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A LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC MISCELLANY.

This paper is Published Weekly, and may be had of the Booksellers in Manchester ; of Agents in inany of the principal Towns in the Kingdom; and of the News-carriers.

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FOR THE IRIS.

complete subjection. But on the other hand, his that we can be enabled to form a correct estimate
style is harsh and unpleasing. He has buried of their style and talents.
himself so long amongst the writers of the Liverpool.

I. B. M.
THE AUGUSTAN AGE.

Elizabethean age, . that he has become deeply
tinctured with their peculiarities; and, together

SCIENCE, ETC.
No, III.

with their beauties, has imbibed their faults. BRITISH Literature in the present day has ás- Colloquial barbarism he introduces without hesi

ORTHOGRAPHY.--(No. III.) sumed so many various aspects that an examina- tation or apology. This is an application of what

BY S. X. tion even of its leading features is a work of the is, aptly enough, termed brute-force. It is the greatest difficulty. The writers who flourished use of an overwhelming power to produce a " He was wont to speak plain, like an honest man and a

soldier; and now he is turned Orthographer, his words are in the days of Elizabeth and Anne, were strongly comparatively mean effect; and this writer's con- i just so many strange dishes."-SHAKSYKARE. marked and easily indentified. Whatever their tinual resort to it proves, not his want of skill subject or their mode of treating it ;-however or power in the use of the legitimate language of

26. Aile

Aisle—the walk in a discordant their taste, or temper, still a certain the country—but certainly a carelessness of his

church. tone pervaded their works. They all bore the own fame and an indita

own fame, and an indifference to his reader's This word is most generally written, aisle. Johnson, same uniform, and marched in the same ranks. feelings, reprehensible in the highest degree. A indeed, observes, that it is deducible only from aile, a Not that literary disputation was then unknown, I fondness for harmonious cadences and musical | wing, or from allée. a

fondness for harmonious cadences and musical wing, or from allée, a path, and ought therefore to be or diversity of opinion unfrequent : on the con- | periods bas been carried to excess; but still the written aile. But he has not even noticed that spelling trary, they lived in one continual warfare. Every ear deserves some attention. Real strength and

in the regular series of words, as they are alphabetically inch of ground was to thein debateable land. But dignity of style, are by no means incompatible

arranged, in his dictionary. throughout the writings, even of those most op- with well chosen ornament, and correct com 27. Almanac

Almanack posed to each other in talents, taste, and temper, | position.

As the latter mode of spelling this word still prevails, we still discover a prominent feature,' a kind of In his excellences Mr. Hazlitt is without a l in all those annual publications which bear that title, it family likeness, of which they indifferently par- rival; his faults are generally those also of the may be deemed almost a solitary exception to the modern take; and this betrays their origin and connec- age in which he lives. His resplendent beauties very general practice of dropping the final k, at the end tions. This is done away. We have at pre, may serve to eclipse those errors for which they of words of two or more syllables; such as classic, sent scarcely any such thing as a national style. can make no atonement. But the same careless- critic, music, specific, &c. “ In the responses, wbich Our living authors do not, as was the case a cen- | ness of style which we have remarked in him, is | are noted for various voices, this syllabic distinction is tary ago, bear an affinity to each other. Each is visible in the works of the whole body of living

ch is visible in the works of the whole body of living sufficiently attended to."-Mason, on Church Music. an isolated individual, thinking and writing in authors, almost without an exception. From the 28. Baptisemi

Baptizem the most independent manner, and perfectly in rapidity with which the volumes of our favourite Although this is a primitive word. it is generalls, if different to the taste of his contemporaries. Our authors succeed each other from the press, we

ors succeed each other from the press, we not invariably, written with & 2; forining an exception to predecessors, who traversed the ocean of litera- | may be assured that no severe

may be assured that no severe corrections ever the general rule of writing primitives, as demise, preture, had a distrust and timidity. They sailed are submitted to. We have in consequence much mise, surprise, &c. with ans, and derivatives, as auin convoy. We boldly launch forth, each man that is truly great surrounded by much that is thorize, patronize, &c. with a s. Criticise, although a ignorant or careless of his neighbour's cause. I below mediocrity.

below mediocrity. The authors of the present, derivate, from the substantive critic, is always written

The authors of the pro Love of originality has made us harsh and disso- are not perhaps inferior to those of any former with an s; whilst the primitives, prize and apprize, are nant ; fear of peculiarity made them mannerists ; age of British Literature; yet few, very few of spelled with a z. and urged them to restrain those bold and hazard- their productions can be considered as models of 29. Despatch

Dispatchous flights of fancy, in which the authors of our purity in style or thought. In the best of them 30. Electary

Electuary-probably day so much delight to indulge. we find and find it too without any great exer

from the old Fr. electuaire. The free and independent spirit of our living tion of critical skill-much to condemn, as well

The former mode of spelling this word has been used authors has produced a curious effect. It has | as to admire. Their blemishes are as evident as I in the History of Medical Transactions ; but has not assimilated their style to that of different eras of their beauties.

