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righteousness wherein he was created, and the corruption of his nature, whereby he is utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite unto all that is spiritually good, and wholly inclined to all evil, and that continuallyx; which is commonly called original sin, and from which do proceed all actual transgressions y.

Q. 26. How is original fin conveyed from our first parents unto their posterity?

A. Original sin is conveyed from our first parents unto their posterity by natural generation, so as all that proceed



all have sinned. v. 19. For as by of this world, according tothe prince one man's disobedience many were of the power of the air, the spirit made finners: so by the obedience' that now worketh in the children of one, shall many be made righte- of disobedience, v. 3. Among whom

also we all had our conversation in * Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, times palt

, in the lusts of our Aeth, There is none righteous, no not fulfilling the desires of the flesh, and one: v. 11. There is none that un- of the mind; and were by nature the derstandeth, there is none that seek- children of wrath, even as others. eth after God. v. 12. They are all Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet gone out of the way, they are to- without strength, in due time Chrift gether become unprofitable, there died for the ungodly. Rom. viii.7. is none that doth good, no not one, Because the carnal mind is enmity V. 13. Their throat is an open se- against God: For it is not fubject to pulchre; with their tongues they the law of God, neither indeed can have used deceit: the poiton of afps be. v. 8. So then they that are in is under their lips. v. 14. Whose the flesh, cannot please God. Gen. mouth is full of cursing and bitter- vi. 5. And God saw that the wickedness. v. 15. Their feet are swift to ness of man was great in the earth, shed blood. v. 16. Destruction and and that every imagination of the misery are in their ways: v. 17. and thoughts of his heart was only evil the way of peace have they not continually. known. v. 18. There is no fear of , James i. 14. But every man is God before their eyes. v. 19. Now tempted when he is drawn away by we know, that what things soever his own lust, and enticed. v. 15. the law faith, it saith to them who Then when lust hath conceived, it are under the law: that every mouth bringeth forth fin: and sin when it may be stopped, and all the world is finished, bringeth forth death. may become guilty beforę God. Mat, xv. 19. For out of the heart Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quick. proceed evil thoughts, murders, aened who were dead in trespasses dulteries, fornications, thefts, false and fins; v, 2, wherein in time past witness, blafphemies. ye walked according to the course

26. z Pfal.

from them in that way, are conceived and born in finz.

Q. 27. What misery did the fall bring upon mankind?

A. The fall brought upon mankind the loss of communion with God a, his displeasure and curse; so as we are by nature children of wrath b, bond laves to Satan c, and justly liable to all punishments in this world, and that which is to come d.

Q. 28. What are the punishments of fin in this world?

A. The punishments of fin in this world, are either inward, as blindness of minde, a reprobate sensef, strong de


26. z Pfalm li. 5. Behold, I was times past, in the lufts of our flesh, shapen in iniquity and in fin did fulfilling the desires of the flesh, and my mother conceive me. Job. xiv. of the mind; and were by nature the 4. Who can bring a clean thing out children of wrath, even as others. of an unclean? not one. Job xv. 14. 62 Tim. ii. 26. And that they What is man, that he should be may recover themselves out of the clean? and he who is born of a wo- snare of the devil, who are taken man, that he should be righteous? captive by him at his will. John iii. 6. That which is born of d Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the feth, is flesh; and that which is the knowledge of good and evil, thou born of the Spirit, is spirit. Thalt not eat of it: for in the day that

27. Gen.ii. 8. And they heard thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surethe voice of the Lord God walking ly die. Lam.iii. 39. Wherefore doth in the garden in the cool of the day: a living man complain, a man for and Adam and his wife hid them- the punishment of his sins? Rom. vi. selves from the presence of the Lord 23. For the wages of sin is death: God, amongst the trees of the gar- but the gift of God is eternal life, den. v. 10. And he said, I heard thy thro' Jelus Christ our Lord, Mat. voice in the garden: 'and I was a. xxv. 41. Then shall he say also unfraid, because I was naked; and I to them on the left hand, Depart hid myself. v. 24. So he drove out from me, ye cursed, into everlasting the man: and he placed at the east fire, prepared for the devil and his of the garden of Eden, cherubims, angels. V. 46. And these shall.

go and a faming sword which turned away into everlasting punishment: every way, to keep the way of the but the righteous into life eternal. tree of life.

