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which was now, alas! of no use in the house. The | A COURSE OF EXAMINATION, | 7. Who was St. Crispin-what sort of leather is latter query I can make nothing of; it is probably al Submitted to

the best, and what sort the worst. Tell whose wives

before he can be considered species of policy is the sweeper to have the sign of

and how many landladys like strap. Explain black

a Profound Scholar, and entitled to wield the mighty strap, and prove what difference there exists between some public or eminent building over his door to shew that he is sometimes, at least, an inhabitant of Grey Goose Pen of a Critic.

them and staystraps ? a palace, and a companion of nobles, and, con 1. Give a comparative sketch of the different places

8. Give a ground plan of Cheetham's Hospital, and sequently, a man of some importance in the world. of amusement in Manchester, distinguishing the diffe- | mention the beauties of Beppo's Poem, with some

S---N. rence between the Theatre Royal, Minor, Usher's, &c. account why removing to another house is called

dates of their erection-pames of candle-snuffers- flitting ; say if there be only one Cuckoo, to prove every THE MAUSOLEUM.

duties of prompters and scene shifters--the situation body in the wrong, in saying 'I've heard the Cuckoo of the pigeon-boles, and demonstrate by sound argu sing?"

ment, whether Knot-Mill Fair is superior to Bartho 9. Explain the character A in Chymistry-give the --'I admire dress,' said the Rector, 'as | lomew ?

prevailing colours for the spring fashions-elucidate becoming, not fashionable ; as good, not gaudy. 2. Where is EVERY STREET in Manchester. Who the benefits dandies derive from stays, and say what The head of a lady should shine from within was Churchwarden when the Collegiate Church was a corset is ? not from without. I value her fingers by the built. When was the Old Bridge built, and how 10. Enumerate the different roads that lead to work that they do not by the work that has long is it since Long Millgate was strewed with Kersall Moor, distinguishing those that are toll-free been done for them by the jeweller.' What! | flowers, &c. for the King of Denmark, when 'he passed | for Jackasses ; who was toll taker at Longsight when said I, do you object to rings as memorials of through Manchester ?

the Chevalier D'Eon came to Manchester, to exhibit departed friends ? 'Rings, cried the Rector,

1 3. Give the dates of all parish meetings held in the the art of self-defence; and give an exact weight

township of Manchester, and the number himself and proportion of the different Manchester boys, and 'are, in my opinion, fit only for the snouts of

attended. What year the first Boroughreeve was say how many of them were girls ? swine. I will show you my memorials : follow | chosen, and how long SHORT STREET is?

11. Express grammatically, out of Tim Bobbin, the me.' I followed him into his study.

4. Prove whether Gin or Sir John Barleycorn gives words, « greadly,” “buoth," "bandy bewit," "This,' said the Rector, I call my Mauso- l the most florid bue to the cheeks of the consa

“ bray'd fleigh," “ Brid and Dayshums." Draw a leum.' It was a small book-case, made of ebony, and explain all the cant words, used by thieves and map of the river Tib, with a correct delineation of all and lined with black silk curtains. Under its pickpockets?

the sewers that empty themselves into it? cornice was inscribed, 'Your fathers, where are 5. Say who was saint for the painters in the corona 12. When was the Roman station at Manchester they ?' When the doors were opened, I saw tion procession, and who personated Adam and Eve for broke up-how came the stone near Stretford to be

tion procession, and who personated Adam and Eve two shelves unoccupied; the other two were the Taylors on that occasion?

called the giant's stone-where is the ladies' walkfilled with books very handsomely bound in

6. Trace the origin of pawnbrokers taking three when was Ardwick canal finished-at what time does black calf, with black edges to the leaves, and

golden balls for an emblem, and explain the true the celebrated clock in the college strike, and how black linings to the covers.

meaning of the word pop, in its different sigoifications? often-aud how many times the stone-pipes burst. L. You well knew,' said the Rector, ‘my excellent father, his devotedness to the welfare of

Difference of the Annual from the General Meav. his family, and his general beneficence: he was beloved by his children, esteemed by his friends, respected by his neighbours, lamented by all. This is my memorial of him.

The Duties of Men,' which he put into my hands, had the following inscription in gold letters on one cover of each volume

T. B.
was boru 25 April, 1742,
and died 16 March, 1822.

A father indeed!

