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Q. 46. What was the estate of Christ's humiliation ?

A. The estate of Christ's humiliation was that low condition, wherein he, for our fakes, emptying himself of his glory, took upon him the form of a servant, in his conception and birth, life, death, and after his death until his, resurrecţions.

Q.47. How did Christ humble himself in his conception and birth?

A. Christ humbled himself in his conception and birth, in that, being from all eternity, the Son of God in the bosom of the Father, he was pleased in the fulness of time to become the Son of man, made of a woman of low estate, and to be born of her, with divers circumstances of more than ordinary abasement't.

Q. 48. How did Christ humble himself in his life?

A. Christ humbled himself in his life, by subjecting himself to the law v, which he perfeétly fulfilled w; and by con

flicting 46.SPhil. ii. 6. Who being in the us (and we beheld his glory, the form of God, thought it not rob- glory as of the only begotten of the bery to be equal with God: v.7. Father) full of grace and truth. v. But made himself of no reputation, 18. No man hath teen God at any and took upon him the form of a time; the only begotten Son, who fervant, and was made in the like- is in the bosom of the Father, he nefs of men: v. 8. And being found hath declared him. Gal. iv. 4. But in fashion as a man, he humbled when the fulneis of the time was himself, and became obedient un- come, God sent forth his Son made to death, even the death of the cross. of a woman, made under the law. Luke i. 31. And behold, thou fhalt Luke ii. 7. And the brought forth conceive in thy womb, and bring her firit-born son, and wrapped him forth a Son, and shalt call his name in swadling clothes, and laid him Jefus. 2. Cor. viii. 9. For ye know `in a manger, because there was no the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, room for them in the inn, that though he was rich, yet for 48. v Gal. iv. 4. But when the your takes he became poor, that ye fulness of the time was come, God through his poverty might be rich. fent forth his Son made of a woAes. i. 24. Whom God hath rais

man, made under the law. ed up, having loosed the pains of w Mat. v. 17. Think not that I death: because it was not possible am come to destroy the law or the that he should be holden of it. prophets: I am not come to destroy,

47.. Johu i. 14. And the Word but to fulfil. Rom. v, 19. For as by was made flelh, and dwelt

one man's disobedience many were


Aicting with the indignities of the world x, temptations of Satany, and infirmities in his flesh, whether common to the nature of man, or particularly accompanying that his low condition z.

Q. 49. How did Christ humble himself in his death?

A. Christ humbled himself in his death, in that having been betrayed by Judas a, forsaken by his disciplesb, scorned and rejected by the world c, condemned by Pilate, and cormented by his persecucers d; having also conflicted with the terrors of death and the powers of darkness, felt and born

the made finners: so by the obedience tempted like as we are, yet without of one, thall many be made righ- fin. Isa. lii. 13. Behold, my servant teous.

shall deal prudently; he shall be ex* Psal. xxii. 6. But I am a worm, alted and extolled, and be very high. and no man, a reproach of men, v. 14. As many were astoniihed at and despised of the people. Heb.xii. thee; his visage was so marred more 2. Looking unto Jefus the author than any man, and his form more and finiller of our faith; who, for than the sons of men. the joy that was fet before him, en 49. e Mat. xxvii. 4. Saying, I dured the cross, despising the shame, have sinned, in that I have betrayand is set down at the right land of ed the innocent blood. And they the throne of God. v. 3. For consider said, What is that to us? see thou him that endured such contradiction to that. of finners against himself, lest ye be b Mat. xxvi. 56. But all this was wearied and faint in your minds. done, that the scriptures of the pro

y Mat. iv. 1. to ver. 12. Then was phets might be fulfilled. Then all Jesus led up of the Spirit into the the disciples forsook him, and Aed. wilderness, to be tempted of the de c Ifa. liii. 2. For he shall grow vil, &c. Luke iv. 13. And when the up before him as a tender plant, and devil had ended all the temptation, as a root out of a dry ground: he he departed from him for a season. hath no form nor comeliness: and