been generally followed. Peculiar and singular spellings literary history. They who have been captivated . The writers of our day are not, in general, should, in general, be avoided. They are a species of by the wild and uncultivated charms of the early characterized by profound knowledge and deep affectation in those who adopt them, of being wiser, English poets and historians, have caught their research. The age has been termed, by one who or more accurate, than others. The late Mr. Pennant rugged, unpolished style, as well as some share enjoys the highest character in the republic of of Downing, wrote parlement for parliament, contrary to of their real beauties. Others, who have delighted | letters, that of skin-deep learning. The facilities

the usage of parliament, and to the practice of all parin the more regular and classical beauties of an offered to the young and inexperienced invite

liamentary reporters; when the word occurs in any of

Mr. Pendant's publications, the plain, unsopbisticated tient literature, have endeavoured to implant in them to make public those hasty and inaccurate

reader is apt to look upon it with disgnst, as an ineffecour cold and chilling soil, the tender verdure of effusions, which severe and repeated corrections

tual attempt, on the part of this ingenious writer, to an Italian climate. might have rendered truly valuable: and the

change the established orthography of a word, of very Hazlitt is an instance to the point. He is, writers of the first talents,--the greatest geniuses

frequent occurrence, especially since the debates in parwithout dispute, the most powerful writer of his of the age, waste their strength and their resources

liament form so prominent a part in every modern newsday. He continually reminds us of Dr. Johnson ; upon trifles. The contents of our numerous pe paper. for though in style the greatest possible difference | riodical journals prove the assertion to be correct. The College of Physiciens published their first Pharprevails between them, there is in their manner It is on the pages of these trilling works that the macopoeia, or London Dispensatory, in Latin, in 1618. of thinking great similarity. Hazlitt continually brightest ornaments of our national literature are Since that period it has been revised, and republished, astonishes with those brilliant and profound illus- lavishing in puny efforts those powers which are

in the years 1627, 1632, 1639, 1650, 1677, 1720,

1745, 1787, and 1809. trations which are also characteristic of Doctor equal to the greatest undertakings,-and which

Iu the editions which were pah

lished in 1720 and 1745, this word was spelled accord. Johnson. Both were profound thinkers; and properly directed might produce a memorial of

ing to the Latin derivation, electary; in 1787, the French well acquainted with the mysteries of the human their worth as firm and lasting, as the literature

derivation was adopted, and the word was accordingly heart. of the day is transient and ephemeral.

spelled with a u, electuary; but in the last edition, pubis almost impossible to read the works of . From these few remarks on the general charac- lished in 1809, the former title is omitted, and the nearly Hazlitt without frequently pausing to wonder | ter of the literature of the present day, we shall | synonimous word, confection, substituted it its place, and admire :-So rich his fund of ideas,-80 great proceed to an examination of the different au- meaning, “ an assemblage of diferent ingredients, a his power of language; he holds his reader in I thors, now before the public. It is thus only composition, or mixture.

or the word

To find the greatest common ineasure and lowest terms of storms, not doubting that angels surrounded and 31. Enclosed Inclose-trco or more numbers.

protected her. She was as little fearful of en 32. Ensure

Insure

Rule.- The product of all the primitive roots which gaging in other dangers. She delivered a relation 33. Plow

Plough

are common to the roots of each of the given numbers from imprisoimment on account of the Rye-house

will be the greatest common measure; and the product plot. by a bold and well-concerted stratagem. It is very remarkable that this singular mode of l of those which are not common will be the lowest terme.

Though perfectly aware of the vindictive spirit of spelling tbe word plough, as it is now invariably written, I Required the greatest common measure of 630, 882, L4 is, notwithstanding, still retained both in the Bible and

the government, and that her own life must have 1134 and 1386. Prayer Book. See Isaiah xxviii. 24, and Psalm cxxix.

Sol. 630 = 2, 3, 3, 7, 5

paid the price of his escape, had she been de 3. Brady, in his Clavis Calendaria, gives the corrent

882 = 2, 3, 3, 7, 7

Itected. She was in the secret of the revolution, spelling, but observes that the Almanacs (Almanacks]

1134 = 2, 3, 3, 7, 3, 3

and went into shops in different parts of the town, erroneously spell it, Plow Monday.—There is, indeed,

1386 = 2, 3, 3, 7, 11

under a pretence of cheapening goods, and in a variation in the Bible itself, the substantive, plough

2, 3, 3, 7 are common to the coming out would drop bundles of papers to pre man, (in the passage already quotedBfrom Isaiah,) being roots of each of the given numbers; therefore, 2x3 x3 pare the minds of the people for that happy spelled with ugh; and plowers and plowed, in the xxxix x 7 = 126 — the greatest common measure required, event. She said she learned the art of keeping Psalm, with the letter w. Mr. Todd, in his edition of Required the lowest terms of 76.12.

secrets from her grand-father, who said, when Dr. Joboson's Dictionary, in this instance, changes the sol. 7632 > 2. 2. 2. 3. 3....2x 53=106 scriptural orthography, (as he bas also done in many other

she was very young, there was no secret which

25416 = 2, 2, 2, 3, 3.... 253=353 cases,) so as to correspond with the spelling which he

he would trust with any one, that he would not

2, 2, 3, 3, 3 are common to the himself judges to be right; without following, in his

trust her with. And to prove that he was right, roots of both the namerator and denominator, therefore authorities, as his great predecessor, Dr. Johnson, in

he told her something, in confidence, and then the greatest common measure is 2x2x2x3 x 3=72; he variably did, the orthography of each individual writer.

and the roots of the numerator which are not common to | urged her mother to extort it from her by pro 34. Plumb

Plum-a fruit so those of the denominator are 2 x 53=106= the required | mises, caresses, and bribes; and these failing.

called. pomerator ; therefore 353, being the only root of the by threats and whippings; but she held out will The former spelling is correct, when the word is used

denominator which is not common to the roots of the nu- amazing firmness, expressing her duty to her to denote a weight, or plummet, at the end of a line : merator, is the denominator required; hence 106 are the mother, but her greater duty to keep her promise and the latter, wben it signifies a particular species of lowest terms of the given fraction.

of secrecy to her grandfather. In short, she had frait.

To extract the roots of all complete powers.

as much courage as a female constitution could 35. Pourtray

Portray,
Rule-Arrange the primitive roots of the given num-

receive, which was often shewn with more ardour

than the rules of decorum will excuse ; as the The former is the more ancient way of writing the ber into as many rows as there are units in the index of

the given power, and the product of the roots, in each |

the roots, in each word; but the latter is that which now aniversally pre

following anecdotes will prove :vails. It is not, however, the scriptural way of spelling horizontal row, will be the root required.