He went to his fathers in peace.
On - The Duties of the Female Sex,' simi-
larly bound, were commemorated the name,
birth, and death, of my friend's mother; under
which I read

A joyful mother of children!
I went heavily as one that mourpeth for

bis mother.
On The Life of Sir Wm. Jones' were in-
scribed the name and age of a brother, who had
been distinguished in India, and underneath-

An honourable counsellor !
They mourned over him, saying,

Alas! my brother !
You have heard,' said the Rector, of my
uncle F. The world could never boast of more
than two uncles : one was Uncle Toby; the
other Uncle F. Both were of a peaceful,
placid nature; both were full of the milk of
human kindness. When uncle F. was removed
to a happier world, I put “The Triumphs of
Temper' in mourning, and stamped on its
The ornament of a meek and quiet temper,

is in the sight of God of great price. * Here,' said the Rector, taking down a small volume, 'is a book which I have had bound in terrorem. I have given notice to all my female relatives, that if any one of them prove herself a teazer, I will inscribe her name on thisThe Art of Ingeniously Tormenting !'--(Mus.)

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Aug. Sept.



Mean Height of the Barometer at Manchester.



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General Mean of the first three months 29.704 ; second 29.791; third 29.830; fourth 29.693 inches.

General Mean of the first six months 29.747 ; of the second 29.761 inches.

Of the six summer-months 29.810; and of the mix winter-months 29.698 inches.


Feb. March. April. May

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Is there one, who butk thm, throngta les ortait seinen enemies, that force would be insignificant; but

if as friends, one vessel would be sufficieat.

He embarked with one ressel only, and re-
Whether shining o donted, sat i za zad the same

turned with all the arrears due from the allies. sas a sion of all that earlcha நயன,

He was of a peaceable temper, yet almost alOf the sweetnes we love and the greatevere e praise,

was enzaged in wars, for he would not decline

A child with a thaderbolt caly pastas;cause the basta did ther weyd or feed in the

military employments, when called thereto by On,

n o uhart, tant en kaer him, but mourns. the necessity of his country: he was forty-fire

Deep, deep der the grave, bere much zlory is tansed-

times chosen general of the Athenians, by the Of the wheest, the brated, the best manajad:

voice of the people, and not once present at SATURDAY, 1-Vicomede.

his election. In peaceable times the Athenians,

WEDXz5DAY, 5.-Saint Bmiface. Niet meste was a yopil of St. Peter, and was

who entertained themselves with spruce speak.

Boniface was a Saron presbyter, born iners and trim orators, would often insult Phe Tarmored to be a Christian by his burying Película, a martyr, in a very honourable man

England, and at first called Winfrid. He was cion; but when it came to the field of action, ner. He was beaten to death with leaden

sent as a missionary by Pope Gregory II. into he was chosen as the ablest general and wisest planmets, on account of his religion, in the

Germany, where he made so many converts, politician. This great man was remarkable for

that he was distinguished by the title of the his firmness ; for when the oracle of Delphi reign of Domitian.

German Apostle. He was created Bishop of was read, whieh informed them, that the rest SCSDAY, 2-Trinity Sunday. | Mentz in the year 445. Boniface was one of of the citizens being unanimous, there was one Stephen, Bishop of Liege, first drew up an the best priests or ms, day, and was also a person amongst them who office in commemoration of the Holy Trinity, I great friend and admirer of the Venerable tuous, as to dissent from the general opinion about the year 421) : but the festival was not Bede. He was murdered in a barbarous man- | Whereupon Phocion arose. and said he wa formally droitted into the Romish church till | Der by the populace near Utrecht, while the person pointed at by the oracle: that ther the fourteenth century, under the pontificate preaching the Christian religion.

need look no farther; that, in short, he disof John XXII.

THURSDAY, 6.-Corpus Christi.

liked all their proceedings. Upon another

occasion, giving his opinion in a debate, it TOLIDAY. 4. 1920-Re. Hon. Henry Grattan, This festival, the body of Christ.' was was received with such general applause be MP, Died, Ær. 74.

appointed in honour of the Eucharist, and the assembly, that he turned to a friend, and This great statesman and orator was born

always falls on the Thursday after Trinity I asked him, if any thing silly or impertinent in Dublin, where his father was an eminent

Sunday. It is called the Féte Dieu, or Cor- had dropped from him unawares? barrister. He was brought up to the same

pus Christi, and is one of the most remarkable | The Athenians urging him at an unseasonprofession, but, becoming disgusted with it,

I festivals of the Romish church, begining on able time to fall upon the enemy, he perempretired from its avocations; and, in 1775, enTrinity Sunday, and ending on the Sunday

torily refused; and being upbraided with patered the Irish House of Commons: here he

following. The common mode of celebrating sillanimity, he replied. « gentlemen, we ubsoon distinguished himself, both by his superior

this festival is by grand masses, and pro- derstand one another very well; you cannot talents and his nealouis patriotism. Throughcessions of the holy sacrament only.

make me valiant at this time: nor I you wise." out his whole parliamentary career he was