Jude 7. Even as SodomandGomorb Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past rah, and the cities about them in like ye walked according to the course of manner giving themselves over to this world, according to the prince fornication, and going after strange of the power of the air, the spirit flesh, are set forth for an example, that now worketh in the children of suffering the vengeance of eternal disobedience. v. 3. Among whom fire. also we all had our conversation in 28. Eph. iv. 18. Having the un.


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lusionsg, hardness of hearth, horror of consciencei, and vile affectionsk, or outward, as the curse of God upon the creatures for our fakes l; and all other evils that befal us in our bodies, names, estates, relations, and employments m; together with death itself n.

Q.29. What are the punishments of sin in the world to come?

A. The punishments of sin in the world to come, are, emerlasting feparation from the comfortable presence of God, and most grievous torments in soul and body, without intermillion, in hell fire for ever o.

Q. 30. derstanding darkened, being alie- against nature: nated from the life of God, through 1 Gen.iii. 17. And unto Adam he the ignorance that is in them, be- faid, Because thou hast hearkened cause of the blindness of their heart. unto the voice of thy wife, and halt

f Rom. i. 28. Even as they did eaten of the tree, of which I comnot like to retain God in their know. manded thee, saying, Thou shalt ledge, God gave them over to a re- not eat of it: cursed is the ground probate mind, to do those things for thy fake; in forrow shalt thou which are not convenient.

caf of it all the days of thy life. & 2 Theff. ii. 11. And for this m Deut. xxviii. 15. to the end. cau e God shall send them strong de- But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt lufior., that they should believe a lie. not hearken unto the voice of the

b Rom. ii. š. But after thy hard. Lord thy God, to observe to do all nefs and impenitent heart, treasurelt his commandments and his statutes up unto thyself wrath against the which I command thee this day; day of wrath, and revelation of the that all these curses shall come upon righteous judgment of God. thee, and overtake thee. v. 16. Cur.

i Ifa. xxxiii. 14. The sinners in .fed shalt thou be in the city, and
Zion are afraid, fearfulness hath fur- cursed shalt thou be in the field, v.
prised the hypocrites: who among 17. Cursed lhall be thy basket and
us Thall dwell with the devouring thy store. v. 18. Cursed shall be the
fire? who amongst us shall dwell fruit of thy body, and the fruit of
with everlasting burnings ? Gen.iv. thy land, &c.
13. And Cain said unto the Lord, in Rom. vi. 21. What fruit had ye
my punishment is greater than I can then in those things, whereof ye are
bear. Mat, xxvii. 4. Saying, I have now ashamed? for the end of those
{inned, in that I have betrayed in- things is death. v. 23. For the wa-
nocent blood. And they said, What ges of sin is death: but the gift of
is that to us? see thou to that. God is eternal life, through Jesus

Rom. i. 26. For this cause God 'Christ our Lord,

up unto vile affections: 29.• 2 Thess. i. 9.'Who shall be for even their women did change punished with everlasting destructithe natural use into that which is on, from the presence of the Lord,

and to his

Q. 30. Doth God leave all mankind to perih in the estate of fin and misery?

A. God doth not leave all men to perish in the estate of sin and misery p, into which they fell by the breach of the first covenant, commonly called the covenant of worksq: but of his mere love and mercy delivereth his elect out of it, and bringeth them into an estate of falvation by the second covenant, commonly called the covenant of gracer.

Q.31. With whom was the covenant of grace made?