¿ Heb. ii. 17. 'Wherefore in all when we shall see him, there is no things it behoved him to be made beauty that we thould desire him. like unto his brethren; that he might v. 3. He is despised and rejected of be a merciful and faithful high men, a man of sorrows, and acpriest, in things pertaining to God, quainted with grief: and we bid, to make reconciliation for the fins as it were, our faces from him; he of the people, v. 18. For in that he was despised, and we esteemed him himself hath suffered, being tempt not. ed, he is able to succour them that d Mat. xxvï. 26. to ver. 50. Then are tempted. Heb. iv. 15. For we released he Barabbas unto them: have not an high priest which can. and when he had scourged Jefus, he not be touched with the feeling of delivered him to be crucified, &c. our infirmities, but was in all points John xix. 34. But one of the foldi


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the weight of God's wrath e, he laid down his life an offering for fin f, enduring the painful, shameful, and cursed death of the crossg.

Q. 50. Wherein consisted Christ's humiliation after his death?

A. Christ's humiliation after his death, confifted in his being buried h, and continuing in the state of the dead, and under the power of death till the third day i, which hath been otherwise expressed in these words, He descended into hell.

Q. 51. ers with a spear pierced his fide, and :50. b 1 Cor. xv. 3. Før I deliver, forthwith came there out blood and ed unto you first of all, that which water.

I also received, how that Chrift diLuke xxii. 24. And being in an ed for our fins according to the scripagony, he prayed more earnestly: tures: v. 4. And that he was buand his sweat was as it were great ried, and that he role again the third drops of blood falling down to the day according to the scriptures. ground. Mat, xxxii. 46. And about i Psal. xvi. so. For thou wilt not the ninth hour Jerus cried with a leave my soul in hell; neither wilt loud voice, faying, Elis Eli, lama thou suffer thine holy One to see > fabachthani ? that is to say, My corruption. Compared with Acts ii., God, my God, why halt thou for 24. Whom God hath raised up, faken me?

having loosed the pains of death; flfa. lui, 10. Yet it pleased the because it was not poslible that he Lord to bruise him: he hath put should be holden of it. v, 25. For him to grief: when thou thalt make David speakerh concerning him, I his soul an offering for fin, he thall foreiaw the Lord always before iny see his feed, he ihall prolong his face, for he is on my right hand, days, and the pleasure of the Lord that I should not be moved. v. 26. shall prosper in his hands.. Therefore did my heart rejoice, and

Phil. ii. 8. And being found in my tongue was glad: moreover alfathion as a man, he humbled him- fo my Heth shall rell in hope. v. 27. felf, and became obedient unto Because thou wilt not leave my soul death, even the death of the cross. · in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Heb. xxi. 2. Looking unto Jesus the holy One to fee coruption, v. 31. author and finisher of our faith; He feeing this before, spake of the who for the joy that was set before resurrection of Christ, that his soul him, endured the cross, despising was not left in hell, neither his flesh the shame, and is let down at the did see corruption. Rom. vi. 9. right hand of the throne of God. Knowing that Chriit being raised Gal. iii. 13. Christ hath redeemed from the dead, dieth no more ; death us from the curse of the law, being hath no more dominion over him. made a curse for us : for it is writ Mat. xii. 40. For as Jonas was three ten, Cursed is every one that hang days and three nights in the whale's eth on a tree.

belly; so thall the Son of man be


Q. 51. What was the eltate of Christ's exaltation?

A. The estate of Christ's exaltation comprehendeth his resurrection k, ascension I, fitting at the right hand of the Fatherm, and his coming again to judge the world n.