Happening to travel in a London stage, in the word. See Ezekiel, iv. I, which Mr. Todd has

Note.- A number ending in 2, 3, 7, or 8 cannot be a company with two gentlemen who had swords, niformly spelled with au, square vumber; and there is no such thing as the exact she informed them of her descent from Oliver, in all the authorized editions of the Bible. square root of 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, &c. nor the

and, as usual, was extolling him with all exact cube root of 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, &c. 36. SpoonsfulSpoonfuls, pl. of

that rapture to which her enthusiasm led har; Extract the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th, 8th, 12th, and 24th Spoonful root of 16777216.

when one of her fellow travellers descended sy Spoonful is now become an entire word, whole and

16777216=2.2.2.2-2.2.2.2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2.2-2.2 2.2=2 low as to treat his memory with gross indignity

and abuse: she answered him undivided ; consequently the plural is formed in the re- | 12th root =

with great spirit

2 x 2 = 4 gular way by the addition of an s, at the end of the

till the coach stopped; and, when they got out, word; and not, as some have contended it should be, / 8th = 2 X 2 X 2 = 8

she instantly drew the other gentleman's sword, by the insertion of an s, in the middle of the word.

and calling her antagonist a coward for behaving A medical spoonful is half an ounce, and in the plural

6th

2 X 2 X 2 X 2 = 10 as he had done to a woman, she then fairly chalu number makes spoonfuls, as in the following passage from

lenged him, telling him she was prepared to treat Arbuthnot:- Surely the choice and measure of the

4th 2 2 2 2 2 % 2 % 2=64

him as he might expect for his insolence, were materials of which the whole body is composed, and 3rd 2 * 2 * 2 * 2 * 2 * 2 * 2 * 2 =256 she a man, begging him not to shelter himsell what we take daily by pounds, is at least of as much im

under any pretext on account of her sex. At portance as what we take seldom, and oaly by grains and

2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2x2=4096.

another time, when in a violent fever, and thought (To be continued.) Hulme, 2nd Dee. 1822. W. M. LAWRIE. to be insensible of what was passing, ber aunt,

Lady Fauconberg, and other company being in ARITHMETIC.

the room, her ladyship giving 'too inuch way to SINGULAR BIOGRAPHY.

things said in dishonour of her father's memory TO THE EDITOR,

by some present, to the astonishment of all, she SIR,-Being one of the many admirers of your very MR. EDITOR,—The Anecdotes of Oliver Cromwell,

raised herself up, and with great spirit said, i interesting Miscellany, I send you the following Rules, in your last number, were so amusing, that I venture to

she did not believe her grandmother to have been which as far as I know, lave never appeared in public send you a short account of one of his Grand-daughters. before, being Rules which bave occurred to me in my

one of the most virtuous women in the world, Dec. 9, 1822.

R. T. practice of teaching.

she should conclude her ladyship was a bastard : The first is a preparatory role to the other two :- the MRS. BRIDGET BENDYSH was one of the wondering how it could be possible that the daughsecond will be found highly useful in reducing fractions grand-daughters of OLIVER CROMWELL. Herter of the greatest and best man that ever lived to their lowest terins ;--and the third will save a very mother was the Protector's eldest daughter, and could be so degenerate, as, not only to sit with great deal of trouble in the extraction of all powers above married to General Ireton. Mr. Noble, in his patience to hear his memory so ill treated, but to the second.

memoirs of the Cromwells, gives three accounts seem as if she herself assented to it.To find the primitire roots of a composite number.

of Mrs. Bendysh, from persons who knew her. Mr. Luson says, “ the enthusiasm in which RULÉ.- Divide the given number continually by the Dr. Brooke says. “ the old lady was a very sin Cromwell was generally but an actor, in her was least number that will divide it without remainder till

gular woman. There was something in her per- sincere and original; she had, not merely the nothing remains, and the several divisors wi'l be the roots

son that could not fail of attracting the respect courage to face danger, but had also that andis required. Note 1.- All numbers ending with 2, 4, 6, 8, or 0

of any stranger who entered the room where she turbed possession of her faculties which enabled are divisible by 2.

was, though the company were ever so numerous, her to contrive the best means to repel, or avoid 2.- Any number ending in 5 or 0, is divisible by 5. and though her dress was almost of the plainest | it. Upon all occasions, when they could express

3.-If the sum of the figures in any number be divisi- kind. Her conversation, whether it concerned their attachment, Mrs. Bendysh was sure of the ble by 3 or 9, the wbole is divisible by 3 or 9.

the history of herself, and her own times, or common people; she was, as she deserved to be, 4.- A pamber is divisible by 11, when the sum of the whether it consisted of advice or instruction, was very dear to them. When she had money she odd places is equal to the sum of tire even places of always pleasing. Having been left in low cir gave it freely to such as wanted ; and when she figures.

cumstances, she engaged in various branches of had none, they were sure of receiving civility and Required the primitive roots of 2310.

business : among others, she frequented fairs to commiseration. She was not barely charitable; Sol. 2 | 2310 by note 1st.

| buy cattle, in the only equipage she had, a one she practised an exalted humanity: if, in the 5 1155 by note 2nd. 3 1 231 by note 3rd.

horse chaise, which afforded exercise for her cou- meanest room, she found a sick person insufi11 79 by note 4th.

rage and enthusiasın. Travelling in the night ciently attended, she turned attendant herself, and

was to her the same as in the day, and in the would sit many hours together by the sufferer, Whence 2, 5, 3, '11, and 7 are the roots required. worst roads and weather, as the best. On a wild administering support and consolation to the Proof 2X5X3XI1K7=2310.

| open heath she calmly encountered dreadful 'amicted.

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PER CONTRA.