When they had declared war against Philip, susiduous in labouring to obtain an entire abo

and in his absence chosen other generals, upon lition of all the penal laws against the Catho ANECDOTES OF PHOCION. his return he advised them to accept of such licand, in this cause, he at last expired.

conditions as were offered, since Philip desired His retains are deposited in Westminster Phocion was a pupil of Plato, and after to be at peace with them, and he himself was Abbey, not far from thoe of Pitt and Fox. wards received instructions under Zenocrates : | very apprehensive of the event of a war with The following elegant tribute to his memory I was addicted from his youth to such studies that Prince. One of the sycophants asked him, is from the pen of the admired author of | as tended to the most valuable accomplish “ darest thou, Phocion, think of dissuading Lalla Rookh.' ments; easy in his conversation, and of very

the Athenians from the war when the sword is great humanity, but had something morose in drawn?” Bhall the harp then he silent, when he, who first gave

“Yes, said he, I dare: notwith16 ni unaitry name, is withdrawn from all eyes? his countenance: his discourse was grave and standing I am satisfied I shall be thy master in Shall winstrol of Hon stand ingle by the grave,

pithy, replete with just remarks and senten time of war, but thou (perhaps) mine in time Where the first where the last of ber patriots lick!

tious brevity, awful and austere, though un of peace.” When he found he could not preNo, wint thonth the death song may fall from bis lips,

pleasant. Demosthenes was reckoned the vail, but that Demosthenes's advice was taken, Thensch his harp, like his soul, may with shadows be crost, Yatyet thuil woond, 'rnid a nation's eclipse,

better orator, but Phocion the more powerful to engage Philip as far from Attica as possible, Awl proelim to the world what a star has been lost!

speaker. Being taken notice of walking be Phocion said, “let us not be so careful about What union of all the affections and powers,

hind the scenes, very thoughtful, when the the place where we are to engage, as how to By which life is exalted, embellished, refined, W** embrweed in that spirit--whose centre was ours,

theatre was filled with spectators; he was get the victory: that is the only way to keep While its mighty circumference circled mankind.

asked what he was so intent upon; to which the war at a distance: whereas, if we are overOh, who that loves Erin- or who that can see

he replied, “I am considering how to retrench come, the worst of calamities will soon be at Theronch the waste of her apnals, that epoch sublime something in a speech I am to make to the our doors.” Like # vyramid, raised in the desert where be And his glory stand out to the eyes of all timel

Athenians.” In military knowledge he was Upon the news of Philip's death, he would

instructed by Chabrias, a very worthy general, not suffer the people to sacrifice or give any That one lucid interval, snatched from the gloom And the madness of ages, when, Alled with bis soul,

but rather of a choleric and fiery temper, too other demonstrations of joy; “ For nothing, A nation o'erleaped the dark bounds of her doon,

apt to run precipitately into danger, which in- said he, can be a greater mark of a mean spirit, And, for one sacred instant, touched Liberty's goal!

deed at last cost him his life : Phocion helped than to rejoice at the misfortunes of others : When that ever hath heard himhath drank at the source

much to correct his temper, by sometimes besides, you are to remember the army you Or that wonderful eloquence, all Erin's own, In whose high-thegghted daring, the fire, and the force,

warming his phlegm, and at other times cool-fought against a Cheronæa is lessened only And the yet antame spring of her spirit are shown ing the impetuosity of his unreasonable fury. one man.” His fame soon reached Alexander's An eloquenee, eh wheresoever is wave

Chabrias was by no means ignorant of his ears, who was so pleased with his conversation, Wanderers free and wintopbasil-with thoughts that shone | merit, and preferred him accordingly: the that he contracted an intimate friendship with As clear ihe brook'. stone of lustre,' and gave

first time he distinguished himself in this station him, though an enemy. He sent him a present With the Mach of the gem, ius solidity too.

was at the memorable battle of Naxos, where at one time of an hundred talents; which being Who, that ever approached bin, wben, free from the crowd, | he had the command of the left squadron of brought to Athens, Phocion asked the mesIs A home full of love, he delighted to tread

the Athenian fleet, which entirely routed the sengers, how alone of all the Athenians he Mong the trees which a nation had giv'n, and which bow'd,

enemy, and gained a complete victory. After should be indebted to Alexander's bounty ? If each bronght a new civic crown for his head

this, he was sent by Chabrias to demand the Being answered, that Alexander esteemed him That home, where like him who, as fable hath told. "Put the rays from his brow, that bis child might come quotas of the charges of the war from their alone a man of honour and worth. “ May it

| allies, and being offered twenty sail of ships, please him then, said he, to let me continue Kvery glory forgot, tbe most wise of the old Mecaine all that the simplest and youngest bold dear. | he said, if he intended going against them as such, and be still so reputed.” However, they