Q. 52. How was Christ exalted in his resurrection?

A. Christ was exalted in his resurrection, in that, not hav. ing seen corruption in death (of which it was not possible for him to be held o) and having the very fame body in which he suffered, with the effential properties thereof p (but without mortality and other common infirmities belonging to this life) really united to his soulq, he rose again from the dead the third day by his own power r; whereby he declared himself to be the Son of Godf, to have satisfied divine justicet, to


three days and three nights in the death: because it was not poffible heart of the earth.

that he should be holden of it. v. 27. 51.1 Cor.xv.4. And that he was Because thou wilt not leave my soul buried, and that he rose again the in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine third day according to the scrip- holy One to fee corruption. tures.

p Luke xxiv. 39. Behold my Mark xvi, 19. So then, after the hands and my feet, that it is I my Lord had spoken unto them, he was self: handle me, and see, for a fpireceived up into heaven, and sat on rit hath not flesh and bones, as ye the right hand of God.

fee me have. m Eph. i. 20. Which be wrought q Rom. vi.9. Knowing that Christ in Christ, when he raised him from being railed from the dead, dieth the dead, and set him at his own no more; death hath no more doright hand in the heavenly places. minion over him. Rev. i. 18. I am

n Actsi. 11. Who also faid, yemen he that liveth and was dead; and of Galilee, why stand'ye gazing up behold, I am alive for evermore, into heaven? This same Jesus whois Amen; and have the keys of hell taken up from you into heaven, shall and death. so come in like manner as ye have John X. 18. No man taketh it seen him go into heaven. A&ts xvii. from me, but I lay it down of my 31. Because lie hath appointed a felf: I have power to lay it down, day, in the which he will judge the and I have power to take it again. world in righteousness, by that man "This commandment have I receivwhom he hath ordained; whereof ed of my Father. he hath given assurance 'unto all Rom. i. 4. And declared to be men, in that he hath raised him from the Son of God with power, acthe dead.

cording to the Spirit of holinefs, by 52.6 A&sii.24. Whom God hath the resurrection from the dead, raised up, having loosed the pains of * Rom. viii. 34. Who is he that


have vanquished death, and him that had the power of it v, and to be Lord of quick and dead w. All which he did as a publick person x, the head of his churchy, for their justification 2, quickening in grace a, support against enemies b, and to assure them of their resurrection from the dead at the last day c.

Q. 53. How was Christ exalted in his ascension?

A. Christ was exalted in his ascension, in that having after his resurrection often appeared unto and conversed with his apostles, speaking to them of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God d, and giving them commission to preach

the condemneth? it is Christ that died, dead; that in all things he might yea rather that is risen again, who have the pre-eminence. is even at the right hand of God, z Rom. iy. 25. Who was deliverwho also maketh intercession for us. ed for our offences, and was raised

v Heb. i. 14. Forasmuch then as again for our justification. the children are partakers of Aesh a Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he and blood, he also himself likewise quickened, who were dead in treftook part of the same: that through passes and fins, v. 5. even when we death he might destroy him that were dead in fins, hath quickened had the power of death, that is, the us together with Christ, (by grace devil.

ye are faved) v. 6. and hath raised w Rom. xiv. 9. For to this end us up together, and made us fit toChrist both died, and role, and re- gether in heavenly places in Christ vived, that he might be Lord both .Jefus. Col. ii. 12. Buried with him of the dead and living.

in baptifin, wherein also ye are rifI i Cor. xv. 21. For fince by man en with him, through the faith of came death, by man came also the the operation of God, who hath refurrection of the dead, v. 22. For raised him from the dead. as in Adam all die, even so in Christ b i Cor. xv. 25. For he must Thall all be made alive.

reign, till he hath put all enemies , Eph. i. 20. Which he wrought under his feet. v.26. The last enein Chriít when he raised him from my that shall be destroyed, is death. the dead, and set him at his own v. 27. For he hath put all things right hand in the heavenly places. under his feet. But when he faith, v. 22. And hath put all things un. all things are put under him, it is der his feet, and gave him to be the manifelt that he is excepted who head over all things to the church, did put all things under him. ** 23. which is his body, the ful ci Cor, xv. 20. But now is Christ ness of him that filleth all in all, risen from the dead, and become the Col. i. 18. And he is the head of first fruits of them that flept. the body, the church; who is the 53. d Acts i. 4. Until the day in beginning, the first born from the which he was taken up, after thaç


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