· Mrs. Bendysh was not only beloved by the

POBTRY. poor, but was respected by the richer sort, of all

The following epistle is from an ivgenious Artist in Liverpool to parties; to whom, when she kept clear from her bis friend in this town; who at our solicitation has per

mitted its insertion in the Iris. The merit exhibited in these enthusiastic moods, she was highly entertaining.

slip-shod stanzas, would lead us to conclude that a more serious She had strong masculine sense, and a free spi effort would deserve the approbation of the publie ; and we

have heard with pleasure, that the author has some intention of rited elocution; much knowledge of the world,

appearing in the world of letters, conjoining the Painter and great dignity of manner, and a most engaging the Poet, illustrating his own comic verses by his own comic address. The place of her residence was called i pencil. the Salt Pans, whilst her salt works were carried DEAR ARCHI, on there, but the proper name is South Town,

(As a wig, thou wearest not, that is, south of Yarmouth.

In Justice to the spelling, I add) BALD, Her religion was in the highest strain of Cal

Inclos'd you've found, a Profile, with black coat

And touzi'd hair, (disdaining Fashion's thraldvinism; and Dr. Owen, in his writings, was her

Om.) If 'tis like, then happy is my lotspiritual guide. She was often disappointed and

'Twas 1, that did it!--and would have you tauld crossed in her undertakings, but she had one

No variation wish I, for my partnever failing resource against all vexations ; she

(Tho' 'tis the Fashion) on your Head or Heartwas determined, at all events, to “serve the

“ Send me some stuff.”—'Tis very easy said Lord with gladness :” ber way, therefore, was,

Pray do you think I weaye it, by the yardto rejoice at every thing as it arrived. If she

Or keep a warehouse-haye a stock in trade was prosperous she was thankful; and if she

And send out tray'lers--with a pattern card suffered adversity, which was generally her lot,

In search of orders--faith! I'm much atraid she was still thankful; for she so managed, that (So scarce is money, and the times so hard) her spiritual joy always increased with her out If one went on commission-what he'd sell ward sufferings.

He might take with him, in a walnut-shell When she made her evening visits, her dress, Knew I, as well, where Happiness did dwell, though it was in a fashion of her own, was al As Thomas Toddrington his Uncle's house,* ways grave and handsome, being a plain rich Or as bis Uncle his-'twould noi avail silk, of what is called quakers' colour, with a Unless the means to make her mine I use. black silk hood, an ornament not often worn by (I've found her in a bottle of brisk ale, other ladies of her time : and though hoops were

And smelt ber in the basting of a goose) in fashion long before her death, nothing could

I'd quickly bave her Goddesship in view have induced her to wear one. However late it

If I could go in search of her with you might be when her visits were finished, she put It is an incontro-ver-ti-ble truth herself into her chaise, never suffering a servant

That “ Christmas comes about, but once a year"'to attend her; God, she said, was her guard,

I can remember, ever since a youth and she would have no other.” When her old

It was the winter season of good cheer, mare, (which had been the faithful companion of

High jinks and jollity--from north to soath

Made every face, in its best smiles appearMrs. Bendysh's adventures many years) began to

But these “ sad times" all plans of mirth derange, move forwards, she generally sung Psalms or one

“ 0, trumpery! 0, Moses !” what a change! of Watt's hymns, in a loud, but not harmonious

My taste is still the same- I'm fond of fan, key ; until she reached home, about a short mile

Of frolic, fiddling, cards, conundruins, chat, from Yarmouth. Mr. Samuel say, a dissenting

Riddle and rebus, puzzle-book and pun--minister, says that “Mrs. Bendysh resembled

Hot cockles, hunt the slipper, and all that Oliver more than any of his descendants in the

Whatever game goes forward-I make one cast of her countenance and character. She, on And laugh! with strong endeavour to get fatsome occasions, appeared with all the dignity of If you should find me so-sometime here-aftera princess; and at other times as a laborious I beg you'll give the credit to my laughter drudge, careless how or where she slept, or what

My Wife-(and I must listen to her prayer) she ate or drank, as Charles the Twelfth was in Begs that I would remember her to you, the course of his campaigns. Sometimes, after And wishes you and your's, a good “new year" a day of drudgery in her salt works, she would And drinks your bealth in purest moantain dew go to the assembly at Yarmouth, where the great The strength of which gives me no cause to fear ness of her manner, and the superiority of her

As there's no danger, of her getting fu- t understanding, never failed to attract respect.

And that's my cause of grief-0, curse upon't 'tis She was never known to break her promise. Her

Too meagre Christmas bev'rage Aqua-fontischarity appeared to be a virtue of the heart, as Fill you the Goblet, and I'll find the toast, well as the hand; she exercised it in all places,

“ The Land of mountains, and of bonnets blue; and on all occasions. Her piety was strongly

“ The Land of which it is our pride to boasttinctured with enthusiasm. She, on emergent

“ The Land of tartan kilts, and tarry woooccasions, would retire to her closet, where, by

“ We'll also join.” The land that rules the roast-

“ The Land of Shamrocks-and Shillelah toofasting, meditation and prayer, she would work

" And," may he never see “ sweet Enbro' town," up her mind to rapture, and then inflexibly de

That does not glib’ly slide the liquor down.termine her conduct by some text of Scripture that occurred to her, which she regarded as a

Cheering! as is the port- to mariner tost

Pleasant! as rest is to the traveller wearydivine revelation. She had the highest yeneration

Welcome! as letter by return of postfor her grandfather, whom she reverenced as a

From absent husband—to his late wed dearyconsummate hero, and glorified saint ; often say Joyful ! as the return of “ wanderer lost," ing, “ that if she had any thing valuable, she Brought back to daty, by his guardian Perilearned it all from him, who was not only the Pshaw ! your last visit--for a day or two, greatest of mankind, but also the best.”' She Was like a cordial--draught of mountain dew. died in the year 1728." See the appendix to the

Whate'er oor fate may be, 'tis sweet to think, second volume of Letters published by Mr. Dun We are not quite forgotten, when we rove combe. Also the third volume, page 168, where We cannot be quite wretcbed, if one link are many curious anecdotes of herself and family. Still binds us to a being we can love, We are there informed that the print prefixed to Whose name may bless the goblet wheu we drinkthe Life of Oliver Cromwell, in 8vo. (said to In town, or solitude, in camp or grove have been published by the late Bishop Gibson, • "Tom Todderington knows where his uncle doth dwell, about the year 1725) nearly resembles Mrs.