followed him to his house, and earnestly pres- | night in the watch-house. There was nothing | His looks were rivetted on his son. who sed him to accept it. “ We are ashamed, said very formidable in all this : and I thought it seemned to shrink from his gaze, as if his they, that one in so high favour with so great scarcely sufficient cause for me to have been father's sufferings added tenfold bitterness to a prince, should live so meanly.” A poor old dragged out of my bed at owl-light in the his own. When the young man's name was fellow in tattered cloaths passing by, he asked morning. My young friend, however, felt called, a shudder seemed to pass over his them, if they thought him worse than that somewhat less than comfortable in his novel si- | frame, but he stepped forward to the bar with poor wretch: They were amazed at the com- tuation, and wished me to see him through the a firm step, and a countenance sufficiently parison. “ Yet, said he, the man has less than business. In the mean time as our case was composed. His case proved to be one by no 1, and is content, and in short, I must tell not the first to be gone through, I had leisure means uncommon, but always most distressing. vou, if this sum be more than I can use, it is to take a survey of the place which I was in, | He had early shewn talents superior to his altogether superfluous. If I live up to it, I and the people by whom I was surrounded. station, and his parents had pinched themselves shall give cause of jealousy, both of vour This was the first time I had ever been at to give education to their favourite boy. A master and myself, and to the rest of the Bow-street, and the scene was sufficiently few years back they had with difficulty procitizens.” Thus he dismissed them. Alex. striking. The low ill-lighted room, with its cured him a situation in a merchant's countander was displeased with his answer, and said dingy walls and barred windows, was a locale | ing-house in London. And here, he yielded he could not esteem those his friends, who well adapted to the figures of want, vice, and to those temptations under which so many thought much of receiving favours from him: wretchedness with which it was filled. Some have sunk. He passed from expence to extrabut he made a nobler use of his favour, by in- few, like my friend, seemed to be there for vagance, and from extravagance to dishonesty terceding for two persons who were convicted some slight offence, and their appearance ---and he was at last discovered to have forged of certain crimes, and were in custody at Sardis. evinced only the desire to escape from obser- a bill to a considerable amount, on which Phocion at length fell a sacrifice to the injustice vation in such a place. Others, with looks of charge he was being now examined. As the of his fellow-citizens. It is true he gave them shame far greater, and with the air of the examination proceeded, and the proofs against some colour for what they did, by the fault deepest depression, seemed to await their turn him becaine full and decisive,-- the sorrow of he committed, in not arresting Nicanor, who of hearing with the most anxious fear, rarely the father's countenance darkened into utter afterwards betrayed the city. But this, if it and slightly varied by a faint degree of hope. hopelessness; and when the Magistrate signed were a fault, was not only pardonable, but But by far the greatest number had that look the committal, the unfortunate old man fell commendable. No doubt if he had known of hardened reckless vice, which is perhaps back senseless into the arms of a by-stander. what Nicanor designed, he would have pre- the most degraded and revolting aspect in The Magistrate was visibly affected, and even ferred the preservation of his country to the which humanity ever appears : these faces be- | the officers were not unmoved. Nature, interest and safety of his friend ; but he was spoke the total absence of shame, and the though hardened and deadened, is Nature still ; jonorant of it: and to betray a friend in whoin | callous indifference to consequence, which / and the heart must indeed be closed, which has we have entire confidence, is a thing mean habitual wickedness gives, and which seem to no touch of softness at an appeal like this to and base, for a man of honour even to think of. regard detection and punishment as but the her first and purest feelings." After his death, a lady of Megara deposited adverse chances of a game, in which they

The next prisoner who was brought up, his bones secretly, he not being allowed sepul- / must sometimes necessarily occur. But what |

hat was a man who had been caught in the act of chral rites. The Athenians, made wise by was chiefly jarring to my feelings, was the breaking into a Jeweller's shop. The tools of their calamities, lamented what a watchful | matter-of-course air, with which the officers his trade were produced : for with him theft magistrate, and upright guardian, they had and even the magistrate looked on a scene from

was a regular calling. He was well known by put to death; and, stung with remorse, they which I shrank with disgust and loathing. Sce, the officers conducted his ashes back to Athens, interred said I to myself, the hardening effects of ha- class, alas! but too numerous in London, them honourably at the public expence, raised | bit! That magistrate is, I doubt not, a man who, born in its sinks of misery and vice. pass a statue of brass to his memory, and punished

of humanity, and once had the feelings natu- their lives in violence and crime, and end his accusers with death. " ŽENO. ral to one of his station in life ;---but now, I thein, probably, at the gallows. To these from the constantly witnessing misery and

wretched beings ill name is the sole inheritguilt, he has come to look unmoved on these

ance; dishonesty the only birth-right. The A MORNING AT BOW STREET. the most degraded appearances of human na

prisoner seemed the very epitome of the race. I was awakened in the morning by a note! ture--the very dregs and offal of misfortune

| His coarse straight hair--his small deep-seated being delivered to me from a young friend of and of crime !

