his audience is well person suing for patronage or redress ; but his innocence by passing, unharmed, the pleased, that person, he hopes, will part from his as Boonzie is believed incapable of taking a ordeal trial of Cassaħ. This consists in swaldissatisfied : but if they condemn his rivals and ap bribe, he is solicited to inspect the present; lowing a certain quantity of the cassah, which plaud him, he shall thiok better of their judgment for and those articles he approves of, being tied | is administered by a person called Ganga Emthe future.” He was not bappy in his domestic con

loosely to the parcel, drop off whilst the at- cassah. Upon a day appointed, the accused

loosely to the parcel dron off whilst the at. nexions, for he declares that he was ashamed of his

tendants are retiring with it. wife, and as for his sons they did him little credit.

makes his appearance, and on demanding to None of the princes, to a considerable disTo be resumed.

drink the cassah, the Ganga administers it in tance from Maccatala, consider themselves

presence of a great concourse of people, who, safe under the Patriarch's displeasure. There arranging themselves in a circle around him, OBSERVATIONS

is therefore a constant resort to his residence ; await with eagerness the effect of the poison.

and his office thus becomes a source of much If it causes great sickness and stupefaction, he On the Countries of Congo and Loango as emolument.

is pronounced guilty ; but if it does not, or if in 1790.*

The district of Maccatala is held sacred by it produces vomiting, he is immediately de

all the neighbouring nations, and happy do clared innocent, presented with a mark of disBy Mr. Maxwell, anthor of the Letters to Mungo Park, &c. they esteem themselves who can get the bodies | tinction

they esteem themselves who can get the bodies tinction upon the spot, and is ever after thought

of their departed friends deposited in that bal- worthy of unreserved confidence. The attesPrincess of Cabenda.-- In the kingdom of lowed ground; an opportunity, of which tation of his innocence is merely a piece of Cabenda, or Anjoya, princesses of the royal those bordering on the river, never fail to calabash shell, about the size of a dollar, blood rule with despotic sway, and are to all avail themselves. Canoes may be seen almost painted white, and fastened, by means of a appearance, devoid of that gentleness, which every day at Embomma, going down the river | string embracing the circumference of the in other countries forms one of the brightest to Maccatala with dead bodies. They are head, to the right temple. My friend, Captain ornaments in the female character. They are always distinguished from other canoes, by J. V. Aubinais of Nantz, witnessed one of possessed of the extraordinary privilege of some particular mark of funeral solemnity. these trials : it was that of a woman accused compelling any subject, under the rank of Voombi quenda Maccatala! would the Matives of infidelity to her husband. The moment she prince in his own right, to marry them, and on boaru answer, when asked where these began to sicken and stagger, the spectators renounce wives and children for their sake. canoes were going.

burst into the circle and dispatched her with The richest merchants are chiefly exposed to

The present Patriarch is about sixty years their knives and daggers, first cutting off her their rapacity. When the unhappy individual

of age, a dignified and venerable looking inan, breasts. Such a custom is too savage to enthus proinoted to honour has been stripped of

no way distinguished by his dress from the | large upon; but it appears evident to me, that his wealth, and another victim to arbitrary

other chiefs. He was the first person with the fate of the unfortunate individual is deterpower selected in his place, he is permitted to

| whom, in sailing up the river, I had an inter- mined beforehand, according to his wealth or return to private life; with this consolation

view, and but for the sanctity of whose cha- | power, and that when he does escape with imhowever, that he is entitled by courtesy to the

racter, (on which he laid great stress), I had punity, some less deleterious drug must have appellation of Prince. During his continufound it no easy matter to bring the natives to

| been substituted for the cassah. This poison ance in this splendid slavery, he must not,

a parley. Upon coming to anchor near Oyster is prepared from the bark of a tree; its colour at the peril of his life, be seen in company i

Haven, we discovered four people upon Hope is a bright red ; and the fracture of the bark with any other woman. The risk attaches

Island, and being desirous of a conference, I presents a resinous appearance. equally to all women who may chance to come

sent the mate and four men in a small boat, Palm Tree.---The palm is the most valuable in his way. To provide therefore as much as

provided with trinkets, to distribute amongst tree that grows in Africa. Besides wine, it possible against such casualties, he is always

I them. The natives, as we could perceive from yields a sweet nutritive oil; with its leaves the attended by a guard of honour, part of which,

the ship with our glasses, awaited unmoved, natives thatch their houses ; and with the when he is visiting, or on a journey, precedes

the approach of the boat, until the sail was small wiry threads that hang froin its branches, him at a considerable distance, beating the

furled and exchanged for the oars; then, with they string their musical instruments; not to

great precipitation, they took a canoe upon mention many other useful purposes it serves. . We are indebted for this interesting article to Dr. Brew.

I their shoulders, and carrying it across the It sometimes attains the height of 120 feet; ater's Philosophical Journal.

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