And bis uncle knows where Tom Todderington dwells."

J- YJ-K9-X'S OLD SONG. Bendysh as well as the Protector.

Anglice-Tipsy

E'en bome itself mast be a desert place
Unless 'tis brighten'd by a female face.
Man is--the gathering cloud-of coming storm
Sombre, as is the raven's murky plume,
- Save where the lively sunbeam, light and warm

Of woman's soul, throughout tbe gath'ring gloom
Gleams brigbuy,--and the magic of her form,
(Lightening, his otherwise too dreary doom)
Blends with our cares and woes, a blissful leaven,
Changing our earth into an embryo beaven.
Woman-is like the Sun, dispersing light,
And life, and joy, on every thing that's buman :
Like him, she's ever fixt, and warm, and bright---
Man's guardian angel, is ber true cognomen,
Oh ! pleasure's blossoms--never suffer blight--
Possess'd of such a paradise uncommon
Without ber Eden-bad been but a wild-
And man the Hermit--there had never smil'd
Woman-her love I like to a rock
Tbat standeth firm whatever storms surround it.
Or lvy-wedded to its busband oak
That in its ruin still will cling around it,
And outermost as if to ward the stroke
Of any evil that might threat to wound it
Or like the moon-dispelling darksome night
Or like the rainbow-pledge of future light-
(In woman, too-a likeness I espy

To rock-because nor truth, nor reason move her
And like the radiant rainbow in the sky-
She shines—but only when the storm is over-
Her faith, (Bombastes says) is all my eye
(Not like John Dover--who is ay John Dover)-

She's like the moon, with borrow'd lustre shining2 Like Ivy-where it fastens, undermining

Satiric wags, do also say she's like
The sea-to stop whose rage, no man has power-
Or like a clock, whose bands are seen at strike
Twice in the compass of a single hour-
(For flattery greedy, as for prey, a pike,
! I pass the common simile-a flower)

A looking-glass-that constant is to nono
And soon is sallied if 'tis breath'd upon.
“ Camparisons are odoriferous"-
(So Sheridan makes Malaprop to say)
She means “Comparisons are odious,
But breaking Priscian's head, is in “ her way"--
A titish maxim and not worth a sous-
And is not true--moreover let me say
As, for example--what you see above
By no means smack of treason, to true Love.
He who has flown with rapture to receive
A long expected letter-he can tell
What bliss a line from her he loves can give;
And tho' upon the page, perhaps may dwell
Complaints of bow his absence makes her grieve
(The sad expressions, of their late farewell)
He finds in ev'ry accent of despair,
A food assurance of her tender care.
Dear is the occupation, which he heard
Her lips approve, and precious to him then
The volumes she perus'd-for every word
Which she has look'd upon-seems to retain
The lustre of her glances, and afford
A pleasure, sought by other means in vain-
Impart a sweetness that is not their own,
Her lips have left a charm on every tome.
When I consider- what a fool I was-
Why do you laugh? and interrupt me so?
You mean to say-wben did a change take place?
It can't (say you have bappen'd long ago!
Well, have your joke !-I let the matter pass,
And quietly proceed to let you know
I'm Forty-and according to Young's rule
Have strong suspicions I have been a fool.
I'm glad I've found it out so soon--because
Most people wait till Fifty, ere they do so ;
But looking at my face in Saturn's glass-
I found my nose look'd--rather black-and-bloe-Se
It struck me “ I am not the man I was,"
And this conviction, I have wrote to you-So
Seeing our life then is so very brief
We surely should turn over a new leaf.

Remember me to all in Fustin-town, M .

And bathed every vein in such liquor,

shrine of avarice ; 'or unthinking youth, smitten Who waste a thought on me, or my affairs

or which virtue engendered is the flower;

by exterior charms alone, instead of the attracting To Chalmers (if he has not from you flown)

When Zephirús eke with bis swotë breath

graces of modesty, sentiment, and discretion, Tell him I beg an interest in his prayers

Enspirëd bath, in every holt (2) and beath,

has become a voluntary victim to insipid ornar And if his Muse's wings--should be full grown

The tender croppës, and the youngë sun Beg him to send a sample of his wares

Hath in the Ram bis balfe course yrun, (3)

ment, if not to meretricious beauty! And--if there's truth in man-by all the Nine

And the small fowles maken melodie,

Certainly no prudent person ought to engage I swear !—I'll pay him back in his own Coin.

That sleepen (4) all the night with open ee,

in the married state without a sufficiency on one Thus have I done my best to give you pleasure

So pricketh 'em nature in their courages,

side or the other. That lover cannot regard his

Then longen folk to go on pilgrimages, However you receive it, well or ill

mistress, with a virtuous passion, who would inThese are the fruits of “ winter-evening" leisure

And palmers for to seeken strangë strands,

volve her in all the possible consequences of Which (and it please you) I'll employ so still

To keep their holy vows in sundry lands;

irremediable poverty. And specially from every shirë's end

True love never forgets If for your money-you allow you've measure

the happiness of its object; for when this ceases I shall again a going- set the mill

of England to Cantérbury they wend,
The holy blissful martyr (6) for to seek,

to be regarded, it is not the generous tenderness And whatsoe'er is ground-or sense, or blether

of love, but the unthinking wildness of passion.

That them hath bolpen when that they were sick. I'll send to you-the wbeat and chaff together.

These, observations, however, cannot set aside E. G.

the just complaints that may be made, against Bletber.-See Jamieson's Dictionary.