piy-like eyes--his cheek bones prominent, and mine, telling me that he was in trouble---i. e., The first case which was called was not of a distant from each other-- his wide thick-lipped in St. Martin's watch-house--and requesting nature calculated to remove the impressions to

mouth--all combined to give his countenance me to come down to Bow-street, to be his bail, which the scene before me gave rise. It was every expression of brutality and degradation. if need were; and, at all events, to give him that of a young man accused of forgery. Like

His situation appeared by no means new to dvice and assistance to get out of the many of those guilty of this crime. he seemed him, and he shewed total unconcern for the scrape. Now I am one of those persons who, to be of superior manners and talents. His danger in which he stood. He seemed to unlike the beau in Gil Blas, “ would not rise be- appearance was very interesting : he was not derstand all the forms of the examination, and fore noon for the best party of pleasure which I more than three or four and twenty, and his he went to jail with the air of a man to whom could be proposed :" it therefore gave me no countenance, like that of the fallen Eblis, be it is a place of usual abode. particular delight to turn out before nine tokened energies and capabilities, which should After him were brought up three young o'clock on a cold morning on an errand like have led to far different results. He was one sparks for a strect-row. They had been enactthis. Go, however, I did--and I arrived at of those instances of misdirected powers, and ing the parts of Tom, Jerry, and Logic, and Bow-street just in time to see my friend alight advantages perverted to evil, which, though so the scene had ended, as usual, in the watchfrom a hackney-coach, with five companions frequent, do not the less excite compassion and house. One of them exhibited the marks of in misfortune. “Sa toilette du soir, un pue regret. It was his second examination; and, the prowess of the “ Charlies" in an eye porfanée ce matin,” added to his dim sunken eye, since the last, his friends had been informed of tentously swollen and blackened; the two his pale cheek, and matted hair, made his his perilous situation. His father had hurried others seemed to have undergone complete appearance sufficiently forlorn; which was not from the country to console and to assist his immersion in the kennel; the mud of which, improved by the shame which he very visibly son. The old man was now present--and I being now dried on their clothes, gave their feli of his situation. He had no sort of incli- have seldom seen grief more pitiable. He evening finery a most dilapidated aspect. It nation, I soon perceived, to figure in a Police seemed to be between sixty and seventy. His appeared that these young men had been vastly Report. His story was, that he had been white hair was thinly scattered on his forehead ; taken with the refined humour, brilliant wit, foolish enough the night before to go to a over which and his sunken cheek the most and gentlemanly knowledge of the world of the gaming-house--usually and most appropriately deadly paleness was spread. The furrows of production called “ Life in London ;and that called a Hell; and that after losing fifty his aged face appearer deepened and contracted they had determined to emulate the deeds of pounds, he was bagged, as he phrased it, by with grief. His eye, which was becoming dimits triumvirate of worthies as soon as opportuan irruption of Bow-street officers, and had the with years, had regained for the time à lus- nity served. In pursuance of this exalted satisfaction of passing the remainder of the trous expression ---but it was that of agony. ambition, they had sallied forth the night be

fore with the determination of having “a that I should experience only different degrees

ADVERTISEMENTS. Spree." Accordingly, in the Strand, they had of pity and of pain; but he who wishes to see overtaken a watchman, a feeble old man, who nothing but what is pleasing, let him take

This Day is Published, was instantly, in the most manly manner, care never to go to Bow-street.---(Album.)

In 3 vols. post 8vo. floored by a broad-shouldered young fellow of

THE FORTUNES OF NIGEL. By the Aathor six feet high. The prostrate Charley, however,

of Waverley, Kenilworth, &c. incontinently sprang his rattle, which brought


* Knife-grinder. Story ? Lord bless you, I have some to his assistance a sufficient number of his

to tell, Sir."