A. The covenant of grace was made with Christ as the second Adam, and in him with all the elect as his feeds.

Q. 32. How is the grace of God manifested in the second covenanc? A. The grace of God is manifested in the second cove

nant i and from the glory of his power. mercy he faved as by the

Mark ix. 44, 46, 48.-To go wathing of regeneration, and reinto hell, --- Where there worm di- newing of the Holy Ghost; v.6. ethnot, and the fire is not quenched. Which he shed on us abundantly, Luke xvi. 24. And hecried and faid, through Jesus Chriit our Saviour: Father Abraham, have mercy on v. 7. That being Juitified by his me, and send Lazarus, that he may grace, we should be made heirs dip the tip of his finger in water and according to the hope of eternal cool my tongue; for I am torment- life. Gal. iii. 21. is the law then aed in this Aame,

gainst the promises of God? God 30.p i Theff.v.9. For God hath forbid: for if there liad been a law not appointed us to wrath; but to given, which could have given life, obtain falvation by our Lord Jesus verily righteoulness should have Christ.

been by the law. Rom. iii. 20. qGal. iii. 10. For as many as are Therefore by the deeds of the law, of the works of the law, are under there shall no Heth be justified in his the curse, for it is written, Cursed fight: for by the law is the knowis every one that continueth not in ledge of sin. v. 21. But now the all things which are written in the righteousness of God without the book of the law to do them. v. 12. law is manifested, being witnessed And the law is not of faith; but, by the law and the prophets; V. 22. The man that doth them, shall live Even the righteousness of God in them.

which is by faith of Jesus Christ unTit, iii. 4. But after that the to all, and upon all them that bekindacfs and love of God our Savi- lieve; for there is no difference. our toward man appeared, v. 5. 31./Gal. ii. 16. Now to AbraNot by works of righteousness, ham and his feed were the promiwhich we have done, but according ses made. Hefaith not, Aad to feeds,



nant, in that he freely provideth and offereth to finners a Mediator t, and life and salvation by himv: and requiring faith, as the condition to interest them in him w, promiseth and giveth his holy Spirit x to all his elect, to work in them that faith y, with all other saving graces z; and to enable them unto all holy obedience a, as the evidence of the truth of their faith b, and thankfulness to God c, and as the way which he

hath as of many; but as of one, And to gotten Son, that whosoever beliethy seed, which is Chrift. (Rom.v, veth in him, should not perish, but 15. to the end.) Isa. liii. 10. Yet it have everlasting life. John i. 12. pleased the Lord to bruise him, he' But as many as received him, to hath put him to grief: when thou them gave he power to become the Ihalt make his foul an offering for fons of God, even to them that be. sin, he shall see his seed, he shall pro- lieve on his name. long his days, and the pleasure of * Prov. i. 23. Behold, I will pour the Lord shall prosper in his hand. out my spirit unto you, I will make v. 11. He shall fee of the travail of known my words unto you. his foul, and shall be fatisfied: by y 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the his knowledge shall my righteous fame spirit of faith, according as it servant justify many; for he shall is written, I believed, and therefore bear their iniquities.

have I spoken: We also believe, and 32.1 Gen. iii. 15. And I will put therefore speak. enmity between thee and the wo- z Gal. v. 22. But the fruit of the man, and between thy feed and her Spirit, is love, joy, peace, long-fuffeed : it shall bruise thy head, and fering, gentleness, goodness, faith, thou shalt bruise his heel. Ifa. xlii. 6. v. 23. Meekness, temperance: aI the Lord have called thee in righ gainst such there is no law. teousness, and will hold thine hand, . Ezek. xxxvi. 37. And I will pus and will keep thee, and will give my Spirit within you, and caufe thee for a covenant of the people, you to walk in my statutes, and ye for a light of the Gentiles. John vi. shall keep my judgments and do 27. Labour not for the meat which them." perisheth, but for that meat which b James ii. 18. Yea, a man may fay, endureth untoeverlasting life,which Thou hast faith, and I have works: the Son of man shall give unto you: fhewmethyfaith withoutthyworks, For him bath God the Father seal. and I will thew thee my faith by my ed.

works. v. 22. Seest thou how faith v 1 John v. 11. And this is the re- wrought with his works, and by cord, that God hath given unto us works was faith made perfect? eternal life: and this life is in his

62 Cor. v. 14. For the love of Son, v. 12.

He that hath the Son, Christ constraineth us, because we hath life; and he that hath not the thus judge, that if one died for all, Son of God, hath not life.

then were all dead: v. 15. And w Luke ïï. 16. For God so loved that he died for all, that they who the world, that he gave his only be live, should not henceforth live un


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