A Knight there was, and that a worthy man, the frequency of matches, in which beauty or
That from the timë that he first began

fortune only are regarded. “Beauty," says BEAUTIES OF ENGLISH POETRY.

To riden out, he loved chivalrie,

LORD KAIMES, “ is a dangerous property, tend-
Truth and honour, freedom and courtesy,
No. 1.

ing to corrupt the mind of a wife, though it soon Full worthy was he in bis lordo's war,

loses its influence over the husband. A figure And thereto had he ridden, none more far, GEOFFREY CHAUCER.

agreeable and engaging, which inspire affection As well in Christendom as Heatherness,

without the ebriety of love, is a much safer Chaucer was born, it is said, in London, in the year Aud ever bonour'd for his worthyness.

choice. 1328; he died in 1400, and was buried in Westminster

The graces lose not their influence like Abbey. There is a monument with an inscription over

beauty. At the end of thirty years, a virtuous bis tomb. For the sake of the memory it may be men At mortal battles had he been fifteen,

woman, who makes an agreeable companion, tioned that he lived daring the whole of the reigns of And foughten for onr faitb at Tramissene, (6) charms her husband perhaps more than even at Edward 3rd, and Richard 2nd, and died in the 2nd year In listes (7) thrice, and aye (8) he slew bis foe. the first. The comparison of love to fire holds of Henry 4th.

This ilkë (9) worthy Knight had been also good in one respect, that the fiercer it burns, the Chaucer is justly styled the father of English Poetry. Some time with the Lord of Palatie (10)

sooner it is extinguished.” Spenser calls him that well of Englisb undehled.'-He Against another Heathen in Turkey, excelled in almost every respect his predecessors, and And evermore be had a sovereign price,

It is unquestionably true, that happiness in has been surpassed by few who bave come after him. And though that he was worthy he was wise,

the married state does not depend on riches, or With the exception of Shakespear, (perhaps Milton,) And of his port as meek as is a maid.

beauty; but on good sense and sweetness of temChatterton and Lord Byron, I know of none who have

He never yet no vilanie (1) had said

per. A young man who has a sufficient fortune, any pretensions to come near him. His particular excel In all his life unto no manver (2) wight:

should not always look for an equivalent of that lences are, a remarkable power in the delineation of He was a very perfect gentle (3) Knight.

kind, in the object of his love. His inquiry character, an overflowing richness in the depainting of

should not be whether there are riches, but whethe beauties of nature, a melting tenderness on occasions

(To be continued.)

ther the lady possesses those qualifications which of grief and compassion, a raciness of quaint humour

form the amiable wife, and the exemplary moon occasions of merriment, and an inexhaustible store of

2. Holt, a small wood, or grove.

ther. In like manner, if a parent direct his genial good-nature in speaking of the faults and foibles

3. Yrun, y at the beginning, and en at the end of words daughter to a wise and judicious choice of a husof his fellow-men. He was emphatically a gentleman, 4. Sleepen, 3 merely serve to lengthen them.

band, he will not so much urge the necessity of a a scholar, and a poet.

5. St. Thomas à Becket. Most persons have been frightened from the study of

6. A kingdom in Africa.

fortune, as of virtuous conduct, good temper,

7. Listes, a place enclosed for combat. Chaucer by an unfonnded notion of the difficulties that

a love of order, and habits of industry. With

8. Aye, always. attend it. I beg to assure the young ladies of Manches 9. Iike, same.

these, a husband, if he be of a reputable profes-, ter, for whom I make bold to say that I entertain the

10. Palatia in Anatolia.

sion, may improve the fortune of his wife, and

1. Vilanie, any thing onbecoming a gentleman. most profound regard, that in no respect does Chaucer

render it of much greater advantage to each, than

2. Manner wight, manner of person. differ so much from modern poets as in his spelling. It 3. Gentle, wellboru, and wellbred.

the most ample equivalent in money, 'without follows therefore that by modernising the orthography

these qualities. On the contrary, whilst interest we remove the principal difficulty ;--for I have always

pervades the bosom, and forms the chief motive found that when I read Chaucer aloud to any of my

, ON THE CHOICE OF A WIFE. to every alliance, what can more naturally be exfriends they are generally surprised at the ease witb which

pected than unhappy matches ? Without a certhey understand him. In the following selections I have in most instances altered the orthography only; but in

tain congeniality of sentiment, independent of the

Soft love, spontaneous tree, its parted root some places I bave taken other slight liberties, with the

adventitious circumstances of beauty, rank, or

Must from two hearts with equal vigour shoot; view of rendering ibe perusal more easy and intelligible.

fortune, the connubial state is the very opposite

Whilst each, delighted and delighting, gives One thing more is necessary to be attended to :- the

of heaven. Home becomes disagreeable where

The pleasing ecstacy which each receives : final e is very often intended as a syllable and serves to

Cherish'd with hope, and fed with joy, it grows;

there are diversities of taste, temper, and wishes; make up the metre, exactly as it does ja French poetry

Its cbearful buds their opening bloom disclose,

or where those intellectual resources are wanting to this day; as in the line

And round the happy soil diffusive odour flows.

which invite conversation, and render it delightful O Romë, seul objet de mon ressentiment;'

and endearing. Neglect then succeeds on the

PRIOR'S SOLOMON. in which we must sound the fiual e of Rome, though we

part of the husband, and indifference marks the do not do so in prose. So in Chaucer,

I conduct of the wife; happy, should disgust sucWhannë that April with his shourés sote,"

ceed not to insipidity, and criminality to both.