Poetry of the Antijacobin. brethren to lodge, after a desperate resistance, TO THE EDITOR,

Printed for ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE & Co. Edinberdi: the Corinthian and his friends in the watch

SIR,- In the limbo of oddities, inserted in a former and HORST, ROBINSON, and Co. London. house. And here it appeared that their beha

number of the Iris, we are told that James I. wrote Of whom may be had, The PIRATE, in 3 vols. post 8re.

against tobacco. viour was by no means peaceable or resigned ;

In " Witty Apothegms, deli- A New Edition. Price £i ils. 6d.

vered by James I. &c. 12mo. 1671,” he says, “ that indeed, the constable averred, that he was tobacco was the lively image and pattern of hell ; for

Eurly in June will be Published, finally necessitated to consign them to the that it bad, by allasion, in it all the parts and vices

in octavo. strong-room for safety. of the world, whereby hell may be gained ; 1st, to

| HALIDON HILL: a dramatic Sketch from Scottish “ At length the morn and cool rejection came,”

wit-it was a smoke, so are all the vanities of this | 11

History. and found our heroes “ fully sated ” with their “2nd, It delighteth them who take it ; so do all

By Sir WALTER SCOTT, Bart. manly and gentlemanly exploit, and still more

the pleasures of the world delight the men of the “Knights, Squires, and steeds, shall enter on the stage." so with its consequences. These, however, terworld.

-Essay on Criticism. minated only at Bow-street, for, besides having

“ 3rd, It maketh men drunk and light in the head; 1 Printed for A. CONSTABLB, and Co. Edinburgh; »

so do all the vanities of the world, men are drunken HURST, ROBINSON, and Co. London. Jarge pecuniary remuneration to make to the

therewith. persons whom they had assaulted, they un

“ 4th, He that taketh tobacco, saith he cannot derwent a most severe and well-deserved rebuke

EDUCATION. | leave it, it so bewitcheth him ; even so the pleasures from the magistrate for their folly, brutality, i of the world make men loath to leave them, they are and blackguardism.

for the most part so enchanted with them. And | T


being about to remove to a more commodiot resideore, When these sapient and polished personages further besides all this, it is like hell in the ve where he will bave it in his power to increase the pumber of had been discharged, a woman was placed at substance of it; for it is a stinking, loathsome thing; his pupils to six or eight, begs leave to inforın bis friends that the bar. accused of having been drunk and and so is hell.

he will have three vacancies after the ensuing midisumbat And further, if I should invite the

recess - The plan parsued is to combine affectionate dopestic riotous in the streets at two o'clock

devil to a dinner, be should have three dishes ; in the

treatment with the advantages of a school. The popils have “Ist, a pig.

the benefit of a valuable select library, are at all times anda morning. This unhappy creature could not

2nd, a poll of ling and mustard.

the eye of the teacher, and are treated in every respect, buc be above nineteen. She had strong traces- “ 3rd, a pipe of tobacco for digesture.

at bome and abroad, as part of the family.-Terms &c. my for already they were only traces--of loveli

be learned, by addressing the advertiser at "Rausbalian,

Query.Did James write against tobacco from a near Bury, Lancashire. ness. Her form, wasted as it was, still re- | natural dislike to it, or to give vent to bis malice in tained that beauty of outline which can never an oblique manner toward's Sir W. Raleigh, who be entirely lost to a finely-moulded figure; | introduced the use of it into England.. I am inclined

THE FINE ARTS. and her face, in despite of its hollow eye, to the latter opinion, as in the third dish, as he calls shrunk cheek, and shrivelled lip, shewed that it it, be seems to acknowledge the use of Tobacco in

Portrait of Mr. Salter in the Character of Hanli. was once possessed of eminent beauty. This promoting digestion.

M R. MINASI, Artist to the King of Naples, and

H. R. H. the Duke of Sussex, begs leave most res wretched woman was in the lowest state of de

pectfully to inform his Friends and the Public, that it is a gradation ; her dress was ragged and filthy,

intention (as soon as a sufficient number of sabscribers are and her looks were those of seared and des


obtained,) to engrave the above gentleman's Portrait, irera

the Drawing which he has just finished. It will be engraved perate unconcern. Her eye had still the glas

in the mixed style, similar to the Portrait of the Deke siness of inebriety, or, it might be, of habi MANCHESTER DRAMATIC REGISTER.

Wellington, both of which inay be seen in the Exchange

News Room. tual drunkenness; and when she spoke in answer to the magistrate, her language was

Price to Subscribers. Monday, May 27th. For the Benefit of Mrs. Hall : mingled with obscenity and oaths! Oh! if | Pizarro; The Rendezvous; and The Warlock of

Proofs on India Paper..............£1 1 0 there be a spectacle revolting to humanity, it

Prints ............................. 0 10 6 the Glen. is the degradation of woman! To see her soft Wednesday, 29th.-Wallace; after which, Too Late | Subscriptious will be received by Mr. BRUCE at the ELand delicate frame consumed by want,---to be- ! for Dinner.

change, by Mr. John FORD, and by Messrs. JACKSONS,

Market-street. hold her once chaste mind brutified into habitual Thursday, 30th.--Henri Quatre ; with The Follies of indecency, and to hear ber tongue--the tongue

