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leaves the atmosphere. This motion returning, beyond all doubt, is the philofophy of vegetation: It may be traced in the tree, root, trunk, and branch;-hence, the root fprangles more than the branch; and a trunk is formed by the ftrength with which it first enters the atmosphere;-the fame returning or rifing movement, may be traced in the herb, and in every leaf of the forest and fpire of the field.
In these motions, and in their effects and fruits, we again contemplate our theory:And this circle of movement being completed, whilft the fluid is ftill pressed forward in the other directions, by new and equal fupplies from the feparating creative fource, it muft, in its first course, have tracked a third day.
Thefe obfervations upon the expanding motion, &c. refpect the movements and elfects of the fluid within or below the circumference of the line of the first movement. Refpecting its courfe and effects without or above this line of the great sphere of creation, it may be observed that, according to our principle, it must fomewhere terminate From the pofitions of this fluid, relating to a fphere, which are called pofitive and negative, it may be concluded, that whenever it is put into fuch a state of action, there is a certain line from which it is preffing each way, which is the very thing we have called expanding motion; and it may also be concluded, that as the circumflance of its lofing its expanding power, and terminating in one
direction, is the degree of its compreffion; fo the circumftance of lofing it, and terminating in the other direction, is the degree of its expansion:-And as its termination within, forms a world below, fo its termination without, may form a world above, as vast as the circle of the whole firmament.It
may likewife be concluded, from this circumflance, that these highest heavens, tho formed of the fame original element, are, in difpofition, the most oppofite to the earth, and the most inconceivably powerful and active.
The courfe of the commanding fluid becoming transverse, and thus returning and reaching in every direction, that point in the fphere, from whence the feparating and allo expanding motion commenced, which is in the middle of the firmament, and is the centre of the fyftem, a fourth motion will then take place-I will call it burning motion-I mean that motion which is called a focus. This may be fupposed to be the philofophy of the fun, and being emitted from thence, and traverfing fpheres, fuch as have been defcribed, it will have its counterpoints and angles, in which will take place, in fome degree, like operations, that will form alfo luminous bodies.
These foci will be at unequal, though regular, diftances, as the according notes in mufic-all which again will have their circles and interfecting points; and, therefore, their foci innumerable, which may be fuppofed to be the philofophy of the fixed ftars;
but which progreffions must all finally return to the prime channel, and become a fecon. dary fource of the fluid to the creation.
It is evident, that the progreffion from the fun, completes the round of nature, and is the uniting link of the chain of movements which bind together the creation; and, therefore, with this circle, which is formed by a fourth rotation in the firft courfe of movement, and is the rotation of a fourth day, the frame of the heavens and the earth, is finished.
Those who have attentively observed the phenomina of circles round the fun, in which are bright spots, (parhelia) commonly called Sun-Dogs, which also are inclosed in circles, having in them, wherever they interfect, spots or dogs more or lefs bright, according to the brightness of thofe enclosed; but one ever diftinguished in brightness from all the reft: I fay, perfons who have confidered this fact, refpecting luminous circles interfecting each other, will not suppose that the doctrine of the luminaries of heaven being foci of the electric fluid, is irrational or without foundation. Obfervations may be found upon this opinion, concerning the heavenly bodies, in Encycloped. Britannica, and other writings referred to in the note, page 21, and which ought to be, in fome measure, originally, afcribed to Mr. J. Tytler.
As the movement of the fluid, which we have termed feparating motion, is a progresfion in one direction, it has been spoken of as forming one circle; but this muit be un
derflood to be a circle of circles or globes; which accounts for the planets, and explains the fituation and motion of the earth and other planets, with refpect to the fun; and this appears to be the cafe with the other prógreffions, that they are circles of circles, as finally there is a circle of the whole. Thefe particular circles or fpheres, formed in the feparating motion, must be the number of the planets, whatever it be; of which the one half will be formed by the fluid proceeding from the point where this movement began, which I confider to be nigh to the place of the fun, and the other half by its returning; confequently, every other one will be on oppofite fides of the general circle.This may, perhaps, account for their ap pearance, which has been fo much wondered at, that every other one fhould look more or lefs red or fiery.
This general circle will, doubtless, be elliptical; and it may be demonftrated, by experiments, that the fluid moving in this manner, the fpheres or globes fo formed, will be generally flatted at the points where they communicate with each other; and thofe which are in the middle of the general circle, will be the largeft. And those who are acquainted with the movements of this fluid, will not conceive of its paffing from globe to globe, in a fleady motion, but as having an interrupted, fucceffive or pulfive motion. Indeed this may be confidered as the pulle of the creation.
An idea of the first movement of the fluid,
which we call feparating, being in this globing form, and of its thus embracing the vapours, feems to be fuggefted by the hollow and rumbling found of thunder in a cloud, which nothing can imitate but the agitation of large hollow bodies. This is certainly agreeable to that appearance in a thunder cloud, commonly called Thunder Heads ;-and that the eye is not wholly deceived in this appearance is evident, from the circumftance that when two of these globulous forms approach each other, and come near in contact, there is, ufually, a flash of lightning: and, it is obferved that, in the fame degree, as thefe appear agitated, crowded together and condenfed, the thunder will be frequent and heavy. But, if I mistake not, the most common experiments, by an electrical machine, may demonftrate that this feparating movement of the fluid, is ever in this globing manner.
Such being the movement of the fluid, forming the globes, at certain required diftances of action; and the fluid paffing from globe to globe in this form, it will not tend to move them forward in this direction, i. e. in the direction of their poles; but these spheres or globes being formed, and the expanding or tranfverfe movement taking place and operating upon their circumference, it muft caufe them, in this direction, to roll as a wheel under the operation of a ftream of water. Hence, their diurnal motion-and being carried forward by a daily progress, which is probably made by each one as far