As the attainment of happiness is the grand But, the we must sound the e in whanne, and in sloures. On this spring of human actions, I have often been sur

But, the scenes of wretchedness, inseparable from account I have taken tbe pains to mark all these e's. Il prised at that inattention, so apparent in the

such a state, must be obvious to every mind; bave also marked the accent, where it varies from the

and we turn, with pleasure, to that exquisite generality of mankind, to the most important modern. If there still remain any difficulty, I shall be

happiness which is the result of a virtuous choice, concern in their lives, the choice of a wife ; a glad to give every explanation in my power to any young

which renders home delightful, and every mochoice, on which, not only their terrestrial wellady or gentleman who will take the trouble of favouring

ment replete with satisfaction. me with a call at my chambers.

fare, but even their everlasting felicity may de-
pend. Let those, who, in the ardour of unre-

However, without dwelling longer on this
EUSTACE ST. CLERE.

flecting youth, form gay visions of splendid en charming theme, permit me to ask, who would Lower Byrom-si. Manchester, 17th Dec. 1822.

joyments, and everlasting passion, consider, that I give up, the enjoyment of such felicity, for all

there are requisites of a nobler kind, without | the gaudy appendages of rank and wealth? What PROLOGUE TO CANTERBURY TALES. which, when it may be too late, they may find

weakness of mind does it betray, to forfeit the themselves involved in irretrievable ruin. What matchless joys of virtuous love, for the ideal Whanpë that April with bis showers swote (1)

melancholy stories have been recorded, in which. I pleasures of afluence; and, to be uniformly The drought of March bath pierced to tbe root,

manly virtue has been united to a fortune, and to wretched, provided we be richly so!

misery ; blooming loveliness sacrificed at the Dec. 20, 1822. 1. Swote, sweet,

R. S.

VARIETIES.
4 the blind tailor was working, and bearing some low

SCRAPIANA.NO, XVII. singing, he asked who was there? to which the poor Paris.—There is little new in Paris ; the same round blind tailor answered, “ I am bere, working at your From the cominon-place book of a Lancashire Clergyman of dissipation, the same customs, and what is most ex- | bonour's bose." “ How," says the gentleman, forgetting

who flourished upinards of a century ago. traordinary, nearly the same fashions. In literature that he was blind, “ can you work without a candle ?" there was never perbaps greater poverty : the new works « Oh! please your honour," rejoined the tailor, “ midwhich appear are frivolous and empty, and the old peri- night darkness is as clear to me as poonday.” In fact, Socraies would say that every man will take his own odical publications are more than usually destitute of in- by the sense of touch only, he was enabled to distinguish trouble were all laid on a beap. terest. all the differeut colours in the Tartan. :,

Spes quasi animi pes. Professor Onsted, the discoverer of the affinity between

TOBACCO.

Stage playes condemned by Bishop Babington, Chrysos electricity and magnetism, or galvanism, is engaged in

tom Cyprian and 6th general Councel.

• Critics, avaunt, iobacco is my theme; a considerable work on the subject. He is at present on

Sins of Germany sett up the stately Ædifices in Rome.

Tremble like hornets at the blasting steam. a tour to Germany, France, and England, in which he

Seculum est specnlam ; ye world below is a glass wherein will see the distinguished Natural Philosophers whose Cuxcombs prefer the tickling sting of spuff,

we may see ye world above. attention has been excited by his discovery, and collect

Yet all their claim to wisdom is-a paff;

Semel in Anno ridet Apollo.

Lord Poplin smokes not--for his teeth afraid ; yaluable materials for his intended work.

Sir Tawdry smokes not--for be wears brocade.

Souls of men præexistent according to ye opinion of A difficult Passage.— A marshal of France, when con

Ladies, when pipes are brought, affect to swoon,

Origen, Plato and Pithagoras, and after detruded into They love no smoke, except the smoke of town.

a body as into a Prison. Credat Ju. fined in the Bastile, was one day busily employed in torning over the leaves of the Bible; and being asked

It was introduced into this country about the year / Socrates being demanded what countryman he was, an. what he was looking for, replied, “A passage that I 1585, by Capt. Greenfield and Sir Francis Drake. The swered that he was ó koguonolitns, a citizen of the cannot find- a way to get out of prison.'

following account of its diffusion among the Christians world.

is given in the • Athenian oracle :'-. When the Christians Salns populi suprema lex. Parl. Debs. New Solar Theory.- Dr. Hoger, of Minden, has pub

first discovered America, the Devil was afraid of losing Soul pays a dear rent for ye tenement of ye body, upon lished in the Sunday Journal of that town, a detailed his bold among the people there by the appearance of ye account of pains distempers and melancholy account of his hypothesis that the Nucleus of the Sun Christianity. He is reported to have told some Indians Shut ye windows that ye house may be light. Araconsists of molten gold.

of bis acquaintance, that he had found a way to be re bian Prov. Sham Capons and Hams.--The ingenuity of the Chinese venged upon the Christians for beating ap bis quarters, Sampson propounded ye Riddle at his nuptials to stop is too often exercised for the purpose of franci, Some- for he would teach them to take tobacco, to wbich, when ye mouth of talkers (saith Ambrose) and to occupie times you will buy a capon, as you think, of a Chinese, they bad goce tasted it, they should be perpetual slaves.' their witts. bat find you have tbe skin of the bird ons, which has James the First, of sapient memory, wrote a treatise Spirits can pass through ye hardest stone walls. been so ingeniously filled, that the deception is not dis against this herb, which he called a Counterblaste to Speake always of persons with civility, of things with. covered until it is prepared for being dressed.

Tobacco,' in which he informs as that several gentlemen freedom The Chinese also make counterfeit hams "These are of that time expended to less than four hundred Silk and Sattin patts ont th’-fire ith' kitchin. made of pieces of wood cat in the form of a han, and pounds a yeere upon this precious stink! If we consider Sun may shine, but leave not your cloak at home. coated over with a certain kind of earth, which is covered the value of money in those times, we shall conclude Solid, head there cannot be where there are itching ears.. with hog's skin: and the whole is so ingenionsly prepar they were Scotch pounds. The quotation of the folow- Self-murder comes from pride, unbelief, revenge, covet.. ed, that a knife is necessary to detect the fraud.

i ng lines froin Hawkins Browne, Esq. on the favorite ousness, discontent, dispair. A gentleman travelling in China sqme few years ago, pastime of smoking, will not be considered irrelevant:- Sole et sale nibil utilius. parchased some chickens, the feathers of which were

• Little tube of mighty po

Silence is ye best ornament of a woman.. curiously curled. In a few days time be observed the

Charmer of an idle hour

Serpents Eye does well only in ye Doves head. feathers straight, and that the chickens were of the most

Object of my warm desire,

Satago, misereor, miseresco Genetivam exigupt.