Mr. Minasi still continues to take Portraits, and to give a Day ; or, the Marriage of Figaro

instructions in Drawing. of woman !---profaned with oaths and beastliFriday, 31st.--The Antiquary; with High Notions;

39, Market-street, Manchester. ness! These are, indeed, things to make the

or, A Trip to Exmouth. Aesh creep, and the blood run cold.--I shudder

TO CALICO PRINTERS. ed and turned away.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. We were called on next. and the business

M R. MINASI begs most respectfully to call the

1 attention of gentlemen concerned in Calico Print as far as regarded my friend was soon settled. The columns of the Iris will always be opeu to the

communications of “ A Friend." Those who were proved to have been only

to the discovery, which after mach labour daring a nurse

of years, he has made in this branch of the Arts. players, were considered to have suffered | Horatio's interference will not, we think, serve the This discovery of Mr. Minasi was first made with

merely to his own profession; and his portrait apon punishment enough, and were let off lightly. cause he advocates ; we therefore decline inserting

the Duke of Wellington, now exhibited at Mr... I did not wait to see what became of the his letter.

Market-street, is an example of its application. bankers and owners of the house. I left the

able, by his pecaliar process, to impart a permane The Wife's Prayer" must have been written when of different shades WITHOUT TÁE USE OF A office, thankful for the opportunity of having

she was rather better than half asleep.

DANT, not only to Silk, but to Calicos, and to seen it, but fully resolved never to go thither

which means the thread of the printed article becomesc again. I am one who wishes to see human | Ding Dong's Letter has been unfortunately mislaid; and incorporated, and the colours more brilliant

darable. nature in all shapes, in all conditions ; but I we will thank the author to favour us with another do not take pleasure in dwelling on the bad, copy,

Mr. Minasi is willing to dispose of the secret of his proces in returning often to the degraded. Those

Specimens may be seen at Mr. Jobu Ford's, Bookselle,

Market-street. We are sorry that the length of the “ Essay on who desire philosophical knowledge of their

Gaming" prevents our inserting it, yet we fully agree fellows, must witness much which is painful

with the author, “that the man, however respectable and revolting; but there is no need to look to

his situation in life may be, who devotes a portion

Manchester: Printed, Published, and Sold, the dark side alone--to describe only the

of his time to the company of blacklegs, for the

Proprietors, HENRY SMITH AND BRO erring and the evil. In what I saw in a place

St. Ann's Square, to whom all Communication

purpose of acquiring information by which he can to which people come but for their follies and lay his bets with the greater safety to bimself, is paid) must be addressed. Sold also by all the B their crimes, it is natural, indeed inevitable, nothing better than a common pick-pocket.”

sellers in Manchester and the neighbouring You

exhibited at Mr. Jacksoa's

Pplication. Mr.

alicos, and to Lined; by

more brilliant and more

ITH AND BROTHERS, m all Communications (post


Or, Literary and

Scientific Miscellany.

Published Weekly, and may be had of the respective

Booksellers in Manchester ; of the Agents in most of the principal Towns in the Kingdom; and of the News. carriers.

Advertisements. The last column of the Iris is open to

such advertisements only as are of a Literary or Scientific nature, comprising Education, Institutions, Sales of Libraries, &c.

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| but they are rarely met with, compared with water holding supercarbonate of lime in soluthose of lime,

tion; the addition of lime-water reduces the TENDING TO FACILITATE THE ANALYSIS OP When any earthy salt is dissolved in pure supercarbonate to carbonate, which is insolu. SPRING AND MINERAL WATERS; distilled or rain water, it increases the specific ble, and falls down in the state of a white

gravity of the water, but, in the instance of granular powder. When a spring contains By JOHN DALTON, Esq. F. R. S. Member of

spring-water in general, this test is rendered nothing but supercarbonate of lime, which is the Royal Institute, and of the Academy of Sciences, lof little use because the increase of 'spe, gra. I the case with the water of an excellent Paris, and President of the Literary and Philoso-is so small as almost to elude the nicest in- in this neighbourhood, lime-water is the only phical Society of Manchester, &c. &c.

strument that can be made. I have, however, test wanted to ascertain the proportion of salt

an instrument, made by an artist in this town, in it. Let a given portion of the spring-water IT cannot but fall under the observation of

which is nothing more than the common glass be saturated by lime-water, adding it as long every one, that the health and comfort of fa

hydrometer, but with an unusually fine small as inilkiness ensues; the carbonate of lime is milies, and the conveniences of domestic life,

stem, that shows the superior gravity of precipitated, and may be determined by the are materially affected by the supply of that

spring-water. It cannot, indeed, be brought usual means. I find it, however, rather pre

in competition with other methods for ascer ferable to add a small excess of lime-water, to most necessary article, water. The quality of water is undoubtedly of great importance in the

| taining the relative hardness of spring-water, secure the precipitation of the whole acid : arts of brewing, baking, and various others con

but it is a most useful instrument in other de- when the salt has subsided, the clear liquid

partments of chemical investigation, particu- may be poured off, and tested by an acid, and nected with the preparation of food ; as also in the washing and bleaching of linen and cotton,

larly in determining minute portions of resi- the salt inay be dissolved by. test muriatic or

dual salt after precipitations. It may well be nitric acids. Thus the whole quantity of lime and in other operations where cleanliness is the object in view. Many of the manufac

conceived, that the sp. gravity cannot consti- will be found.; from which, deducting that tories are materially interested likewise in the

tute a test of the hardness of water, when we added in lime-water, there will remain the qualities of water, and in the methods of ren

find that one grain of earthy salt, dissolved in lime in the spring-water originally combined dering it subservient to their exigencies when

2000 grains of pure water, converts it into with the carbonic acid. In this way I find the it happens to be presented to them in an ob

the hardest spring-water that is commonly supercarbonate of lime, in five ounces of the noxious form. On all these accounts I found.

water above mentioned, to consist of thought it might be of some service to offer 1 We shall now proceed to notice some of the

.48 lime, a few remarks on the subject, which, perhaps, most useful tests in the analysis of waters.

.77 carb. acid. may benefit those who have not made the sci

1. Soap-Test.-When a piece of soap is ence of chemistry a peculiar object of study. agitated in distilled or pure rain-water, a part

1.25 · Most writers consider the analysis of waters

of it is dissolved, producing a milky liquid, as a problem requiring great skill and acwhich continues for many days unaltered.

This kind of water is hard, and curdles soap; quaintance with chemistry; but the modern But when soap is agitated with hard spring

hut it is much softened by boiling, and depoimprovements in that science have rendered water, the milkiness produced almost instantly

sits the incrustation so often found in kettles, it much less so than formerly. It is true, that degenerates into a curdy substance, which

&c. If water contains sulphate of lime along the variety of elements sometimes found in rises to the surface, and leaves the liquid

with supercarbonate, the same treatment may water, and the extremely small quantities of below nearly transparent. This curdy sub

still be adopted, as far as respects the superthem, are discouraging circumstances when

stance is understood to be the earth of the the object of analysis is to ascertain both the

carbonate. I have recently found, with some salt combined with the oil of the soap. It

surprise, that the supercarbonate of lime, as has a glutinous unpleasant feel when rubbed | kind and quantity of these foreign elements.

I call it, existing in waters, or made artifiThey may both, however, · be investigated upon the hands, and soils glass and other

cially, is rather an alkaline than acid com

; without much labour, when proper means are

vessels, so as to require hard pressure of a |

cloth to remove it. used; and, perhaps, a little practice may


Though this test suffi-| render a person qualified to undertake the task, I

3. Acetate and Nitrate of Lead Tests. ciently distinguishes hard water from soft or

These salts are easily obtained in great purity, who is no great adept in chemical science in I pure water, it is not equal to form an accurate

and are excellent tests for carbonic and sula comparison of the hardness of two kinds of

phuric acid, which they precipitate imme: Most spring-water that is obtained by sink- water,

diately in combination with the lead. 1 ing some depth into the earth, contains lime 2. Lime-water Test.-Most spring-water,

If the

precipitate be treated with nitric acid, the held in solution by some one or more acids, fresh from the well, will exhibit milkiness by

carbonate of lead is instantly dissolved, and particularly the carbonic and sulphuric acids. lime-water; this is usually occasioned by the

the sulphate of lead (if present) remains unIt is to these salts, the carbonate and sul

dissolved, and may be collected and dried ; pbate of lime principally, that spring-water

from which the quantity of sulphuric acid may owes its quality of hardness, as it is called ;

* The scale of the hydrometer is one inch and a & very singular and astonishing quality, when Tel : half long, and it is divided into 25°, each degree

be determined." corresponding nearly to .0004; the difference between | it is considered as produced by so extremely

4. Nitrate and Muriate of Barytes Tests. distilled water and common spring-water is usually

When the object is to ascertain the presence small a portion of the earthy salt. The other about 10 on the instruinent; and that between dis

of sulphuric acid, either free or combined, earthy salts, or those of magnesia, barytes, tilled or rain-water and the strongest lime-water these are the best tests. The sulphate of baand alumine, produce the same effect nearly, I is 4o.

rytes is perhaps the most insoluble salt known.



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