Lip of wax and eye of fire; common sort. The Chinese had curled the feathers like

And thy snowy taper waist,

Swallow an ox, and be choakt with ye taile. a wig, a little before he sold the brood.

With my finger gently brac'd ;

Sixtus Quintus was affraid yt ye wards of ye locke wero

And thy pretty swelling crest, Anecdote of a Scots Grey and a Collier -Daring the

altered since ye keys were given. With iny little stopper prest.'

Silver bairs adorned with golden vertues : a brave sightengagement between the Scots Greys and the colliers at Crwmlin, one of the Greys was in tbe act of striking a

Some men's religion canonical, their conversations apo.

FINE ARTS. collier with his sabre : " Hold, Alexander," said the

cryphal. collier, and showing bis medal, “ don't you remember

Holy Family by Michel Angelo.—A bas-relief when I carried you wounded off the field of Waterloo." of a Holy Family by Michel Angelo, has been

REPOSITORY OF GENIUS. The soldier immediately dropped bis sabre, prond that he had, for the first time, an opportunity of showing his purchased in Italy and brought safely into Eng

" And justly the Wise-man thus preach'd to us all, gratitude to the man to whom he owed his existence : the land by Sir G. BEAUMONT. It was executed at

“Despise not the value of things that are small." Florence for TaddEO TADDEI, in the year 1504, effect may be better conceived than described.

Old Ballad. when MICHEL ANGELO was 30 years old. Since Accidents by Fire.-In cases of accident by the clothes of females taking fire, throw a large quantity of vinegar

the introduction of the Elgin Marbles, nothing MR. EDITOR,-The following Enigma is very excellent

so divine has ever been brought into the country. in its way; and is not an unsuitable companion for one over the clothes the instant the fire is extinguished, without taking any off, and continue to do so for an hour or

After having seen this exquisite specimen of his which you printed in a former Iris,-attributed by some two--this will lay some blisters, and prevent others power, one no longer wonders at Ariosto's enthu- to Lord Byron, and by others, to Miss Fansbaw. rising--then the clothes may be safely taken off. If a siasm

Yours, &c.
Michel

December; 1822. blister break, it must be dressed with ointment used for

S. X. barns; but in general an immediate application of vine" Pia che mortel Angel divino."

ENIGMA. gar will prevent all bad consequences. Violently tearing

| It is like an emanation from the mind of an An- In Paradise found, I with Adam descended, off the clothes causes the tops of the blisters (wbich rise

gel, unstained by earthly thought !-St. John And was seen in the sword that his footsteps attended :. immediately from scalding or burning) to be broken, and they become inveterate sores. If blisters do not fall,

playfully frightens our Saviour with a dove; the On the Deluge I rode, with the Flood I subsided, lay clothes over them steeped in vinegar, aud wet them Virgin protects him, and gently puts up her hand. | Ard was seen on the land when the waters divided :

On the face of the deep I am constantly found, often. The immediate cnre depends upon the blisters as if in affectionate reproof, while the superior | Infant leans across his mother's lap, startled, yet

Yet ever most low in the lowest profound; not being broken; persons ignorant of this, generally

I aid in the narder, assist in the pardon, let the water out with the scissars—a ruinous error. If amused.—The parts which are finished are equal

Mount guard in the dungeon, sway balf of the garden. , . vinegar is not handy, throw water over the clothes, and to any thing in the world; and those which are with the high-foaming tankard I'm banded about : continue to do so until vinegar can be procured. not, have a dash of chisel like the brush of TIN

The slave of decision, yet ever in doubt. Blind Tailor.-The late family tailor of Mr. Macdon- TORETTO.---To have an idea of the Virgin in this

No good can be proved such, unless I am civil,, ald, of Clapronald, in South Uist, Inverness-shire, lost | divine group, we must see it :-holy, pious, me-Nor without me can evil be found in the Devil; his sight fifteen years before bis death ; yet he still con- lancholy, tender, and beautiful, she turns her The support of a coward, the pride of a duke tinued to work for the family as before ; not indeed with sinless face towards St. John, as if interested in Disease without me claims a cont tbe same expedition, but with equal correctness. It is the frolic, and vet thinking it a little beyond the. Though I ever was deemed the last prop of a maid, :. well known how difficult it is to make a Tartan dress, awe due to the God-child..

Yet 'tis plain that I ne'er was of wedlock afraid ; because every stripe and colour (of which there are

Nothing in the world that was ever imagined by I lead up each dance, yet am never in motion, many) must fit each other with mathematical exactress :

human genius, or executed by human hand, ex

. Am equally true to despair, and devotion. hence it is that very few tailors, who enjoy their sight,

ceeded the sentiment of this angelic figure!

As I exult o'er my foe, to expire with my friend, are capable of executing this task. Blind Macquarrie

I attend him in death and am true to the end. baving received orders to make Mr. Macdonald , com

B. R. Haydon. .

Would you seek me,--go mark where the leopard has trod, . plete suit of Tartan, witbin a given time, proceeded to

P. S. It was executed at his purest time of A stranger to home, I have settled abroad. work without delay. It so happened, that Mr. Macdon- | Art, before he had done the Capella Sistina or I play in the wbirlwind when tempests are dear, eld passed at a late hour at night through the room where the Moses..

Horit.

| And ride in the dust midst the barock of war.

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